Gender inequality, reinforced by systems of oppression around the globe, perpetuates gender discrimination, violence, and systemic neglect. These structural forces are especially pronounced in communities with multiple marginalized social identities, particularly women of color, adolescents, Indigenous people, migrants, people with disabilities, gender minorities, LGBT people, and people affected by armed conflict and mass atrocities. The world lacks basic data related to these communities’ health, safety, wellbeing, and socioeconomic status, and evidence on what works to disrupt entrenched gender systems. The Population Council collaborates with locally rooted organizations, communities, and governments using context-relevant surveys, collects rigorous data, and creates evidence-based solutions.

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Submissions from 2021

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Adolescent girls’ and young women’s economic empowerment programs: Emerging insights from a review of reviews, Nicole Haberland, Thomas de Hoop, Sapna Desai, Sarah Engebretsen, and Thoai Ngo

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Advancing girls' education in light of COVID-19 in East Africa: A synthesis report, Population Council, Regional Education Learning Initiative, and Mannion Daniels

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Crezcamos felices: Manual sobre prevención de la violencia para mentoras del programa Abriendo Oportunidades, Population Council

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Dataset—Shifting gender norms to improve HIV service uptake: Qualitative findings from a large-scale community mobilization intervention in rural South Africa, Anna M. Leddy, Ann Gottert, Nicole Haberland, Jennifer Hove, Sheri A. Lippman, Kathleen Kahn, Rhandzekile Mathebula, Dumisani Rebombo, Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Rhian Twine, Dean Peacock, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Decolonised and Inclusive: Reflections on the Generation of Violence Against Women (VAW) Prevention Evidence for African Women’s Rights Organisations, Sexual Violence Research Initiative

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Delivering on the promise of gender equity in India: Lessons from the UDAYA Study, Nidhi Khurana

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Effects of an e-reader intervention on literacy, numeracy and non-verbal reasoning among adolescent girls in Zambia: Evidence from a randomised controlled trial, Barbara Mensch, Nicole Haberland, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Jean Digitale, Natalie Jackson Hachonda, Nachela Chelwa, Pamela Nyirenda, Erica Chuang, Lisa Polen, Stephanie Psaki, Nkomba Kayeyi, and Michael Mbizvo

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Empowering women in conservative settings: Evidence from an intervention in rural Egypt, Ahmed Elsayed, Soiliou Daw Namoro, and Rania Roushdy

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Endline Results Brief: What works to improve outcomes for Kenya's adolescent girls?, Population Council

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Esperanza del Programa Abriendo Oportunidades, Population Council

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Esperanza y la gran historia de nuestro camino: Guía para mentoras de Abriendo Oportunidades, Population Council

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Evidence on educational strategies to address child labour in India and Bangladesh: Scoping paper summaries, Ellina Samantroy, AKM Masud Ali, Davuluri Venkateswarlu, Sajeda Amin, Renu Singh, and Jyotsna Jha

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Findings from the violence outcomes in COVID-19 era study (VoCes-19): Baseline results, Silvana Larrea-Schiavon, Lina López-Lalinde, Isabel Vieitez Martínez, Ricardo Regules, Juan Pablo Gutiérrez, René Nevárez, Cristina MacGregor, Pablo López, Nicole Haberland, and Thoai Ngo

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Finding the Path Forward: Promoting Equity and Ethics in Research on GBV among Refugee Populations in the Global South, The Global Women's Institute

From Data to Action: Partnering with Governments on Evidence to Support Adolescents During the COVID-19 Pandemic, Karen Austrian, Beth Kangwana, Julie Mwabe, Guillermo Santiago, and Isabel Vieitez Martínez

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From Data to Action: Partnering with Governments on Evidence to Support Adolescents During the COVID-19 Pandemic, Emily EunYoung Cho, Karen Austrian, and Isabel Vieitez Martínez

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Gendered economic, social and health effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and mitigation policies in Kenya: Evidence from a prospective cohort survey in Nairobi informal settlements, Jessie Pinchoff, Karen Austrian, Nandita Rajshekhar, Timothy Abuya, Beth Kangwana, Rhoune Ochako, James B. Tidwell, Daniel Mwanga, Eva Muluve, Faith Mbushi, Mercy Nzioki, and Thoai Ngo

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Gender equitable attitudes among adolescents: A validation study and associations with sexual health behaviors, Amber L. Hill, Elizabeth Miller, Galen E. Switzer, Kaleab Z. Abebe, Judy C. Chang, Julie Pulerwitz, Lisa D. Brush, and Ashley V. Hill

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Gender inequities in treatment-seeking for sexual and reproductive health amongst adolescents: Findings from a cross-sectional survey in India, Sapna Desai, Neelanjana Pandey, Roopal Jyoti Singh, and Shikha Bhasin

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Getting girls back to school in Kenya: The 4Ts ('Trace, Track, Talk and reTurn') Initiative implementation report, George Odwe, Chi-Chi Undie, Ann Gachoya, Truphena Kirongo, Fredrick Kiiru, and Jane Njogu

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Girl-only clubs’ influence on SRH knowledge, HIV risk reduction, and negative SRH outcomes among very young adolescent girls in rural Malawi, Wanangwa Chimwaza Manda, Nanlesta Pilgrim, Mphatso Kamndaya, Sanyukta Mathur, and Yandisa Sikweyiya

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Girls' Education Roadmap: 2021 Report, Stephanie Psaki, Nicole Haberland, Meredith L. Kozak, and Lauren Woyczynski

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Girls' Education Roadmap: 2021 Report Summary, Stephanie Psaki, Nicole Haberland, Meredith L. Kozak, and Lauren Woyczynski

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Guía de Esperanza del Programa Abriendo Oportunidades, Population Council

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Impact of community-based girl groups, Miriam Temin and Craig Heck

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Impacts of two-year multisectoral cash plus programs on young adolescent girls' education, health and economic outcomes: Adolescent Girls Initiative–Kenya (AGI-K) randomized trial, Karen Austrian, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Beth Kangwana, Yohannes Dibaba Wado, Benta Abuya, and John A. Maluccio

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Inclusive HIV prevention in South Africa: Reaching foreign migrant adolescent girls, Miriam Temin, Cecilia Milford, Mags Beksinska, Debbie Van Zyl, and Jonathan Cockburn

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Intentional Design: Reaching the Most Excluded Girls in the Poorest Communities—A Guide for Practitioners and Advocates, Judith Bruce and Sophie Soares

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Leçons sur l'alphabetisation des adolescentes: reflexions pour les espaces sûrs du SWEDD, Population Council

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Le Guide des normes minimales pour des espaces sûrs : la conception, la mise en oeuvre, et le suivi, l’évaluation et l’apprentissage, Population Council

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Lessons on literacy training for adolescent girls: Considerations for SWEDD safe spaces, Population Council

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Long-term impact of exposure to a gender-transformative program among young men: Findings from a longitudinal study in Bihar, India, K.G. Santhya and A.J. Francis Zavier

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Meeting the Moment: New Data on Learning Loss and What We Can Do About It, Emily EunYoung Cho, Karen Austrian, and Nicole Haberland

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Meeting the moment: The gender and education community's response to COVID-19, Evidence for Gender & Education Resource (EGER)

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Muslim men's perceptions and attitudes on family planning: A qualitative study in Wajir and Lamu counties in Kenya, Batula Abdi, Jerry Okal, Gamal I. Serour, and Marleen Temmerman

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Positioning community-based girl group programs for success: Lessons learned from the Population Council's technical assistance partnership with UNFPA-Mozambique's Rapariga Biz, Miriam Temin, Arune Estavela, Craig Heck, Natalie Jackson, and Joana Mendes

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Potential of organizing unmarried adolescent girls and young women into self-help groups for a better transition to adulthood: Findings from a cross-sectional study in India, Jaleel Ahmad, Avishek Hazra, Kumudha Aruldas, Arima Singh, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Prise de mesures pour les adolescentes en periode de la COVID-19: implications pour la programmation des espaces sûrs au Sahel, Population Council

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Reducing the prevalence of child domestic servitude in Addis Ababa: Stakeholder and expert scoping study, The Freedom Fund and Population Council

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Research in forced displacement: Guidance for a feminist and decolonial approach, Neha S. Singh, Michelle Lokot, Chi-Chi Undie, Monica A. Onyango, Rosemary Morgan, Anne Harmer, Jane Freedman, and Shirin Heidari

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Resultados del estudio sobre violencia en la era COVID-19 (VoCes-19): Línea base reporte, Silvana Larrea-Schiavon, Lina López-Lalinde, Isabel Vieitez Martínez, Ricardo Regules, Juan Pablo Gutiérrez, René Nevárez, Cristina MacGregor, Pablo López, Nicole Haberland, and Thoai Ngo

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Sajeda Amin: Women's empowerment in Bangladesh, Sajeda Amin

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Shifting gender norms to improve HIV service uptake: Qualitative findings from a large-scale community mobilization intervention in rural South Africa, Anna M. Leddy, Ann Gottert, Nicole Haberland, Jennifer Hove, Rebecca West, Audrey Pettifor, Sheri A. Lippman, Kathleen Kahn, Rhandzekile Mathebula, Dumisani Rebombo, F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Rhian Twine, Dean Peacock, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Smarter investments in girls today to prepare them to thrive tomorrow, Miriam Temin, Christina Misunas, and Erika Martin

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Social norms, agency, and marriage aspirations in Malawi, Fatima Zahra, Rachel Kidman, and Hans-Peter Kohler

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Solutions Summit Event | Data Driven Prevention to End All Forms of VAC in Humanitarian Settings, The Alliance for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action

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Status of Research on Violence Against Women (VAW) in Africa—‘Voices from the South’ Africa Report Launch: Contributing to the Production of Evidence on VAW and VAC, Sexual Violence Research Initiative

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Supporting Native American girls during the COVID-19 pandemic, Lisa Polen, Kelly Hallman, Stephanie Martinez, and Kassel Franco Garibay

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The Adolescent Girls Initiative-Kenya—Executive Summary: Two-year follow up results, Population Council

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The forgotten population? A call to invest in adolescent well-being in humanitarian and fragile settings, Neha S. Singh, Jocelyn DeJong, Kimberley Popple, Chi-Chi Undie, Rozane El Masri, Ritah Bakesiima, Mariana Calderon-Jaramillo, Ellen Peprah, Saha Naseri, Nadine Cornier, and Karl Blanchet

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The IMAGEN Story: A Framework for Restoring Indigenous Girl Societies, Kelly Hallman, Lisa Polen, and Katey Peck

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The intersection of power and gender: Examining the relationship of empowerment and gender-unequal norms among young adolescents in Kinshasa, DRC, Linnea Zimmerman, Leah R. Koenig, Julie Pulerwitz, Patrick Kayembe, Matilde Maddeleno, and Caroline Moreau

The Lakota Daughters: Film Screening and Q&A, Victoria Kupchinetsky, Kelly Hallman, Aimee Pond, Mary LeBeau, Gwendolyn Packard, Judith A. Diers, Angel del Valle, and Thoai Ngo

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Time to take critical race theory seriously: Moving beyond a colour-blind gender lens in global health, Eileen Yam, Martha Silva, Malini Ranganathan, Jamila White, Tonija M. Hope, and Chandra L. Ford

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Translating evidence into impact: Advancing global girls’ education, Population Council

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Understanding the relationship between adverse childhood experiences, peer-violence perpetration, and gender norms among very young adolescents in Indonesia: A cross-sectional study, Astha Ramaiya, Ifta Choiriyyah, Lori L. Heise, Julie Pulerwitz, Robert Wm. Blum, Ruti G. Levtov, Rebecka Lundgren, Lisa Richardson, and Caroline Moreau

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Uniting for adolescents in covid-19 and beyond, Helen Clark, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Anne-Birgitte Albrectsen, Jorge Alcocer, Errol Alden, et al., and Annabel Erulkar

Using the Gender and Power Metrics Database—A Research Skills Workshop, Leah Jarvis, Katey Peck, and Elizabeth Tobey

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Vamos a replicar la vida: Manual de huertos familiares para mentoras del programa Abriendo Oportunidades, Population Council

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Vamos a replicar la vida: Manual de huertos familiares para niñas del programa Abriendo Oportunidades, Population Council

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Vamos a replicar la vida: Mediación del manual de huertos familiares para mentoras del programa Abriendo Oportunidades, Population Council

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Voice without choice? Investigating adolescent girls’ agency in marital decision-making in Niger, Grace Saul, Aissa Diarra, Andrea J. Melnikas, and Sajeda Amin

Webinar—Mental Health is Foundational: An Adolescent Girls Community of Practice Learning Exchange, Eva Roca, Diana Bigby, Kelly Hallman, Christina Mallie, Rima Mourtada, Myriam Narcisse, Ann Wahinya, and Anita Shankar

Webinar: Supporting Native American Girls During the COVID-19 Pandemic, IMAGEN

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We need more than information to address stigma—Podcast interview with Julie Pulerwitz, Julie Pulerwitz and Carmen Logie

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What shapes gender attitudes among adolescent girls and boys? Evidence from the UDAYA Longitudinal Study in India, Sangram Kishor Patel, K.G. Santhya, and Nicole Haberland

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Women's groups and COVID-19: An evidence review on savings groups in Africa, Olayinka Adegbite, Leigh Anderson, Sybil Chidiac, Osasuyi Dirisu, Jenna Grzeslo, Julia Hakspiel, Chinmaya Holla, Emily Janoch, Krishna Jafa, Shubha Jayaram, Grace Majara, Tabitha Mulyampiti, Eve Namisango, Eva Noble, Bukola Onyisha, David Panetta, Garima Siwach, Munshi Sulaiman, Rebecca Walcott, Sapna Desai, and Thomas de Hoop

Submissions from 2020

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Adolescent fertility Is lower than expected in rural areas: Results from 10 African HDSS, Clementine Rossier, Bruno Schoumaker, Valérie Delaunay, Donatien Beguy, Aparna Jain, Martin Bangha, Alemseged Aregay, Baptiste Beck, Karim Derra, Modeste Millogo, Albert Dube, Kone Siaka, Marylene Wamukoya, and Pascal Zabre

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Adolescent Girls Initiative–Kenya: Endline evaluation report, Karen Austrian, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Beth Kangwana, Nicole Maddox, Yohannes Dibaba Wado, Benta Abuya, Valsa Shah, and John A. Maluccio

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Assessment of an adolescent-girl-focused nutritional educational intervention within a girls’ empowerment programme: A cluster randomised evaluation in Zambia, Paul C. Hewett, Amanda L. Willig, Jean Digitale, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Jere R. Behrman, and Karen Austrian

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Assessment of knowledge, attitudes, and empowerment of adolescents and young women in Uttar Pradesh, Jaleel Ahmad and Avishek Hazra

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Beyond wifehood: Harnessing local gender ideologies to inform public health interventions in Africa, Chi-Chi Undie and Chimaraoke O. Izugbara

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Can adolescent girls' safe space clubs effectively run solar-powered mobile phone charging stations in rural Sierra Leone?, Nadia Assad and Sarah Blake

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Characteristics of brokers in relation to the migration of girls and young women in Ethiopia, Annabel Erulkar

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Close to home: Evidence on the impact of community-based girl groups, Miriam Temin and Craig Heck

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Contraceptive use and its effect on Indian women's empowerment: Evidence from the National Family Health Survey-4, Biplab Dhak, Niranjan Saggurti, and Faujdar Ram

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Costs and cost benefit analysis of the Bihar Rural Livelihoods Project—JEEViKA: Preliminary evidence, Garima Siwach, Thomas de Hoop, Sohini Paul, and Yulia Belyakova

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Creative Assets and Program Content Guide: To Build Social and Emotional Learning and Promote Trauma Mitigation and Healing, Adolescent Girl and Creativity Network

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Data collection and COVID-19: What’s gender got to do with it?, Chi-Chi Undie, Nicole Haberland, Sanyukta Mathur, Isabel Vieitez Martínez, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Dataset—The health, economic, and social effect of COVID-19 and its response on gender and sex: A literature review, Hannah Briggs and Thoai Ngo

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Dataset: Tracking COVID-19 data reporting and analysis in the United States, Charlotte Brasseux, Thoai Ngo, Mingqi Song, and Saleh Abbas

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Demographic, nutritional, social and environmental predictors of learning skills and depression in 20,000 Indian adolescents: Findings from the UDAYA survey, Samuel Scott, Anjali Pant, Phuong Hong Nguyen, Sachin Shinde, and Purnima Menon

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Do you know? A resilience challenge game for Native American girls, Kelly Hallman, Kassel Franco Garibay, Stephanie Martinez, and Lisa Polen

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Effect of a community-based gender norms program on sexual violence perpetration by adolescent boys and young men: A cluster randomized clinical trial, Elizabeth Miller, Kelley A. Jones, Alison J. Culyba, Taylor Paglisotti, Namita Dwarakanath, Michael Massof, Zoe Feinstein, Katie A. Ports, Dorothy L. Espelage, Julie Pulerwitz, Aapta Garg, Jane Kato-Wallace, and Kaleab Z. Abebe

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Evidence around engaging men in HIV prevention and treatment, Julie Pulerwitz, Ann Gottert, Jerry Okal, and Sanyukta Mathur

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Evidence review: Promoting adolescent girls' health and well-being in low-resource settings in the era of COVID-19, Sarah Blake, Miriam Temin, and Adolescent Girls Investment Plan (AGIP) Evidence Subcommittee

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Exploring the overlap: Women Now’s feminist humanitarian support and the Community of Practice, Judith Bruce and Aisha Dennis

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Gaining traction: Promising shifts in gender norms and intimate partner violence in the context of a community-based HIV prevention trial in South Africa, Ann Gottert, Julie Pulerwitz, Nicole Haberland, Rhandzekile Mathebula, Dumisani Rebombo, Kathryn Spielman, Rebecca West, Aimée Julien, Rhian Twine, Dean Peacock, Mi-Suk Kang, Dufour F. Xavier, F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Audrey Pettifor, Sheri A. Lippman, and Kathleen Kahn

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Gender and Power Metrics Database: A living database of scales that have been used to measure constructs of gender, agency, power, and control, Evidence Project

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Gender integration in social and behavior change, Debora B. Freitas Lopez, Sanyukta Mathur, Haley Brightman, Kathryn Berryman, and Kamden Hoffmann

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Gender integration in social and behavior change: What does it take?, University Research Co. and Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Gender specific differences in COVID-19 knowledge, behavior and health effects among adolescents and young adults in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, India, Jessie Pinchoff, K.G. Santhya, Corinne White, Shilpi Rampal, Rajib Acharya, and Thoai Ngo

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Girl Empower—A gender transformative mentoring and cash transfer intervention to promote adolescent wellbeing: Impact findings from a cluster-randomized controlled trial in Liberia, Berk Ozler, Kelly Hallman, Marie-France Guimond, Elizabeth A. Kelvin, Marian Rogers, and Esther Karnley

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How are key demographic indicators related to COVID-19 reported in the United States: A data review protocol—Study description, Charlotte Brasseux, Thoai Ngo, and Mingqi Song

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Innovating and validating measures of complex concepts, Evidence Project

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Investing in women's groups: A portfolio evaluation of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation's investments in South Asia and Africa, C.L. Anderson, Thomas de Hoop, Sapna Desai, Garima Siwach, A. Meysonnat, R. Gupta, N. Haroon, M. Howlett, N. Kolla, A. Sidhu, Sohini Paul, Yulia Belyakova, and R.S. Singh

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Keeping girls in schools to reduce child marriage in rural Bangladesh—Program brief, Population Council

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Keeping girls in schools to reduce child marriage in rural Bangladesh—Research Brief and Baseline Highlights, Sigma Ainul, Md. Noorunnabi Talukder, Md. Irfan Hossain, Forhana Rahman Noor, Iqbal Ehsan, Sajeda Amin, and Ubaidur Rob

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Male adolescents’ gender attitudes and violence: Implications for youth violence prevention, Elizabeth Miller, Alison J. Culyba, Taylor Paglisotti, Michael Massof, Qi Gao, Katie A. Ports, Jane Kato-Wallace, Julie Pulerwitz, Dorothy L. Espelage, Kaleab Z. Abebe, and Kelley A. Jones

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Mapeo Social para Niñas y Adolescentes: Cómo los mapas pueden ilustrar sus vidas y enriquecer el diseño de programas, Eugenia Lopez Uribe, Eva Roca, Angel del Valle, and Sophie Soares