The Population Council tackles intersecting inequalities that undermine rights and access to contraception, HIV and STI prevention, maternal and newborn health, safe abortion, prevention and treatment of infertility, and sexuality education, among other sexual and reproductive health needs. Our research and partnerships ensure high quality, evidence-based, voluntary, and rights-based comprehensive care for sexual and reproductive health.

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Submissions from 2021

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The role of unintended pregnancy in internalized stigma among women living with HIV in Kenya, Sara Chace Dwyer, Aparna Jain, Wilson Liambila, and Charlotte E. Warren

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The validity of women's reports of family planning service quality in Cambodia and Kenya, Ann K. Blanc, Katharine McCarthy, Charlotte E. Warren, Ashish Bajracharya, and Benjamin Bellows

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Time to go further: On coaxing SRHR in migration research out of its comfort zone, Chi-Chi Undie

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Time to take critical race theory seriously: Moving beyond a colour-blind gender lens in global health, Eileen Yam, Martha Silva, Malini Ranganathan, Jamila White, Tonija M. Hope, and Chandra L. Ford

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Translating Evidence Into Impact: Research and Analyses for Scientific Transformation and Advancement (RASTA), Population Council

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Treading the thin line: Pharmacy workers' perspectives on medication abortion provision in Lusaka, Zambia, Katharine Footman, Nachela Chelwa, Megan Douthwaite, James Mdala, Drosin Mulenga, Caila Brander, and Kathryn Church

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Understanding community health volunteer incentive preferences in Kenya, Frontline Health Project and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

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Understanding community health worker incentive preferences in Uganda using a discrete choice experiment, Smisha Agarwal, Timothy Abuya, Richard Kintu, Daniel Mwanga, Melvin Obadha, Shivani Pandya, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Understanding consumer preference for the one-year contraceptive vaginal ring in Kenya and Nigeria, Moushira El-Sahn, Jeff Lucas, Emma Goldwin, and Saumya RamaRao

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Understanding family planning outcomes in northwestern Nigeria: Analysis and modeling of social and behavior change factors, Paul Hutchinson, Udochisom Anaba, Dele Abegunde, Mathew Okoh, Paul C. Hewett, and Emily White Johansson

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Understanding Hesitancy for Childhood Vaccines in Nigeria—It’s Not Just About COVID-19, Udochisom Anaba and Marissa Pine Yeakey

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Understanding the relationship between adverse childhood experiences, peer-violence perpetration, and gender norms among very young adolescents in Indonesia: A cross-sectional study, Astha Ramaiya, Ifta Choiriyyah, Lori L. Heise, Julie Pulerwitz, Robert Wm. Blum, Ruti G. Levtov, Rebecka Lundgren, Lisa Richardson, and Caroline Moreau

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Urban family planning in low- and middle-income countries: A critical scoping review, James Duminy, John C. Cleland, Trudy Harpham, Mark R. Montgomery, Susan Parnell, and Ilene Speizer

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USAID Tulonge Afya’s NAWEZA Platform—Building Evidence to Inform Practice for Integrated Social and Behavior Change Programming, Sanyukta Mathur, Krista Granger, Kamden Hoffmann, Rachel Yavinsky, and Marissa Pine Yeakey

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Using evidence to advocate for the professional growth of community health workers in Bangladesh, Frontline Health Project

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Using social listening to inform integrated social and behavior change programs in Burkina Faso, Nrupa Jani, Leanne Dougherty, and Martha Silva

Using the Gender and Power Metrics Database—A Research Skills Workshop, Leah Jarvis, Katey Peck, and Elizabeth Tobey

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Waist Circumference, Waist-to-Height Ratio and BMI percentiles in children aged 5 to 19 years in India: A population-based study, Avina Sarna, Akash Porwal, Rajib Acharya, Sana Ashraf, Sowmya Ramesh, Nizamuddin Khan, Sikha Sinha, and Harshpal Singh Sachdev

Webinar—Applying Global Goods: Community Health Guidelines, Measurement and Planning Tools, Population Council and Frontline Health Project

Webinar: Community health measurement, learning, policy and practice, Frontline Health Project

Webinar—Resources for examining the costs and cost-effectiveness of SBC interventions for health, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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We need more than information to address stigma—Podcast interview with Julie Pulerwitz, Julie Pulerwitz and Carmen Logie

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What are we learning about HIV testing in informal settlements in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa? Results from a randomized controlled trial, Stephanie Psaki, Julie Pulerwitz, Brady Zieman, Paul C. Hewett, and Mags Beksinska

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What predicts the early sexual debut among unmarried adolescents (10–19 years)? Evidence from UDAYA survey, 2015–16, T. Muhammad, Shobhit Srivastava, Pradeep Kumar, and Sangram Kishor Patel

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Why women do not use contraceptives: Exploring the role of male out-migration, Saradiya Mukherjee, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Women's perceptions on the effects of COVID-19 on access and use of private sector family planning services in Nigeria: The IntegratE Project, The IntegratE Project

Workplace health program intervention in Port Said, Egypt, The Evidence Project

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Zambia Family (ZAMFAM) cohort study, Joseph G. Rosen, Lyson Phiri, Mwelwa Chibuye, Edith S. Namukonda, Michael Mbizvo, and Nkomba Kayeyi

Submissions from 2020

5 Years of Research: The Evidence to End FGM/C Research Program, Population Reference Bureau

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Abortion service provision in South Asia: A comparative study of four countries, Susheela Singh, Aparna Sundaram, Altaf Hossain, Mahesh Puri, Zeba Sathar, Chander Shekhar, Marjorie Crowell, and Ann M. Moore

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A case-study of OVC Case Management through the Zambia Family (ZAMFAM) project, Lyson Phiri, Drosin Mulenga, Nancy Choka, Caila Brander, Nachela Chelwa, and Nkomba Kayeyi

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A case study of OVC Case Management through the Zambia Family (ZAMFAM) project—Brief, Population Council

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A cross-sectional analysis of intimate partner violence and family planning use in rural India, Grace L. Chen, Jay G. Silverman, Anvita Dixit, Shahina Begum, Mohan Ghule, Madhusudana Battala, Nicole E. Johns, Anita Raj, and Sarah Averbach

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Adaptation and validation of social accountability measures in the context of contraceptive services in Ghana and Tanzania, Victoria Boydell, Petrus S. Steyn, Joanna Paula Cordero, Ndema Habib, My Huong Nguyen, Dela Nai, and Donat Shamba

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Addressing intimate partner violence and power in intimate relationships in HIV testing services in Nairobi, Kenya, Nicole Haberland, Charity Ndwiga, Katharine McCarthy, Julie Pulerwitz, Rose Kosgei, Margaret Mak'anyengo, Amelia Peltz, Vincent Wong, and Sam Kalibala

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A diagnostic assessment of the health system’s response to female genital mutilation/cutting management and prevention in Kenya, Samuel Kimani and Chantalle Okondo

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A diagnostic assessment of the health system's response to female genital mutilation/cutting management and prevention in Kenya: A case study of West Pokot County, Samuel Kimani

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A diagnostic assessment of the health system's response to FGM/C management and prevention in Nigeria, Osasuyi Dirisu, Adetayo Adetunji, Mayokun Adediran, and Otibho Obianwu

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A diagnostic assessment of the health system's response to FGM/C management and prevention in Nigeria—Brief, Osasuyi Dirisu, Adetayo Adetunji, Mayokun Adediran, and Otibho Obianwu

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Adolescent fertility Is lower than expected in rural areas: Results from 10 African HDSS, Clementine Rossier, Bruno Schoumaker, Valérie Delaunay, Donatien Beguy, Aparna Jain, Martin Bangha, Alemseged Aregay, Baptiste Beck, Karim Derra, Modeste Millogo, Albert Dube, Kone Siaka, Marylene Wamukoya, and Pascal Zabre

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ADVICE: Global landscaping of family planning decision support tools, Benjamin Bellows

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A multilevel intervention to reduce stigma among alcohol consuming men living with HIV receiving antiretroviral therapy: Findings from a randomized control trial in India, Roopal Jyoti Singh, Avina Sarna, Jean J. Schensul, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Toan Ha, and Stephen L. Schensul

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Appendices—Female genital mutilation/cutting: A review of laws and policies in Kenya and Nigeria, Samuel Kimani and Otibho Obianwu

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A primary health care model for managing pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in low- and middle- income countries, Charlotte E. Warren, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Deborah Armbruster, and Emily Hillman

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Asking and telling: An assessment of the feasibility of screening children for sexual violence in Kenyan school and health facility contexts, Chi-Chi Undie and Margaret Mak'anyengo

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Assessing community capacity strengthening to sustain integrated social behavior change programming in northwestern Nigeria, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Assessing the role of law in reducing the practise of FGM/C in Kenya, Agnes K. Meroka-Mutua, Daniel Mwanga, and Charles Owuor Olungah

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Association between modern contraceptive use and child mortality in India: A calendar data analysis of the National Family Health Survey (2015–16), Ankita Shukla, Abhishek Kumar, Arupendra Mozumdar, Kumudha Aruldas, Rajib Acharya, F. Ram, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Association of age with healthcare needs and engagement among Nigerian men who have sex with men and transgender women: Cross‐sectional and longitudinal analyses from an observational cohort, Habib O. Ramadhani, Trevor A. Crowell, Rebecca G. Nowak, Nicaise Ndembi, Blessing O. Kayode, Afoke Kokogho, Uchenna Ononaku, Elizabeth Shoyemi, Charles Ekeh, Sylvia Adebajo, Stefan Baral, Manhattan E. Charurat, and TRUST/RV368 Study Group

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Associations between female genital mutilation/cutting and early/child marriage: A multi-country DHS/MICS analysis, Jamlick Karumbi and David Gathara

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Availability, practices and acceptance of postabortion contraceptive services in health facilities: A study in six states of India, Harihar Sahoo, Melissa Stillman, Jennifer J. Frost, Rajib Acharya, and Rubina Hussain

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Balanced Counseling Strategy Plus (BCS +) in family planning consultations, Charity Ndwiga

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Barriers inhibiting detection and management of postpartum hemorrhage by providers in Madagascar, Breakthrough RESEARCH and USAID's Health Evaluation and Applied Research Development

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Barriers to provision of respectful maternity care in Zambia: Results from a qualitative study through the lens of behavioral science, Jana Smith, Rachel Banay, Emily Zimmerman, Vivien Caetano, Maurice Musheke, and Ameck Kamanga

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Behavioral Sentinel Surveillance Survey in Nigeria: Baseline technical report, Emily White Johansson, Paul Hutchinson, Elizabeth Omoluabi, Akanni Akinyemi, Andrea Smith, J. Clint Welty, Udochisom Anaba, Dominique Meekers, Alejandra Leyton, Dele Abegunde, and Paul C. Hewett

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Best Bets: Additional Funding for Family Planning—International evidence on financing of family planning, Zeba Sathar

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Best Bets for Accelerating Family Planning in Pakistan: Inducting men, sharing responsibility, Kiren Khan and Zeba Sathar

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Best Bets for Accelerating Family Planning in Pakistan: Invest in community health workers, Ali M. Mir and Kiren Khan

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Best Bets for Accelerating Family Planning in Pakistan: The case for engaging family physicians and the for-profit private sector, Ashfaq Rehman and Anam Malkani

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Best Bets: Vouchers for Rights-based, Voluntary Family Planning—International evidence on financing of family planning, Benjamin Bellows, Moazzam Ali, and Ali M. Mir

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Beyond wifehood: Harnessing local gender ideologies to inform public health interventions in Africa, Chi-Chi Undie and Chimaraoke O. Izugbara

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Bottlenecks and opportunities around the use of maternity waiting homes in Malawi, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Breastfeeding: Insights for improving malaria, family planning, and maternal and child health outcomes in northwestern Nigeria through social and behavior change research, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Care-seeking and treatment for sick children—Insights for improving malaria, family planning, and maternal and child health outcomes in northwestern Nigeria through social and behavior change programming, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Challenges and opportunities for effective contraceptive counselling in a low-resource setting: Insights from a qualitative study in western Kenya, Francis Obare, George Odwe, and John C. Cleland

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Challenges and prospects for implementation of community health volunteers’ digital health solutions in Kenya: A qualitative study, Pauline Bakibinga, Eva Kamande, Lyagamula Kisia, Milka Omuya, Dennis Matanda, and Catherine Kyobutungi

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Challenges experienced by clients undergoing assisted reproductive technology in Ghana: An exploratory descriptive study, Josephine M. Kyei, Abubakar Manu, Agnes M. Kotoh, Salima Meherali, and Augustine Ankomah

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Characterisation of the types of anaemia prevalent among children and adolescents aged 1–19 years in India: A population-based study, Avina Sarna, Akash Porwal, Sowmya Ramesh, Praween Kumar Agrawal, Rajib Acharya, Robert Johnston, Nizamuddin Khan, Harshpal Singh Sachdev, K. Madhavan Nair, Lakshmy Ramakrishnan, Ransi Abraham, Sila Deb, Ajay Khera, and Renu Saxena

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Characterizing the unmet HIV prevention needs and HIV risk vulnerabilities of adolescent girls and young women in Ethiopia, Carly A. Comins, Sheree Schwartz, Stefan Baral, and Andargachew Mulu

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“Children are a blessing from God” – A qualitative study exploring the socio-cultural factors influencing contraceptive use in two Muslim communities in Kenya, Batula Abdi, Jerry Okal, Gamal I. Serour, and Marleen Temmerman

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Choosing and using the progesterone vaginal ring: Women’s lived experiences in three African cities, Chi-Chi Undie, Saumya RamaRao, and Fatou Mbow

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Classroom, club or collective? Three types of community-based group intervention and why they matter for health, Lu Gram, Sapna Desai, and Audrey Prost

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Client-provider interaction: Understanding client experience with family planning service providers through the mystery client approach in India, Ankita Shukla, Rajib Acharya, Abhishek Kumar, Arupendra Mozumdar, Kumudha Aruldas, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Clinical presentation and outcomes of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia at a national hospital, Kenya: A retrospective cohort study, Charity Ndwiga, George Odwe, Pooja Sripad, Omondi Ogutu, Alfred Osoti, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Commentary on research to improve contraceptive and multipurpose prevention technologies, J. Joseph Speidel, John Townsend, Elspeth Williams, Jamie Quam, and Kirsten M.J. Thompson

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Commentary: Using law more effectively towards abandonment of FGM/C in Kenya, Agnes K. Meroka-Mutua

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Community-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) delivery for female sex workers in Tanzania: Intervention model and baseline findings, Lung Vu, Waimar Tun, Louis Apicella, Caterina Casalini, Neema Makyao, Samantha Tsang, Denna Michael, Todd Koppenhaver, and Erick Mlanga

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Community-based HIV treatment service delivery model for female sex workers in Tanzania: Evaluation findings, Lung Vu, Waimar Tun, Louis Apicella, Jeremiah Kidola, Caterina Casalini, Gasper Mbita, Neema Makyao, Todd Koppenhaver, and Erick Mlanga

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Community interventions with women’s groups to improve women’s and children’s health in India: A mixed-methods systematic review of effects, enablers and barriers, Sapna Desai, Madhavi Misra, Aikantika Das, Roopal Jyoti Singh, Mrignyani Sehgal, Lu Gram, Neha Kumar, and Audrey Prost

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Comprehensive formative research on health beliefs, practices, and behaviors in Mali, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Considerations for collecting and documenting FGM/C data by health care providers, Dennis Matanda

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Contraceptive technologies for global health: Ethically getting to safe, effective and acceptable options for women and men, John Townsend, Régine Sitruk-Ware, Saumya RamaRao, and James Sailer

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Contraceptive use and its effect on Indian women's empowerment: Evidence from the National Family Health Survey-4, Biplab Dhak, Niranjan Saggurti, and Faujdar Ram

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Contraceptive use dynamics in India: A prospective cohort study of modern reversible contraceptive users, Arupendra Mozumdar, Elizabeth Tobey, Kumudha Aruldas, Rajib Acharya, and Aparna Jain

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Creating HIV risk profiles for men in South Africa: A latent class approach using cross-sectional survey data, Ann Gottert, Julie Pulerwitz, Craig Heck, Cherie Cawood, and Sanyukta Mathur

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Data collection and COVID-19: What’s gender got to do with it?, Chi-Chi Undie, Nicole Haberland, Sanyukta Mathur, Isabel Vieitez Martínez, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Dataset: Adolescent Girls Initiative-Kenya (AGI-K), Karen Austrian, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, John Maluccio, Benta Abuya, Beth Kangwana, and Yohannes Wado Dibaba

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Demand for and access to family planning services among young married women during COVID-19 crisis, UNICEF and Population Council Institute

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Des données probantes pour façonner le changement social et comportemental en matière de planification familiale en Afrique de l’Ouest francophone, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Des mesures nouvelles et améliorées pour le suivi de la qualité des soins en planning familial, Evidence Project

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Determinants of low birth weight in India: An investigation from the National Family Health Survey, Nizamuddin Khan, Arupendra Mozumdar, and Supreet Kaur

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Developing an SMS text message intervention on sexual and reproductive health with adolescents and youth in Peru, Fiorella Guerrero, Nora Lucar, Mijail Garvich Claux, Marina Chiappe, Jose Perez-Lu, Michelle J. Hindin, Lianne Gonsalves, and Angela M. Bayer

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Development and validation of the Sexual and Reproductive Empowerment Scale for Adolescents and Young Adults, Ushma D. Upadhyay, Phoebe Y. Danza, Torsten B. Neilands, Jessica D. Gipson, Claire D. Brindis, Michelle J. Hindin, Diana Greene Foster, and Shari L. Dworkin

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Documenting lessons from an integrated social and behavior change program linked to integrated health services in Zambia, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Do Indian women receive adequate information about contraception?, Md. Juel Rana and Anrudh K. Jain

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Douze indicateurs CSC recommandés pour la planification familiale, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Douze indicateurs du CSC pour la planification familiale: fiches de référence des indicateurs, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Editorial: The 6th International IUD Symposium, David Hubacher, James Sailer, Carolyn Westhoff, and IUD Symposium Organizing Committee

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Effect of a community-based gender norms program on sexual violence perpetration by adolescent boys and young men: A cluster randomized clinical trial, Elizabeth Miller, Kelley A. Jones, Alison J. Culyba, Taylor Paglisotti, Namita Dwarakanath, Michael Massof, Zoe Feinstein, Katie A. Ports, Dorothy L. Espelage, Julie Pulerwitz, Aapta Garg, Jane Kato-Wallace, and Kaleab Z. Abebe

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Effect of sharing health messages on antenatal care behavior among women involved in microfinance-based self-help groups in Bihar India, Monika Walia, Laili Irani, Indrajit Chaudhuri, Yamini Atmavilas, and Niranjan Saggurti