The Population Council tackles intersecting inequalities that undermine rights and access to contraception, HIV and STI prevention, maternal and newborn health, safe abortion, prevention and treatment of infertility, and sexuality education, among other sexual and reproductive health needs. Our research and partnerships ensure high quality, evidence-based, voluntary, and rights-based comprehensive care for sexual and reproductive health.

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Submissions from 2023

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Leveraging responsive feedback to redesign a demand generation strategy: Experience from the IntegratE Project in Lagos State, Nigeria, Emeka Okafor, Bolaji Gbenuade Oladejo, Michael Alagbile, Sikiru Baruwa, David O. Ayinde, Jennifer Anyanti, and Toyin O. Akomolafe

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Longitudinal examination of which married young women use contraception to delay a first pregnancy in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, India, Ilene Speizer, A.J. Francis Zavier, Lisa M. Calhoun, Gwyn Hainsworth, and David K. Guilkey

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Measuring adequacy of the midwifery workforce using standards of competency and scope of work: Exploring the density and distribution of midwives in three low- and middle-income countries using cross-sectional and geospatial data, Jewel Gausman, Sowmya Ramesh, Richard M. Adanu, Delia Bandoh, Jeff Blossom, Suchandrima Chakraborty, Ernest Kenu, Nizamuddin Khan, Ana Langer, Magdalene Odikro, Niranjan Saggurti, and R. Rima Jolivet

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Measuring implementation outcomes in the context of scaling up possible serious bacterial infection guidelines: Implications for measurement and programs, Timothy Abuya, George Odwe, Charity Ndwiga, Chantalle Okondo, Wilson Liambila, Samuel Mungai, Peter Mwaura, Kezia K’Oduol, Alice Natecho, Jesse Gitaka, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Measuring Provider Behavior Change, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Menstruation and adolescent girls' daily lives in rural Upper Egypt, Salma Abou Hussein and Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab

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Menstruation and adolescent girls' daily lives in rural Upper Egypt [Arabic], Salma Abou Hussein and Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab

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Methods and measures to assess health care provider behavior and behavioral determinants in reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health: A rapid review, Leanne Dougherty, Sanyukta Mathur, Xaher Gul, Kathryn Spielman, Vandana Tripathi, Christina Wakefield, and Martha Silva

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Modeling pathways to describe how maternal health care providers’ mental health influences the provision of respectful maternity care in Malawi, Brady Zieman, Charlotte E. Warren, Felistas Chiundira, Edina Mandala, Fannie Kachale, Christina Heather Mchoma, Alexander Mboma, Martha Kamanga, and Abigail Kazembe

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Neglected gaps in improving the health, wellbeing, and care for sexual and gender minority young people living in low- and lower-middle- income countries: A scoping review, Cara Frances, Camille Garnsey, and Jessica DeMulder

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New Antenatal Model in Africa and India (NAMAI) study: Implementation research to improve antenatal care using WHO recommendations, NAMAI Research Group, Michael Mbizvo, Nachela Chelwa, Chifundo Phiri, Kondwani Kasonda, and Natasha Okpara

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New approaches for developing biomarkers of hormonal contraceptive use, Rakhee Sachdeva, Narender Kumar, Vivian Brache, Barbara Friedland, Marlena Gehret Plagianos, Shimin Zhang, Larisa Kizima, Leila Cochon, Ana Sofía Tejada Tabar, Ann K. Blanc, and Ruth Merkatz

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Participant experiences with a multipurpose vaginal ring for HIV and pregnancy prevention during a Phase 1 clinical trial: Learning from users to improve acceptability, Mary Kate Shapley-Quinn, Mei Song, Beatrice A. Chen, Brid Devlin, Ellen Luecke, Jill Brown, Diana Blithe, Sharon Achilles, and Ariane van der Straten

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Patent: Combination therapy intravaginal rings, Brid Devlin, Jonathon Holt, Andrew Brimer, Jeremy Nuttall, Karl Malcolm, Susan Fetherston, and Peter Boyd

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Policymakers' and healthcare providers' perspectives on the introduction of oral pre-exposure prophylaxis for key populations in Ghana, Henry Nagai, Edward Adiibokah, Henry Tagoe, Waimar Tun, Nanlesta Pilgrim, Augustine Ankomah, Yussif Ahmed Abdul Rahman, Stephen Ayisi Addo, Stephen Kyeremeh Atuahene, Emmanuel Essandoh, Sean Maher, and Mark Kowalski

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Practice and development of male contraception: European Academy of Andrology and American Society of Andrology guidelines, Christina Wang, M. Cristina Meriggiola, John K. Amory, Christopher L.R. Barratt, Hermann M. Behre, William J. Bremner, Alberto Ferlin, Stanton Honig, Zsolt Kopa, Kirk C. Lo, Eberhard Nieschlag, Stephanie T. Page, Jay Sandlow, Régine Sitruk-Ware, Ronald S. Swerdloff, Frederick C.W. Wu, and Dimitrios G. Goulis

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Prevention and screening for cardiometabolic disease following hypertensive disorders in pregnancy in low-resource settings: A systematic review and Delphi study, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Kwame Adu-Bonsaffoh, Natasha Housseine, Roberta Lamptey, Arie Franx, Diederick E. Grobbee, Charlotte E. Warren, and Joyce L. Browne

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“Project YES! has…given me a task to reach undetectable”: Qualitative findings from a peer mentoring program for youth living with HIV in Zambia, Katherine G. Merrill, Christiana Frimpong, Virginia M. Burke, Elizabeth A. Abrams, Sam Miti, Jonathan K. Mwansa, and Julie Denison

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Provider behavior change: Social and behavior change approaches to quality of care in family planning, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Provider Behavior Change: Social and Behavior Change Approaches to Quality of Care in Family Planning—Slide deck, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Providing HIV self-tests to adolescent girls to promote partner and couples testing: A welcome addition to the HIV prevention toolbox (with caveats), Ann Gottert, Julie Pulerwitz, and Donaldson F. Conserve

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Qualitative research on Breakthrough ACTION’s Advocacy Core Group Model for integrated social behavior change programming in Nigeria, Adetunji Adetayo, Alessandra N. Bazzano, Mayokun Adediran, Paul Hutchinson, and Eno-Obong Etim

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Quality of care is perceived to be high with community-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) services for female sex workers in Tanzania: Qualitative findings from a pilot implementation science study, Waimar Tun, Donaldson F. Conserve, Catherine Bunga, Kidola Jeremiah, Louis Apicella, and Lung Vu

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Results from a multimethod exploratory scale development process to measure authoritarian provider attitudes in Democratic Republic of Congo and Togo, Martha Silva, Kathryn Spielman, Leanne Dougherty, Sethson Kassegne, and Amanda Kalamar

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Revitalizing and expanding commitment to family planning: Summary of the FP2030 Anglophone Africa Workshop, June 2023, Zoe Nakuya

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Revitalizing Intermittent Preventive Treatment of Malaria in Pregnancy in Kenya, Population Council-Kenya

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Role of stigma in pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) uptake and continuation among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW): Considerations for programme implementers, Waimar Tun and Lulama Lunika

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Six recommendations for provider behavior change in family planning, Heather Hancock, Olivia Carlson, Hope Hempstone, Bethany Arnold, Kamden Hoffmann, Xaher Gul, and Kathryn Spielman

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Social and behavior change and the enabling environment for family planning, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Social and Behavior Change and the Enabling Environment for Family Planning—Slide deck, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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State of the Evidence: A reflection on the gaps identified in Breakthrough RESEARCH’s Research and Learning Agendas for Advancing Provider Behavior Change Programming and Advancing Integrated Social and Behavior Change Programming, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Study protocol for an individually randomized control trial for India's first roleplay-based mobile game for reproductive health for adolescent girls, Ananya Saha, Anvita Dixit, Lalita Shankar, Madhusudana Battala, Nizamuddin Khan, Niranjan Saggurti, Kavita Ayyagari, Aparna Raj, and Susan Howard

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Testing theory of change assumptions of health behavior change interventions: A blended approach exploring local contexts, Avishek Hazra, Jaleel Ahmad, P.S. Mohanan, Supriya, Raj Kumar Verma, and Sanjeev Sridharan

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The business case for social and behavior change for breastfeeding and complementary feeding, Avenir Health

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The health effects of climate change: Experiences of young people in Bangladesh, Guatemala, and Nigeria, Population Council and Women Deliver

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The impact of community and provider-driven social accountability interventions on contraceptive use: Findings from a cohort study of new users in Ghana and Tanzania, Petrus S. Steyn, Joanna Paula Cordero, Dela Nai, Donat Shamba, Kamil Fuseini, Sigilbert Mrema, Ndema Habib, My Huong Nguyen, and James Kiarie

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The methodological approach to a process evaluation of a community and provider-driven social accountability intervention to increase contraceptive uptake and use, Cecilia Milford, Joanna Paula Cordero, Dela Nai, Donat Shamba, Kamil Fuseini, Victoria Boydell, Afiba Tarimo, Heather McMullen, and Petrus S. Steyn

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The role of social accountability in changing service users’ values, attitudes, and interactions with the health services: A pre-post study, Victoria Boydell, Petrus S. Steyn, Joanna Paula Cordero, Ndema Habib, My Huong Nguyen, Dela Nai, Donat Shamba, Kamil Fuseini, Sigilbert Mrema, and James Kiarie

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The urban environment and disparities in sexual and reproductive health outcomes in the Global South: A scoping review, Elsie Akwara, Jessie Pinchoff, Tara Abularrage, Corinne White, and Thoai Ngo

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Trends in female genital mutilation in Kenya: Insights from further analysis of the Kenya Demographic and Health Surveys, 2003–2022, Dennis Matanda, Francis Obare, Samuel Kimani, Stella Muthuri, and Chi-Chi Undie

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Understanding communication in community engagement for maternal and newborn health programmes in low- and middle-income countries: A realist review, Sara Dada, Praveenkumar Aivalli, Aoife De Brún, Maria Barreix, Nachela Chelwa, Zaccheous Mutunga, Bellington Vwalika, and Brynne Gilmore

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Understanding the effects of universal test and treat on longitudinal HIV care outcomes among South African youth: A retrospective cohort study, Lindsey M. Filiatreau, Jessie K. Edwards, Nkosinathi Masilela, F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Nicole Haberland, Brian Wells Pence, Joanna Maselko, Kathryn E. Muessig, Chodziwadziwa Whiteson Kabudula, Mi-Suk Kang Dufour, Sheri A. Lippman, Kathleen Kahn, and Audrey Pettifor

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Unique profile of inflammation and immune activation in pregnant people with HIV in the United States, Stephanie Shiau, Denise L. Jacobson, Yanling Huo, Deborah Kacanek, Lynn M. Yee, David B. Williams, Lisa Haddad, Lena Serghides, Kathleen M. Powis, Rhoda Sperling, Paige L. Williams, Jennifer Jao, and Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study (PHACS)

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Utilisation des approches de segmentation du public pour renseigner les programmes intégrés de planification familiale et de santé maternelle au Niger, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Utilizing implementation research to influence parents’ experiences of care for their hospitalized newborns and young children in Kenya, Chantalle Okondo, Charity Ndwiga, Timothy Abuya, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Vaginal microbiome, antiretroviral concentrations, and HIV genital shedding in the setting of hormonal contraception initiation in Malawi, Alyssa M. Lantz, Mackenzie L. Cottrell, Amanda H. Corbett, Lameck Chinula, Athena P. Kourtis, Julie A.E. Nelson, Gerald Tegha, Stacey Hurst, Pawel Gajer, Jacques Ravel, Lisa Haddad, Jennifer H. Tang, and Melanie R. Nicol

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Validating indicators for monitoring availability and geographic distribution of emergency obstetric and newborn care (EmoNC) facilities: A study triangulating health system, facility, and geospatial data, Jewel Gausman, Veronica Pingray, Richard M. Adanu, Delia Bandoh, Mabel Berrueta, Jeff Blossom, Suchandrima Chakraborty, Winfred Dotse-Gborgbortsi, Ernest Kenu, Nizamuddin Khan, Ana Langer, Carolina Nigri, Magdalene Odikro, Sowmya Ramesh, Niranjan Saggurti, Paula Vázquez, Caitlin R. Williams, and R. Rima Jolivet

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Validating midwifery professionals' scope of practice and competency: A multi-country study comparing national data to international standards, Suchandrima Chakraborty, Niranjan Saggurti, Richard M. Adanu, Delia Bandoh, Mabel Berrueta, Jewel Gausman, Ernest Kenu, Nizamuddin Khan, Ana Langer, Carolina Nigri, Magdalene Odikro, Veronica Pingray, Sowmya Ramesh, Paula Vázquez, Caitlin R. Williams, Charlotte E. Warren, and R. Rima Jolivet

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Validation of a measure to assess decision-making autonomy in family planning services in three low- and middle-income countries: The Family Planning Autonomous Decision-Making scale (FP-ADM), Jewel Gausman, Niranjan Saggurti, Richard M. Adanu, Delia Bandoh, Mabel Berrueta, Suchandrima Chakraborty, Ernest Kenu, Nizamuddin Khan, Ana Langer, Carolina Nigri, Magdalene Odikro, Veronica Pingray, Sowmya Ramesh, Paula Vázquez, Caitlin R. Williams, and R. Rima Jolivet

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“We are their eyes and ears here on the ground, yet they do not appreciate us”—Factors influencing the performance of Kenyan community health volunteers working in urban informal settlements, Michael O. Ogutu, Eric Kamui, Timothy Abuya, and Kui Muraya

Webinar—Advancing Social and Behavior Change Measurement in Family Planning, Breakthrough RESEARCH

Webinar—Costing for Family Planning Social and Behavior Change, Breakthrough RESEARCH

Webinar—Faire progresser la mesure des CSC pour la planification familiale, Breakthrough RESEARCH

Webinar—Provider Behavior Change: Social and Behavior Change Approaches to Quality of Care in Family Planning, Breakthrough RESEARCH

Webinar—Social and Behavior Change and the Enabling Environment for Family Planning, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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What interventions are effective to prevent or respond to female genital mutilation? A review of existing evidence from 2008–2020, Dennis Matanda, Nina Van Eekert, Melanie Croce-Galis, Jill Gay, Maria Johanna Middelburg, and Karen Hardee

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Where there is a will, there is a way: Enhancing contraceptive uptake in Pakistan, Ali M. Mir, Steve Pearson, and Irfan Masood

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Which intervention synergies maximize AGYW's HIV outcomes? A classification and regression tree analysis of layered HIV prevention programming, Sanyukta Mathur, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Raman Mishra, Craig Heck, and Michael Mbizvo

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Women's beliefs about methods and contraceptive discontinuation: Results from a prospective study from Nairobi and Homa Bay counties in Kenya, Yohannes Dibaba Wado, Martin Kavao Mutua, George Odwe, Francis Obare Onyango, Kazuyo Machiyama, John B. Casterline, and John C. Cleland

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Women’s empowerment and uptake of sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine for intermittent preventive treatment of malaria during pregnancy: Results from a cross-sectional baseline survey in the Lake endemic region, Kenya, George Odwe, Dennis Matanda, Tchaiwe Zulu, Stephen Kizito, Oscar Okoth, and Beth Kangwana

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Women want choices: Opinions from the Share.Learn.Shape global internet survey about multipurpose prevention technology (MPT) products in development, Barbara Friedland, Marlena Gehret Plagianos, Craig Savel, Virginia Kallianes, C. Martinez, Lorna Begg, K.M. Guthrie, D. Venkatasetty, J. Pickett, and Lisa Haddad

Submissions from 2022

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Acceptability of PC-1005 gel administered rectally to HIV-1 seronegative adults at three different volume levels (MTN-037), José A. Bauermeister, Ryan C. Tingler, Ken Ho, Rachel Scheckter, Tara McClure, Jontraye Davis, Jeanna Piper, Barbara Friedland, Stacey Edick, Mei Song, Yuqing Jiao, Craig W. Hendrix, and Craig Hoesley

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Access to HIV/AIDS or TB care among refugees in Kampala, Uganda: Exploring the enablers and barriers during the COVID-19 pandemic, George Palattiyil, Peter Kisaakye, Hadijah Mwenyango, Simon Katongole, Francis Mulekya, Dina Sidhva, Harish Nair, and Paul Bukuluki

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A community mobilisation intervention to improve engagement in HIV testing, linkage to care, and retention in care in South Africa: A cluster-randomised controlled trial, Sheri A. Lippman, Audrey Pettifor, Mi-Suk Kang Dufour, Chodziwadziwa Whiteson Kabudula, Rhian Twine, Dean Peacock, Rhandzekile Mathebula, Aimée Julien, Rebecca West, Torsten B. Neilands, Ryan Wagner, Ann Gottert, F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Dumisani Rebombo, Nicole Haberland, Julie Pulerwitz, Louis Pappie Majuba, Stephen Tollman, and Kathleen Kahn

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A content analysis of Reddit users’ posts about challenges to contraceptive care-seeking during COVID-19-related restrictions in the United States, Zoe H. Pleasure, Lori F. Frohwirth, Naomi Li, and Chelsea Polis

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Addressing communication taboos motivates social and behavioral changes in Niamey and Abidjan: Evaluation of the Merci Mons Héros media campaign, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Age-of-consent requirements and adolescent HIV testing in low-and middle-income countries: Multinational insights from 51 population-based surveys, Joseph G. Rosen, Elizabeth M. Stone, and Michael Mbizvo

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A mixed-methods study of factors influencing postpartum intrauterine device uptake after family planning counseling among women in Kigali, Rwanda, Mariama S. Tounkara, Rosine Ingabire, Dawn L. Comeau, Etienne Karita, Susan Allen, Julien Nyombayire, Rachel Parker, Lisa Haddad, Vanessa Da Costa, Amanda Tichacek, Amelia Mazzei, Jeannine Mukamuyango, and Kristin M. Wall

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A qualitative study of how stigma influences HIV services for transgender men and women in Nigeria, Waimar Tun, Julie Pulerwitz, Elizabeth Shoyemi, Anita Fernandez, Adepeju Adeniran, Franklin Ejiogu, Olusegun Sangowawa, Krista Granger, Osasuyi Dirisu, and Adebola A. Adedimeji

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A research agenda to strengthen evidence generation and utilisation to accelerate the elimination of female genital mutilation, Dennis Matanda and Esther Lwanga Walgwe

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Assessing effectiveness of a person-centered group ANC-PNC model among first-time young mothers and their partners for improving quality and use of MNCH-FP services, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Shongkour Roy, Sigma Ainul, Abdullah Al Mahmud Shohag, A.T.M. Rezaul Karim, and Ubaidur Rob

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Assessing engagement of adolescents and young adults (AYA) in HIV research: A multi-method analysis of a crowdsourcing open call and typology of AYA engagement in sub-Saharan Africa, Kadija M. Tahlil, Laura Rachal, Titi Gbajabiamila, Ucheoma Nwaozuru, Chisom Obiezu-Umeh, Takhona Hlatshwako, Mandikudza Tembo, Nicola Willis, Carine Oum Nyagog, Susan Vorkoper, Rachel Sturke, Nora E. Rosenberg, Victor Ojo, Isaac Moses, Nadia Ahmed, Kristin Beima-Sofie, Sarah Roberts, Brenda Kateera, Eleanor Namisoke-Magongo, Michael Mbizvo, Juliet Iwelunmor, Oliver Ezechi, and Joseph D. Tucker

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Assessing layered HIV prevention programming: Optimizing outcomes for adolescent girls and young women, Sanyukta Mathur, Raman Mishra, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Craig Heck, and Jerry Okoth Okal

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Asset and consumption gradient of health estimates in India: Implications for survey and public health research, Sanjay Kumar Mohanty, S.K. Singh, Santosh Kumar Sharma, Kajori Banerjee, and Rajib Acharya

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Association between the place of abortion and post-abortion contraceptive adoption and continuation: The case of India, Kirti Gaur, Ankita Shukla, and Rajib Acharya

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Association of traditional marital practices with contraceptive decision-making, couple communication, and method use among couples in rural Maharashtra, India, Anvita Dixit, Nicole E. Johns, Mohan Ghule, Madhusudana Battala, Shahina Begum, Niranjan Saggurti, Jay G. Silverman, Elizabeth Reed, Susan M. Kiene, Tarik Benmarhnia, Sarah Averbach, and Anita Raj

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Associations between contraceptive decision-making and marital contraceptive communication and use in rural Maharashtra, India, Melody Nazarbegian, Sarah Averbach, Nicole E. Johns, Mohan Ghule, Jay G. Silverman, Rebecka Lundgren, Madhusudana Battala, Shahina Begum, and Anita Raj

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Barriers and facilitators of access to maternal, newborn and child health services during the first wave of COVID-19 pandemic in Nigeria: Findings from a qualitative study, Godwin O. Akaba, Osasuyi Dirisu, Kehinde Okunade, Eseoghene Adams, Jane Ohioghame, Obioma O. Obikeze, Emmanuel Izuka, Maryam Sulieman, and Michael Edeh

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Behavioral tactics to support providers in offering quality care: Insights from provider behavior change research and practice, Emily Zimmerman and Jana Smith

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Behavioural barriers and perceived trade-offs to care-seeking for tuberculosis in the Philippines, Emily Zimmerman, Jana Smith, Rachel Banay, Madeline Kau, and Anna Marie Celina G. Garfin

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Biomimetic targeted theranostic nanoparticles for breast cancer treatment, Suphalak Khamruang Marshall, Pavimol Angsantikul, Zhiqing Pang, Norased Nasongkla, Rusnah Syahila Duali Hussen, and Soracha Dechaumpahi Thamphiwatana

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Bone, Brain, Heart study protocol: A resilient nested, tripartite prospective cohort study of the role of estrogen depletion on HIV pathology, C. Christina Mehta, Kimberly S. Hagen, Anna A. Rubtsova, Cecile D. Lahiri, Vasiliki Michopoulos, Caitlin A. Moran, Lisa Haddad, Kehmia Titanji, Lauren F. Collins, Arshed A. Quyyumi, Gretchen Neigh, Leslee J. Shaw, M. Neale Weitzmann, Lance Waller, and Ighovwerha Ofotokun

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Breakthrough RESEARCH's evaluation of Breakthrough ACTION Nigeria’s community capacity strengthening approach, Martha Silva, Nrupa Jani, Adetayo Adetunji, and Mayokun Adediran

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Breakthrough RESEARCH—Social and Behavior Change Costing Community of Practice Series Brief #5: Are integrated social and behavior change interventions cost-effective? A methodological approach, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Can community pharmacists and patent proprietary medicine vendors retain family planning knowledge over time? Findings from the IntegratE Project in Kaduna and Lagos States, Nigeria, Sikiru Baruwa, Emeka Okafor, Kayode Afolabi, Toyin Akomolafe, Osimhen Ubuane, Jennifer Anyanti, and Aparna Jain

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Causal mechanisms linking education with fertility, HIV, and child mortality: A systematic review, Fatima Zahra, Nicole Haberland, and Stephanie Psaki

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Challenges and measures to improve interviewers’ bias in large-scale demographic surveys in India: Some suggestions based on analysis of NFHS-4 data, Tarun K. Roy and Rajib Acharya

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Changes in clients' perceptions of family planning quality of care in Kaduna and Lagos States, Nigeria: A mixed methods study, Toyin O. Akomolafe, Funmilola Olaolorun, Emeka Okafor, Sikiru Baruwa, Kayode Afolabi, and Aparna Jain

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Changes in prevalence of violence and risk factors for violence and HIV among children and young people in Kenya: A comparison of the 2010 and 2019 Kenya Violence Against Children and Youth Surveys, Francis B. Annor, Laura F. Chiang, Patricia Oluoch, Vivienne Mang'oli, Marygorret Mogaka, Mary Mwangi, Anne Ngunjiri, Francis Obare Onyango, Thomas Achia, Pragna Patel, Greta M. Massetti, Linda L. Dahlberg, Thomas R. Simon, and James A. Mercy

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Changing the script: Intergenerational communication about sexual and reproductive health in Niamey, Niger, Martha Silva, Sethson Kassegne, Robert-Hugues Y. Nagbe, Lorimpo Babogou, Rebecca Ezouatchi, Abdou Louche Ado, Farida Moussa, and Leanne Dougherty

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Childhood vaccinations and demographic transition: Long-term evidence from India, Arindam Nandi, Amit Summan, Thoai Ngo, and David E. Bloom

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Client experiences in a mobile-phone counseling intervention for enhancing access to prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) services in Kenya, Jerry Okoth Okal, Avina Sarna, Daniel Lango, James K. Matheka, Danmark Owuor, Eunice Auma Kinywa, and Sam Kalibala

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Comment utiliser une théorie du changement pour assurer le suivi des programmes de changement social et comportemental et les évaluer, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Community directed approaches to promote uptake of Sulfadoxine Pyrimethamine for intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy: Baseline findings from Kisumu and Migori counties, Dennis Matanda, Wilson Liambila, and Beth Kangwana

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Comparative analysis of contraceptive use in Punjab and Manipur: Exploring beyond women’s education and empowerment, Anjali Sharma, Abhishek Kumar, S.K. Mohanty, and Arupendra Mozumdar

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Comparing the attitudes, norms, and beliefs of husbands and wives for reproductive, maternal, and child health—Evidence that drives effective social behavior change programming in Kebbi State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Confirming—and testing—bonds of trust: A mixed methods study exploring community health workers’ experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic in Bangladesh, Haiti and Kenya, Pooja Sripad, Ann Gottert, Timothy Abuya, Alain Casseus, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Smisha Agarwal, and Charlotte E. Warren

Costing Repository: Excel workbook, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Crisis upon crisis: A qualitative study exploring the joint effect of the political, economic, and pandemic challenges in Lebanon on Syrian refugee women's fertility preferences and behaviour, Rima Mourtada and Andrea J. Melnikas

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Dataset—How do changes in motivation to prevent pregnancy influence contraceptive continuation? Results from a longitudinal study with women who receive family planning services from community pharmacists and patent and proprietary medicine vendors in Nigeria, Sara Chace Dwyer, Sikiru Baruwa, Emeka Okafor, Daini Babajide Oluseyi, Osimhen Ubuane, and Aparna Jain