The Population Council's HIV and AIDS program is devoted to understanding and slowing the spread of the HIV epidemic. Through biomedical and behavioral research, the Council expands access to innovative and effective products and services, with a focus on the hardest-to-reach, most marginalized populations.

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Submissions from 2011

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HIV transmission among married men and women in districts with high out-migration in India: Study brief, Niranjan Saggurti, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Suvakanta N. Swain, Madhusudana Battala, Umesh Chawla, and Alka Narang

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"Knowing myself first": Feasibility of self-testing among health workers in Kenya, Sam Kalibala, Waimar Tun, William Muraah, Peter Cherutich, Erick Oweya, and Patricia Oluoch

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Migration and HIV in India: Study of select districts, Niranjan Saggurti, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Suvakanta N. Swain, Madhusudana Battala, Alka Narang, and Umesh Chawla

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Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men and injecting drug users and validation of audio computer-assisted self interview (ACASI) technique in Abuja, Lagos, and Ibadan, Nigeria: Report fact sheet, Enhancing Nigeria's HIV/AIDS Response (ENR) Programme

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Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men and injecting drug users and validation of audio computer-assisted self interview (ACASI) technique in Abuja, Lagos, and Ibadan, Nigeria: Technical report, Enhancing Nigeria's HIV/AIDS Response (ENR) Programme

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Situation assessment of the HIV response among young people in Zambia, Sam Kalibala and Drosin Mulenga

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What regulatory guidance exists for multipurpose prevention technologies (MPTs)? A review of key guidance documents and their applicability to MPTs, Martha Brady and Heeyoung Park

Submissions from 2010

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Factors affecting enrolment of PLHIV into ART services in India, Avina Sarna, Damodar Bachani, Mary Philip Sebastian, Ruchi Sogarwal, and Madhusudana Battala

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Looking back, moving forward: Access to antiretroviral therapy for HIV infected adults and children in developing countries: Horizons Studies, 2002 to 2008, Avina Sarna and Scott E. Kellerman

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Looking back, moving forward: Implementing PMTCT programs in resource-constrained settings, Horizons studies 1999 to 2007, Carolyn Baek and Naomi Rutenberg

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Looking back, moving forward: Improving the lives of orphans and other children affected by AIDS, Horizons studies 1998 to 2007, Katie D. Schenk, Annie P. Michaelis, Tobey C. Nelson, Lisanne Brown, and Ellen Weiss

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Looking back, moving forward: Promoting gender equity to fight HIV, Horizons studies 1999 to 2007, Julie Pulerwitz, Annie P. Michaelis, and Ellen Weiss

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Looking back, moving forward: Reducing HIV-related stigma, Horizons studies 2000 to 2007, Julie Pulerwitz, Annie P. Michaelis, Ellen Weiss, Lisanne Brown, and Vaishali Sharma Mahendra

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Looking back, moving forward: Understanding the HIV risk and sexual health needs of men who have sex with men, Horizons studies 2001 to 2008, Scott Geibel, Waimar Tun, Placide Tapsoba, and Scott E. Kellerman

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Monitoring and Evaluation of the Emergency Plan Progress (MEEPP): End-of-project evaluation, Sam Kalibala

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PEPFAR special initiative on sexual and gender-based violence: Baseline report, Lynne Elson and Jill Keesbury

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Prevention with positives: How do we reach them in the community?, Avina Sarna, Jerry Okal, Stanley Luchters, Nzioki King'ola, and Scott Geibel

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Protecting hope: Situation analysis of vulnerable children in Uganda 2009, Sam Kalibala and Lynne Elson

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RAPIDS evaluation final report 2005-2009 key findings, Louis Apicella, Katie D. Schenk, and Hena Khan

Submissions from 2009

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Commercial sex workers in five Ethiopian cities: A baseline survey for USAID Targeted HIV Prevention Program for most-at-risk populations, Woldemariam Girma and Annabel Erulkar

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Evaluation of HIV counseling and testing in ANC settings and adherence to short course antiretroviral prophylaxis for PMTCT in Francistown, Botswana, Carolyn Baek, Tracy Creek, Lee Ann Jones, Louis Apicella, Jennifer Redner, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Family centred approach for HIV services: Pilot study in South Africa, Meredith Sheehy, Nomtandazo Patricia Mini, Tonicah Maphanga, and Scott E. Kellerman

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Final evaluation of the project for expanding the role of networks of people living with HIV/AIDS, Young-Mi Kim, John Lukwago, and Stella Neema

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Formative evaluation: Presidential Initiative on AIDS Strategy for Communication to Youth, Netsayi N. Mudege and Chi-Chi Undie

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Hospice Africa Uganda: End-of-project evaluation of palliative care services, Annette Bongiovanni and Mary Alexis Greenan

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Pilot community-based intervention to address the needs of elderly caregivers in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa, Priscilla Reddy, Shegs James, H. Mutumba Bilay-Boon, Eka Esu-Williams, and Hena Khan

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Technical assistance to the Uganda AIDS Commission for operationallisation of the performance monitoring and management plan, Frederick Makumbi, Roy Mayega, David Kisitu, Juliet Sekandi, Denis A. Bwesigye, Robert Miller, and Sam Kalibala

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The AFFORD Health Marketing Initiative in Uganda: Mid-term evaluation, Oleksandr Rohozynsky, Christie Billingsley, and Annette Bongiovanni

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The overlooked epidemic: Addressing HIV prevention and treatment among men who have sex with men in sub-Saharan Africa, National AIDS Control Council of Kenya and Population Council

Submissions from 2008

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Assessment of risk factors for HIV infection among men who have sex with men in the metropolitan area of Campinas City, Brazil, using respondent-driven sampling, Maeve de Mello, Adriana de Araujo Pinho, Magda Chinaglia, Waimar Tun, Aristides Barbosa Junior, Maria Cristina, F.J. Ilario, Paulo Reis, Regina C.S. Salles, Suzanne Westman, and Juan Diaz

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Assessment of risk factors for HIV infection in female sex workers and men who have sex with men in Ciudad del Este, Paraguay, Magda Chinaglia, Waimar Tun, Maeve Mello, Magdalena Insfran, and Juan Diaz

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Caring for caregivers: An HIV/AIDS workplace intervention for hospital staff in Zambia—Evaluation results, Karusa Kiragu, Mutinta Nyumbu, Thabale J. Ngulube, Panganani Njobvu, Chilufya Mwaba, Arthur Kalimbwe, and Spike Bradford

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Catalyzing personal and social change around gender, sexuality, and HIV: Impact evaluation of Puntos de Encuentro´s communication strategy in Nicaragua, Irela Solorzano, Amy Bank, Rodolfo Pena, Henry Espinoza, Mary Ellsberg, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Consentement éclairé dans les essais de prévention du VIH: Points saillants d'un atelier international, Population Council

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Consentimento informado nos ensaios de prevenção do HIV: Pontos altos dum workshop internacional, Population Council

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Consentimiento informado en ensayos de prevención del VIH: Aspectos destacados de un taller internacional, Population Council

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If you build it, will they come? Kenya healthy start pediatric HIV study: A diagnostic study investigating barriers to HIV treatment and care among children, Karusa Kiragu, Katie D. Schenk, Julie Murugi, and Avina Sarna

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Improving hospital-based quality of care in Vietnam by reducing HIV-related stigma and discrimination, Khuat Thi Hai Oanh, Kim Ashburn, Julie Pulerwitz, Jessica Ogden, and Laura Nyblade

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Informed consent in HIV prevention trials: Highlights from an international workshop, Population Council

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Is it feasible to integrate alcohol-related risk reduction counseling into VCT services? Findings from Kenya, Caroline Mackenzie, Karusa Kiragu, George Odingo, Rukia Yassin, Peter Shikuku, Patrick Angala, Nduku Kilonzo, William Sinkele, and Melania Akinyi

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Migration/mobility and vulnerability to HIV among male migrant workers: Andhra Pradesh 2007-08, Niranjan Saggurti, Anrudh K. Jain, Saumya RamaRao, Hanimi Reddy Modugu, Ajay Kumar Singh, Suvakanta N. Swain, and Ravi K. Verma

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Migration/mobility and vulnerability to HIV among male migrant workers: Karnataka 2007-08, Shiva S. Halli, Raluca Buzdugan, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Stephen Moses, James Blanchard, Anrudh K. Jain, Saumya RamaRao, Ajay Kumar Singh, and Suvakanta N. Swain

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Migration/mobility and vulnerability to HIV among male migrant workers: Maharashtra 2007-08, K. Anil Kumar, Shalini Bharat, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Anrudh K. Jain, Saumya RamaRao, Kanchan Mukherjee, Ajay Kumar Singh, and Suvakanta N. Swain

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Migration/mobility and vulnerability to HIV among male migrant workers: Tamil Nadu 2007-08, Anjaneyalu Subbiah, S. Ramachandran, A.K. Ravi Shankar, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Anrudh K. Jain, Saumya RamaRao, Suvakanta N. Swain, and Ajay Kumar Singh

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Moving forward: Tackling stigma in a Tanzanian community, Laura Nyblade, Kerry MacQuarrie, Gideon Kwesigabo, Aparna Jain, Lusajo Kajula, Fausta Philip, William Henerico Tibesigwa, and Jessie K. Mbwambo

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Patterns of migration/mobility and HIV risk among female sex workers: Andhra Pradesh 2007-08, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Hanimi Reddy Modugu, Saumya RamaRao, Ajay Kumar Singh, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, and Anrudh K. Jain

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Patterns of migration/mobility and HIV risk among female sex workers: Karnataka 2007-08, Shiva S. Halli, Raluca Buzdugan, Ravi K. Verma, Stephen Moses, James Blanchard, Anrudh K. Jain, Saumya RamaRao, Suvakanta N. Swain, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Patterns of migration/mobility and HIV risk among female sex workers: Maharashtra 2007-08, Niranjan Saggurti, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Rajendra Singh, Saumya RamaRao, Suvakanta N. Swain, Ajay Kumar Singh, Anrudh K. Jain, and Ravi K. Verma

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Patterns of migration/mobility and HIV risk among female sex workers: Tamil Nadu 2007-08, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Suvakanta N. Swain, Hanimi Reddy Modugu, Ajay Kumar Singh, Saumya RamaRao, and Anrudh K. Jain

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Promoting gender equity as a strategy to reduce HIV risk and gender-based violence among young men in India, Ravi K. Verma, Julie Pulerwitz, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Sujata Khandekar, A.K. Singh, S.S. Das, Sunil Mehra, Anita Nura, and Gary Barker

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Propiciando cambio personal y social alrededor del género, sexualidad y VIH: Evaluación de impacto de la estrategia de comunicación de Puntos de Encuentro en Nicaragua, Irela Solorzano, Amy Bank, Rodolfo Pena, Henry Espinoza, Mary Ellsberg, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Repositioning postnatal care in a high HIV environment: Swaziland, Charlotte E. Warren, Rachel Shongwe, Allen Waligo, Mohammed Mahdi, Goldy Mazia, and Indira Narayanan

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School as a workplace in Kenya: Evaluation of the Teachers Matter HIV/AIDS project, Karusa Kiragu, Caroline Mackenzie, Jennifer Weiss, Murungaru Kimani, and Debbie Gachuhi

Submissions from 2007

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Beacon of hope: Evaluation of the Kenya Girl Guides Association HIV/AIDS program for school children, Karusa Kiragu, George Odingo, Milka Juma, Jane Mbugua, Magdalen Waweru, Wamuyu Mahinda, Beatrice Mwaniki, Charity Muturi, Simon Ochieng, Tobey C. Nelson, and Ann P. McCauley

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Community-based approaches to prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV: Findings from a low-income community in Kenya, Susan Kaai, Carolyn Baek, Scott Geibel, Peter Omondi, Benson Ulo, Grace Muthumbi, Carol Nkatha, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Continuum of care for HIV-positive women accessing programs to prevent parent-to-child transmission: Findings from India, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Rupa Mudoi, Archana Oinam, Venkat Pakkela, Avina Sarna, Sucheta Panda, Ashok Rau, L. Birendrajit Singh, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Day of dialogue—Insights and evidence from product introduction: Lessons for microbicides, Martha Brady and C. Elizabeth McGrory

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Key findings from an evaluation of the mothers2mothers program in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, Carolyn Baek, Vuyiswa Mathambo, Sibongile Mkhize, Irwin Friedman, Louis Apicella, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Promovendo normas e comportamentos eqüitativos de gênero entre homens jovens estratégia de prevenção do HIV/AIDS, Julie Pulerwitz, Gary Barker, Marcio Segundo, and Marcos Nascimento

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Reaching truckers in Brazil with non-stigmatizing and effective HIV/STI services, Magda Chinaglia, Sheri A. Lippman, Julie Pulerwitz, Maeve de Mello, Rick Homan, and Juan Diaz

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The Straight Talk Campaign in Uganda: Impact of mass media initiatives—Summary report, Susan E. Adamchak, Karusa Kiragu, Cathy Watson, Medard Muhwezi, Tobey C. Nelson, Ann Akia-Fiedler, Richard Kibombo, and Milka Juma

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Transcending boundaries to improve the food security of HIV-affected households in rural Uganda: A case study, Katharine Coon, Jessica Ogden, John Odolon, Anthony Obudi-Owor, Charles Otim, James Byakigga, and Peter Spebanja

Submissions from 2006

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ABC messages for HIV prevention in Kenya: Clarity and confusion, barriers and facilitators, Julie Pulerwitz, Tiffany Lillie, Louis Apicella, Ann P. McCauley, Tobey C. Nelson, Simon Ochieng, Peter Mwarogo, Karusa Kiragu, and Edward Kunyanga

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Examining adherence and sexual behavior among patients on antiretroviral therapy in India, Avina Sarna, Indrani Gupta, Sanjay Pujari, A.K. Sengar, Rajiv Garg, and Ellen Weiss

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Exploring current practices in pediatric ARV rollout and integration with early childhood programs in South Africa: A rapid situation analysis, Desiree Michaels, Brian Eley, Lewis Ndhlovu, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Informed Consent in HIV Prevention Trials: Report of an International Workshop, C. Elizabeth McGrory, Barbara Friedland, Cynthia Woodsong, and Kathleen M. MacQueen

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Orphans and vulnerable youth in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe: An exploratory study of psychosocial well-being and psychosocial support, Laelia Gilborn, Louis Apicella, Jonathan Brakarsh, Linda Dube, Kyle Jemison, Mark Kluckow, Tricia Smith, and Leslie M. Snider

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Promoting more gender-equitable norms and behaviors among young men as an HIV/AIDS prevention strategy, Julie Pulerwitz, Gary Barker, Marcio Segundo, and Marcos Nascimento

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Reducing AIDS-related stigma and discrimination in Indian hospitals, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Laelia Gilborn, Bitra George, Luke Samson, Rupa Mudoi, Sarita Jadav, Indrani Gupta, Shalini Bharat, and Celine Daly

Submissions from 2005

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Ethical Approaches to Gathering Information from Children and Adolescents in International Settings: Guidelines and Resources, Katie D. Schenk and Jan Williamson

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Programming for HIV prevention in South African schools: A report on program implementation, Priscilla Reddy, Shegs James, and Ann P. McCauley

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Reducing the transmission of HIV and sexually transmitted infections in a mining community: Findings from the Carletonville Mothusimpilo intervention project: 1998 to 2001, Lewis Ndhlovu, Catherine Searle, Johannes van Dam, Yodwa Mzaidume, Bareng Rasego, and Solly Moema

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Understanding the HIV/STI risks and prevention needs of men who have sex with men in Nairobi, Kenya, Washington Onyango-Ouma, Harriet Birungi, and Scott Geibel

Submissions from 2004

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A rapid situation analysis of the access to care project in Northern Thailand, Ratana Panpanich

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Combining community approaches and government policy to reduce HIV risk in the Dominican Republic, Deanna Kerrigan, Luis Moreno, Bayardo Gomez, Hector Jerez, Ellen Weiss, Johannes van Dam, Eva Roca, Clare Barrington, and Michael D. Sweat

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Expanding care and support in South India: Scaling up YRG CARE's patient-centered approach, YRG CARE, Horizons Program, and International HIV/AIDS Alliance

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Expanding the care continuum for HIV/AIDS: Bringing carers into focus, Jessica Ogden, Simel Esim, and Caren Grown

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Involving young people in the care and support of people living with HIV/AIDS in Zambia, Eka Esu-Williams, Katie D. Schenk, Joseph Motsepe, Scott Geibel, and Anderson Zulu

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Maximizing resources to meet client needs: Evaluation of a comprehensive HIV/AIDS care and support model in India, YRG CARE, Horizons Program, and International HIV/AIDS Alliance

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Review of field experiences: Integration of family planning and PMTCT services, Naomi Rutenberg and Carolyn Baek

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Succession planning in Uganda: Early outreach for AIDS-affected children and their families, Horizons Program, Makerere University Department of Sociology, and Plan Uganda

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Transitions to adulthood in the context of AIDS in South Africa: The impact of exposure to life skills education on adolescent knowledge, skills, and behavior, The Transitions to Adulthood Study Team

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Using incentives to encourage AIDS programs and policies in the workplace: A study of feasibility and impact in Thailand, Simon Baker, Srisuman Sartsara, Patchara Rumakom, Philip Guest, Katie D. Schenk, Anthony Pramualratana, Suparat Suksakulwat, Surachai Panakitsuwan, and Sikarat Moonmeung

Submissions from 2003

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Empowering communities to respond to HIV/AIDS: Ndola Demonstration Project on Maternal and Child Health: Operations research final report, Hope Humana, LINKAGES, National Food and Nutrition Commission, Ndola District Health Management Team, Horizons Program, and Zambia Integrated Health Project

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Microfinance and households coping with HIV/AIDS in Zimbabwe: An exploratory study, Carolyn Barnes, Erica Keogh, Nontokozo Nemarundwe, Loveness Nyikahadzoi, and Ellen Weiss

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Reproductive health services in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa: A situation analysis study focusing on HIV/AIDS services, Lewis Ndhlovu, Catherine Searle, Robert A. Miller, Andrew A. Fisher, Ester Snyman, and Nancy L. Sloan

Submissions from 2002

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HIV/AIDS Prevention Guidance for Reproductive Health Professionals in Developing-Country Settings, Helen Epstein, Daniel Whelan, Janneke van de Wijgert, Purnima Mane, and Suman Mehta

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Meeting the sexual health needs of men who have sex with men in Senegal, Cheikh Ibrahima Niang, Moustapha Diagne, Youssoupha Niang, Amadou Moreau, Dominique Gomis, Maye Diouf, Karim Seck, Abdoulaye Sidibe Wade, Placide Tapsoba, and Christopher Castle

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Satisfaire aux besoins de santé des hommes qui ont des rapports sexuels avec d’autres hommes au Sénégal, Cheikh Ibrahima Niang, Moustapha Diagne, Youssoupha Niang, Amadou Moreau, Dominique Gomis, Maye Diouf, Karim Seck, Abdoulaye Sidibe Wade, Placide Tapsoba, and Christopher Castle

Submissions from 2001

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HIV and partner violence: Implications for HIV voluntary counseling and testing programs in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, Suzanne Maman, Jessie K. Mbwambo, Margaret Hogan, Gad P. Kilonzo, Michael D. Sweat, and Ellen Weiss

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Prevention of trafficking and the care and support of trafficked persons in the context of an emerging HIV/AIDS epidemic in Nepal, Celine Daly

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The case for microbicides: A global priority, Kathy Attawell

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Transitions to adulthood in the context of AIDS in South Africa: Report of Wave I, Naomi Rutenberg, Cathrien Kehus-Alons, Lisanne Brown, Kate Macintyre, Anthea Dallimore, and Carol E. Kaufman