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Submissions from 2021

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Factors associated with condom failure in a longitudinal cohort of men who have sex with men and transgender women in Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria, Matthew Hamill, Fengming Hu, Afoke Kokogho, Elizabeth Shoyemi, Charles Ekeh, Manhattan E. Charurat, Merlin L. Robb, Sylvia Adebajo, Stefan Baral, Rebecca G. Nowak, Trevor A. Crowell, and TRUST/RV368 Study Group

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Factors influencing HIV care outcomes among adolescents living with HIV in rural South Africa, Lindsey M. Filiatreau, Audrey Pettifor, Jess Edwards, Nkosinathi Masilela, Rhian Twine, F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Nicole Haberland, Chodziwadziwa Whiteson Kabudula, Sheri A. Lippman, and Kathleen Kahn

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Family and provider perceptions of quality of care in the management of sick young infants in primary healthcare settings in four counties of Kenya, Samuel Mbugua, Jesse Gitaka, Tabither Gitau, George Odwe, Peter Mwaura, Wilson Liambila, Charity Ndwiga, Kezia K'Oduol, Charlotte E. Warren, and Timothy Abuya

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Family planning for urban slums in low- and middle-income countries: A scoping review of interventions/service delivery models and their impact, John Ganle, Leonard Baatiema, Paul Ayamah, Charlotte Abra, Esime Ofori, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, and Augustine Ankomah

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Family support for adolescent girls and young women living with HIV in Zambia: Benefits, challenges, and recommendations for intervention development, Sarah Roberts, Patrick Edwards, Drosin Mulenga, Nachela Chelwa, Laura Nyblade, Caila Brander, Maurice Musheke, Michael Mbizvo, and Sujha Subramanian

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Findings from the Merci Mon Héros social listening endline report, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Frequently asked questions about COVID-19 and family planning/reproductive health [Arabic], Evidence Project

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Frontline Health achievements in harmonizing measurement and generating evidence on community health system performance, Frontline Health Project

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Gender equitable attitudes among adolescents: A validation study and associations with sexual health behaviors, Amber L. Hill, Elizabeth Miller, Galen E. Switzer, Kaleab Z. Abebe, Judy C. Chang, Julie Pulerwitz, Lisa D. Brush, and Ashley V. Hill

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Gender inequities in treatment-seeking for sexual and reproductive health amongst adolescents: Findings from a cross-sectional survey in India, Sapna Desai, Neelanjana Pandey, Roopal Jyoti Singh, and Shikha Bhasin

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Genital abnormalities, hormonal contraception, and human immunodeficiency virus transmission risk in Rwandan serodifferent couples, Kristin M. Wall, Etienne Karita, Julien Nyombayire, Rosine Ingabire, Jeannine Mukamuyango, Rachel Parker, Ilene Brill, Matt Price, Lisa Haddad, Amanda Tichacek, Eric Hunter, and Susan Allen

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Getting it Right! Improving Kenya’s Human Capital by Reducing Stunting—A Household Account, Timothy Abuya and Wangari Ng'ang'a

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Girl-only clubs’ influence on SRH knowledge, HIV risk reduction, and negative SRH outcomes among very young adolescent girls in rural Malawi, Wanangwa Chimwaza Manda, Nanlesta Pilgrim, Mphatso Kamndaya, Sanyukta Mathur, and Yandisa Sikweyiya

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Haemoglobin thresholds to define anaemia in a national sample of healthy children and adolescents aged 1–19 years in India: A population-based study, Harshpal Singh Sachdev, Akash Porwal, Rajib Acharya, Sana Ashraf, Sowmya Ramesh, Nizamuddin Khan, Umesh Kapil, Anura V. Kurpad, and Avina Sarna

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Harnessing the power of partnership to advance reproductive health and rights, Julia Bunting and Régine Sitruk-Ware

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Health and ideations of married female adolescents, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Health data reporting challenges in Mopti, Mali: Results and implications from a mixed-methods study, Frontline Health Project

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Hearing from men in Eswatini: Shifts in HIV risk and service uptake—Findings from DREAMS implementation science research, Population Council

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Hearing from men in South Africa: Shifts in HIV risk and service uptake—Findings from DREAMS implementation science research, Population Council

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Hearing from men in Uganda: Experiences with HIV services and prevention programming, and perceptions of DREAMS—Findings from DREAMS implementation science research, Population Council

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Helping family planning clients self-assess HIV vulnerability: User testing a waiting area chatbot in Zambia, Population Council

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Hepatitis B virus infection among men who have sex with men and transgender women living with or at risk for HIV: A cross sectional study in Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria, Andrew Mitchell, Trevor A. Crowell, Nicaise Ndembi, Afoke Kokogho, Habib O. Ramadhani, Merlin L. Robb, Stefan Baral, Julie Ake, Manhattan E. Charurat, Sheila Peel, Rebecca G. Nowak, TRUST/RV368 Study Group, and George I. Eluwa

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HIV knowledge, service utilization, and exposure to DREAMS among male partners of adolescent girls and young women in Malawi, Project SOAR

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HIV testing and treatment among adults working in the fishing sector, agricultural estates, and as market vendors in rural southern Malawi, Project SOAR

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How does the sex composition of children affect men's higher ideal family size preference relative to women and contraceptive use patterns among couples? A cross-sectional analysis of dyadic couple's data in India, Arnab Dey, Rajib Acharya, Shweta Tomar, Jay G. Silverman, and Anita Raj

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Identifying factors that support community health worker motivation, job satisfaction, and retention in Haiti, Frontline Health Project and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

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Improving data access and use for HIV biomedical prevention interventions, Project SOAR

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Improving patient outcomes through innovative, community-based HIV treatment strategies, Project SOAR

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Improving PMTCT outcomes for mother-infant pairs through community-facility linkage: Results from a mixed methods study in Malawi, Michael Herce, Jess Edwards, Stephanie M. Topp, Michael Eliya, Nicole Carbone, Lauren Zalla, Jennifer Tseka, Maga Chagomerana, Mina C. Hosseinipour, and Innocent Mofolo

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Improving primary health care delivery in Bihar, India: Learning from piloting and statewide scale-up of Ananya, Gary L. Darmstadt, Kevin T. Pepper, Victoria C. Ward, Sridhar Srikantiah, Tanmay Mahapatra, Usha Kiran Tarigopula, Debarshi Bhattacharya, Laili Irani, Janine Schooley, Indrajit Chaudhuri, Priyanka Dutt, Padmapriya Sastry, Radharani Mitra, Sara Chamberlain, Sophia Monaghan, Priya Nanda, Yamini Atmavilas, Niranjan Saggurti, Evan Borkum, Anu Rangarajan, Kala M. Mehta, Safa Abdalla, Jess Wilhelm, Yingjie Weng, Suzan L. Carmichael, Hina Raheel, Jason Bentley, Wolfgang Munar, Andreea A. Creanga, Shamik Trehan, Dilys Walker, and Hemant Shah

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Impulsiveness, depression, sexual behavior, and sexually transmitted infections and HIV-related outcomes among out-of-school adolescent girls and young women in rural southern Malawi, Project SOAR

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Incentive preferences for community health volunteers in Kenya: Findings from a discrete choice experiment, Timothy Abuya, Daniel Mwanga, Melvin Obadha, Charity Ndwiga, George Odwe, Daniel Kavoo, John Wanyugu, Charlotte E. Warren, and Smisha Agarwal

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Inclusion of family planning within the National Health Insurance benefits package in Ghana: A health facility assessment, Population Council, Ministry of Health, Ghana Health Service, National Health Insurance Authority, and Marie Stopes International Ghana

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Increasing care seeking for children with fever among women in Kebbi State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing care seeking for children with fever among women in Sokoto State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing care seeking for children with fever among women in Zamfara State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing modern contraceptive use among women in Kebbi State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing modern contraceptive use among women in Sokoto State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing modern contraceptive use among women in Zamfara State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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In-person data collection during COVID-19: Considerations and lessons learned from conducting mixed methods social and behavior change research in Niger, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Integrated psychosocial, economic strengthening, and clinical service-delivery to improve health and resilience of adolescents living with HIV and their caregivers: Findings from a prospective cohort study in Zambia, Joseph G. Rosen, Lyson Phiri, Mwelwa Chibuye, Edith S. Namukonda, Michael Mbizvo, and Nkomba Kayeyi

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IntegratE Project results: Family planning knowledge and quality of care received from community pharmacists and patent and proprietary medicine vendors, The IntegratE Project

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Integrating depression management into HIV care in Lilongwe, Malawi: Feasibility and impact, Brian Wells Pence, Michael Udedi, Kazione Kulisewa, Mina C. Hosseinipour, Steven M. Mphonda, Melissa A. Stockton, and Bradley N. Gaynes

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Integrating family planning and reproductive health information into livelihood training programs for young people in Souhag, Evidence Project

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Integrating family planning and reproductive health information into livelihood training programs for young people in Souhag [Arabic], Evidence Project

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Integration of reproductive health and family planning services within the occupational health and safety system for factory workers: Opportunities and challenges [Arabic], Evidence Project

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Intraindividual double-burden of anthropometric undernutrition and “metabolic obesity” in Indian children: A paradox that needs action, Harshpal Singh Sachdev, Akash Porwal, Avina Sarna, Rajib Acharya, Sowmya Ramesh, Umesh Kapil, and Anura V. Kurpad

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Introduction of digital reporting platform to integrate community-level data into health information systems is feasible and acceptable among various community health stakeholders: A mixed-methods pilot study in Mopti, Mali, Karen Kirk, Tracy McClair, Sina Pascal Dakouo, Timothy Abuya, and Pooja Sripad

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Investing in social and behavior change is cost-effective for improving malaria behaviors in Côte d’Ivoire, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Investir dans le changement social et comportemental est rentable pour améliorer les comportements antipaludiques en Côte d’Ivoire, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Is cohabitation as a form of union formation a licence to intimate partner physical violence in Uganda?, Charles Lwanga, Ishmael Kalule-Sabiti, Kamil Fuseini, Stephen Ojiambo Wandera, Kudzaishe Mangombe, and Fred Maniragaba

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Is contraceptive prevalence declining in India? An appraisal based on NFHS-4, Tarun K. Roy, Akash Porwal, and Rajib Acharya

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Issues for consideration in the scale-up of the inclusion of family planning in the National Health Insurance benefits package in Ghana, Kamil Fuseini and Augustine Ankomah

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Karfafa amfani da kwayoyin hana daukar ciki na zamani a tsakanin mata a jihar Kebbi, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Karfafa amfani da kwayoyin hana daukar ciki na zamani a tsakanin mata a jihar Sokoto, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Karfafa amfani da kwayoyin hana daukar ciki na zamani a tsakanin mata a jihar Zamfara, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Karfafa neman maganin zazzabi da kulawa ga yara a tsakanin matan jihar Kebbi, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Karfafa neman maganin zazzabi da kulawa ga yara a tsakanin matan jihar Sokoto, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Karfafa neman maganin zazzabi da kulawa ga yara a tsakanin matan jihar Zamfara, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Knowledge, attitudes, practices, and the effects of COVID-19 among the youth in Kenya, Evalin Karijo, Sylvia Wamugi, Samuel Lemanyishoe, Jenny Njuki, Faith Boit, Vania Kibui, Sarah Karanja, and Timothy Abuya

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Lessons from Ghana to inform DMPA-SC safe storage and disposal, Elizabeth Tobey, Katey Peck, Dela Nai, Leah Jarvis, and Michelle J. Hindin

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Lessons from implementation science: Key to curbing the global HIV epidemic, Julie Pulerwitz

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Leveraging adaptive implementation strategies to achieve universal coverage of antiretroviral therapy in Senegal, Gnilane Turpin, Carrie E. Lyons, Sidy Mokhtar Ndiaye, Nuria Gallego Marquez, Nika Elmi, Nguissali Turpin, Penda Dieng, Daouda Diouf, and Stefan Baral

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Listen Up! How can social and behavior change programming improve reproductive health and family planning behaviors of out-of-school youth in the Philippines?, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Male–female concordance in reported involvement of women in contraceptive decision-making and its association with modern contraceptive use among couples in rural Maharashtra, India, Anvita Dixit, Nicole E. Johns, Mohan Ghule, Madhusudana Battala, Shahina Begum, Jennifer Yore, Niranjan Saggurti, Jay G. Silverman, Elizabeth Reed, Tarik Benmarhnia, Sarah Averbach, and Anita Raj

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Management of intimate partner violence in health care settings: A training manual for health care providers, Division of Reproductive and Maternal Health

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Mass media exposure and use of reversible modern contraceptives among married women in India: An analysis of the NFHS 2015–16 data, Ranjita Ghosh, Arupendra Mozumdar, Aparajita Chattopadhyay, and Rajib Acharya

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Measuring barriers to fistula care: Investigating composite measures for targeted fistula programming in Nigeria and Uganda, Pooja Sripad, Elly Arnoff, Charlotte E. Warren, and Vandana Tripathi

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Measuring client trust in community health workers: A multi-country validation study, Pooja Sripad, Tracy McClair, Alain Casseus, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Timothy Abuya, and Ann Gottert

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Measuring quality of care at the community level using the contraceptive method information index plus and client reported experience metrics in Bangladesh, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Pooja Sripad, Brady Zieman, Shongkour Roy, Sarah Kennedy, Md. Irfan Hossain, and Benjamin Bellows

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Meeting family planning needs of factory workers in Port Said: Lessons from pilot testing an intervention in eight garment factories, Maryam Essam, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Elizabeth Tobey, and Aparna Jain

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Meeting family planning needs of factory workers in Port Said: Lessons from pilot testing an intervention in eight garment factories [Arabic], Maryam Essam, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Elizabeth Tobey, and Aparna Jain

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Meeting the family planning and reproductive health needs of factory workers, Evidence Project

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Metabolic syndrome following hypertensive disorders in pregnancy in a low-resource setting: A cohort study, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Karima Tunau, Oboirien A. Khadijat, Innocent Agbo, Lawal Oyeneyin, Jamilu Tukur, Joyce L. Browne, Gbenga A. Kayode, Azubuike K. Onyebuchi, Lamaran M. Dattijo, Baffah M. Aminu, Olorunfemi O. Owa, Patience O. Odusolu, Charlotte E. Warren, Hanifah D. Abubakar, Abdulkarim Musa, Arie Franx, and Diederick E. Grobbee

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Method-specific beliefs and subsequent contraceptive method choice: Results from a longitudinal study in urban and rural Kenya, George Odwe, Yohannes Dibaba Wado, Francis Obare Onyango, Kazuyo Machiyama, and John C. Cleland

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Mitigating the COVID-19 challenges to HIV prevention efforts in Africa: A socio-behavioral perspective, Julie Pulerwitz, Harsha Thirumurthy, Elizabeth E. Tolley, and Ariane van der Straten

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Monitoring the quality branding campaign Confiance Totale in Côte d’Ivoire, Martha Silva, Edan Komlan, and Leanne Dougherty

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Multilevel and multifactorial interventions to reduce alcohol consumption and improve ART adherence and related factors among HIV positive men in Mumbai, India, Stephen L. Schensul, Toan Ha, Jean J. Schensul, James Grady, Joseph A. Burleson, Sushma S. Gaikwad, Kavita Joshi, Rupal Malye, and Avina Sarna

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Muslim men's perceptions and attitudes on family planning: A qualitative study in Wajir and Lamu counties in Kenya, Batula Abdi, Jerry Okal, Gamal I. Serour, and Marleen Temmerman

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National and subnational size estimation of female sex workers in Ghana 2020: Comparing 3-source capture-recapture with other approaches, Chris Guure, Samuel Dery, Waimar Tun, Sharon Weir, Silas Quaye, Augustine Ankomah, and Kwasi Torpey

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Not all women who experience side effects discontinue their contraceptive method: Insights from a longitudinal study in India, Aparna Jain, Sara Chace Dwyer, Arupendra Mozumdar, and Elizabeth Tobey

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Operationalized indicators: Integrating community health worker and client views to assess community health systems, Frontline Health Project

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Optimizing delivery of HIV testing services to strengthen the continuum of care, Project SOAR

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Optimizing maternal and child health outcomes through use of multidisciplinary 'IMPROVE' teams in Lesotho, Appolinaire Tiam, Vincent Tukei, Lauren Greenberg, Shannon Viana, Heather Hoffman, Laura Guay, Ramatlapeng Thabelo, Tsietso Mots'oane, and Matsepeli Nchephe

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Optimizing maternal, newborn, and child health outcomes through use of multidisciplinary 'IMPROVE' teams in Lesotho: Costing component, Adebiyi Adesina, Rachael Linder, and Lori Bollinger

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Overview: Literature review of linkage, adherence, and retention interventions for seropositive children and young people in Africa, Project SOAR

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Pathways to service access for pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in rural Bangladesh: Exploring women's care-seeking, Amy Dempsey, Pooja Sripad, Kanij Sultana, Karen Kirk, Sharif M.I. Hossain, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Patterns of financial incentives in primary healthcare settings in Nigeria: Implications for the productivity of frontline health workers, Ekechi Okereke, George I. Eluwa, Akinwumi Akinola, Ibrahim Suleiman, Godwin Unumeri, and Sylvia Adebajo

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Perceptions of community pharmacists, patent and proprietary medicine vendors, and their clients regarding quality of family planning services: The IntegratE Project, The IntegratE Project

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Perceptions of Ghanaian traditional health practitioners, primary health care workers, service users and caregivers regarding collaboration for mental health care, Solomon Nyame, Edward Adiibokah, Yasmin Mohammed, Victor C. Doku, Caleb Othieno, Benjamin Harris, Oye Gureje, Seedat Soraya, and John Appiah-Poku

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Persistent hypertension up to one year postpartum among women with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy in a low-resource setting: A prospective cohort study, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Jamilu Tukur, Innocent Agbo, Gbenga A. Kayode, Lamaran M. Dattijo, Lawal Oyeneyin, Charlotte E. Warren, Olorunfemi O. Owa, Hanifah D. Abubakar, Karima Tunau, Patience O. Odusolu, Abdulkarim Musa, Azubuike K. Onyebuchi, Baffah M. Aminu, Arie Franx, Diederick E. Grobbee, and Joyce L. Browne

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Perspectives of adolescent girls and young women on optimizing youth-friendly HIV and sexual and reproductive health care in Zambia, Patrick Edwards, Sarah Roberts, Nachela Chelwa, Lyson Phiri, Laura Nyblade, Drosin Mulenga, Caila Brander, Maurice Musheke, Michael Mbizvo, and Sujha Subramanian

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Perspectives of policymakers on the introduction and scale-up of HIV self-testing and implication for national HIV programming in Ghana, Henry Nagai, Henry Tagoe, Waimar Tun, Edward Adiibokah, Augustine Ankomah, Yussif Ahmed Abdul Rahman, Stephen Ayisi Addo, Stephen Kyeremeh Atuahene, Emmanuel Essandoh, and Mark Kowalski

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Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of a copper intrauterine contraceptive system releasing ulipristal acetate: A randomized proof-of-concept study, Vivian Brache, Carolina Sales Vieira, Marlena Gehret Plagianos, Maud Lansiaux, Ruth Merkatz, Heather Sussman, Leila Cochon, Ana-Sofia Tejada, Narender Kumar, Dan Loeven, Diana Blithe, Abi Santhosh Aprem, Alistair Williams, Athilakshmi Kannan, Indrani C. Bagchi, and Régine Sitruk-Ware

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Photobook: Getting it Right! Improving Kenya’s Human Capital by Reducing Stunting—A Household Account, Presidential Policy and Strategy Unit (PASU), Sahihi Africa, and Population Council Kenya

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Plurality of beliefs about female genital mutilation amidst decades of intervention programming in Narok and Kisii Counties, Kenya, Dennis Matanda, Caroline W. Kabiru, Chantalle Okondo, and Bettina Shell-Duncan

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Potential of organizing unmarried adolescent girls and young women into self-help groups for a better transition to adulthood: Findings from a cross-sectional study in India, Jaleel Ahmad, Avishek Hazra, Kumudha Aruldas, Arima Singh, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Preferred incentives for improving community health worker satisfaction and retention in Bangladesh, Frontline Health Project and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

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Preferred incentives for improving Ugandan community health worker job satisfaction and retention, Frontline Health Project

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Prevalence and determinants of chronic kidney disease in women with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy in Nigeria: A cohort study, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Timothy Olusegun Olanrewaju, Joyce L. Browne, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Gbenga A. Kayode, Arie Franx, Diederick E. Grobbee, and Charlotte E. Warren