The Population Council's HIV and AIDS program is devoted to understanding and slowing the spread of the HIV epidemic. Through biomedical and behavioral research, the Council expands access to innovative and effective products and services, with a focus on the hardest-to-reach, most marginalized populations.

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Submissions from 2014

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Men’s heavy alcohol use and risk of HIV acquisition and transmission to sexual partners within marriage in India, Niranjan Saggurti, Shrutika Sabarwal, and Bidhubhusan Mahapatra

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Money, power and HIV: Economic influences and HIV among men who have sex with men in sub-Saharan Africa, Andrew Scheibe, Brian Kanyemba, Jennifer Syvertsen, Sylvia Adebajo, and Stefan Baral

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Non-disclosure of violence among female sex workers: Evidence from a large scale cross-sectional survey in India, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Madhusudana Battala, Akash Porwal, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Non-paying partnerships and its association with HIV risk behavior, program exposure and service utilization among female sex workers in India, Sandra Mary Travasso, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Niranjan Saggurti, and Suneeta Krishnan

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Patterns of drug use among people who inject drugs (PWID) and their implications for sexually transmitted infections in northern Nigeria, Desmond Iriaye, Ibrahim Suleiman, Otibho Obianwu, Sylvia Adebajo, George I. Eluwa, Jean Njab, Ayodeji Oginni, and Babatunde A.O. Ahonsi

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PMTCT cascade analysis in Côte d'Ivoire: Results from a national representative sample, Stephen S. Gloyd, Julia Robinson, Serge A. Dali, S. Adam Granato, Rebecca Bartlein, Seydou Kouyate, David Aka, Doroux A. Billy, Irma Ahoba, and Ahoua Kone

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Policy and programme considerations for ARV-based prevention for women: Insights from key opinion leaders in Zimbabwe about tenofovir gel, Samukeliso Dube, Barbara Friedland, Saiqa Mullick, Martha Brady, and C. Elizabeth McGrory

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Pretreatment loss-to-follow-up after HIV diagnosis from 27 counseling and testing centers across India: Findings from a cohort study, Avina Sarna, Mary Philip Sebastian, Damodar Bachani, Ruchi Sogarwal, and Madhusudana Battala

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Program and policy considerations for tenofovir gel in India: An overview, Population Council

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Provider alerts and reminders to improve tuberculosis care among people living with HIV in Kenya: TB Tech formative report, Caricia Catalani, Eric P. Green, Lameck Diero, Jane Carter, Martin Were, Dennis Israelski, Adrian Gardner, Charity Ndwiga, and Paul Biondich

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Reconceptualizing the HIV epidemiology and prevention needs of female sex workers (FSW) in Swaziland, Stefan Baral, Sosthenes Ketende, Jessie L. Green, Ping-An Chen, Ashley Grosso, Bheki Sithole, Cebisile Ntshangase, Eileen Yam, Deanna Kerrigan, Caitlin E. Kennedy, and Darrin Adams

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Retention of adolescents living with HIV in care, treatment, and support programs in Uganda, Livingstone Ssali, Sam Kalibala, Josephine Birungi, Aggrey Egessa, Jonathan Wangisi, Joanne Lyavala Okullu, Celestin Bakanda, Stephen Okoboi, and Francis Obare

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Role of a community-to-community learning strategy in the institutionalization of community mobilization among female sex workers in India, Santhosh Sadhu, Archana Rao Manukonda, Anthony Reddy Yeruva, Sangram Kishor Patel, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Setting the stage for ARV-based prevention for women: A snapshot of the Zimbabwean context, Population Council

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Socio-demographic factors associated with uptake of HIV counseling and testing (HCT) among Nigerian youth, Ayodeji Oginni, Otibho Obianwu, and Sylvia Adebajo

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Socioeconomic and behavioral factors influencing choice, adherence and success of microbicide formulations, Elizabeth E. Tolley, Barbara Friedland, Mitzy Gafos, K. Rivet Amico, Lut Van Damme, Cynthia Woodsong, Kathleen M. MacQueen, Leila Mansoor, and Sheena McCormack

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Tackling stigma: Fundamental to an AIDS-free future, Julie Pulerwitz and John Bongaarts

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Tenofovir gel for HIV prevention for women: Perspectives of key opinion leaders from India, Abhijit Prabhughate, Avina Sarna, and Martha Brady

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The effect of mobility on sexual risk behaviour and HIV infection: A cross-sectional study of men who have sex with men in southern India, Sowmya Ramesh, Purnima Mehrotra, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Deepika Ganju, Karikalan Nagarajan, and Niranjan Saggurti

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The promise and peril of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP): Using social science to inform PrEP interventions among female sex workers, Jennifer Syvertsen, Angela M. Robertson Bazzi, Andrew Scheibe, Sylvia Adebajo, Stephanie A. Strathdee, and Wendee M. Wechsberg

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What HIV programs work for adolescent girls?, Karen Hardee, Jill Gay, Melanie Croce-Galis, and Nana Ama Afari-Dwamena

Submissions from 2013

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A toolkit for developing bilingual lexicons for international HIV prevention clinical trials, Catalina B. Ramirez, Natasha Mack, and Barbara Friedland

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Documentation of HIV prevention research and programmatic learnings from India—Selected peer-reviewed journal publications from the Knowledge Network Project (Volume 1), Population Council

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From problem-solving to research utilization: How operations research and program evaluation can make programs better, Karen Foreit

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High HIV incidence among male injection drug users in Delhi, India, Waimar Tun, Lopamudra Saraswati, Mary Philip Sebastian, Vartika Sharma, Amita Yadav, Ira Madan, Ibou Thior, and Avina Sarna

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HIVCore operations research workshop summary report, Nrupa Jani

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Implementing incentive-based HIV interventions in Zambia: The COMPACT model, Sam Kalibala, Waimar Tun, Chabu Kangale, Jill Keesbury, Ray Handema, and Mwaka Monze

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Motivations for entering volunteer service and factors affecting productivity: A mixed method survey of STEPS-OVC volunteer HIV caregivers in Zambia, Zambia-led Prevention Initiative

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Prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B and C, and co-infection in a cohort of male injection drug users in Delhi, Lopamudra Saraswati, Mary Philip Sebastian, Avina Sarna, Vartika Sharma, Ira Madan, Dean Lewis, Ibou Thior, and Waimar Tun

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Situation analysis of programs to meet the HIV prevention, care, and treatment needs of persons with disabilities in Ghana, Uganda, and Zambia, Waimar Tun, Jerry Okal, Katie D. Schenk, Meredith Sheehy, Emmanuel Kuffour, Selina F. Esantsi, Hilary Asiah, Grimond Moono, Felix Mutale, Rita Kyeremaa, Edson Ngirabakunzi, and Atwijukire Justus

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The Community Mobilization for Preventive Action (COMPACT) project in Zambia: A midline evaluation, Waimar Tun, Chabu Kangale, Scott Geibel, Meredith Sheehy, Ray Handema, and Mwaka Monze

Submissions from 2012

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An assessment of individual and institutional research utilization by policy-makers and programme managers at state and national levels in Nigeria, National Agency for the Control of AIDS

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An ethnographic study of injecting drug users and men who have sex with men in selected states in Nigeria, Enhancing Nigeria's HIV/AIDS Response (ENR) Programme

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Assessing and improving self-reporting of male circumcision in Zambia and Swaziland, Paul C. Hewett, Nicole Haberland, Barbara Mensch, and Louis Apicella

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Getting real with youth-friendly services in Africa: Report of a satellite session at the XIX International AIDS Conference, Population Council

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Household survey to evaluate the Zambia-led Prevention Initiative: Baseline report, Zambia-led Prevention Initiative

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MARPs sensitization: A diversity training guide for health care providers in Nigeria, Enhancing Nigeria's HIV/AIDS Response (ENR) Programme

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Nonclinical development needs and regulatory requirements for multipurpose prevention technologies: A primer, Joseph W. Romano, Martha Brady, and Judy Manning

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Prevalence and correlates of HIV infection in a cohort of male injection drug users in Delhi, Waimar Tun, Vartika Sharma, Mary Philip Sebastian, Ira Madan, Amita Yadav, Meredith Sheehy, Dean Lewis, Ibou Thior, and Avina Sarna

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Shaping the operations research agenda for antiretroviral-based prevention products for women: Gels and rings, Martha Brady and C. Elizabeth McGrory

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The experiences of men engaged in transactional sex with other men in urban Nigeria—A size estimation and qualitative study, Population Council

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Using capture-recapture methodology for enumerating most-at-risk populations (MARPs), Population Council

Submissions from 2011

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Constructing a critical path for product development, commercialization, and access, Martha Brady

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Evaluation of the informed consent process for male circumcision scale-up in Swaziland, Barbara Friedland, Louis Apicella, Katie D. Schenk, Meredith Sheehy, and Paul C. Hewett

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Evaluation of the informed consent process for male circumcision scale-up in Zambia, Barbara Friedland, Louis Apicella, Katie D. Schenk, Meredith Sheehy, and Paul C. Hewett

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Facilitating regulatory approval of multipurpose prevention technologies for sexual and reproductive health, Martha Brady

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HIV integrated biological and behavioural surveillance survey (IBBSS) 2010, Federal Ministry of Health

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HIV transmission among married men and women in districts with high out-migration in India: Study brief, Niranjan Saggurti, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Suvakanta N. Swain, Madhusudana Battala, Umesh Chawla, and Alka Narang

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"Knowing myself first": Feasibility of self-testing among health workers in Kenya, Sam Kalibala, Waimar Tun, William Muraah, Peter Cherutich, Erick Oweya, and Patricia Oluoch

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Migration and HIV in India: Study of select districts, Niranjan Saggurti, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Suvakanta N. Swain, Madhusudana Battala, Alka Narang, and Umesh Chawla

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Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men and injecting drug users and validation of audio computer-assisted self interview (ACASI) technique in Abuja, Lagos, and Ibadan, Nigeria: Report fact sheet, Enhancing Nigeria's HIV/AIDS Response (ENR) Programme

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Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men and injecting drug users and validation of audio computer-assisted self interview (ACASI) technique in Abuja, Lagos, and Ibadan, Nigeria: Technical report, Enhancing Nigeria's HIV/AIDS Response (ENR) Programme

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Situation assessment of the HIV response among young people in Zambia, Sam Kalibala and Drosin Mulenga

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What regulatory guidance exists for multipurpose prevention technologies (MPTs)? A review of key guidance documents and their applicability to MPTs, Martha Brady and Heeyoung Park

Submissions from 2010

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Factors affecting enrolment of PLHIV into ART services in India, Avina Sarna, Damodar Bachani, Mary Philip Sebastian, Ruchi Sogarwal, and Madhusudana Battala

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Looking back, moving forward: Access to antiretroviral therapy for HIV infected adults and children in developing countries: Horizons Studies, 2002 to 2008, Avina Sarna and Scott E. Kellerman

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Looking back, moving forward: Implementing PMTCT programs in resource-constrained settings, Horizons studies 1999 to 2007, Carolyn Baek and Naomi Rutenberg

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Looking back, moving forward: Improving the lives of orphans and other children affected by AIDS, Horizons studies 1998 to 2007, Katie D. Schenk, Annie P. Michaelis, Tobey C. Nelson, Lisanne Brown, and Ellen Weiss

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Looking back, moving forward: Promoting gender equity to fight HIV, Horizons studies 1999 to 2007, Julie Pulerwitz, Annie P. Michaelis, and Ellen Weiss

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Looking back, moving forward: Reducing HIV-related stigma, Horizons studies 2000 to 2007, Julie Pulerwitz, Annie P. Michaelis, Ellen Weiss, Lisanne Brown, and Vaishali Sharma Mahendra

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Looking back, moving forward: Understanding the HIV risk and sexual health needs of men who have sex with men, Horizons studies 2001 to 2008, Scott Geibel, Waimar Tun, Placide Tapsoba, and Scott E. Kellerman

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Monitoring and Evaluation of the Emergency Plan Progress (MEEPP): End-of-project evaluation, Sam Kalibala

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PEPFAR special initiative on sexual and gender-based violence: Baseline report, Lynne Elson and Jill Keesbury

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Prevention with positives: How do we reach them in the community?, Avina Sarna, Jerry Okal, Stanley Luchters, Nzioki King'ola, and Scott Geibel

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Protecting hope: Situation analysis of vulnerable children in Uganda 2009, Sam Kalibala and Lynne Elson

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RAPIDS evaluation final report 2005-2009 key findings, Louis Apicella, Katie D. Schenk, and Hena Khan

Submissions from 2009

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Commercial sex workers in five Ethiopian cities: A baseline survey for USAID Targeted HIV Prevention Program for most-at-risk populations, Woldemariam Girma and Annabel Erulkar

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Evaluation of HIV counseling and testing in ANC settings and adherence to short course antiretroviral prophylaxis for PMTCT in Francistown, Botswana, Carolyn Baek, Tracy Creek, Lee Ann Jones, Louis Apicella, Jennifer Redner, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Family centred approach for HIV services: Pilot study in South Africa, Meredith Sheehy, Nomtandazo Patricia Mini, Tonicah Maphanga, and Scott E. Kellerman

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Final evaluation of the project for expanding the role of networks of people living with HIV/AIDS, Young-Mi Kim, John Lukwago, and Stella Neema

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Formative evaluation: Presidential Initiative on AIDS Strategy for Communication to Youth, Netsayi N. Mudege and Chi-Chi Undie

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Hospice Africa Uganda: End-of-project evaluation of palliative care services, Annette Bongiovanni and Mary Alexis Greenan

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Pilot community-based intervention to address the needs of elderly caregivers in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa, Priscilla Reddy, Shegs James, H. Mutumba Bilay-Boon, Eka Esu-Williams, and Hena Khan

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Technical assistance to the Uganda AIDS Commission for operationallisation of the performance monitoring and management plan, Frederick Makumbi, Roy Mayega, David Kisitu, Juliet Sekandi, Denis A. Bwesigye, Robert Miller, and Sam Kalibala

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The AFFORD Health Marketing Initiative in Uganda: Mid-term evaluation, Oleksandr Rohozynsky, Christie Billingsley, and Annette Bongiovanni

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The overlooked epidemic: Addressing HIV prevention and treatment among men who have sex with men in sub-Saharan Africa, National AIDS Control Council of Kenya and Population Council

Submissions from 2008

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Assessment of risk factors for HIV infection among men who have sex with men in the metropolitan area of Campinas City, Brazil, using respondent-driven sampling, Maeve de Mello, Adriana de Araujo Pinho, Magda Chinaglia, Waimar Tun, Aristides Barbosa Junior, Maria Cristina, F.J. Ilario, Paulo Reis, Regina C.S. Salles, Suzanne Westman, and Juan Diaz

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Assessment of risk factors for HIV infection in female sex workers and men who have sex with men in Ciudad del Este, Paraguay, Magda Chinaglia, Waimar Tun, Maeve Mello, Magdalena Insfran, and Juan Diaz

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Caring for caregivers: An HIV/AIDS workplace intervention for hospital staff in Zambia—Evaluation results, Karusa Kiragu, Mutinta Nyumbu, Thabale J. Ngulube, Panganani Njobvu, Chilufya Mwaba, Arthur Kalimbwe, and Spike Bradford

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Catalyzing personal and social change around gender, sexuality, and HIV: Impact evaluation of Puntos de Encuentro´s communication strategy in Nicaragua, Irela Solorzano, Amy Bank, Rodolfo Pena, Henry Espinoza, Mary Ellsberg, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Consentement éclairé dans les essais de prévention du VIH: Points saillants d'un atelier international, Population Council

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Consentimento informado nos ensaios de prevenção do HIV: Pontos altos dum workshop internacional, Population Council

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Consentimiento informado en ensayos de prevención del VIH: Aspectos destacados de un taller internacional, Population Council

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If you build it, will they come? Kenya healthy start pediatric HIV study: A diagnostic study investigating barriers to HIV treatment and care among children, Karusa Kiragu, Katie D. Schenk, Julie Murugi, and Avina Sarna

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Improving hospital-based quality of care in Vietnam by reducing HIV-related stigma and discrimination, Khuat Thi Hai Oanh, Kim Ashburn, Julie Pulerwitz, Jessica Ogden, and Laura Nyblade

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Informed consent in HIV prevention trials: Highlights from an international workshop, Population Council

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Is it feasible to integrate alcohol-related risk reduction counseling into VCT services? Findings from Kenya, Caroline Mackenzie, Karusa Kiragu, George Odingo, Rukia Yassin, Peter Shikuku, Patrick Angala, Nduku Kilonzo, William Sinkele, and Melania Akinyi

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Migration/mobility and vulnerability to HIV among male migrant workers: Andhra Pradesh 2007-08, Niranjan Saggurti, Anrudh K. Jain, Saumya RamaRao, Hanimi Reddy Modugu, Ajay Kumar Singh, Suvakanta N. Swain, and Ravi K. Verma

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Migration/mobility and vulnerability to HIV among male migrant workers: Karnataka 2007-08, Shiva S. Halli, Raluca Buzdugan, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Stephen Moses, James Blanchard, Anrudh K. Jain, Saumya RamaRao, Ajay Kumar Singh, and Suvakanta N. Swain

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Migration/mobility and vulnerability to HIV among male migrant workers: Maharashtra 2007-08, K. Anil Kumar, Shalini Bharat, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Anrudh K. Jain, Saumya RamaRao, Kanchan Mukherjee, Ajay Kumar Singh, and Suvakanta N. Swain

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Migration/mobility and vulnerability to HIV among male migrant workers: Tamil Nadu 2007-08, Anjaneyalu Subbiah, S. Ramachandran, A.K. Ravi Shankar, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Anrudh K. Jain, Saumya RamaRao, Suvakanta N. Swain, and Ajay Kumar Singh

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Moving forward: Tackling stigma in a Tanzanian community, Laura Nyblade, Kerry MacQuarrie, Gideon Kwesigabo, Aparna Jain, Lusajo Kajula, Fausta Philip, William Henerico Tibesigwa, and Jessie K. Mbwambo

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Patterns of migration/mobility and HIV risk among female sex workers: Andhra Pradesh 2007-08, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Hanimi Reddy Modugu, Saumya RamaRao, Ajay Kumar Singh, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, and Anrudh K. Jain

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Patterns of migration/mobility and HIV risk among female sex workers: Karnataka 2007-08, Shiva S. Halli, Raluca Buzdugan, Ravi K. Verma, Stephen Moses, James Blanchard, Anrudh K. Jain, Saumya RamaRao, Suvakanta N. Swain, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Patterns of migration/mobility and HIV risk among female sex workers: Maharashtra 2007-08, Niranjan Saggurti, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Rajendra Singh, Saumya RamaRao, Suvakanta N. Swain, Ajay Kumar Singh, Anrudh K. Jain, and Ravi K. Verma

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Patterns of migration/mobility and HIV risk among female sex workers: Tamil Nadu 2007-08, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Suvakanta N. Swain, Hanimi Reddy Modugu, Ajay Kumar Singh, Saumya RamaRao, and Anrudh K. Jain

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Promoting gender equity as a strategy to reduce HIV risk and gender-based violence among young men in India, Ravi K. Verma, Julie Pulerwitz, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Sujata Khandekar, A.K. Singh, S.S. Das, Sunil Mehra, Anita Nura, and Gary Barker

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Propiciando cambio personal y social alrededor del género, sexualidad y VIH: Evaluación de impacto de la estrategia de comunicación de Puntos de Encuentro en Nicaragua, Irela Solorzano, Amy Bank, Rodolfo Pena, Henry Espinoza, Mary Ellsberg, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Repositioning postnatal care in a high HIV environment: Swaziland, Charlotte E. Warren, Rachel Shongwe, Allen Waligo, Mohammed Mahdi, Goldy Mazia, and Indira Narayanan

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School as a workplace in Kenya: Evaluation of the Teachers Matter HIV/AIDS project, Karusa Kiragu, Caroline Mackenzie, Jennifer Weiss, Murungaru Kimani, and Debbie Gachuhi