The Population Council's HIV and AIDS program is devoted to understanding and slowing the spread of the HIV epidemic. Through biomedical and behavioral research, the Council expands access to innovative and effective products and services, with a focus on the hardest-to-reach, most marginalized populations.

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Submissions from 2016

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Knowledge and exercise of human rights, and barriers and facilitators to claiming rights: A cross-sectional study of female sex workers and high-risk men who have sex with men in Andhra Pradesh, India, Deepika Ganju, Sangram Kishor Patel, Parimi Prabhakar, and Rajatashuvra Adhikary

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Lessons learned from respondent-driven sampling recruitment in Nairobi: Experiences from the field, Jerry Okal, H. Fisher Raymond, Waimar Tun, Helgar Musyoki, Sufia Dadabhai, Dita Broz, Joan Nyamu, David Kuria, Nicholas Muraguri, and Scott Geibel

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Lifestyle health risk factors and multiple non-communicable diseases among the adult population in India: A cross-sectional study, Gopal Agrawal, Sangram Kishor Patel, and Ashok Agarwal

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Limited accessibility to HIV services for persons with disabilities living with HIV in Ghana, Uganda and Zambia, Waimar Tun, Jerry Okal, Katie D. Schenk, Selina F. Esantsi, Felix Mutale, Rita Kyeremaa, Edson Ngirabakunzi, Hilary Asiah, Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo, and Grimond Moono

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Maternal morbidity associated with violence and maltreatment from husbands and in-laws: Findings from Indian slum communities, Jay G. Silverman, Balaiah Donta, Julie Ritter, Anindita Dasgupta, Sabrina Boyce, Michele R. Decker, Dattaram D. Naik, Saritha Nair, Niranjan Saggurti, and Anita Raj

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Opportunities and challenges in conducting secondary analysis of HIV programmes using data from routine health information systems and personal health information, Stephen S. Gloyd, Bradley H. Wagenaar, Godfrey Woelk, and Sam Kalibala

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PrEP introduction for adolescent girls and young women, Sanyukta Mathur, Nanlesta Pilgrim, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Project SOAR's approach to research utilization, Project SOAR

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Project SOAR's voluntary medical male circumcision portfolio, Project SOAR

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Randomized evaluation and cost-effectiveness of HIV and sexual and reproductive health service referral and linkage models in Zambia, Paul C. Hewett, Mutinta Nalubamba, Fiammetta Bozzani, Jean Digitale, Lung Vu, Eileen Yam, and Mary Nambao

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Reducing HIV-related risk and mental health problems through a client-centred psychosocial intervention for vulnerable adolescents in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Nrupa Jani, Lung Vu, Lynnette Kay, Kassahun Habtamu, and Sam Kalibala

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Reducing provider-held stigma and improving young client satisfaction in Bangladesh: Findings from a Link Up evaluation, Population Council

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Relationship between community collectivization and financial vulnerability of female sex workers in southern India, Sangram Kishor Patel, Parimi Prabhakar, Anrudh K. Jain, Niranjan Saggurti, and Rajatashuvra Adhikary

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Relationship between mobility, violence and major depression among female sex workers: A cross-sectional study in southern India, Sangram Kishor Patel, Deepika Ganju, Parimi Prabhakar, and Rajatashuvra Adhikary

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Relationship between socio demographic characteristics and HIV indicators among women in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Zambia and Malawi based on DHS data, Sam Kalibala, Erick Oweya, and Lyson Phiri

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Reliability and validity of an interviewer-administered adaptation of the Youth Self-Report for mental health screening of vulnerable young people in Ethiopia, Scott Geibel, Kassahun Habtamu, Gebeyehu Mekonnen, Nrupa Jani, Lynnette Kay, Julyata Shibru, Lake Bedilu, and Sam Kalibala

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Results from a rapid national assessment of services for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Côte d’Ivoire, S. Adam Granato, Stephen S. Gloyd, Julia Robinson, Serge A. Dali, Irma Ahoba, David Aka, Seydou Kouyate, Doroux A. Billy, Sam Kalibala, and Ahoua Kone

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Retrospective review of task-shifting community-based programs supporting ARV treatment and retention in Uganda, Sam Kalibala, Jerry Okal, Brady Zieman, Nrupa Jani, Lung Vu, Josephine Birungi, Stephen Okoboi, Jonathan Wangisi, Christine Nabiryo, Joanne Lyavala Okullu, Michael Etukoit, Lydia Buzaalirwa, Augustine Lubanga, Paul Kiyingi, Jonathan Ikapule, Syson Nakyeyune, Stephen Nakibinge, Penninah Lutung, Samuel Waliggo, Joseph Nsamba, Yashien Wamanga, Joseph Kamya, Robina Sentongo, and Robert Yiga

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Sexual and reproductive health and rights needs of young men who live in the streets in Dhaka City: A Link Up exploratory study, Population Council

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Sexual and reproductive health knowledge, attitudes, and practices among early adolescents and young adults in Uganda: Findings from a Link Up exploratory study, Population Council

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Strengthening community-based services for children and families affected by HIV: An evaluation of the Zambia Family program, Project SOAR

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Uptake of condoms and lubricants remains low among Nigerian men who have sex with men despite availability and counseling at trusted community health centers, Trevor A. Crowell, Stefan Baral, Babajide Keshinro, Rebecca G. Nowak, Sheree Schwartz, Sylvia Adebajo, William A. Blattner, Manhattan E. Charurat, and Julie Ake

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Using peers to improve sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people living with HIV in Uganda: Findings from a Link Up evaluation, Population Council

Submissions from 2015

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Addressing mental health disorders and HIV vulnerability of marginalized adolescents in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Nrupa Jani, Lung Vu, Sam Kalibala, Gebeyehu Mekonnen, and Kay Lynn

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A model for translating ethnography and theory into culturally constructed clinical practices, Bonnie K. Nastasi, Jean J. Schensul, Stephen L. Schensul, Abdelwahed Mekki-Berrada, Pertti J. Pelto, Shubhada Maitra, Ravi K. Verma, and Niranjan Saggurti

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An assessment of comprehensive knowledge of HIV/AIDS among slum and non-slum populations in Delhi, India, Pravin K. Jha, Padum Narayan, Saritha Nair, Deepika Ganju, Damodar Sahu, and Arvind Pandey

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Annotated bibliography of Nigerian youth-focused HIV and sexual and reproductive health project publications (grey literature), Population Council

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Annotated bibliography of peer-reviewed literature related to the sexual and reproductive health of young people in Nigeria (2000-2014), Population Council

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Are truckers being over stigmatized as HIV carriers in India? Evidences from behavioral and biological cross-sectional surveys among clients of female sex workers, Damodar Sahu, Sowmya Ramesh, Ram Manohar Mishra, K. Srikanth Reddy, Reena Bharadwaj, Niranjan Saggurti, Arvind Pandey, Mandar Mainkar, and Bitra George

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ARV-based HIV prevention for women: State of the science and considerations for implementation in Zimbabwe. Report from a provider workshop, Population Council

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A secondary analysis of retention across the PMTCT cascade in selected countries: Rwanda, Malawi, Kenya, and Swaziland, Godfrey Woelk, Aida Y. Berhan, Kwashie Kudiabor, Martha Mukaminega, John On'gech, Epiphanie Nyirabahizi, Caspian Chouraya, David Kimosop, Dieudonne Ndatimana, Mafayo Phiri, and Heather Hoffman

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Association between general media exposure and sexual behavior among mobile female sex workers in India, Varun Sharma, Niranjan Saggurti, and Shalini Bharat

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Association between system reach and exposure to interventions and characteristics of mobile female sex workers in four high HIV prevalence states in India, Varun Sharma, Niranjan Saggurti, and Shalini Bharat

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Barriers to use contraceptive methods among rural young married couples in Maharashtra, India: Qualitative findings, Mohan Ghule, Anita Raj, Prajakta Palaye, Anindita Dasgupta, Saritha Nair, Niranjan Saggurti, Madhusudana Battala, and Balaiah Donta

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Burundi program implementation workshop, 3–5 June 2014: Link Up meeting report, Population Council and Alliance Burundaise contre le Sida

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Causes of death among HIV-infected adults registered in selected anti-retroviral therapy centers in north-eastern India, Chiranjeev Bhattacharjya, Damodar Sahu, Sangram Kishor Patel, Niranjan Saggurti, and Arvind Pandey

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Changing HIV epidemic in north-eastern India and its relationship with development and programmatic indicators, Chiranjeev Bhattacharjya, Sangram Kishor Patel, Samiran Panda, and Alok Kr. Deb

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Characteristics associated with HIV drug resistance among women screening for an HIV prevention trial in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, Barbara Mensch, Pamina M. Gorbach, Cliff Kelly, Photini Kiepiela, Kailazarid Gomez, Gita Ramjee, Shayhana Ganesh, Neetha S. Morar, Lydia Soto-Torres, and Urvi M. Parikh

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Contributions of an intensive HIV prevention programme in increasing HIV testing among men who have sex with men in Andhra Pradesh, India, Sowmya Ramesh, Purnima Mehrotra, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Correlates of mental depression among female sex workers in southern India, Sangram Kishor Patel, Niranjan Saggurti, Saroj Pachauri, and Parimi Prabhakar

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Differences in sexual practices, sexual behavior and HIV risk profile between adolescents and young persons in rural and urban Nigeria, Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Sylvia Adebajo, Adedayo Adeyemi, and Kayode Micheal Ogungbemi

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Disclosure of pharmacokinetic drug results to understand nonadherence, Ariane van der Straten, Elizabeth T. Montgomery, Petina Musara, Juliane Etima, Sarita Naidoo, Nicole Laborde, Miriam Hartmann, Lisa Levy, Thola Bennie, Helen Cheng, Jeanna Piper, Cynthia I. Grossman, Jeanne Marrazzo, and Barbara Mensch

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Do clinical decision-support reminders for medical providers improve isoniazid prescription rates among HIV-positive adults?, Eric P. Green, Caricia Catalani, Aggrey Keny, Lameck Diero, Charity Ndwiga, Dennis Israelski, and Paul Biondich

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Effectiveness of behavior change communications for reducing transmission risks among people living with HIV in 6 countries in Central America, Lung Vu, Benjamin Nieto-Andrade, Allison DiVincenzo, Jorge Rivas, Jennifer Wheeler, and Sussy Lungo

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Evaluating health workers’ knowledge following the introduction of clinical mentoring in Jigawa State, northern Nigeria, Ekechi Okereke, Jamilu Tukur, and Ayodeji Oginni

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Evaluating the effect of HIV prevention strategies on uptake of HIV counselling and testing among male most-at-risk-populations in Nigeria: A cross-sectional analysis, Sylvia Adebajo, George I. Eluwa, Jean Njab, Ayodeji Oginni, Francis Ukwuije, Babatunde A.O. Ahonsi, and Theo Lorenc

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Evaluating the impact of health system strengthening on HIV and sexual risk behaviors in Nigeria, George I. Eluwa, Sylvia Adebajo, Omokhudu Idogho, Oluwole Fajemisin, Jennifer Anyanti, and Babatunde A.O. Ahonsi

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Experiences with pregnancy among female sex workers in Ethiopia: A Link Up exploratory study, Population Council, Miz-Hasab Research Center, and Organization for Social Services for AIDS

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Factors associated with mental depression among men who have sex with men in southern India, Sangram Kishor Patel, Parimi Prabhakar, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Health care coverage among long-distance truckers in India: An evaluation based on the Tanahashi model, Varun Sharma, Niranjan Saggurti, and Shalini Bharat

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HIV and STI prevalence and injection behaviors among people who inject drugs in Nairobi: Results from a 2011 bio-behavioral study using respondent-driven sampling, Waimar Tun, Meredith Sheehy, Dita Broz, Jerry Okal, Nicholas Muraguri, H. Fisher Raymond, Helgar Musyoki, Andrea Kim, Mercy Muthui, and Scott Geibel

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HIV and STI prevalence and risk factors among male sex workers and other men who have sex with men in Nairobi, Kenya, Nicholas Muraguri, Waimar Tun, Jerry Okal, Dita Broz, H. Fisher Raymond, Timothy Kellogg, Sufia Dadabhai, Helgar Musyoki, Meredith Sheehy, David Kuria, Reinhard Kaiser, and Scott Geibel

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HIV, Hepatitis B and C among people who inject drugs: High prevalence of HIV and Hepatitis C RNA positive infections observed in Delhi, India, Lopamudra Saraswati, Avina Sarna, Mary Philip Sebastian, Vartika Sharma, Ira Madan, Ibou Thior, Julie Pulerwitz, and Waimar Tun

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HIV risk perception and risk behaviors among men who have sex with men in Nigeria, George I. Eluwa, Sylvia Adebajo, Stanley Luchters, and Babatunde A.O. Ahonsi

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Household debt and relation to intimate partner violence and husbands' attitudes toward gender norms: A study among young married couples in rural Maharashtra, India, Elizabeth Reed, Balaiah Donta, Anindita Dasgupta, Mohan Ghule, Madhusudana Battala, Saritha Nair, Jay G. Silverman, Arun Jadhav, Prajakta Palaye, Niranjan Saggurti, and Anita Raj

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Implementation of a confidential helpline for men having sex with men in India, Ashok Agarwal, Myriam Hamdallah, Suvakanta N. Swain, Sonali Mukherjee, Neetu Singh, Sudip Mahapatra, Elizabeth J. King, Julie Pulerwitz, and Ibou Thior

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Improving hospital-based quality of care by reducing HIV-related stigma: Evaluation results from Vietnam, Julie Pulerwitz, Khuat Thi Hai Oanh, Dayo Akinwolemiwa, Kim Ashburn, and Laura Nyblade

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Introducing antiretroviral (ARV)-based prevention products for women: A guide to strategic decisionmaking and planning, Population Council

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Learning from women about HIV risk, HIV testing behaviors, and prevention practices in Mpumalanga, South Africa: A descriptive study to inform microbicides introduction, Martha Brady, Saiqa Mullick, Barbara Friedland, Marlena Gehret Plagianos, Linda Du Plessis, and Thabiso Mango

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Male sex workers: Practices, contexts, and vulnerabilities for HIV acquisition and transmission, Stefan Baral, M. Reuel Friedman, Scott Geibel, Kevin Rebe, Borche Bozhinov, Daouda Diouf, Keith Sabin, Claire E. Holland, Roy Chan, and Carlos F. Caceres

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Prevalence of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and risk behaviors among female sex workers in Nairobi, Kenya: Results of a respondent driven sampling study, Helgar Musyoki, Timothy Kellogg, Scott Geibel, Nicholas Muraguri, Jerry Okal, Waimar Tun, H. Fisher Raymond, Sufia Dadabhai, Meredith Sheehy, and Andrea Kim

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Public participation of men who have sex with men in the context of community empowerment in India, Karikalan Nagarajan, Seema Sagay, Deepika Ganju, and Ramesh S. Paranjape

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REacH: Randomized Evaluation of HIV/FP Service Models, Paul C. Hewett, Mutinta Nalubamba, Fiammetta Bozzani, Mardieh Dennis, Jean Digitale, Lung Vu, Eileen Yam, and Mary Nambao

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Sexual and reproductive health among young female sex workers in Bangladesh brothels—Baseline findings from Link Up, Population Council

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Sexual and reproductive health and rights among young people living with HIV in Uganda: Findings from the Link Up baseline survey, Population Council

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Sexual health and HIV risk behaviors of men who have sex with men in Myanmar—Baseline findings from Link Up, Population Council and Burnet Institute

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The WHO concept of sexual health applied to an urban poor community in Mumbai, India, Purnima Mehrotra, Stephen L. Schensul, Niranjan Saggurti, Joseph A. Burleson, and Shubhada Maitra

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To tell or not to tell: Male partner engagement in a Phase 3 microbicide efficacy trial in South Africa, Christine A. Kelly, Barbara Friedland, Neetha S. Morar, Lauren L. Katzen, Gita Ramjee, Mathila Mokgatle, and Khatija Ahmed

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Trend and determinants of unmet need for family planning services among currently married women and sexually active unmarried women aged 15–49 in Nigeria (2003–2013), Ayodeji Oginni, Babatunde A.O. Ahonsi, and Sylvia Adebajo

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Trends in HIV prevalence, sexual and health seeking behaviors, and HIV-related discrimination among Nigerian youth, Population Council

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Using a 2-stage strategy with respondent-driven sampling to recruit a hard-to-reach population for a placebo microbicide gel clinical trial in Nellore, Andhra Pradesh (India), Waimar Tun, Lauren L. Katzen, Sharon Abbott, Aylur K. Srikrishnan, Christine A. Kelly, Avina Sarna, Barbara Friedland, Suniti Solomon, and Barbara Mensch

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‘Women at risk’: The health and social vulnerabilities of the regular female partners of men who inject drugs in Delhi, India, Vartika Sharma, Avina Sarna, Stanley Luchters, Mary Philip Sebastian, Olivier Degomme, Lopamudra Saraswati, Ira Madan, Ibou Thior, and Waimar Tun

Submissions from 2014

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Aligning product development and user perspectives: Social-behavioural dimensions of multipurpose prevention technologies, Martha Brady and Elizabeth E. Tolley

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An appraisal of sexual behaviors, STI/HIV prevalence, and HIV prevention programs among truckers in India: A critical literature review, Damodar Sahu, Arvind Pandey, Ram Manohar Mishra, Niranjan Saggurti, Shekhar Sethu, and Indra Raj Singh

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An overview of the HIV prevention landscape in Zimbabwe: Implications for tenofovir gel, Population Council

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Baseline survey of Nigerian media coverage of youth sexual and reproductive health and HIV and AIDS related issues, January 1st–December 31st, 2012, Population Council

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Brief report: Parent–adolescent child concordance in social norms related to gender equity in marriage—Findings from rural India, Anita Raj, Mohan Ghule, Madhusudana Battala, Anindita Dasgupta, Julie Ritter, Saritha Nair, Niranjan Saggurti, Jay G. Silverman, and Balaiah Donta

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Circular labor migration and HIV in India: Exploring heterogeneity in bridge populations connecting areas of high and low HIV infection prevalence, Tanvi Rai, Helen S. Lambert, Annick B. Borquez, Niranjan Saggurti, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, and Helen Ward

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Comparison of audio computer assisted self-interview and face-to-face interview methods in eliciting HIV-related risks among men who have sex with men and men who inject drugs in Nigeria, Sylvia Adebajo, Otibho Obianwu, George I. Eluwa, and Lung Vu

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Degree of male mobility as a risk factor for HIV in high in-migration districts of Maharashtra, India, Dipak Suryawanshi, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Varun Sharma, K. Anil Kumar, Niranjan Saggurti, and Shalini Bharat

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Development and pilot testing of HIV screening program integration within public/primary health centers providing antenatal care services in Maharashtra, India, Suchitra V. Bindoria, Ramesh Devkar, Indrani Gupta, Virupax Ranebennur, Niranjan Saggurti, Sowmya Ramesh, Dilip Deshmukh, and Sanjeev Singh Gaikwad

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Documentation of HIV prevention research and programmatic learnings from India—Selected peer-reviewed journal articles and key highlights: 2013-2014 (Volume 2), Population Council

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Effectiveness of a combination prevention strategy for HIV risk reduction with men who have sex with men in Central America: A mid-term evaluation, Rebecca Firestone, Jorge Rivas, Sussy Lungo, A. Cabrera, S. Ruether, Jennifer Wheeler, and Lung Vu

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Enrollment of adolescents aged 16–17 years old in microbicide trials: An evidence-based approach, Katie D. Schenk, Barbara Friedland, Michelle Chau, Marie Stoner, Marlena Gehret Plagianos, Stephanie Skoler-Karpoff, Thesla Palanee-Phillips, Khatija Ahmed, Mary-Jane Malebo Ratlhagana, Pamela Nombali Mthembu, and Nomampondomise Ngcozela

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Factors associated with acceptability of HIV self-testing among health care workers in Kenya, Sam Kalibala, Waimar Tun, Peter Cherutich, Anne Nganga, Erick Oweya, and Patricia Oluoch

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Financial inclusion of marginalised key populations in southern India, Parimi Prabhakar, Sangram Kishor Patel, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Formative research to develop an intervention for addressing mental health/psychosocial issues and HIV vulnerability of marginalized adolescents in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Nrupa Jani and Katie D. Schenk

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From addiction to infection: Managing drug abuse in the context of HIV/AIDS in Africa, Taiwo Akindipe, Lolade Abiodun, Sylvia Adebajo, Rahman Lawal, and Solomon Rataemane

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High HIV incidence in a cohort of male injection drug users in Delhi, India, Avina Sarna, Lopamudra Saraswati, Mary Philip Sebastian, Vartika Sharma, Ira Madan, Dean Lewis, Julie Pulerwitz, Ibou Thior, and Waimar Tun

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High levels of bisexual behavior and factors associated with bisexual behavior among men having sex with men (MSM) in Nigeria, Meredith Sheehy, Waimar Tun, Lung Vu, Sylvia Adebajo, Otibho Obianwu, and Andrew Karlyn

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HIV/AIDS vulnerabilities, discrimination, and service accessibility among Africa's youth: Insights from a multi-country study, Babatunde A.O. Ahonsi, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Scott Geibel, Sam Kalibala, Jerry Okal, Babacar Mane, Nathi Sohaba, Julialynne Walker, and Eric P. Green

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HIV/AIDS vulnerabilities, discrimination, and service accessibility among Nigeria's youth, Population Council

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HIV/AIDS vulnerabilities, discrimination, and service accessibility of Nigeria's youth: Summary of study findings, Population Council

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HIV risk behaviors of male injecting drug users and associated non-condom use with regular female sexual partners in north-east India, Ritu Kumar Mishra, Deepika Ganju, Sowmya Ramesh, Melody Lalmuanpuii, Langkham Biangtung, Chumben Humtsoe, and Niranjan Saggurti

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If you build it, will they come? A qualitative investigation into community barriers to accessing paediatric HIV services in Kenya, Katie D. Schenk, Karusa Kiragu, Julie Murugi, and Avina Sarna

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Impact of the RHANI Wives intervention on marital conflict and sexual coercion, Niranjan Saggurti, Saritha Nair, Jay G. Silverman, Dattaram D. Naik, Madhusudana Battala, Anindita Dasgupta, Balaiah Donta, and Anita Raj

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Integration of HIV and other health programmes: Implications and challenges, Sangram Kishor Patel

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Investing in communities: Evaluating the added value of community mobilization on HIV prevention outcomes among FSWs in India, Anne Sebert Kuhlmann, Christine Galavotti, Philip Hastings, Pradeep Narayanan, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Making the cut: Evidence-based lessons for improving the informed consent process for voluntary medical male circumcision in Swaziland and Zambia, Katie D. Schenk, Barbara Friedland, Meredith Sheehy, Louis Apicella, and Paul C. Hewett

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Male circumcision and sexual risk behaviors may contribute to considerable ethnic disparities in HIV prevalence in Kenya: An ecological analysis, Chris Richard Kenyon, Lung Vu, Joris Menten, and Brendan Maughan-Brown