The Population Council tackles intersecting inequalities that undermine rights and access to contraception, HIV and STI prevention, maternal and newborn health, safe abortion, prevention and treatment of infertility, and sexuality education, among other sexual and reproductive health needs. Our research and partnerships ensure high quality, evidence-based, voluntary, and rights-based comprehensive care for sexual and reproductive health.

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Submissions from 2021

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Breakthrough RESEARCH—Social and Behavior Change Costing Community of Practice Series Brief #4: Social and behavior change costs associated with insecticide treated bed net distribution for malaria prevention, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Can social listening and social media monitoring benefit your SBC activities?, Rachel Yavinsky, Martha Silva, and Leanne Dougherty

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Changes in community knowledge and attitudes related to female genital fistula following the implementation of a multi-component intervention in Nigeria and Uganda, Karen Kirk, Pooja Sripad, Charity Ndwiga, Emmanuel Nwala, George Odwe, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Characteristics and relationship dynamics of male partners of adolescent girls and young women in Malawi, Project SOAR

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Characterization and distribution of medicine vendors in 2 states in Nigeria: Implications for scaling health workforce and family planning services, Babajide Oluseyi Daini, Emeka Okafor, Sikiru Baruwa, Oluwafunmito Adeyanju, Rodio Diallo, and Jennifer Anyanti

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Chipatala cha pa Foni, Malawi's 'Health Center by Phone,' improving information given about pregnancy-related symptoms, Breakthrough RESEARCH and VillageReach

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Commentary: Does Twitter have a role in family planning in low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs)?, Denise Harrison, Saumya RamaRao, Dinesh Vijeyakumar, James McKinnon, Kristina Brown, and Stanley J. Mierzwa

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Communication during hospitalization, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Community-based postnatal care services for women and newborns in Kenya: An opportunity to improve quality and access?, Brady Zieman, Timothy Abuya, Daniel Mwanga, John Wanyungu, Charlotte E. Warren, and Pooja Sripad

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Considerations and guidance for using routine and program monitoring data for social and behavior change evaluation, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Contraception au futur: Nouvelles techniques à l’horizon de la prochaine décennie, Régine Sitruk-Ware

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Contraception methods used among women with HIV starting antiretroviral therapy in a large United States clinical trial, 2009–2011, Anandi N. Sheth, Christine D. Angert, Lisa Haddad, C. Christina Mehta, and Susan E. Cohn

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Contraceptive technologies: Looking ahead to new approaches to increase options for family planning, Lisa Haddad, John Townsend, and Régine Sitruk-Ware

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Cost-effectiveness analysis comparing integrated and malaria-only social and behavior change programming in Nigeria: Initial costing data, Avenir Health

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Cost-effectiveness of peer-delivered HIV self-tests for MSM in Uganda, Stephen Okoboi, Barbara Castelnuovo, Jean-Pierre Van Geertruyden, Oucul Lazarus, Lung Vu, Sam Kalibala, Yvonne Kamara, Perez N. Ochanda, Rachel King, and Andrew Mujugira

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Costing social and behavior change programming: The role of the denominator, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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COVID-19 pandemic: A call to action, a time to respond, Saumya RamaRao

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Data collection and ethical challenges associated with VAC studies, Chi-Chi Undie

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Dataset—Project YES! Youth Engaging for Success: A randomized controlled trial assessing the impact of a clinic-based peer mentoring program on viral suppression, adherence and internalized stigma among HIV-positive youth (15–24 years) in Ndola, Zambia, Julie Denison, Virginia M. Burke, Sam Miti, Bareng A.S. Nonyane, Christiana Frimpong, Katherine G. Merrill, Elizabeth A. Abrams, and Jonathan K. Mwansa

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Dataset—Relationship dynamics and anticipated stigma: Key considerations for PrEP use among Tanzanian adolescent girls and young women and male partners, Nrupa Jani, Sanyukta Mathur, Catherine Kahabuka, Neema Makyao, and Nanlesta Pilgrim

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Dataset—Shifting gender norms to improve HIV service uptake: Qualitative findings from a large-scale community mobilization intervention in rural South Africa, Anna M. Leddy, Ann Gottert, Nicole Haberland, Jennifer Hove, Sheri A. Lippman, Kathleen Kahn, Rhandzekile Mathebula, Dumisani Rebombo, Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Rhian Twine, Dean Peacock, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Dataset—What are we learning about HIV testing in informal settlements in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa?, Stephanie Psaki, Julie Pulerwitz, Brady Zieman, Paul C. Hewett, and Mags Beksinska

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Depressive symptoms, HIV-related stigma and ART adherence among caregivers of children in vulnerable households in rural southern Malawi, Kathryn Spielman, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Adamson Muula, Lyson Tenthani, and Paul C. Hewett

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Development and validation of a multi-dimensional scale to assess community health worker motivation, Ann Gottert, Tracy McClair, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Sina Pascal Dakouo, Timothy Abuya, Karen Kirk, Benjamin Bellows, Smisha Agarwal, Sarah Kennedy, Charlotte E. Warren, and Pooja Sripad

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Diet diversity among pregnant women and young children—Insights for improving malaria, family planning, and maternal and child health outcomes in northwestern Nigeria through social and behavior change programming, Breakthrough RESEARCH

Documentary: Getting it Right! Improving Kenya’s Human Capital by Reducing Stunting—A Household Account, Presidential Policy and Strategy Unit (PASU), Sahihi Africa, and Population Council Kenya

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Documenting HIV research-utilization activities, outputs and outcomes: Examples and lessons learned from Project SOAR, Sam Kalibala, Irit Sinai, and Tara Nutley

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Documenting the costs of social behavior change interventions for health in low- and middle-income countries, Avenir Health

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Does quality matter? An analysis of two-family planning delivery models on quality of care and client satisfaction of services provided in the private sector in Kajiado County, Kenya, Milka Choge, Timothy Abuya, Kenneth Ngure, and Elizabeth Echoka

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DREAMS implementation science: All Round 1 Data, Kenya, Sanyukta Mathur, Jerry Okal, Nanlesta Pilgrim, James Matheka, Nrupa Jani, and Julie Pulerwitz

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DREAMS implementation science: All Round 1 Data, Malawi, Sanyukta Mathur, Nanlesta Pilgrim, Effie Chipeta, Victor Mwapasa, and Wanangwa Chimwaza

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DREAMS implementation science: All Round 1 Data, Zambia, Sanyukta Mathur, Maurice Musheke, Nanlesta Pilgrim, Drosin Mulenga, Lunda Banda, Nrupa Jani, and Julie Pulerwitz

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DREAMS implementation science: Round 2 Data, Kenya, Sanyukta Mathur, Jerry Okal, Nanlesta Pilgrim, James Matheka, Nrupa Jani, and Julie Pulerwitz

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DREAMS implementation science: Round 2 Data, Malawi, Sanyukta Mathur, Nanlesta Pilgrim, Effie Chipeta, Victor Mwapasa, and Wanangwa Chimwaza

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DREAMS implementation science: Round 2 Data, Zambia, Sanyukta Mathur, Maurice Musheke, Nanlesta Pilgrim, Drosin Mulenga, Lunda Banda, Nrupa Jani, and Julie Pulerwitz

Drivers of teenage pregnancy: A qualitative assessment, Michael Mbizvo, Nelly-Claire Muntalima, Nachela Chelwa, Kondwani Kasonda, Edith S. Namukonda, Chifundo Phiri, Natasha Okpara, Ronald Mungoni, and Nancy Choka

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Editorial: Advancing community health measurement, policy, and practice, Benjamin Bellows and Charlotte E. Warren

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Effectiveness of interventions designed to prevent or respond to female genital mutilation: A review of evidence, Dennis Matanda, Melanie Croce-Galis, Jill Gay, and Karen Hardee

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Effectiveness of interventions designed to prevent or respond to female genital mutilation: Evidence brief, Dennis Matanda, Melanie Croce-Galis, Jill Gay, and Karen Hardee

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Effect of maternal healthcare utilization on early neonatal, neonatal and post-neonatal mortality in India, Bal Govind Chauhan, Raj Kumar Verma, Manoj Alagarajan, and Satish Kumar Chauhan

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Effects of integrated economic and health interventions with women's groups on health-related knowledge, behaviours and outcomes in low-income and middle-income countries: A systematic review protocol, Sapna Desai, Kala M. Mehta, Roopal Jyoti Singh, Allie K. Westley, Osasuyi Dirisu, Connie C.S. Wong, Thomas de Hoop, and Gary L. Darmstadt

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Effects of sanitary pad distribution and reproductive health education on upper primary school attendance and reproductive health knowledge and attitudes in Kenya: A cluster randomized controlled trial, Karen Austrian, Beth Kangwana, Eunice N. Muthengi, and Erica Soler-Hampejsek

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Effects of transition on HIV and non-HIV services and health systems in Kenya: A mixed methods evaluation of donor transition, Daniela C. Rodríguez, Diwakar Mohan, Caroline Mackenzie, Jess Wilhelm, Ezinne Eze-Ajoku, Elizabeth Omondi, Mary Qiu, and Sara Bennett

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Estimating the cost of the design, production, and dissemination of social media videos for social and behavioral change: Evidence From Merci Mon Héros in Niger and Côte d’Ivoire, Michel Tchuenche, Nicole M. Bellows, Erin Portillo, Zamilatou H. Labati, Denise B. Adou, Jacqueline Hammond, Martha Silva, and Lori Bollinger

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Estimating the market size for a dual prevention pill: Adding contraception to pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to increase uptake, Lorna Begg, Rebecca Brodsky, Barbara Friedland, Sanyukta Mathur, James Sailer, and George W. Creasy

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"Eternally restarting" or "a branch line of continuity"? Exploring consequences of external shocks on community health systems in Haiti, Pooja Sripad, Alain Casseus, Sarah Kennedy, Benito Isaac, Kenia Vissieres, Charlotte E. Warren, and Ralph Ternier

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Evaluating an HIV risk screening tool for use in a population of orphans and other vulnerable children in Tanzania, Michelle Gill and Gretchen Antelman

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Evaluating changes in the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting among 0-14 years old girls in Nigeria using data from multiple surveys: A novel Bayesian hierarchical spatio-temporal model, Chibuzor Christopher Nnanatu, Glory Atilola, Paul Komba, Lubanzadio Mavatikua, Zhuzhi Moore, Dennis Matanda, Otibho Obianwu, and Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala

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Évaluation de la performance des agents de santé communautaires en Haïti: principales conclusions d’une étude à méthodologie mixte, Frontline Health Project and Zanmi Lasante

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Evaluation of 2 intervention models to integrate family planning into worker health and livelihood programs in Egypt: A difference-in-differences analysis, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Elizabeth Tobey, Maryam Essam, Sara Chace Dwyer, and Aparna Jain

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Evaluation of the impact of a depression treatment program on mental health and HIV care outcomes in Malawi, Brian W. Pence, Melissa A. Stockton, Michael Udedi, Kazione Kulisewa, Mina C. Hosseinipour, Bradley N. Gaynes, and Steven M. Mphonda

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Evidence on respectful maternity care for adolescents: A systematic review protocol, Helen H. Habib, Jefferson Mwaisaka, Kwasi Torpey, Ernest Tei Maya, and Augustine Ankomah

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Exploration of the effect of the COVID-19 outbreak on women’s access to family planning services in Port Said and Souhag governorates [Arabic], Evidence Project

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Exploring barriers and enablers of service provision for survivors of human trafficking in the Bay Area: An action research study, Pooja Sripad

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Exploring community health worker roles, support, and experiences in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in Bangladesh, Frontline Health Project

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Exploring community health worker roles, support, and experiences in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in Haiti, Frontline Health Project and Zanmi Lasante

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Exploring community health worker roles, support, and experiences in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in Kenya, Frontline Health Project

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Exploring experiences of infertility amongst women and men in low-income and middle-income countries: Protocol for a qualitative systematic review, Pooja Sripad, Sapna Desai, Ricardo Regules, Suchandrima Chakraborty, Helen H. Habib, Anny Rodriguez Viloria, Augustine Ankomah, Kamil Fuseini, Leah Jarvis, Karen Kirk, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, and Michelle J. Hindin

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Exploring the regulatory context for HIV self-testing and PrEP market authorisation and use in Nigeria, Osasuyi Dirisu, Oluwafunke Ilesanmi, Akinwumi Akinola, Mayokun Adediran, Waimar Tun, and Rex Mpazanje

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Extent and causes of increased domestic violence during the COVID-19 pandemic: Community health worker perspectives from Kenya, Bangladesh, and Haiti, Ann Gottert, Timothy Abuya, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Alain Casseus, Charlotte E. Warren, and Pooja Sripad

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Factors associated with condom breakage among female sex workers in the western region of Ghana, Augustine Ankomah, Helen H. Habib, Benedicta K. Atsu, Margaret Atuahene, Pricillia Awo Nortey, Seth Afagbedzi, and Abubakar Manu

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Factors associated with condom failure in a longitudinal cohort of men who have sex with men and transgender women in Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria, Matthew Hamill, Fengming Hu, Afoke Kokogho, Elizabeth Shoyemi, Charles Ekeh, Manhattan E. Charurat, Merlin L. Robb, Sylvia Adebajo, Stefan Baral, Rebecca G. Nowak, Trevor A. Crowell, and TRUST/RV368 Study Group

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Factors influencing HIV care outcomes among adolescents living with HIV in rural South Africa, Lindsey M. Filiatreau, Audrey Pettifor, Jess Edwards, Nkosinathi Masilela, Rhian Twine, F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Nicole Haberland, Chodziwadziwa Whiteson Kabudula, Sheri A. Lippman, and Kathleen Kahn

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Family and provider perceptions of quality of care in the management of sick young infants in primary healthcare settings in four counties of Kenya, Samuel Mbugua, Jesse Gitaka, Tabither Gitau, George Odwe, Peter Mwaura, Wilson Liambila, Charity Ndwiga, Kezia K'Oduol, Charlotte E. Warren, and Timothy Abuya

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Family planning for urban slums in low- and middle-income countries: A scoping review of interventions/service delivery models and their impact, John Ganle, Leonard Baatiema, Paul Ayamah, Charlotte Abra, Esime Ofori, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, and Augustine Ankomah

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Family support for adolescent girls and young women living with HIV in Zambia: Benefits, challenges, and recommendations for intervention development, Sarah Roberts, Patrick Edwards, Drosin Mulenga, Nachela Chelwa, Laura Nyblade, Caila Brander, Maurice Musheke, Michael Mbizvo, and Sujha Subramanian

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Findings from the Merci Mon Héros social listening endline report, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Frequently asked questions about COVID-19 and family planning/reproductive health [Arabic], Evidence Project

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Frontline Health achievements in harmonizing measurement and generating evidence on community health system performance, Frontline Health Project

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Gender equitable attitudes among adolescents: A validation study and associations with sexual health behaviors, Amber L. Hill, Elizabeth Miller, Galen E. Switzer, Kaleab Z. Abebe, Judy C. Chang, Julie Pulerwitz, Lisa D. Brush, and Ashley V. Hill

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Gender inequities in treatment-seeking for sexual and reproductive health amongst adolescents: Findings from a cross-sectional survey in India, Sapna Desai, Neelanjana Pandey, Roopal Jyoti Singh, and Shikha Bhasin

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Genital abnormalities, hormonal contraception, and human immunodeficiency virus transmission risk in Rwandan serodifferent couples, Kristin M. Wall, Etienne Karita, Julien Nyombayire, Rosine Ingabire, Jeannine Mukamuyango, Rachel Parker, Ilene Brill, Matt Price, Lisa Haddad, Amanda Tichacek, Eric Hunter, and Susan Allen

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Getting it Right! Improving Kenya’s Human Capital by Reducing Stunting—A Household Account, Timothy Abuya and Wangari Ng'ang'a

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Girl-only clubs’ influence on SRH knowledge, HIV risk reduction, and negative SRH outcomes among very young adolescent girls in rural Malawi, Wanangwa Chimwaza Manda, Nanlesta Pilgrim, Mphatso Kamndaya, Sanyukta Mathur, and Yandisa Sikweyiya

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Haemoglobin thresholds to define anaemia in a national sample of healthy children and adolescents aged 1–19 years in India: A population-based study, Harshpal Singh Sachdev, Akash Porwal, Rajib Acharya, Sana Ashraf, Sowmya Ramesh, Nizamuddin Khan, Umesh Kapil, Anura V. Kurpad, and Avina Sarna

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Harnessing the power of partnership to advance reproductive health and rights, Julia Bunting and Régine Sitruk-Ware

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Health and ideations of married female adolescents, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Health data reporting challenges in Mopti, Mali: Results and implications from a mixed-methods study, Frontline Health Project

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Hearing from men in Eswatini: Shifts in HIV risk and service uptake—Findings from DREAMS implementation science research, Population Council

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Hearing from men in South Africa: Shifts in HIV risk and service uptake—Findings from DREAMS implementation science research, Population Council

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Hearing from men in Uganda: Experiences with HIV services and prevention programming, and perceptions of DREAMS—Findings from DREAMS implementation science research, Population Council

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Helping family planning clients self-assess HIV vulnerability: User testing a waiting area chatbot in Zambia, Population Council

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Hepatitis B virus infection among men who have sex with men and transgender women living with or at risk for HIV: A cross sectional study in Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria, Andrew Mitchell, Trevor A. Crowell, Nicaise Ndembi, Afoke Kokogho, Habib O. Ramadhani, Merlin L. Robb, Stefan Baral, Julie Ake, Manhattan E. Charurat, Sheila Peel, Rebecca G. Nowak, TRUST/RV368 Study Group, and George I. Eluwa

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HIV knowledge, service utilization, and exposure to DREAMS among male partners of adolescent girls and young women in Malawi, Project SOAR

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HIV testing and treatment among adults working in the fishing sector, agricultural estates, and as market vendors in rural southern Malawi, Project SOAR

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How birth companions can support providers during labour and delivery, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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How does the sex composition of children affect men's higher ideal family size preference relative to women and contraceptive use patterns among couples? A cross-sectional analysis of dyadic couple's data in India, Arnab Dey, Rajib Acharya, Shweta Tomar, Jay G. Silverman, and Anita Raj

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Identifying factors that support community health worker motivation, job satisfaction, and retention in Haiti, Frontline Health Project and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

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Improving data access and use for HIV biomedical prevention interventions, Project SOAR

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Improving patient outcomes through innovative, community-based HIV treatment strategies, Project SOAR

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Improving PMTCT outcomes for mother-infant pairs through community-facility linkage: Results from a mixed methods study in Malawi, Michael Herce, Jess Edwards, Stephanie M. Topp, Michael Eliya, Nicole Carbone, Lauren Zalla, Jennifer Tseka, Maga Chagomerana, Mina C. Hosseinipour, and Innocent Mofolo

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Improving primary health care delivery in Bihar, India: Learning from piloting and statewide scale-up of Ananya, Gary L. Darmstadt, Kevin T. Pepper, Victoria C. Ward, Sridhar Srikantiah, Tanmay Mahapatra, Usha Kiran Tarigopula, Debarshi Bhattacharya, Laili Irani, Janine Schooley, Indrajit Chaudhuri, Priyanka Dutt, Padmapriya Sastry, Radharani Mitra, Sara Chamberlain, Sophia Monaghan, Priya Nanda, Yamini Atmavilas, Niranjan Saggurti, Evan Borkum, Anu Rangarajan, Kala M. Mehta, Safa Abdalla, Jess Wilhelm, Yingjie Weng, Suzan L. Carmichael, Hina Raheel, Jason Bentley, Wolfgang Munar, Andreea A. Creanga, Shamik Trehan, Dilys Walker, and Hemant Shah

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Improving tuberculosis preventive therapy uptake: A cluster-randomized trial of symptom-based versus tuberculin skin test–based screening of household tuberculosis contacts less than 5 years of age, Nicole Salazar-Austin and Richard E. Chaisson

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Impulsiveness, depression, sexual behavior, and sexually transmitted infections and HIV-related outcomes among out-of-school adolescent girls and young women in rural southern Malawi, Project SOAR

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Incentive preferences for community health volunteers in Kenya: Findings from a discrete choice experiment, Timothy Abuya, Daniel Mwanga, Melvin Obadha, Charity Ndwiga, George Odwe, Daniel Kavoo, John Wanyugu, Charlotte E. Warren, and Smisha Agarwal

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Inclusion of family planning within the National Health Insurance benefits package in Ghana: A health facility assessment, Population Council, Ministry of Health, Ghana Health Service, National Health Insurance Authority, and Marie Stopes International Ghana

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Increasing care seeking for children with fever among women in Kebbi State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing care seeking for children with fever among women in Sokoto State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing care seeking for children with fever among women in Zamfara State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing modern contraceptive use among women in Kebbi State, Breakthrough RESEARCH