The Population Council's HIV and AIDS program is devoted to understanding and slowing the spread of the HIV epidemic. Through biomedical and behavioral research, the Council expands access to innovative and effective products and services, with a focus on the hardest-to-reach, most marginalized populations.

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Submissions from 2012

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Meaningful involvement of people living with HIV/AIDS in Uganda through linkages between network groups and health facilities: An evaluation study, Young-Mi Kim, Sam Kalibala, Stella Neema, John Lukwago, and Deborah Weiss

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Nonclinical development needs and regulatory requirements for multipurpose prevention technologies: A primer, Joseph W. Romano, Martha Brady, and Judy Manning

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On the cutting edge: Improving the informed consent process for adolescents in Zambia undergoing male circumcision for HIV prevention, Katie D. Schenk, Barbara Friedland, Louis Apicella, Meredith Sheehy, Kelvin Munjile, and Paul C. Hewett

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Prevalence and correlates of HIV infection in a cohort of male injection drug users in Delhi, Waimar Tun, Vartika Sharma, Mary Philip Sebastian, Ira Madan, Amita Yadav, Meredith Sheehy, Dean Lewis, Ibou Thior, and Avina Sarna

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Prevalence of internalized homophobia and HIV associated risks among men who have sex with men in Nigeria, Sylvia Adebajo, George I. Eluwa, Dan Allman, Ted Myers, and Babatunde A.O. Ahonsi

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Same-sex sexual behavior of men in Kenya: Implications for HIV prevention, programs, and policy, Scott Geibel

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Sexual behavior of HIV-positive adults not accessing HIV treatment in Mombasa, Kenya: Defining their prevention needs, Avina Sarna, Stanley Luchters, Melissa Pickett, Matthew F. Chersich, Jerry Okal, Scott Geibel, Nzioki Kingola, and Marleen Temmerman

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Sexual risk behaviors and HIV among female sex workers in Nigeria, George I. Eluwa, Steffanie A. Strathdee, Sylvia Adebajo, Babatunde A.O. Ahonsi, Aderemi Azeez, and Jennifer Anyanti

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Shaping the operations research agenda for antiretroviral-based prevention products for women: Gels and rings, Martha Brady and C. Elizabeth McGrory

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The experiences of men engaged in transactional sex with other men in urban Nigeria—A size estimation and qualitative study, Population Council

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The impact of peer outreach on HIV knowledge and prevention behaviours of male sex workers in Mombasa, Kenya, Scott Geibel, Nzioki King'ola, Marleen Temmerman, and Stanley Luchters

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The (mis)reporting of male circumcision status among men and women in Zambia and Swaziland: A randomized evaluation of interview methods, Paul C. Hewett, Nicole Haberland, Louis Apicella, and Barbara S. Mensch

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Using capture-recapture methodology for enumerating most-at-risk populations (MARPs), Population Council

Submissions from 2011

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Constructing a critical path for product development, commercialization, and access, Martha Brady

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Evaluation of the informed consent process for male circumcision scale-up in Swaziland, Barbara Friedland, Louis Apicella, Katie D. Schenk, Meredith Sheehy, and Paul C. Hewett

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Evaluation of the informed consent process for male circumcision scale-up in Zambia, Barbara Friedland, Louis Apicella, Katie D. Schenk, Meredith Sheehy, and Paul C. Hewett

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Facilitating regulatory approval of multipurpose prevention technologies for sexual and reproductive health, Martha Brady

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HIV integrated biological and behavioural surveillance survey (IBBSS) 2010, Federal Ministry of Health

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HIV transmission among married men and women in districts with high out-migration in India: Study brief, Niranjan Saggurti, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Suvakanta N. Swain, Madhusudana Battala, Umesh Chawla, and Alka Narang

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"Knowing myself first": Feasibility of self-testing among health workers in Kenya, Sam Kalibala, Waimar Tun, William Muraah, Peter Cherutich, Erick Oweya, and Patricia Oluoch

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Migration and HIV in India: Study of select districts, Niranjan Saggurti, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Suvakanta N. Swain, Madhusudana Battala, Alka Narang, and Umesh Chawla

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Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men and injecting drug users and validation of audio computer-assisted self interview (ACASI) technique in Abuja, Lagos, and Ibadan, Nigeria: Report fact sheet, Enhancing Nigeria's HIV/AIDS Response (ENR) Programme

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Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men and injecting drug users and validation of audio computer-assisted self interview (ACASI) technique in Abuja, Lagos, and Ibadan, Nigeria: Technical report, Enhancing Nigeria's HIV/AIDS Response (ENR) Programme

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Situation assessment of the HIV response among young people in Zambia, Sam Kalibala and Drosin Mulenga

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What regulatory guidance exists for multipurpose prevention technologies (MPTs)? A review of key guidance documents and their applicability to MPTs, Martha Brady and Heeyoung Park

Submissions from 2010

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Addressing gender dynamics and engaging men in HIV programs: Lessons learned from Horizons research, Julie Pulerwitz, Annie P. Michaelis, Ravi K. Verma, and Ellen Weiss

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Factors affecting enrolment of PLHIV into ART services in India, Avina Sarna, Damodar Bachani, Mary Philip Sebastian, Ruchi Sogarwal, and Madhusudana Battala

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Looking back, moving forward: Access to antiretroviral therapy for HIV infected adults and children in developing countries: Horizons Studies, 2002 to 2008, Avina Sarna and Scott E. Kellerman

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Looking back, moving forward: Implementing PMTCT programs in resource-constrained settings, Horizons studies 1999 to 2007, Carolyn Baek and Naomi Rutenberg

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Looking back, moving forward: Improving the lives of orphans and other children affected by AIDS, Horizons studies 1998 to 2007, Katie D. Schenk, Annie P. Michaelis, Tobey C. Nelson, Lisanne Brown, and Ellen Weiss

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Looking back, moving forward: Promoting gender equity to fight HIV, Horizons studies 1999 to 2007, Julie Pulerwitz, Annie P. Michaelis, and Ellen Weiss

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Looking back, moving forward: Reducing HIV-related stigma, Horizons studies 2000 to 2007, Julie Pulerwitz, Annie P. Michaelis, Ellen Weiss, Lisanne Brown, and Vaishali Sharma Mahendra

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Looking back, moving forward: Understanding the HIV risk and sexual health needs of men who have sex with men, Horizons studies 2001 to 2008, Scott Geibel, Waimar Tun, Placide Tapsoba, and Scott E. Kellerman

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Monitoring and Evaluation of the Emergency Plan Progress (MEEPP): End-of-project evaluation, Sam Kalibala

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PEPFAR special initiative on sexual and gender-based violence: Baseline report, Lynne Elson and Jill Keesbury

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Prevention with positives: How do we reach them in the community?, Avina Sarna, Jerry Okal, Stanley Luchters, Nzioki King'ola, and Scott Geibel

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Protecting hope: Situation analysis of vulnerable children in Uganda 2009, Sam Kalibala and Lynne Elson

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RAPIDS evaluation final report 2005-2009 key findings, Louis Apicella, Katie D. Schenk, and Hena Khan

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Reducing HIV-related stigma: Lessons learned from Horizons research and programs, Julie Pulerwitz, Annie P. Michaelis, Ellen Weiss, Lisanne Brown, and Vaishali Sharma Mahendra

Submissions from 2009

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Commercial sex workers in five Ethiopian cities: A baseline survey for USAID Targeted HIV Prevention Program for most-at-risk populations, Woldemariam Girma and Annabel Erulkar

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Evaluation of HIV counseling and testing in ANC settings and adherence to short course antiretroviral prophylaxis for PMTCT in Francistown, Botswana, Carolyn Baek, Tracy Creek, Lee Ann Jones, Louis Apicella, Jennifer Redner, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Family centred approach for HIV services: Pilot study in South Africa, Meredith Sheehy, Nomtandazo Patricia Mini, Tonicah Maphanga, and Scott E. Kellerman

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Final evaluation of the project for expanding the role of networks of people living with HIV/AIDS, Young-Mi Kim, John Lukwago, and Stella Neema

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Formative evaluation: Presidential Initiative on AIDS Strategy for Communication to Youth, Netsayi N. Mudege and Chi-Chi Undie

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HIV testing, treatment and prevention: Generic tools for operational research, Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer, Sarah Bott, Patrizia Carrieri, Michelle Parsons, Julie Pulerwitz, Naomi Rutenberg, and Avina Sarna

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Hospice Africa Uganda: End-of-project evaluation of palliative care services, Annette Bongiovanni and Mary Alexis Greenan

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Kenyan in-school youths' level of understanding of abstinence, being faithful, and consistent condom use terms: Implications for HIV-prevention programs, Tiffany Lillie, Julie Pulerwitz, and Barbara Curbow

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Pilot community-based intervention to address the needs of elderly caregivers in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa, Priscilla Reddy, Shegs James, H. Mutumba Bilay-Boon, Eka Esu-Williams, and Hena Khan

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Technical assistance to the Uganda AIDS Commission for operationallisation of the performance monitoring and management plan, Frederick Makumbi, Roy Mayega, David Kisitu, Juliet Sekandi, Denis A. Bwesigye, Robert Miller, and Sam Kalibala

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The AFFORD Health Marketing Initiative in Uganda: Mid-term evaluation, Oleksandr Rohozynsky, Christie Billingsley, and Annette Bongiovanni

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The overlooked epidemic: Addressing HIV prevention and treatment among men who have sex with men in sub-Saharan Africa, National AIDS Control Council of Kenya and Population Council

Submissions from 2008

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Assessment of risk factors for HIV infection among men who have sex with men in the metropolitan area of Campinas City, Brazil, using respondent-driven sampling, Maeve de Mello, Adriana de Araujo Pinho, Magda Chinaglia, Waimar Tun, Aristides Barbosa Junior, Maria Cristina, F.J. Ilario, Paulo Reis, Regina C.S. Salles, Suzanne Westman, and Juan Diaz

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Assessment of risk factors for HIV infection in female sex workers and men who have sex with men in Ciudad del Este, Paraguay, Magda Chinaglia, Waimar Tun, Maeve Mello, Magdalena Insfran, and Juan Diaz

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Caring for caregivers: An HIV/AIDS workplace intervention for hospital staff in Zambia—Evaluation results, Karusa Kiragu, Mutinta Nyumbu, Thabale J. Ngulube, Panganani Njobvu, Chilufya Mwaba, Arthur Kalimbwe, and Spike Bradford

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Catalyzing personal and social change around gender, sexuality, and HIV: Impact evaluation of Puntos de Encuentro´s communication strategy in Nicaragua, Irela Solorzano, Amy Bank, Rodolfo Pena, Henry Espinoza, Mary Ellsberg, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Consentement éclairé dans les essais de prévention du VIH: Points saillants d'un atelier international, Population Council

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Consentimento informado nos ensaios de prevenção do HIV: Pontos altos dum workshop internacional, Population Council

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Consentimiento informado en ensayos de prevención del VIH: Aspectos destacados de un taller internacional, Population Council

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'Dare to Be Different': Enhancing life skills education for HIV prevention in South African schools, Tobey Nelson Sapiano, Nathi Sohaba, and Eka Esu-Williams

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Engaging communities in supporting HIV prevention and adherence to antiretroviral therapy in Zambia, Fiona Samuels, Joseph Simbaya, Avina Sarna, Scott Geibel, Phillimon Ndubani, and Jolly Kamwanga

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Food on the table: The role of livelihood strategies in maintaining nutritional status among ART patients in Kenya and Zambia, Fiona Samuels, Naomi Rutenberg, Joseph Simbaya, Jerry Okal, Nicodemus Kisengese, Stanley Luchters, Susan Kaai, and Scott Geibel

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Helping youth prevent HIV: An evaluation of the Straight Talk program in Uganda, Susan E. Adamchak, Karusa Kiragu, Cathy Watson, Medard Muhwezi, Tobey Nelson Sapiano, Ann Akia-Fiedler, Richard Kibombo, and Milka Juma

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HIV-related stigma, service utilization, and status disclosure among truck drivers crossing the Southern borders in Brazil, Julie Pulerwitz, Annie P. Michaelis, Sheri A. Lippman, Magda Chinaglia, and Juan Diaz

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Idhini fahamishi katika majaribio ya kikliniki ya ukingaji wa virusi vya ukimwi, Population Council

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If you build it, will they come? Kenya healthy start pediatric HIV study: A diagnostic study investigating barriers to HIV treatment and care among children, Karusa Kiragu, Katie D. Schenk, Julie Murugi, and Avina Sarna

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Improving hospital-based quality of care in Vietnam by reducing HIV-related stigma and discrimination, Khuat Thi Hai Oanh, Kim Ashburn, Julie Pulerwitz, Jessica Ogden, and Laura Nyblade

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Imvume unolwazi ocwaningweni lokuvimbela igciwane lesandulela ngculaza, Population Council

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Informed consent in HIV prevention trials: Highlights from an international workshop, Population Council

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Involving young people in the care and support of people living with HIV in Zambia: An evaluation of program sustainability, Eka Esu-Williams, Catherine Searle, and Anderson Zulu

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Is it feasible to integrate alcohol-related risk reduction counseling into VCT services? Findings from Kenya, Caroline Mackenzie, Karusa Kiragu, George Odingo, Rukia Yassin, Peter Shikuku, Patrick Angala, Nduku Kilonzo, William Sinkele, and Melania Akinyi

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Measuring attitudes toward gender norms among young men in Brazil: Development and psychometric evaluation of the GEM scale, Julie Pulerwitz and Gary Barker

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Migration/mobility and vulnerability to HIV among male migrant workers: Andhra Pradesh 2007-08, Niranjan Saggurti, Anrudh K. Jain, Saumya RamaRao, Hanimi Reddy Modugu, Ajay Kumar Singh, Suvakanta N. Swain, and Ravi K. Verma

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Migration/mobility and vulnerability to HIV among male migrant workers: Karnataka 2007-08, Shiva S. Halli, Raluca Buzdugan, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Stephen Moses, James Blanchard, Anrudh K. Jain, Saumya RamaRao, Ajay Kumar Singh, and Suvakanta N. Swain

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Migration/mobility and vulnerability to HIV among male migrant workers: Maharashtra 2007-08, K. Anil Kumar, Shalini Bharat, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Anrudh K. Jain, Saumya RamaRao, Kanchan Mukherjee, Ajay Kumar Singh, and Suvakanta N. Swain

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Migration/mobility and vulnerability to HIV among male migrant workers: Tamil Nadu 2007-08, Anjaneyalu Subbiah, S. Ramachandran, A.K. Ravi Shankar, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Anrudh K. Jain, Saumya RamaRao, Suvakanta N. Swain, and Ajay Kumar Singh

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Moving forward: Tackling stigma in a Tanzanian community, Laura Nyblade, Kerry MacQuarrie, Gideon Kwesigabo, Aparna Jain, Lusajo Kajula, Fausta Philip, William Henerico Tibesigwa, and Jessie K. Mbwambo

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Patterns and implications of male migration for HIV prevention strategies in Karnataka, India, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Pranita Achyut, Saumya RamaRao, and Anrudh K. Jain

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Patterns and implications of male migration for HIV prevention strategies in Maharashtra, India, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Anrudh K. Jain, Pranita Achyut, and Saumya RamaRao

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Patterns of migration/mobility and HIV risk among female sex workers: Andhra Pradesh 2007-08, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Hanimi Reddy Modugu, Saumya RamaRao, Ajay Kumar Singh, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, and Anrudh K. Jain

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Patterns of migration/mobility and HIV risk among female sex workers: Karnataka 2007-08, Shiva S. Halli, Raluca Buzdugan, Ravi K. Verma, Stephen Moses, James Blanchard, Anrudh K. Jain, Saumya RamaRao, Suvakanta N. Swain, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Patterns of migration/mobility and HIV risk among female sex workers: Maharashtra 2007-08, Niranjan Saggurti, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Rajendra Singh, Saumya RamaRao, Suvakanta N. Swain, Ajay Kumar Singh, Anrudh K. Jain, and Ravi K. Verma

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Patterns of migration/mobility and HIV risk among female sex workers: Tamil Nadu 2007-08, Niranjan Saggurti, Ravi K. Verma, Suvakanta N. Swain, Hanimi Reddy Modugu, Ajay Kumar Singh, Saumya RamaRao, and Anrudh K. Jain

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Promoting gender equity as a strategy to reduce HIV risk and gender-based violence among young men in India, Ravi K. Verma, Julie Pulerwitz, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Sujata Khandekar, A.K. Singh, S.S. Das, Sunil Mehra, Anita Nura, and Gary Barker

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Propiciando cambio personal y social alrededor del género, sexualidad y VIH: Evaluación de impacto de la estrategia de comunicación de Puntos de Encuentro en Nicaragua, Irela Solorzano, Amy Bank, Rodolfo Pena, Henry Espinoza, Mary Ellsberg, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Repositioning postnatal care in a high HIV environment: Swaziland, Charlotte E. Warren, Rachel Shongwe, Allen Waligo, Mohammed Mahdi, Goldy Mazia, and Indira Narayanan

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Sakhi Saheli: Promoting gender equity and empowering young women—A training manual, CORO and Horizons Program

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School as a workplace in Kenya: Evaluation of the Teachers Matter HIV/AIDS project, Karusa Kiragu, Caroline Mackenzie, Jennifer Weiss, Murungaru Kimani, and Debbie Gachuhi

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Training youth caregivers to provide HIV education and support to orphans and vulnerable children in South Africa, Tobey C. Nelson, Eka Esu-Williams, Lungile Mchunu, Pinkie Nyamakazi, S'Fiso Mnguni, Katie D. Schenk, Catherine Searle, and Jennifer Redner

Submissions from 2007

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Addressing Gupt Rog: Narrative prevention counselling for STI/HIV prevention—A guide to AYUSH and allopathic practitioners, Bonnie K. Nastasi, Niranjan Saggurti, Stephen L. Schensul, Ravi K. Verma, and Meena Gandhi

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Beacon of hope: Evaluation of the Kenya Girl Guides Association HIV/AIDS program for school children, Karusa Kiragu, George Odingo, Milka Juma, Jane Mbugua, Magdalen Waweru, Wamuyu Mahinda, Beatrice Mwaniki, Charity Muturi, Simon Ochieng, Tobey C. Nelson, and Ann P. McCauley

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Building the capacity of faith-based organizations to promote mutual monogamy in South Africa, Waimar Tun, Nathi Sohaba, Unathi Malinzi, Matthew Nqono, Osborne Mzilikazi, Bonisiwa Mgujulwa, Moses Madywabe, Mbulelo Fatyeni, and Christine Fontecchio

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Changes in stigma among a cohort of people on antiretroviral therapy: Findings from Mombasa, Kenya, Susan Kaai, Avina Sarna, Stanley Luchters, Scott Geibel, Paul Munyao, Kishorchandra N. Mandaliya, Khadija Shikely, Marleen Temmerman, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Community-based approaches to prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV: Findings from a low-income community in Kenya, Susan Kaai, Carolyn Baek, Scott Geibel, Peter Omondi, Benson Ulo, Grace Muthumbi, Carol Nkatha, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Continuum of care for HIV-positive women accessing programs to prevent parent-to-child transmission: Findings from India, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Rupa Mudoi, Archana Oinam, Venkat Pakkela, Avina Sarna, Sucheta Panda, Ashok Rau, L. Birendrajit Singh, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Current research and good practice in HIV and AIDS treatment education, Avina Sarna and Ellen Weiss

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Day of dialogue—Insights and evidence from product introduction: Lessons for microbicides, Martha Brady and C. Elizabeth McGrory

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Engaging advocates from concept to results: Summary report of the Advocates' Consultation on HIV Prevention Trials: Carraguard and VOICE Studies, Johannesburg, South Africa, 18-19 October 2007, Microbicide Trials Network and Population Council

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Exploring the barriers to accessing care and treatment for HIV-infected children in India: A diagnostic study, Avina Sarna, Jaleel Ahmad, Glory Alexander, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Ashok Rau, Arjun Singh, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Identifying areas for linkages between HIV and SRH for vulnerable populations: An exploratory study to assess female sex workers' sexual and reproductive health needs, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Sushma Mehrotra, B. Srikanthi, Sucheta Panda, Avina Sarna, A.K. Jayasree, Rajendra Prasad, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Impact of antiretroviral therapy on household economics: Findings from Mombasa, Kenya, Rick Homan, Desai Jaikishan, Paul Munyao, Avina Sarna, and Scott Geibel