The Population Council's HIV and AIDS program is devoted to understanding and slowing the spread of the HIV epidemic. Through biomedical and behavioral research, the Council expands access to innovative and effective products and services, with a focus on the hardest-to-reach, most marginalized populations.

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Submissions from 2007

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The Straight Talk Campaign in Uganda: Impact of mass media initiatives—Summary report, Susan E. Adamchak, Karusa Kiragu, Cathy Watson, Medard Muhwezi, Tobey C. Nelson, Ann Akia-Fiedler, Richard Kibombo, and Milka Juma

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Transcending boundaries to improve the food security of HIV-affected households in rural Uganda: A case study, Katharine Coon, Jessica Ogden, John Odolon, Anthony Obudi-Owor, Charles Otim, James Byakigga, and Peter Spebanja

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Understanding and measuring AIDS-related stigma in health care settings: A developing country perspective, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Laelia Gilborn, Shalini Bharat, Rupa Mudoi, Indrani Gupta, Bitra George, Luke Samson, Celine Daly, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Voices from the street: Comics for young men on masculinity, sexuality and HIV—An evidence-based communication initiative, Vijaya Nidadavolu, Leena Joshi, Vinita Nathani, Atanu Ghosh, and Isidore Phillips

Submissions from 2006

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ABC messages for HIV prevention in Kenya: Clarity and confusion, barriers and facilitators, Julie Pulerwitz, Tiffany Lillie, Louis Apicella, Ann P. McCauley, Tobey C. Nelson, Simon Ochieng, Peter Mwarogo, Karusa Kiragu, and Edward Kunyanga

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ABCs for HIV prevention in Kenya: Messages, beliefs, and barriers, Julie Pulerwitz, Tiffany Lillie, Louis Apicella, Ann P. McCauley, Tobey C. Nelson, Simon Ochieng, Peter Mwarogo, Karusa Kiragu, and Edward Kunyanga

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Challenging and changing gender attitudes among young men in Mumbai, India, Ravi K. Verma, Julie Pulerwitz, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Sujata Khandekar, Gary Barker, P. Fulpagare, and S.K. Singh

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Context and dynamics of male-to-male sexual behavior of truckers in India: Findings from a multi-site qualitative research study, Ravi K. Verma, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Pertti J. Pelto, Sarat Chandra Pradhan, and Vibha Singh

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Context and dynamics of same-sex behavior among long-distance truckers in India: Findings from qualitative research, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Ravi K. Verma, Pertti J. Pelto, Sarat Chandra Pradhan, Vibha Singh, Asha Rao, and Tarun Vij

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Examining adherence and sexual behavior among patients on antiretroviral therapy in India, Avina Sarna, Indrani Gupta, Sanjay Pujari, A.K. Sengar, Rajiv Garg, and Ellen Weiss

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Expanding pediatric access to antiretroviral therapy in South Africa, Desiree Michaels, Brian Eley, Lewis Ndhlovu, Naomi Rutenberg, and Hena Khan

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Exploring current practices in pediatric ARV rollout and integration with early childhood programs in South Africa: A rapid situation analysis, Desiree Michaels, Brian Eley, Lewis Ndhlovu, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Gender, sexual behaviour and vulnerability among young people, Christine Ricardo, Gary Barker, Julie Pulerwitz, and Valeria Rocha

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Informed Consent in HIV Prevention Trials: Report of an International Workshop, C. Elizabeth McGrory, Barbara Friedland, Cynthia Woodsong, and Kathleen M. MacQueen

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Involving men in reproductive health: Contributions to development, Margaret E. Greene, Manisha Mehta, Julie Pulerwitz, Deirdre Wulf, Akinrinola Bankole, and Susheela Singh

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Orphans and vulnerable youth in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe: An exploratory study of psychosocial well-being and psychosocial support, Laelia Gilborn, Louis Apicella, Jonathan Brakarsh, Linda Dube, Kyle Jemison, Mark Kluckow, Tricia Smith, and Leslie M. Snider

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Preparedness for HIV/AIDS service delivery: The 2005 Kenya health workers survey, National AIDS and STD Control Programme and Ministry of Health Kenya

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Promoting gender equity among young Brazilian men as an HIV/AIDS prevention strategy, Julie Pulerwitz, Gary Barker, Marcio Segundo, and Marcos Nascimento

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Promoting more gender-equitable norms and behaviors among young men as an HIV/AIDS prevention strategy, Julie Pulerwitz, Gary Barker, Marcio Segundo, and Marcos Nascimento

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Reducing AIDS-related stigma and discrimination in Indian hospitals, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Laelia Gilborn, Bitra George, Luke Samson, Rupa Mudoi, Sarita Jadav, Indrani Gupta, Shalini Bharat, and Celine Daly

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Reducing stigma and discrimination in hospitals: Positive findings from India, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Laelia Gilborn, Bitra George, Luke Samson, Rupa Mudoi, Sarita Jadav, Indrani Gupta, Shalini Bharat, and Celine Daly

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Shifting support for inequitable gender norms among young Indian men to reduce HIV risk and partner violence, Ravi K. Verma, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Julie Pulerwitz, Sujata Khandekar, Gary Barker, P. Fulpagare, and S.K. Singh

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Strengthening care and support services in the era of treatment: Symposium report, Horizons Program

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Understanding barriers and challenges to effective community participation in the rollout of HIV/AIDS treatment and care services: Report on research results dissemination meetings, Population Council and Health Systems Trust

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Understanding barriers to community participation in HIV and AIDS services: Final report, Ashnie Padarath, Catherine Searle, and Eka Esu-Williams

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Understanding barriers to community participation in HIV and AIDS services: Summary report, Population Council and Health Systems Trust

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Understanding the HIV/STI prevention needs of men who have sex with men in Kenya, Washington Onyango-Ouma, Harriet Birungi, and Scott Geibel

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Yaari Dosti: Young Men Redefine Masculinity, A Training Manual, Horizons Program, CORO for Literacy, MAMTA, and Instituto Promundo

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Yaari Dosti: Young Men Redefine Masculinity, A Training Manual [Hindi], Horizons Program, CORO for Literacy, MAMTA, and Instituto Promundo

Submissions from 2005

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Addressing the family planning needs of HIV-positive PMTCT clients: Baseline findings from an operations research study, Carolyn Baek and Naomi Rutenberg

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Ethical Approaches to Gathering Information from Children and Adolescents in International Settings: Guidelines and Resources, Katie D. Schenk and Jan Williamson

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Programmatic implications of a cost study of home-based care programs in South Africa, Rick Homan and Catherine Searle

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Programming for HIV prevention in South African schools: A report on program implementation, Priscilla Reddy, Shegs James, and Ann P. McCauley

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Psychosocial support for children, Alison Clarke, Sherry Hutchinson, and Ellen Weiss

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Reducing the transmission of HIV and sexually transmitted infections in a mining community: Findings from the Carletonville Mothusimpilo intervention project: 1998 to 2001, Lewis Ndhlovu, Catherine Searle, Johannes van Dam, Yodwa Mzaidume, Bareng Rasego, and Solly Moema

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Reproductive intentions and choices among HIV-infected individuals in Cape Town, South Africa: Lessons for reproductive policy and service provision from a qualitative study, Diane Cooper, Hillary J. Bracken, Landon Myer, Virginia Zweigenthal, Jane Harries, Phyllis Orner, Nontuthuzelo Manjezi, and Pumeza Ngubane

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Understanding the HIV/STI risks and prevention needs of men who have sex with men in Nairobi, Kenya, Washington Onyango-Ouma, Harriet Birungi, and Scott Geibel

Submissions from 2004

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Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy in Adults: A Guide for Trainers, Horizons Program, International Centre for Reproductive Health, and Mombasa Coast Province General Hospital

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A rapid situation analysis of the access to care project in Northern Thailand, Ratana Panpanich

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Attracting youth to voluntary counseling and testing services in Uganda, Ann P. McCauley, Milka Juma, Edward Kirumira, Nelson Kakande, Scott Geibel, C. Hitimana-Lukanika, Daniel Lukenge, and Edith Mukisa

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Challenges faced by households in caring for orphans and vulnerable children, Population Council

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Combinando estrategias comunitarias y política gubernamental para prevenir la infección del VIH en la República Dominicana, Deanna Kerrigan, Luis Moreno, Santo Rosario, Bayardo Gomez, Hector Jerez, Ellen Weiss, Johannes van Dam, Eva Roca, Clare Barrington, and Michael D. Sweat

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Combining community approaches and government policy to reduce HIV risk in the Dominican Republic, Deanna Kerrigan, Luis Moreno, Bayardo Gomez, Hector Jerez, Ellen Weiss, Johannes van Dam, Eva Roca, Clare Barrington, and Michael D. Sweat

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Community approaches and government policy reduce HIV risk in the Dominican Republic, Deanna Kerrigan, Luis Moreno, Bayardo Gomez, Hector Jerez, Ellen Weiss, Johannes van Dam, Eva Roca, Clare Barrington, and Michael D. Sweat

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Equitable access to HIV counseling and testing for youth in developing countries: A review of current practice, Ann P. McCauley

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Expanding care and support in South India: Scaling up YRG CARE's patient-centered approach, YRG CARE, Horizons Program, and International HIV/AIDS Alliance

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Expanding the care continuum for HIV/AIDS: Bringing carers into focus, Jessica Ogden, Simel Esim, and Caren Grown

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Intervenciones comunitarias y política gubernamental reducen el riesgo del VIH en la República Dominicana, Deanna Kerrigan, Luis Moreno, Bayardo Gomez, Hector Jerez, Ellen Weiss, Johannes van Dam, Eva Roca, Clare Barrington, and Michael D. Sweat

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Involving young people in the care and support of people living with HIV/AIDS in Zambia, Eka Esu-Williams, Katie D. Schenk, Joseph Motsepe, Scott Geibel, and Anderson Zulu

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Maximizing resources to meet client needs: Evaluation of a comprehensive HIV/AIDS care and support model in India, YRG CARE, Horizons Program, and International HIV/AIDS Alliance

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Paving the Path: Preparing for Microbicide Introduction—Report of a Qualitative Study in South Africa, Julie Becker, Rasha Dabash, C. Elizabeth McGrory, Diane Cooper, Jane Harries, Margaret Hoffman, Jennifer Moodley, Phyllis Orner, and Hillary J. Bracken

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Paving the Path: Preparing for Microbicide Introduction—Report of a Qualitative Study in South Africa [Executive Summary], Julie Becker, Rasha Dabash, C. Elizabeth McGrory, Diane Cooper, Jane Harries, Margaret Hoffman, Jennifer Moodley, Phyllis Orner, and Hillary J. Bracken

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Review of field experiences: Integration of family planning and PMTCT services, Naomi Rutenberg and Carolyn Baek

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Strengthening STI treatment and HIV/AIDS prevention services in Carletonville, South Africa, Lewis Ndhlovu, Catherine Searle, and Johannes van Dam

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Succession planning in Uganda: Early outreach for AIDS-affected children and their families, Horizons Program, Makerere University Department of Sociology, and Plan Uganda

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The role of incentives in encouraging workplace HIV/AIDS policies and programs, Simon Baker, Srisuman Sartsara, Patchara Rumakom, Philip Guest, Katie D. Schenk, Anthony Pramualratana, Suparat Suksakulwat, Surachai Panakitsuwan, and Sikarat Moonmeung

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Transitions to adulthood in the context of AIDS in South Africa: The impact of exposure to life skills education on adolescent knowledge, skills, and behavior, The Transitions to Adulthood Study Team

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Using incentives to encourage AIDS programs and policies in the workplace: A study of feasibility and impact in Thailand, Simon Baker, Srisuman Sartsara, Patchara Rumakom, Philip Guest, Katie D. Schenk, Anthony Pramualratana, Suparat Suksakulwat, Surachai Panakitsuwan, and Sikarat Moonmeung

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Vulnerability and intervention opportunities: Research findings on youth and HIV/AIDS in South Africa, Population Council

Submissions from 2003

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Empowering communities to respond to HIV/AIDS: Ndola Demonstration Project on Maternal and Child Health: Operations research final report, Hope Humana, LINKAGES, National Food and Nutrition Commission, Ndola District Health Management Team, Horizons Program, and Zambia Integrated Health Project

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Microfinance and households coping with HIV/AIDS in Zimbabwe: An exploratory study, Carolyn Barnes, Erica Keogh, Nontokozo Nemarundwe, Loveness Nyikahadzoi, and Ellen Weiss

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Reproductive health services in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa: A situation analysis study focusing on HIV/AIDS services, Lewis Ndhlovu, Catherine Searle, Robert A. Miller, Andrew A. Fisher, Ester Snyman, and Nancy L. Sloan

Submissions from 2002

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HIV/AIDS Prevention Guidance for Reproductive Health Professionals in Developing-Country Settings, Helen Epstein, Daniel Whelan, Janneke van de Wijgert, Purnima Mane, and Suman Mehta

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Meeting the sexual health needs of men who have sex with men in Senegal, Cheikh Ibrahima Niang, Moustapha Diagne, Youssoupha Niang, Amadou Moreau, Dominique Gomis, Maye Diouf, Karim Seck, Abdoulaye Sidibe Wade, Placide Tapsoba, and Christopher Castle

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Satisfaire aux besoins de santé des hommes qui ont des rapports sexuels avec d’autres hommes au Sénégal, Cheikh Ibrahima Niang, Moustapha Diagne, Youssoupha Niang, Amadou Moreau, Dominique Gomis, Maye Diouf, Karim Seck, Abdoulaye Sidibe Wade, Placide Tapsoba, and Christopher Castle

Submissions from 2001

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HIV and partner violence: Implications for HIV voluntary counseling and testing programs in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, Suzanne Maman, Jessie K. Mbwambo, Margaret Hogan, Gad P. Kilonzo, Michael D. Sweat, and Ellen Weiss

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Prevention of trafficking and the care and support of trafficked persons in the context of an emerging HIV/AIDS epidemic in Nepal, Celine Daly

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The case for microbicides: A global priority, Kathy Attawell

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Transitions to adulthood in the context of AIDS in South Africa: Report of Wave I, Naomi Rutenberg, Cathrien Kehus-Alons, Lisanne Brown, Kate Macintyre, Anthea Dallimore, and Carol E. Kaufman

Submissions from 2000

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Measuring relationship power in HIV/STD research, Julie Pulerwitz, L. Steven Gortmaker, and William Dejong