The Population Council's HIV and AIDS program is devoted to understanding and slowing the spread of the HIV epidemic. Through biomedical and behavioral research, the Council expands access to innovative and effective products and services, with a focus on the hardest-to-reach, most marginalized populations.

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Submissions from 2011

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Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men and injecting drug users and validation of audio computer-assisted self interview (ACASI) technique in Abuja, Lagos, and Ibadan, Nigeria: Technical report, Enhancing Nigeria's HIV/AIDS Response (ENR) Programme

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Situation assessment of the HIV response among young people in Zambia, Sam Kalibala and Drosin Mulenga

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What regulatory guidance exists for multipurpose prevention technologies (MPTs)? A review of key guidance documents and their applicability to MPTs, Martha Brady and Heeyoung Park

Submissions from 2010

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Addressing gender dynamics and engaging men in HIV programs: Lessons learned from Horizons research, Julie Pulerwitz, Annie P. Michaelis, Ravi K. Verma, and Ellen Weiss

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Factors affecting enrolment of PLHIV into ART services in India, Avina Sarna, Damodar Bachani, Mary Philip Sebastian, Ruchi Sogarwal, and Madhusudana Battala

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Looking back, moving forward: Access to antiretroviral therapy for HIV infected adults and children in developing countries: Horizons Studies, 2002 to 2008, Avina Sarna and Scott E. Kellerman

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Looking back, moving forward: Implementing PMTCT programs in resource-constrained settings, Horizons studies 1999 to 2007, Carolyn Baek and Naomi Rutenberg

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Looking back, moving forward: Improving the lives of orphans and other children affected by AIDS, Horizons studies 1998 to 2007, Katie D. Schenk, Annie P. Michaelis, Tobey C. Nelson, Lisanne Brown, and Ellen Weiss

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Looking back, moving forward: Promoting gender equity to fight HIV, Horizons studies 1999 to 2007, Julie Pulerwitz, Annie P. Michaelis, and Ellen Weiss

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Looking back, moving forward: Reducing HIV-related stigma, Horizons studies 2000 to 2007, Julie Pulerwitz, Annie P. Michaelis, Ellen Weiss, Lisanne Brown, and Vaishali Sharma Mahendra

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Looking back, moving forward: Understanding the HIV risk and sexual health needs of men who have sex with men, Horizons studies 2001 to 2008, Scott Geibel, Waimar Tun, Placide Tapsoba, and Scott E. Kellerman

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Monitoring and Evaluation of the Emergency Plan Progress (MEEPP): End-of-project evaluation, Sam Kalibala

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PEPFAR special initiative on sexual and gender-based violence: Baseline report, Lynne Elson and Jill Keesbury

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Prevention with positives: How do we reach them in the community?, Avina Sarna, Jerry Okal, Stanley Luchters, Nzioki King'ola, and Scott Geibel

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Protecting hope: Situation analysis of vulnerable children in Uganda 2009, Sam Kalibala and Lynne Elson

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RAPIDS evaluation final report 2005-2009 key findings, Louis Apicella, Katie D. Schenk, and Hena Khan

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Reducing HIV-related stigma: Lessons learned from Horizons research and programs, Julie Pulerwitz, Annie P. Michaelis, Ellen Weiss, Lisanne Brown, and Vaishali Sharma Mahendra

Submissions from 2009

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Commercial sex workers in five Ethiopian cities: A baseline survey for USAID Targeted HIV Prevention Program for most-at-risk populations, Woldemariam Girma and Annabel Erulkar

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Evaluation of HIV counseling and testing in ANC settings and adherence to short course antiretroviral prophylaxis for PMTCT in Francistown, Botswana, Carolyn Baek, Tracy Creek, Lee Ann Jones, Louis Apicella, Jennifer Redner, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Family centred approach for HIV services: Pilot study in South Africa, Meredith Sheehy, Nomtandazo Patricia Mini, Tonicah Maphanga, and Scott E. Kellerman

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Final evaluation of the project for expanding the role of networks of people living with HIV/AIDS, Young-Mi Kim, John Lukwago, and Stella Neema

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Formative evaluation: Presidential Initiative on AIDS Strategy for Communication to Youth, Netsayi N. Mudege and Chi-Chi Undie

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HIV testing, treatment and prevention: Generic tools for operational research, Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer, Sarah Bott, Patrizia Carrieri, Michelle Parsons, Julie Pulerwitz, Naomi Rutenberg, and Avina Sarna

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Hospice Africa Uganda: End-of-project evaluation of palliative care services, Annette Bongiovanni and Mary Alexis Greenan

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Kenyan in-school youths' level of understanding of abstinence, being faithful, and consistent condom use terms: Implications for HIV-prevention programs, Tiffany Lillie, Julie Pulerwitz, and Barbara Curbow

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Pilot community-based intervention to address the needs of elderly caregivers in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa, Priscilla Reddy, Shegs James, H. Mutumba Bilay-Boon, Eka Esu-Williams, and Hena Khan

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Technical assistance to the Uganda AIDS Commission for operationallisation of the performance monitoring and management plan, Frederick Makumbi, Roy Mayega, David Kisitu, Juliet Sekandi, Denis A. Bwesigye, Robert Miller, and Sam Kalibala

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The AFFORD Health Marketing Initiative in Uganda: Mid-term evaluation, Oleksandr Rohozynsky, Christie Billingsley, and Annette Bongiovanni

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The overlooked epidemic: Addressing HIV prevention and treatment among men who have sex with men in sub-Saharan Africa, National AIDS Control Council of Kenya and Population Council

Submissions from 2008

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Assessment of risk factors for HIV infection among men who have sex with men in the metropolitan area of Campinas City, Brazil, using respondent-driven sampling, Maeve de Mello, Adriana de Araujo Pinho, Magda Chinaglia, Waimar Tun, Aristides Barbosa Junior, Maria Cristina, F.J. Ilario, Paulo Reis, Regina C.S. Salles, Suzanne Westman, and Juan Diaz

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Assessment of risk factors for HIV infection in female sex workers and men who have sex with men in Ciudad del Este, Paraguay, Magda Chinaglia, Waimar Tun, Maeve Mello, Magdalena Insfran, and Juan Diaz

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Caring for caregivers: An HIV/AIDS workplace intervention for hospital staff in Zambia—Evaluation results, Karusa Kiragu, Mutinta Nyumbu, Thabale J. Ngulube, Panganani Njobvu, Chilufya Mwaba, Arthur Kalimbwe, and Spike Bradford

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Catalyzing personal and social change around gender, sexuality, and HIV: Impact evaluation of Puntos de Encuentro´s communication strategy in Nicaragua, Irela Solorzano, Amy Bank, Rodolfo Pena, Henry Espinoza, Mary Ellsberg, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Consentement éclairé dans les essais de prévention du VIH: Points saillants d'un atelier international, Population Council

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Consentimento informado nos ensaios de prevenção do HIV: Pontos altos dum workshop internacional, Population Council

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Consentimiento informado en ensayos de prevención del VIH: Aspectos destacados de un taller internacional, Population Council

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'Dare to Be Different': Enhancing life skills education for HIV prevention in South African schools, Tobey Nelson Sapiano, Nathi Sohaba, and Eka Esu-Williams

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Engaging communities in supporting HIV prevention and adherence to antiretroviral therapy in Zambia, Fiona Samuels, Joseph Simbaya, Avina Sarna, Scott Geibel, Phillimon Ndubani, and Jolly Kamwanga

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Food on the table: The role of livelihood strategies in maintaining nutritional status among ART patients in Kenya and Zambia, Fiona Samuels, Naomi Rutenberg, Joseph Simbaya, Jerry Okal, Nicodemus Kisengese, Stanley Luchters, Susan Kaai, and Scott Geibel

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Helping youth prevent HIV: An evaluation of the Straight Talk program in Uganda, Susan E. Adamchak, Karusa Kiragu, Cathy Watson, Medard Muhwezi, Tobey Nelson Sapiano, Ann Akia-Fiedler, Richard Kibombo, and Milka Juma

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HIV-related stigma, service utilization, and status disclosure among truck drivers crossing the Southern borders in Brazil, Julie Pulerwitz, Annie P. Michaelis, Sheri A. Lippman, Magda Chinaglia, and Juan Diaz

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Idhini fahamishi katika majaribio ya kikliniki ya ukingaji wa virusi vya ukimwi, Population Council

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If you build it, will they come? Kenya healthy start pediatric HIV study: A diagnostic study investigating barriers to HIV treatment and care among children, Karusa Kiragu, Katie D. Schenk, Julie Murugi, and Avina Sarna

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Improving hospital-based quality of care in Vietnam by reducing HIV-related stigma and discrimination, Khuat Thi Hai Oanh, Kim Ashburn, Julie Pulerwitz, Jessica Ogden, and Laura Nyblade

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Imvume unolwazi ocwaningweni lokuvimbela igciwane lesandulela ngculaza, Population Council

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Informed consent in HIV prevention trials: Highlights from an international workshop, Population Council

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Involving young people in the care and support of people living with HIV in Zambia: An evaluation of program sustainability, Eka Esu-Williams, Catherine Searle, and Anderson Zulu

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Is it feasible to integrate alcohol-related risk reduction counseling into VCT services? Findings from Kenya, Caroline Mackenzie, Karusa Kiragu, George Odingo, Rukia Yassin, Peter Shikuku, Patrick Angala, Nduku Kilonzo, William Sinkele, and Melania Akinyi

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Measuring attitudes toward gender norms among young men in Brazil: Development and psychometric evaluation of the GEM scale, Julie Pulerwitz and Gary Barker

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Migration/mobility and vulnerability to HIV among male migrant workers: Andhra Pradesh 2007-08, Niranjan Saggurti, Anrudh K. Jain, Saumya RamaRao, Hanimi Reddy Modugu, Ajay Kumar Singh, Suvakanta N. Swain, and Ravi K. Verma

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Migration/mobility and vulnerability to HIV among male migrant workers: Karnataka 2007-08, Shiva S. Halli, Raluca Buzdugan, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Stephen Moses, James Blanchard, Anrudh K. Jain, Saumya RamaRao, Ajay Kumar Singh, and Suvakanta N. Swain

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Migration/mobility and vulnerability to HIV among male migrant workers: Maharashtra 2007-08, K. Anil Kumar, Shalini Bharat, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Anrudh K. Jain, Saumya RamaRao, Kanchan Mukherjee, Ajay Kumar Singh, and Suvakanta N. Swain

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Migration/mobility and vulnerability to HIV among male migrant workers: Tamil Nadu 2007-08, Anjaneyalu Subbiah, S. Ramachandran, A.K. Ravi Shankar, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Anrudh K. Jain, Saumya RamaRao, Suvakanta N. Swain, and Ajay Kumar Singh

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Moving forward: Tackling stigma in a Tanzanian community, Laura Nyblade, Kerry MacQuarrie, Gideon Kwesigabo, Aparna Jain, Lusajo Kajula, Fausta Philip, William Henerico Tibesigwa, and Jessie K. Mbwambo

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Patterns and implications of male migration for HIV prevention strategies in Karnataka, India, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Pranita Achyut, Saumya RamaRao, and Anrudh K. Jain

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Patterns and implications of male migration for HIV prevention strategies in Maharashtra, India, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Anrudh K. Jain, Pranita Achyut, and Saumya RamaRao

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Patterns of migration/mobility and HIV risk among female sex workers: Andhra Pradesh 2007-08, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Hanimi Reddy Modugu, Saumya RamaRao, Ajay Kumar Singh, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, and Anrudh K. Jain

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Patterns of migration/mobility and HIV risk among female sex workers: Karnataka 2007-08, Shiva S. Halli, Raluca Buzdugan, Ravi K. Verma, Stephen Moses, James Blanchard, Anrudh K. Jain, Saumya RamaRao, Suvakanta N. Swain, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Patterns of migration/mobility and HIV risk among female sex workers: Maharashtra 2007-08, Niranjan Saggurti, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Rajendra Singh, Saumya RamaRao, Suvakanta N. Swain, Ajay Kumar Singh, Anrudh K. Jain, and Ravi K. Verma

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Patterns of migration/mobility and HIV risk among female sex workers: Tamil Nadu 2007-08, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Suvakanta N. Swain, Hanimi Reddy Modugu, Ajay Kumar Singh, Saumya RamaRao, and Anrudh K. Jain

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Promoting gender equity as a strategy to reduce HIV risk and gender-based violence among young men in India, Ravi K. Verma, Julie Pulerwitz, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Sujata Khandekar, A.K. Singh, S.S. Das, Sunil Mehra, Anita Nura, and Gary Barker

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Propiciando cambio personal y social alrededor del género, sexualidad y VIH: Evaluación de impacto de la estrategia de comunicación de Puntos de Encuentro en Nicaragua, Irela Solorzano, Amy Bank, Rodolfo Pena, Henry Espinoza, Mary Ellsberg, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Repositioning postnatal care in a high HIV environment: Swaziland, Charlotte E. Warren, Rachel Shongwe, Allen Waligo, Mohammed Mahdi, Goldy Mazia, and Indira Narayanan

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Sakhi Saheli: Promoting gender equity and empowering young women—A training manual, CORO and Horizons Program

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School as a workplace in Kenya: Evaluation of the Teachers Matter HIV/AIDS project, Karusa Kiragu, Caroline Mackenzie, Jennifer Weiss, Murungaru Kimani, and Debbie Gachuhi

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Training youth caregivers to provide HIV education and support to orphans and vulnerable children in South Africa, Tobey C. Nelson, Eka Esu-Williams, Lungile Mchunu, Pinkie Nyamakazi, S'Fiso Mnguni, Katie D. Schenk, Catherine Searle, and Jennifer Redner

Submissions from 2007

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Addressing Gupt Rog: Narrative prevention counselling for STI/HIV prevention—A guide to AYUSH and allopathic practitioners, Bonnie K. Nastasi, Niranjan Saggurti, Stephen L. Schensul, Ravi K. Verma, and Meena Gandhi

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Beacon of hope: Evaluation of the Kenya Girl Guides Association HIV/AIDS program for school children, Karusa Kiragu, George Odingo, Milka Juma, Jane Mbugua, Magdalen Waweru, Wamuyu Mahinda, Beatrice Mwaniki, Charity Muturi, Simon Ochieng, Tobey C. Nelson, and Ann P. McCauley

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Building the capacity of faith-based organizations to promote mutual monogamy in South Africa, Waimar Tun, Nathi Sohaba, Unathi Malinzi, Matthew Nqono, Osborne Mzilikazi, Bonisiwa Mgujulwa, Moses Madywabe, Mbulelo Fatyeni, and Christine Fontecchio

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Changes in stigma among a cohort of people on antiretroviral therapy: Findings from Mombasa, Kenya, Susan Kaai, Avina Sarna, Stanley Luchters, Scott Geibel, Paul Munyao, Kishorchandra N. Mandaliya, Khadija Shikely, Marleen Temmerman, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Community-based approaches to prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV: Findings from a low-income community in Kenya, Susan Kaai, Carolyn Baek, Scott Geibel, Peter Omondi, Benson Ulo, Grace Muthumbi, Carol Nkatha, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Continuum of care for HIV-positive women accessing programs to prevent parent-to-child transmission: Findings from India, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Rupa Mudoi, Archana Oinam, Venkat Pakkela, Avina Sarna, Sucheta Panda, Ashok Rau, L. Birendrajit Singh, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Current research and good practice in HIV and AIDS treatment education, Avina Sarna and Ellen Weiss

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Day of dialogue—Insights and evidence from product introduction: Lessons for microbicides, Martha Brady and C. Elizabeth McGrory

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Engaging advocates from concept to results: Summary report of the Advocates' Consultation on HIV Prevention Trials: Carraguard and VOICE Studies, Johannesburg, South Africa, 18-19 October 2007, Microbicide Trials Network and Population Council

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Exploring the barriers to accessing care and treatment for HIV-infected children in India: A diagnostic study, Avina Sarna, Jaleel Ahmad, Glory Alexander, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Ashok Rau, Arjun Singh, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Identifying areas for linkages between HIV and SRH for vulnerable populations: An exploratory study to assess female sex workers' sexual and reproductive health needs, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Sushma Mehrotra, B. Srikanthi, Sucheta Panda, Avina Sarna, A.K. Jayasree, Rajendra Prasad, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Impact of antiretroviral therapy on household economics: Findings from Mombasa, Kenya, Rick Homan, Desai Jaikishan, Paul Munyao, Avina Sarna, and Scott Geibel

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Implementing STI/HIV prevention and care interventions for men who have sex with men in Senegal, Amadou Moreau, Placide Tapsoba, Abdoulaye Ly, Cheikh Ibrahima Niang, and Abdou Khoudia Diop

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Injecting drug users in India: Understanding sexual behaviours and sexual networks to design effective behaviour change strategies, Avina Sarna, Waimar Tun, Aruna Bhattacharya, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Neville Selhore, Arjun Singh, and Louis Apicella

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Intergenerational communication on sexuality and HIV/AIDS: Exploring feasibility of building effective youth-adult partnerships to reduce young people's HIV vulnerabilities, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Sarat Chandra Pradhan, Saraswati Swain, Aradhana Nanda, Sanjit Patnayak, Sucheta Panda, and Rajendra Prasad

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Key findings from an evaluation of the mothers2mothers program in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, Carolyn Baek, Vuyiswa Mathambo, Sibongile Mkhize, Irwin Friedman, Louis Apicella, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Mobility and its liminal context: Exploring sexual partnering among truck drivers crossing the Southern Brazilian border, Sheri A. Lippman, Julie Pulerwitz, Magda Chinaglia, Alan E. Hubbard, Arthur Reingold, and Juan Diaz

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Our stories: Women speak out against HIV and AIDS—An interactive communication package for rural low-literate women, Vijaya Nidadavolu, Moumita Saha, and Vijaya Usha Rani

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Patterns and implications of male migration for HIV prevention strategies in Andhra Pradesh, Ravi K. Verma, Niranjan Saggurti, Madhumita Das, Saumya RamaRao, and Anrudh K. Jain

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Preparedness of Kenyan health workers to deliver HIV/AIDS services, National AIDS and STD Control Programme, Ministry of Health Kenya, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Horizons Program

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Promoting adherence through a directly administered antiretroviral therapy strategy in Mombasa, Kenya, Avina Sarna, Stanley Luchters, Scott Geibel, Matthew F. Chersich, Paul Munyao, Rick Homan, Susan Kaai, Kishorchandra N. Mandaliya, Marleen Temmerman, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Promovendo normas e comportamentos eqüitativos de gênero entre homens jovens estratégia de prevenção do HIV/AIDS, Julie Pulerwitz, Gary Barker, Marcio Segundo, and Marcos Nascimento

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Psychosocial benefits of a mentoring program for youth-headed households in Rwanda, Lisanne Brown, Janet C. Rice, Neil W. Boris, Tonya R. Thurman, Leslie M. Snider, Joseph Ntaganira, Laetitia N. Nyirazinyoye, Edward Kalisa, and Emmanuel Nshizirungu

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Reaching truckers in Brazil with non-stigmatizing and effective HIV/STI services, Magda Chinaglia, Sheri A. Lippman, Julie Pulerwitz, Maeve de Mello, Rick Homan, and Juan Diaz

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Reaching truckers in Brazil with non-stigmatizing and effective HIV/STI services, Magda Chinaglia, Sheri A. Lippman, Julie Pulerwitz, Maeve de Mello, Rick Homan, and Juan Diaz

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Sexual risk behaviors of HIV-positive persons receiving ART in Mombasa, Kenya: Longitudinal study findings, Stanley Luchters, Avina Sarna, Scott Geibel, Matthew F. Chersich, Paul Munyao, Susan Kaai, Kishorchandra N. Mandaliya, Naomi Rutenberg, and Marleen Temmerman

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Supporting volunteer mentors: Insights from a mentorship program for youth-headed households in Rwanda, Lisanne Brown, Tonya R. Thurman, Edward Kalisa, Janet C. Rice, Jean de Dieu Bizimana, Neil W. Boris, Leslie M. Snider, and Joseph Ntaganira

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The HIV/AIDS prevention project for vulnerable youth in northern Nigeria: Community advocates training manual, Population Council, Adolescent Health and Information Projects, Federation of Muslim Women's Associations in Nigeria, and Islamic Education Trust

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The Straight Talk Campaign in Uganda: Impact of mass media initiatives—Summary report, Susan E. Adamchak, Karusa Kiragu, Cathy Watson, Medard Muhwezi, Tobey C. Nelson, Ann Akia-Fiedler, Richard Kibombo, and Milka Juma

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Transcending boundaries to improve the food security of HIV-affected households in rural Uganda: A case study, Katharine Coon, Jessica Ogden, John Odolon, Anthony Obudi-Owor, Charles Otim, James Byakigga, and Peter Spebanja

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Understanding and measuring AIDS-related stigma in health care settings: A developing country perspective, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Laelia Gilborn, Shalini Bharat, Rupa Mudoi, Indrani Gupta, Bitra George, Luke Samson, Celine Daly, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Voices from the street: Comics for young men on masculinity, sexuality and HIV—An evidence-based communication initiative, Vijaya Nidadavolu, Leena Joshi, Vinita Nathani, Atanu Ghosh, and Isidore Phillips

Submissions from 2006

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ABC messages for HIV prevention in Kenya: Clarity and confusion, barriers and facilitators, Julie Pulerwitz, Tiffany Lillie, Louis Apicella, Ann P. McCauley, Tobey C. Nelson, Simon Ochieng, Peter Mwarogo, Karusa Kiragu, and Edward Kunyanga

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ABCs for HIV prevention in Kenya: Messages, beliefs, and barriers, Julie Pulerwitz, Tiffany Lillie, Louis Apicella, Ann P. McCauley, Tobey C. Nelson, Simon Ochieng, Peter Mwarogo, Karusa Kiragu, and Edward Kunyanga