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Submissions from 2008

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Reassessing reconstruction in the management of obstructive azoospermia: Reconstruction or sperm acquisition?, Richard Lee, Philip S. Li, Peter N. Schlegel, and Marc Goldstein

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Regional workshop to use the findings from operations research to increase the access, quality and integration of contraceptive services in Latin America and the Caribbean, M. Estela Rivero-Fuentes and Antonieta Martin

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Repositioning postnatal care in a high HIV environment: Swaziland, Charlotte E. Warren, Rachel Shongwe, Allen Waligo, Mohammed Mahdi, Goldy Mazia, and Indira Narayanan

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Resolution of de novo HIV production and trafficking in immature dendritic cells, Stuart G. Turville, Meropi Aravantinou, Hella Stoessel, Nikolaus Romani, and Melissa Robbiani

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Romance and sex before marriage among young women and men in Maharashtra, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)

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Safer sexual behaviors after 12 months of antiretroviral treatment in Mombasa, Kenya: A prospective cohort, Stanley Luchters, Avina Sarna, Scott Geibel, Matthew F. Chersich, Paul Munyao, Susan Kaai, Kishorchandra N. Mandaliya, Khadija Shikely, Naomi Rutenberg, and Marleen Temmerman

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Sakhi Saheli: Promoting gender equity and empowering young women—A training manual, CORO and Horizons Program

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School as a workplace in Kenya: Evaluation of the Teachers Matter HIV/AIDS project, Karusa Kiragu, Caroline Mackenzie, Jennifer Weiss, Murungaru Kimani, and Debbie Gachuhi

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Senegal: Education and public declarations contribute to Tostan's success, Population Council

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Sexual and gender based violence in Africa: Key issues for programming, Population Council

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Sexual and gender based violence in Africa: Literature review, Population Council

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Sexual and reproductive health needs of adolescents perinatally infected with HIV in Uganda, Harriet Birungi, John Frank Mugisha, Juliana K. Nyombi, Francis Obare, Humphres Evelia, and Hannington Nyinkavu

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Sexual risk behavior and HAART: A comparative study of HIV-infected persons on HAART and on preventive therapy in Kenya, Avina Sarna, Stanley Luchters, Scott Geibel, Susan Kaai, Paul Munyao, Khadija Shikely, Kishorchandra N. Mandaliya, Johannes van Dam, and Marleen Temmerman

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Sexual risk behaviours and HIV seroprevalence among male sex workers who have sex with men and non-sex workers in Campinas, Brazil, Waimar Tun, Maeve de Mello, Adriana A. Pinho, Magda Chinaglia, and Juan Diaz

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Sharing experiences with comprehensive responses to adolescent reproductive health needs in Africa, Nafissatou J. Diop and Anta Fall Diagne

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Short- and long-term efficacy of modified directly-observed antiretroviral treatment in Mombasa, Kenya: A randomised trial, Avina Sarna, Stanley Luchters, Scott Geibel, Matthew F. Chersich, Paul Munyao, Susan Kaai, Kishorchandra N. Mandaliya, Khadija Shikely, Marleen Temmerman, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Simplifying medical abortion: Home administration of misoprostol, Shuchita Mundle, Shveta Kalyanwala, Batya Elul, and Ughade Suresh

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Situation analysis of the integration of family planning services in postpartum, postabortion and prevention of mother to child transmission programs in Haiti, M. Estela Rivero-Fuentes, Ricardo Vernon, Michaelle Boulos, and Louis-Marie Boulos

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Situation analysis of the integration of family planning services in postpartum, postabortion and prevention of mother to child transmission programs in Nicaragua, Freddy Solis, Ana del Carmen Rojas, Gadea Adilia, M. Estela Rivero-Fuentes, and Ricardo Vernon

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Situation analysis of the integration of family planning services in postpartum, postabortion and prevention of mother to child transmission programs in the Dominican Republic, Gisela Quiterio, Maritza Molina, Marija Miric, Ricardo Vernon, and M. Estela Rivero-Fuentes

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Small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO)-1, SUMO-2/3 and SUMOylation are involved with centromeric heterochromatin of chromosomes 9 and 1 and proteins of the synaptonemal complex during meiosis in men, Petrice W. Brown, KeumSil Hwang, Peter N. Schlegel, and Patricia L. Morris

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South Africa: Integrated approach improves quality of post-rape care, Population Council

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South Africa: Integrating services for FP and HIV improves quality and HIV testing, Population Council

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Sphingomyelin synthases and testicular function, Nikki P.Y. Lee, Elissa W.P. Wong, Dolores D. Mruk, and C. Yan Cheng

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Strengthening emergency contraception in Nepal, Mahendra Pd. Shrestha, Sharif M.I. Hossain, and M.E. Khan

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Strengthening health and family planning services in low performing and hard-to-reach areas of Bangladesh: Workshop report, Ubaidur Rob and Md. Noorunnabi Talukder

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Strengthening postnatal care services including postpartum family planning in Kenya, Annie Mwangi, Charlotte E. Warren, Nancy Koskei, and Holly Blanchard

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Strengthening the financial sustainability of two Population Services and Training Center (PSTC) clinics (Bangladesh), Population Services and Training Center (PSTC) and Frontiers in Reproductive Health

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Study of sexually transmitted infections among urban men in Pakistan: Identifying the bridging population, Ali M. Mir, Laura Reichenbach, Abdul Wajid, and Mumraiz Khan

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Supporting orphans and vulnerable children affected by AIDS: Using community-generated definitions to explore patterns of children's vulnerability in Zambia, Katie D. Schenk, Lewis Ndhlovu, Stephen Tembo, Andson Nsune, Chozi Nkhata, Batuke Walusiku, and Charlotte Watts

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Taking critical services to the home: Scaling-up home-based maternal and postnatal care, including family planning, through community midwifery in Kenya, Annie Mwangi and Charlotte E. Warren

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Taller regional de utilización de resultados de investigación operativa para incrementar el acceso, la calidad e integración de los servicios anticonceptivos en América Latina y el Caribe, M. Estela Rivero-Fuentes and Antonieta Martin

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Technical assistance for implementing best practices in the Asia and Near East region, M.E. Khan, Sohini Roychowdhury, Mary Philip Sebastian, Sitanshu Sekhar Kar, Anurag Mishra, Vivek Sharma, G. Narayana, Bhawana Sharma, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, and Ahmed Afifi

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Technical assistance to the interagency coordination group seeking to reduce female genital mutilation/cutting, Nafissatou J. Diop

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The female condom in Ghana: Exploring the current state of affairs and gauging potential for enhanced promotion, Reshma Naik and Martha Brady

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The HIV testing experiences of adolescents in Ndola, Zambia: Do families and friends matter?, Julie Denison, Ann P. McCauley, Wendy A. Dunnett-Dagg, Nalakwanji Lungu, and Michael D. Sweat

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The potential for sustainability of malaria in pregnancy initiatives in East and Southern Africa: Kenya and Malawi, Washington Onyango-Ouma, Sam Agatre Okuonzi, Doreen Ali, Harriet Birungi, and Annie Mwangi

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Training youth caregivers to provide HIV education and support to orphans and vulnerable children in South Africa, Tobey C. Nelson, Eka Esu-Williams, Lungile Mchunu, Pinkie Nyamakazi, S'Fiso Mnguni, Katie D. Schenk, Catherine Searle, and Jennifer Redner

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"Unlocking" the blood-testis barrier and the ectoplasmic specialization by cytokines during spermatogenesis: Emerging targets for male contraception, Michelle W.M. Li, Dolores D. Mruk, and C. Yan Cheng

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Using operations research to enhance delivery of postpartum/postabortion family planning services in the Arab region, Frontiers in Reproductive Health

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Using systematic screening to integrate health services in India and Senegal: Pilot study versus scale-up results, James R. Foreit

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What can fertility indicators tell us about pronatalist policy options?, John Bongaarts

Submissions from 2007

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7α-methyl-19-nortestosterone (MENT) vs testosterone in combination with etonogestrel implants for spermatogenic suppression in healthy men, Melanie J. Walton, Narender Kumar, David T. Baird, Helen Ludlow, and Richard A. Anderson

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Abuse during pregnancy in Mexico City, Claudia Diaz, Francisco Paz, Katrina Abuabara, H.B. Martinez Ayala, K. Kolstad, and T. Palermo

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Acceptability of Carraguard, a candidate microbicide and methyl cellulose placebo vaginal gels among HIV-positive women and men in Durban, South Africa, Gita Ramjee, Neetha S. Morar, Sarah Braunstein, Barbara Friedland, Heidi E. Jones, and Janneke van de Wijgert

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Achieving synergies in prevention through linking sexual and reproductive health and HIV services, Ian Askew

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A comparison of two methods of partner notification for sexually transmitted infections in South Africa: Patient-delivered partner medication and patient-based partner referral, T.A. Young, Alana de Kock, Heidi E. Jones, Lydia Altini, Taja M. Ferguson, and Janneke van de Wijgert

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Addressing Gupt Rog: Narrative prevention counselling for STI/HIV prevention—A guide to AYUSH and allopathic practitioners, Bonnie K. Nastasi, Niranjan Saggurti, Stephen L. Schensul, Ravi K. Verma, and Meena Gandhi

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Addressing the needs of seasonal migrants in Nashik, Maharashtra, Anjali B. Borhade

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Addressing the sexual and reproductive health needs of young people: Perspectives and experiences of stakeholders from the health and non-health sectors, K.G. Santhya, Shireen J. Jejeebhoy, Saswata Ghosh, and Nicole Haberland

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Agreement between self- and clinician-collected specimen results for detection and typing of high-risk human papillomavirus in specimens from women in Gugulethu, South Africa, Heidi E. Jones, Bruce R. Allan, Janneke van de Wijgert, Lydia Altini, Sylvia M. Taylor, Alana de Kock, Nicol Coetzee, and Anna Lise Williamson

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An initial pharmacokinetic study with a Metered Dose Transdermal System® for delivery of the progestogen Nestorone® as a possible future contraceptive, Ian S. Fraser, Edith Weisberg, Narender Kumar, Sushma Kumar, Andrew J. Humberstone, Louise McCrossin, Deborah Shaw, Yun-yen Tsong, and Régine Sitruk-Ware

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A question of ethics: Research and practice in reproductive health, Saumya RamaRao, Barbara Friedland, and John Townsend

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'Are you on the market?': A capture-recapture enumeration of men who sell sex to men in and around Mombasa, Kenya, Scott Geibel, Elisabeth M. van der Elst, Nzioki King'ola, Stanley Luchters, Alun Davies, Esther M. Getambu, Norbert Peshu, Susan M. Graham, R. Scott McClelland, and Eduard J. Sanders

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A seamless trespass: Germ cell migration across the seminiferous epithelium during spermatogenesis, Claire Q.F. Wang and C. Yan Cheng

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Assessing the feasibility, acceptability and cost of introducing postabortion care in health centres and dispensaries in rural Tanzania, Monica Wanjiru, Ian Askew, Nzoya Munguti, Saumya RamaRao, Rick Homan, Reheme Kahando, and John M. Pile

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Assessment: FRONTIERS small grants program, Koli Banik

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Avances en la atención postaborto en América Latina y el Caribe: Investigando, aplicando y expandiendo, Deborah L. Billings and Ricardo Vernon

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Bangladesh: RH curriculum enhances vocational students' knowledge and behavior, Frontiers in Reproductive Health

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Beacon of hope: Evaluation of the Kenya Girl Guides Association HIV/AIDS program for school children, Karusa Kiragu, George Odingo, Milka Juma, Jane Mbugua, Magdalen Waweru, Wamuyu Mahinda, Beatrice Mwaniki, Charity Muturi, Simon Ochieng, Tobey C. Nelson, and Ann P. McCauley

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Biphasic effects of postnatal exposure to diethylhexylphthalate on the timing of puberty in male rats, Renshan Ge, Guo-Rong Chen, Qiang Dong, Benson T. Akingbemi, Chantal M. Sottas, Michelle Santos, Stuart C. Sealfon, Daniel J. Bernard, and Matthew P. Hardy

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Bolivia: Marketing and economic analyses help NGOs develop strategies for sustainability, Frontiers in Reproductive Health

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Building the capacity of faith-based organizations to promote mutual monogamy in South Africa, Waimar Tun, Nathi Sohaba, Unathi Malinzi, Matthew Nqono, Osborne Mzilikazi, Bonisiwa Mgujulwa, Moses Madywabe, Mbulelo Fatyeni, and Christine Fontecchio

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Carrageenan/MIV-150 (PC-815), a combination microbicide, José Fernández-Romero, Mitchell Thorn, Stuart G. Turville, Kanani Titchen, Kristin M. Sudol, Jifan Li, Todd Miller, Melissa Robbiani, Robin A. Maguire, Robert W. Buckheit Jr., Tracy L. Hartman, and David M. Phillips

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Carraguard vaginal gel safety in HIV-positive women and men in South Africa, Janneke van de Wijgert, Sarah Braunstein, Neetha S. Morar, Heidi E. Jones, Lorna Madurai, Tammy T. Evans Strickfaden, Manivasan Moodley, Jamila Aboobaker, Gugulethu Ndlovu, Taja M. Ferguson, Barbara Friedland, Clyde E. Hart, and Gita Ramjee

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Cellular localization of sphingomyelin synthase 2 in the seminiferous epithelium of adult rat testes, Nikki P.Y. Lee, Dolores D. Mruk, Weiliang Xia, and C. Yan Cheng

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Changes in stigma among a cohort of people on antiretroviral therapy: Findings from Mombasa, Kenya, Susan Kaai, Avina Sarna, Stanley Luchters, Scott Geibel, Paul Munyao, Kishorchandra N. Mandaliya, Khadija Shikely, Marleen Temmerman, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Chaos, co-existence, and the potential for collective action: HIV-related vulnerability in Brazil's international borders, Sheri A. Lippman, Deanna Kerrigan, Magda Chinaglia, and Juan Diaz

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Community-based approaches to prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV: Findings from a low-income community in Kenya, Susan Kaai, Carolyn Baek, Scott Geibel, Peter Omondi, Benson Ulo, Grace Muthumbi, Carol Nkatha, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Comparison of the impact of vaginal and oral administration of combined hormonal contraceptives on hepatic proteins sensitive to estrogen, Régine Sitruk-Ware, Joel Menard, Mandana Rad, Jacobus Burggraaf, Marieke L. de Kam, Barbara A. Tokay, Irving Sivin, and Cornelis Kluft

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Consent and coercion: Examining unwanted sex among married young women in India, K.G. Santhya, Nicole Haberland, F. Ram, R.K. Sinha, and S.K. Mohanty

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Consolidating a gender perspective in the PROCOSI network, Erica Palenque de la Quintana, Patricia Riveros Hamel, and Ricardo Vernon

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Continuum of care for HIV-positive women accessing programs to prevent parent-to-child transmission: Findings from India, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Rupa Mudoi, Archana Oinam, Venkat Pakkela, Avina Sarna, Sucheta Panda, Ashok Rau, L. Birendrajit Singh, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Contraceptive discontinuation and failure and subsequent abortion in Romania: 1994-99, Andreea A. Creanga, Rajib Acharya, Saifuddin Ahmed, and Amy Ong Tsui

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Contributing towards efforts to abandon female genital mutilation/cutting in Kenya: A situation analysis, Humphres Evelia, Maryam Sheikh Abdi, Carolyne Njue, and Ian Askew

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Coxsackie and adenovirus receptor (CAR) is a product of Sertoli and germ cells in rat testes which is localized at the Sertoli-Sertoli and Sertoli-germ cell interface, Claire Q.F. Wang, Dolores D. Mruk, Will M. Lee, and C. Yan Cheng

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C-type natriuretic peptide regulates blood-testis barrier dynamics in adult rat testes, Weiliang Xia, Dolores D. Mruk, and C. Yan Cheng

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Current concepts of HIV transmission, Gavin Morrow, Laurence Vachot, Panagiotis Vagenas, and Melissa Robbiani

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Current research and good practice in HIV and AIDS treatment education, Avina Sarna and Ellen Weiss

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Day of dialogue—Insights and evidence from product introduction: Lessons for microbicides, Martha Brady and C. Elizabeth McGrory

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Demonstrating public health at work: A demonstration project of congenital syphilis prevention efforts in Bolivia, Sandra G. García, Freddy Tinajeros, Rita Revollo, Eileen Yam, Kara Richmond, Claudia Diaz, and Daniel Grossman

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Determining the feasibility of utilizing the microbicide applicator compliance assay for use in clinical trials, Andrea R. Wallace, Aaron Teitelbaum, Livia Wan, Maria Gloria Mulima, Laura Guichard, Stephanie Skoler, Hlengiwe Vilakazi, Fridda S. Mapula, Jasmine Rossier, Sumentheran N. Govender, Pekka Lahteenmaki, Robin A. Maguire, and David M. Phillips

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Developing and testing strategies for increasing awareness of the IUD as a contraceptive option, Ricardo Vernon, M.E. Khan, Harriet Birungi, Ian Askew, and William Stones

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Developing regional operations research training capacity in South Asia, M.E. Khan, James R. Foreit, Sohini Roychowdhury, F. Ram, and Chander Shekhar

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Development of a cryopreservation protocol for Leydig cells, Guo-Rong Chen, Renshan Ge, Han Lin, Lei Dong, Chantal M. Sottas, and Matthew P. Hardy

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Early marriage and HIV/AIDS: Risk factors among young women in India, K.G. Santhya and Shireen J. Jejeebhoy

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Ectoplasmic specialization: A friend or a foe of spermatogenesis?, Helen H.N. Yan, Dolores D. Mruk, Will M. Lee, and C. Yan Cheng

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Effect of a single vaginal administration of levonorgestrel in Carraguard® gel on the ovulatory process: A potential candidate for "dual protection" emergency contraception, Vivian Brache, Horacio B. Croxatto, Régine Sitruk-Ware, Robin A. Maguire, Juan Carlos Montero, Narender Kumar, Ana Maria Salvatierra, Ana Sofia Tejada, Leila Cochon, María Luisa Forcelledo, Pekka Lahteenmaki, Francisco Alvarez, and Anibal Faundes

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Effect of introducing an 'afternoon pay clinic' on service utilization and cost recovery (Nepal), Mahendra Pd. Shrestha, Rajesh Swar, Pradeep Panda, M.E. Khan, and Rick Homan

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Effects of estradiol with oral or intravaginal progesterone on risk markers for breast cancer in a postmenopausal monkey model, Charles E. Wood, Régine Sitruk-Ware, Yun-yen Tsong, Thomas C. Register, Cynthia J. Lees, and J. Mark Cline

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Effects of levonorgestrel-releasing IUS and progesterone receptor modulator PRM CDB-2914 on uterine leiomyomas, Takeshi Maruo, Noriyuki Ohara, Hiroya Matsuo, Qin Xu, Wei Chen, Régine Sitruk-Ware, and Elof D.B. Johansson

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Effects of oral and transvaginal ethinyl estradiol on hemostatic factors and hepatic proteins in a randomized, crossover study, Régine Sitruk-Ware, Genevieve Plu-Bureau, Joel Menard, Jacqueline Conard, Sushma Kumar, Jean-Christophe Thalabard, Barbara A. Tokay, and Philippe Bouchard

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Emergency contraception, female condoms and IUDs in Kenya's public sector: Findings from a national diagnostic assessment, Jill Keesbury, Benter Owino, and Spike Bradford

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Engaging advocates from concept to results: Summary report of the Advocates' Consultation on HIV Prevention Trials: Carraguard and VOICE Studies, Johannesburg, South Africa, 18-19 October 2007, Microbicide Trials Network and Population Council

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Estimating the incidence of abortion in Pakistan, Zeba Sathar, Susheela Singh, and Faryal F. Fikree

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Exploring the barriers to accessing care and treatment for HIV-infected children in India: A diagnostic study, Avina Sarna, Jaleel Ahmad, Glory Alexander, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Ashok Rau, Arjun Singh, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Exploring the choices of contraception and abortion among married couples in Tret, rural Punjab, Pakistan, Muhammad Shafique Arif and Iram Kamran

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Factors influencing the use of prenatal diagnostic techniques and the sex ratio at birth in India, P.N. Mari Bhat and A.J. Francis Zavier

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From pilots to regional programs: Expanding contraceptive choice and improving quality of care in Zambia's Copperbelt, Jill Keesbury

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Gene expression during development of fetal and adult Leydig cells, Lei Dong, Scott A. Jelinsky, Joshua N. Finger, Daniel S. Johnston, Gregory S. Kopf, Chantal M. Sottas, Matthew P. Hardy, and Renshan Ge