The Population Council tackles intersecting inequalities that undermine rights and access to contraception, HIV and STI prevention, maternal and newborn health, safe abortion, prevention and treatment of infertility, and sexuality education, among other sexual and reproductive health needs. Our research and partnerships ensure high quality, evidence-based, voluntary, and rights-based comprehensive care for sexual and reproductive health.

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Submissions from 2024

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Assessing the acceptability of, adherence to and preference for a dual prevention pill (DPP) for HIV and pregnancy prevention compared to oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and oral contraception taken separately: Protocols for two randomised, controlled, cross-over studies in South Africa and Zimbabwe, Barbara Friedland, Nyaradzo M. Mgodi, Thesla Palanee-Phillips, Sanyukta Mathur, Marlena Gehret Plagianos, Irene Bruce, Maud Lansiaux, Caroline Murombedzi, Petina Musara, Adlight Dandadzi, Krishnaveni Reddy, Nkosiphile Ndlovu, Sihle K. Zulu, Lerato R. Shale, Brady Zieman, and Lisa Haddad

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Biobehavioral survey using time location sampling among female sex workers living in Ghana in 2020, Samuel Dery, Chris Guure, Seth Afagbedzi, Augustine Ankomah, William Ampofo, Stephen Kyeremeh Atuahene, Comfort Asamoah-Adu, Ernest Kenu, Sharon Stucker Weir, Waimar Tun, Daniel Arhinful, and Kwasi Torpey

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Cementing key partnerships to foster the use of evidence in humanitarian settings: Baobab Case Study Three, The Baobab Research Programme Consortium

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Correcting the scientific record on abortion and mental health outcomes, Julia H. Littell, Kathryn M. Abel, M. Antonia Biggs, Robert W. Blum, Diana Greene Foster, Lisa Haddad, Brenda Major, Trine Munk-Olsen, Chelsea Polis, Gail Erlick Robinson, Corinne H. Rocca, Nancy Felipe Russo, Julia Steinberg, Donna E. Stewart, Nada Logan Stotland, Ushma D. Upadhyay, and Jenneke van Ditzhuijzen

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Editorial: Multipurpose prevention technologies for HIV, STIs and pregnancies, Barbara Friedland, Andrea Ries Thurman, Harriet Nuwagaba-Biribonwoha, and R. Karl Malcolm

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Evaluation of emergency contraceptive pill use with health management information systems data in Pakistan, Shiza Farid, Khan Mohammed, Kristin Bietsch, and Priya Emmart

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Examining the association between men's gender equitable attitudes and contraceptive outcomes in rural Maharashtra, India, Mohan Ghule, Anvita Dixit, Nicole Johns, Madhusudana Battala, Shahina Begum, Sarah Averbach, Jay G. Silverman, Niranjan Saggurti, and Anita Raj

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Experiences of young mothers with the uptake of Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine for intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy: A cross-sectional study in the Lake endemic region, Kenya, Dennis Matanda, Tchaiwe Zulu, George Odwe, Oscar Okoth, and Zoe Nakuya

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Expert opinion on the use of contraception in people with multiple sclerosis, Jan Hillert, Riley Bove, Lisa Haddad, Kerstin Hellwig, Maria Houtchens, Melinda Magyari, Gabriele S. Merki-Feld, Scott Montgomery, Rossella E. Nappi, Egon Stenager, Heidi Thompson, Zeliha Tulek, Elisabetta Verdun Di Cantogno, and Manuela Simoni

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Exploring the implementation of an SMS-based digital health tool on maternal and infant health in informal settlements, Sharon Ochieng, Nisha Hariharan, Timothy Abuya, Chantalle Okondo, Charity Seruwagi, Charlotte E. Warren, Anneka Wickramanayake, and Sathyanath Rajasekharan

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Ex vivo colonic tissue susceptibility to HIV-1 in cisgender men and women, Patrick Barnable, Sampurna Mukhopadhyay, Larisa Kizima, Narender Kumar, Marlena Gehret Plagianos, Saurabh Mehandru, and Natalia Teleshova

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Genome editing and its role in vaccine, diagnosis, and therapeutic advancement, Deepanker Bisht, Sagar Salave, Nimeet Desai, Purnima Gogoi, Dhwani Rana, Prachurya Biswal, Gautami Sarma, Derajram Benival, Nagavendra Kommineni, and Dhruv Desai

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Identifying profiles of support for legal abortion services in Zambia: A latent class analysis, Joseph G. Rosen, Michael Mbizvo, Nachela Chelwa, Lyson Phiri, Jenny A. Cresswell, Veronique Filippi, and Nkomba Kayeyi

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“I have to do it in secrecy”: Provider perspectives on HIV service delivery and quality of care for key populations in Zambia, Drosin Mulenga, Joseph G. Rosen, Lunda Banda, Maurice Musheke, Michael Mbizvo, H. Fisher Raymond, Ryan Keating, Harold Witola, Lyson Phiri, Scott Geibel, Waimar Tun, and Nanlesta Pilgrim

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Integrating mental health management into empowerment group sessions for out-of-school adolescents in Kenyan informal settlements: A process paper, Joan Mutahi, Beth Kangwana, Dorcas Khasowa, Irene Muthoni, Oliver Charo, Alfred Muli, and Manasi Kumar

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Kuboresha Afya Mitaani: Improving Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health Outcomes for Vulnerable Women and Newborns in Informal Settlements in Nairobi, Kenya, Timothy Abuya

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Metabolism of progestogens used for contraception and menopausal hormone therapy, Frank Z. Stanczyk, Alexandra McGough, Laura Chagam, and Régine Sitruk-Ware

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Nestorone (segesterone acetate) effects on neuroregeneration, Regine Sitruk-Ware, Heather Sussman, Roberta Brinton, Michael Schumacher, Patrick Singer, Narender Kumar, Alejandro F. De Nicola, Martine El-Etr, Rachida Guennoun, and Cesario V. Borlongan

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Optimizing integration of community-based management of possible serious bacterial infection (PSBI) in young infants into primary healthcare systems in Ethiopia and Kenya: Successes and challenges, Gizachew Tadele Tiruneh, George Odwe, Alexandra Haake Kamberos, Kezia K’Oduol, Zipporah Moraa, Helen Gwaro, Dessalew Emaway, Hema Magge, Yasir Bin Nisar, and Lisa R. Hirschhorn

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Pattern and determinants of contraceptive use among the muslim women in Wajir and Lamu counties in Kenya: A cross-sectional study, Batula Abdi, Jerry Okoth Okal, Gamal I. Serour, Vincent Were, Marleen Temmerman, and Peter Gichangi

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Patterns and drivers of maternal personal exposure to PM2.5 in informal settlements in Nairobi, Kenya, Michael A. Johnson, Timothy Abuya, Anneka Wickramanayake, Heather Miller, Deborah Sambu, Daniel Mwanga, George Odwe, Charity Ndwiga, Ricardo Piedrahita, Madeleine Rossanese, Michael J. Gatari, Michael R. Giordano, Daniel M. Westervelt, Laura Wotton, and Sathyanath Rajasekharan

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Reclaiming African leadership to end FGM/C, Maimouna Bah

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Risk factors for and outcomes of ring expulsions with a one year contraceptive vaginal system, Marlena Gehret Plagianos, Shaalini Ramanadhan, Ruth Merkatz, Vivian Brache, Barbara Friedland, and Lisa Haddad

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Spousal concordance in attitudes toward intimate partner violence (IPV) and its association with physical IPV against women: A cross-sectional study among young married couples in rural India, Shahina Begum, Madhusudana Battala, Morgen A. Chalmiers, Ranjan Kumar Prusty, Anvita Dixit, Nicole E. Johns, Mohan Ghule, Niranjan Saggurti, Jay G. Silverman, Sarah Averbach, and Anita Raj

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The effects of COVID-19 pandemic on women’s access to maternal health and family planning services in Egypt: An exploratory study in two governorates, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Salma A. Tayel, Sally Radwan, and Mohamed Ramy

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The encouraging early successes of a dynamic choice HIV prevention model for both women and men in East Africa, Ann Gottert, Shawn Malone, and Julie Pulerwitz

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The implementation and impact of a 3-week postpartum telephone visit, Julia Grande, Talitha L. Bruney, Vruti Virani, and Marlena Gehret Plagianos

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The Promise of Vaginal Rings: From the Global Leader in Vaginal Ring Development and Implementation, Population Council

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Vaginal progesterone to prevent spontaneous preterm birth in women with a sonographic short cervix: The story of the PREGNANT trial, Roberto Romero, Arun Meyyazhagan, Sonia S. Hassan, George W. Creasy, and Agustin Conde-Agudelo

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Validating the implementation of an indicator reporting policies and laws on free public maternal health-related services in the era of universal health coverage: A multi-country cross-sectional study, Magdalene Odikro, Ernest Kenu, Richard M. Adanu, Delia Bandoh, Mabel Berrueta, Suchandrima Chakraborty, Jewel Gausman, Nizamuddin Khan, Ana Langer, Carolina Nigri, Veronica Pingray, Sowmya Ramesh, Niranjan Saggurti, Paula Vázquez, Caitlin R. Williams, and R. Rima Jolivet

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Vulnerability to sexually transmitted infections (STI) / Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) among adolescent girls and young women in India: A rapid review, Sohini Paul, Anupam Sharma, Radhika Dayal, Mahika Mehta, Sudeshna Maitra, Kuhika Seth, Monal Nagrath, Sowmya Ramesh, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Women’s involvement in decision-making and association with reproductive health behaviors: Findings from a cross-sectional survey in Niger, Sanyukta Mathur, Karen Kirk, Chaibou Dadi, and Leanne Dougherty

Submissions from 2023

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Adapting a community-based intervention to address social determinants of health influencing pre-exposure prophylaxis services for Black adults in Washington, District of Columbia: A study protocol, Donaldson F. Conserve, Waimar Tun, DeMarc A. Hickson, Jennifer Gomez-Berrospi, Samuel Janson, Bukola Rinola, Mallory Durkin, Christian Buchanan, Christian Morris, Alia Saleeban, Kelia Olughu, Julie Pulerwitz, and Deanna Kerrigan

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Adherence, safety, and choice of the monthly dapivirine vaginal ring or oral emtricitabine plus tenofovir disoproxil fumarate for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis among African adolescent girls and young women: A randomised, open-label, crossover trial, Gonasagrie Nair, Connie Celum, Daniel Szydlo, Elizabeth R. Brown, Carolyne Akello, Rita Nakalega, et al., and John Steytler

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Advancing our understanding of provider behavior change for improved health outcomes, Amanda Kalamar, Foyeke Oyedokun-Adebagbo, and Laura Reichenbach

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Advancing Social and Behavior Change Measurement for Family Planning—Slide deck, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Advancing Social and Behavior Change Measurement in Family Planning, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Alcohol use, HIV stigma and quality of life among alcohol consuming men living with HIV in India: A mediation analysis, Toan Ha, Hui Shi, Roopal Jyoti Singh, Sushma S. Gaikwad, Kavita Joshi, Rupal Padiyar, Jean J. Schensul, and Stephen L. Schensul

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Amref Alternative Rites of Passage (ARP) model for female genital mutilation/cutting, teenage pregnancies, and child, early and forced marriages in Kenya: A stepped-wedge cluster randomised controlled trial protocol, Tammary Esho, Julia Scholten, Hilke Conradi, David Kawai, Bernard Mbogo, Denge Lugayo, Yvonne Opanga, Samuel Muhula, and Dennis Matanda

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Assessing the health, social, educational and economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on adolescents in low- and middle-income countries: A rapid review of the literature, Astha Ramaiya, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Rosalijn Both, Ann Gottert, Silvia Guglielmi, Sam Beckwith, Mengmeng Li, and Robert W. Blum

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A structural and provider behavior change approach to enhancing respectful, integrative, responsive care for hospitalized young children (0–24 months) in Kenya, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Authorization of midwives to perform basic emergency obstetric and newborn care signal functions in Argentina, Ghana, and India: A multi-country validation study of a key global maternal and newborn health indicator, Sowmya Ramesh, Suchandrima Chakraborty, Richard M. Adanu, Delia Bandoh, Mabel Berrueta, Jewel Gausman, Nizamuddin Khan, Ernest Kenu, Ana Langer, Carolina Nigri, Magdalene Odikro, Veronica Pingray, Niranjan Saggurti, Paula Vázquez, Caitlin R. Williams, and R. Rima Jolivet

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Baseline preferences for oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) or dapivirine intravaginal ring for HIV prevention among adolescent girls and young women in South Africa, Uganda and Zimbabwe (MTN-034/IPM-045 study), Kenneth Ngure, Barbara Friedland, Daniel W. Szydlo, Sarah Roberts, Morgan Garcia, Lisa Levy, Carolyne Akello, Krishnaveni Reddy, Thesla Palanee-Phillips, Pippa Macdonald, Bekezela Siziba, Lydia Soto-Torres, Sybil Hosek, Sharon L. Hillier, Gonasagrie Nair, Connie Celum, and Ariane van der Straten

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Behavioral sentinel surveillance survey in Nigeria: Endline technical report, Paul Hutchinson, Adolor Aisiri, Udochisom Anaba, Elizabeth Omoluabi, Akanni Akinyemi, U. C. Ifunanya Ozoadibe, and Dele Abegunde

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Behavioral sentinel surveillance survey in Nigeria: Endline technical report for couples, Paul L. Hutchinson, Adolor Aisiri, Udochisom Anaba, Elizabeth Omoluabi, Akanni Akinyemi, U. C. Ifunanya Ozoadibe, Dominique Meekers, and Dele Abegunde

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Best Practices to Prevent and Respond to Sexual Violence: Evidence review and programme considerations, Sycona

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Breakthrough RESEARCH Behavioral Sentinel Surveillance (BSS) Survey: Baseline, Paul L. Hutchinson, Dele Abegunde, Adolor Aisiri, Udochisom Anaba, Elizabeth Omoluabi, Akanni Akinyemi, and U. C. Ifunanya Ozoadibe

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Breakthrough RESEARCH Behavioral Sentinel Surveillance (BSS) Survey: Endline, Paul L. Hutchinson, Dele Abegunde, Adolor Aisiri, Udochisom Anaba, Elizabeth Omoluabi, Akanni Akinyemi, and U. C. Ifunanya Ozoadibe

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Breakthrough RESEARCH Behavioral Sentinel Surveillance (BSS) Survey: Midline, Paul L. Hutchinson, Dele Abegunde, Adolor Aisiri, Udochisom Anaba, Elizabeth Omoluabi, Akanni Akinyemi, and U. C. Ifunanya Ozoadibe

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Center for Biomedical Research at the Population Council, Population Council

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Challenges in obstetric morbidity and mortality, with special reference to India: A literature review, Shromona Dhara, Arupendra Mozumdar, and Subho Roy

Changement de comportement des prestataires : approches de changement social et de comportement pour la qualité des soins dans la planification familiale, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Changement social et comportemental et environnement favorable à la planification familiale, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Characterization of viruses in Phase 3 and Phase 3b trials (the Ring Study and the Dapivirine Ring Extended Access and Monitoring Trial) of the Dapivirine vaginal ring for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection risk reduction, John Steytler, Charles Craig, Elna van der Ryst, Ben Van Baelen, Jeremy Nuttall, Neliette van Niekerk, John Mellors, Urvi Parikh, and Carole Wallis

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Clinical presentation, treatment response, and virology outcomes of women who seroconverted in the Dapivirine Vaginal Ring Trials—The Ring Study and DREAM, John Steytler, Elna van der Ryst, Charles Craig, Ben Van Baelen, Jeremy Nuttall, Neliette van Niekerk, John Mellors, Urvi Parikh, and Carole Wallis

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Coming Full Circle: Microbicide Development at the Population Council, James Sailer, Barbara Friedland, Diantha Pillay, Christopher J. Elias, Sharon L. Hillier, and Georgina Caswell

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Commentary: Multipurpose prevention technologies—What about sexually transmitted infections?, Anjanique Mariquit Rosete Lu and Lisa Haddad

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Comment mesurer l’impact du changement de comportement des prestataires, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Comprehensive sexuality education linked to sexual and reproductive health services reduces early and unintended pregnancies among in-school adolescent girls in Zambia, Michael Mbizvo, Kondwani Kasonda, Nelly-Claire Muntalima, Joseph G. Rosen, Sophie Inambwae, Edith S. Namukonda, Ronald Mungoni, Natasha Okpara, Chifundo Phiri, Nachela Chelwa, and Chabu Kangale

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Cost-effectiveness analysis comparing integrated and malaria-only social and behavior change programming in Nigeria: Final report, Avenir Health

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Cost-effectiveness analysis comparing integrated and malaria-only social and behavior change programming in Nigeria: Midline analysis, Avenir Health

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Cost-effectiveness analysis for integrated social and behavior change programming by the Resilience in the Sahel Enhanced II program in the Maradi and Zinder regions of Niger, Avenir Health

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Costing for family planning social and behavior change programming, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Costing for family planning social and behavior change—Slide deck, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Coût de la programmation du changement social et comportemental pour la planification familiale, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Creating reproductive health behavioral profiles for women of reproductive age in Niger using cross-sectional survey data: A latent class analysis, Leanne Dougherty, Nicole M. Bellows, and Chaibou Dadi

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Deep eutectic solvents for subcutaneous delivery of protein therapeutics, Alexander M. Curreri, Jayoung Kim, Michael Dunne, Pavimol Angsantikul, Morgan Goetz, Yongsheng Gao, and Samir Mitragotri

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Design of an international male contraceptive efficacy trial using a self-administered daily transdermal gel containing testosterone and segesterone acetate (Nestorone), John K. Amory, Diana Blithe, Régine Sitruk-Ware, Ronald S. Swerdloff, William J. Bremner, Clint Dart, Peter Y. Liu, Arthi Thirumalai, Brian T. Nguyen, Bradley D. Anawalt, Min S. Lee, Stephanie T. Page, and Christina Wang

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Development of mucoadhesive electrospun scaffolds for intravaginal delivery of Lactobacilli spp., a tenside, and metronidazole for the management of bacterial vaginosis, Margaret O. Ilomuanya, Peace O. Bassey, Deborah A. Ogundemuren, Uloma N. Ubani-Ukoma, Alkiviadis Tsamis, Yuwei Fan, Konstantinos Michalakis, Pavimol Angsantikul, Abdulrahman Usman, and Andrew N. Amenaghawon

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Differences in quality of care of family planning services received by age and contraceptive continuation among young mothers in India, Elizabeth Tobey, Aparna Jain, and Arupendra Mozumdar

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Does size matter? A randomized controlled trial to assess the impact of external diameter on adherence to 3 different intravaginal rings among 24 US couples, Irene Bruce, Marlena Gehret Plagianos, Jessica M. Sales, Jessica Atrio, Shakti Shetty, Caio Sant’Anna Marinho, Brady Zieman, Lisa Haddad, and Barbara Friedland

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Drug reprofiling to identify potential HIV-1 protease inhibitors, Sunday Okafor, Abigail Meyer, Jay Gadsden, Fadi Ahmed, Lilian Guzmán, Hashim Ahmed, José Fernández-Romero, and Pavimol Angsantikul

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Effect of mentorship and a mHealth application in updating provider skills and knowledge in maternal and newborn care in two informal settlements of Nairobi, Charity Ndwiga, Timothy Abuya, Chantalle Okondo, Sharon Akinyi, Anneka Wickramanayake, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Effects of a clinic-based reproductive empowerment intervention on proximal outcomes of contraceptive use, self-efficacy, attitudes, and awareness and use of survivor services: A cluster-controlled trial in Nairobi, Kenya, Jasmine Uysal, Sabrina Boyce, Chi-Chi Undie, Wilson Liambila, Seri Wendoh, Erin Pearson, Nicole E. Johns, and Jay G. Silverman

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El impacto del cambio climático en la salud: experiencias de la juventud de Bangladesh, Guatemala y Nigeria, Population Council and Women Deliver

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Embedding implementation research to cross the quality of care chasm during the covid-19 pandemic and beyond, Michael A. Peters, Keith Cloete, George Odwe, Gizachew Tadele, Lisa R. Hirschhorn, Hema Magge, and Sanam Roder-DeWan

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Equipping providers to offer novel MPTs: Developing counseling messages for the Dual Prevention Pill in clinical studies and beyond, Kate Segal, Danielle M. Harris, Andy Carmone, Lisa Haddad, Sanjay Hadigal, Karin Hatzold, Chris Jones, Eva Lathrop, Jennifer Mason, and Meridith Mikulich

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Evaluating a scalable ARCHES (Addressing Reproductive Coercion in Health Settings) model in government health facilities in Uasin Gishu county, Kenya: Study protocol for a cluster-randomized controlled trial, Erin Pearson, Jasmine Uysal, Jamie Menzel, Chi-Chi Undie, George Odwe, Wilson Liambila, and Jay G. Silverman

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Evaluating the association of antiretroviral therapy and immune status with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy among people with HIV, Lynn M. Yee, Denise L. Jacobson, Lisa Haddad, Jennifer Jao, Kathleen M. Powis, Deborah Kacanek, Rebecca Zash, Alexandria Diperna, and Ellen G. Chadwick

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Evaluation of Breakthrough ACTION-Nigeria’s social and behavior change public sector capacity strengthening approach, Adetayo Adetunji, Dele Abegunde, Augustine Ankomah, Nrupa Jani, Pooja Sripad, and Bright Addo

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Evaluation of RISE II integrated social and behavior change activities in Niger: Family planning; maternal, newborn, and child health; immunization; nutrition; water, sanitation, and hygiene, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Evidence from the implementation of a social accountability approach to improve family planning services: Perspectives from community members and health workers in Togo, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Examining the characteristics of social and behavior change communication intervention costs in low- and middle-income countries: A hedonic method approach, Lori Bollinger, Nicole M. Bellows, and Rachael Linder

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Examining the longitudinal relationship between intimate partner violence and couples’ marital quality in rural India, Sangeeta Chatterji, Nicole Johns, Mohan Ghule, Shahina Begum, Sarah Averbach, Madhusudan Battala, and Anita Raj

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Expanding delivery of and access to evidence-based comprehensive HIV/SRH services among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender persons in Nigeria, Anita Fernandez, Adebola A. Adedimeji, Waimar Tun, Ann Gottert, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Exploring the accuracy of self-reported maternal and newborn care in select studies from low and middle-income country settings: Do respondent and facility characteristics affect measurement?, Katharine McCarthy, Ann K. Blanc, Charlotte E. Warren, Ashish Bajracharya, and Benjamin Bellows

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Exploring user and stakeholder perspectives from South Africa and Uganda to refine microarray patch development for HIV PrEP delivery and as a multipurpose prevention technology, Ayesha Ismail, Sarah Magni, Anne Katahoire, Florence Ayebare, Godfrey Siu, Fred Semitala, Peter Kyambadde, Barbara Friedland, Courtney Jarrahian, and Maggie Kilbourne-Brook

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Factors influencing community-facility linkage for case management of possible serious bacterial infection (PSBI) among young infants in Kenya, George Odwe, Wilson Liambila, Kezia K'Oduol, Zipporah Nyangacha, Helen Gwaro, Alexandra Haake Kamberos, and Lisa R. Hirschhorn

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Faire progresser la mesure des changements sociaux et comportementaux en matière de planification familiale, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Feasibility and acceptability of LNG 1.5 mg as an on-demand pericoital contraceptive in Ghana, Brent McCann, Tina Liang, Saumya RamaRao, Emmanuel Kuffour, Augustine Ankomah, Jessica Vandermark, Henry Bruce, Pius Essandoh, and Angela Boateng

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Financing gaps for Pakistan's contraceptive prevalence goals: Analyses using the Guttmacher adding-it-up methodology, Zeba Sathar, Susheela Singh, Sabahat Hussain, and Maqsood Sadiq

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Findings from a mixed methods evaluation of an integrated social and behavior change approach to improve health outcomes in Niger, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Gestational weight gain in persons with HIV in the United States, Jennifer Jao, Deborah Kacanek, Carly Broadwell, Denise L. Jacobson, Ellen G. Chadwick, Paige L. Williams, Kathleen Powis, Lisa Haddad, and Lynn Yee

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Group think? Questioning the individual global health expert, Sapna Desai and Sabina Rashid

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Guidance document on the use of the Confidante tool to track new or recent cases of female genital mutilation, Francis Obare Onyango, Dennis Matanda, and Chi-Chi Undie

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Halftime for SDGs: Maternal and Newborn Health—Best Investment Paper, Nyovani Madise, Arindam Nandi, Brad Wong, and Saleema Razvi

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Harnessing the power of behavioral science: An implementation pilot to improve the quality of maternity care in rural Madagascar, Jana Smith, Marie Sandra Lennon, Madeline Kau, Anja Noeliarivelo Ranjalahy, Liliane Ingabire, Charlotte E. Warren, and Sara V. Flanagan

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Herpes simplex virus type 2 prevalence and association with inflammatory cytokines among sexual and gender minorities living with and without HIV-1 from Lagos, Nigeria, Meropi Aravantinou, Marlena Gehret Plagianos, Afoke Kokogho, Sylvia Adebajo, Rebecca G. Nowak, Elizabeth Shoyemi, Charles Ekeh, Kara Lombardi, Sheila Peel, Stefan Baral, Trevor A. Crowell, Nina Derby, Natalia Teleshova, and Elena Martinelli

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How to measure provider behavior change impact, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Hysterectomy and women’s health in India: Evidence from a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey of older women, Sapna Desai, Roopal Jyoti Singh, Dipti Govil, Devaki Nambiar, Ankita Shukla, Hemali Heidi Sinha, Rajani Ved, Neerja Bhatla, and Gita D. Mishra