The Population Council's HIV and AIDS program is devoted to understanding and slowing the spread of the HIV epidemic. Through biomedical and behavioral research, the Council expands access to innovative and effective products and services, with a focus on the hardest-to-reach, most marginalized populations.

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Submissions from 2013

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Effects of a health care provider intervention in reduction of sexual risk and related outcomes in economically marginal communities in Mumbai, India, Niranjan Saggurti, Stephen L. Schensul, Bonnie K. Nastasi, Rajendra Singh, Joseph A. Burleson, and Ravi K. Verma

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Estimates of the size of key populations at risk for HIV infection: Men who have sex with men, female sex workers and injecting drug users in Nairobi, Kenya, Jerry Okal, Scott Geibel, Nicholas Muraguri, Helgar Musyoki, Waimar Tun, Dita Broz, David Kuria, Andrea Kim, Tom Oluoch, and H. Fisher Raymond

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Estimating the number of male sex workers with the capture-recapture technique in Nigeria, Sylvia Adebajo, George I. Eluwa, Jack Tocco, Babatunde A.O. Ahonsi, Lolade Abiodun, Oliver Anene, D.O. Akpona, Andrew Karlyn, and Scott E. Kellerman

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Evaluating the impact of three HIV counselling and testing strategies on male most-at-risk population in Nigeria: A segmented regression analysis, George I. Eluwa, Sylvia Adebajo, Jean Njab, Ayodeji Oginni, and Babatunde A.O. Ahonsi

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Evaluating the McDonald's business model for HIV prevention among truckers to improve program coverage and service utilization in India, 2004–2010, Vasudha Rao Tirumalasetti, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Sachin Juneja, and Indra Ramayash Singh

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Evaluation of 3 approaches for assessing adherence to vaginal gel application in clinical trials, Ariane van der Straten, Helen Cheng, Barbara Mensch, Barbara Friedland, Lauren L. Katzen, Sarah A. Littlefield, Niall Buckley, Lilia Espinoza, Marla J. Keller, Betsy C. Herold, and Mark H. Einstein

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Factors associated with risky sexual practices among female sex workers in Karnataka, India, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Catherine M. Lowndes, Sanjay Kumar Mohanty, Kaveri Gurav, Banadakoppa M. Ramesh, Stephen Moses, Reynold G. Washington, and Michel Alary

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Female sex workers, male circumcision and HIV: A qualitative study of their understanding, experience, and HIV risk in Zambia, Sharon Abbott, Nicole Haberland, Drosin Mulenga, and Paul C. Hewett

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From problem-solving to research utilization: How operations research and program evaluation can make programs better, Karen Foreit

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High HIV incidence among male injection drug users in Delhi, India, Waimar Tun, Lopamudra Saraswati, Mary Philip Sebastian, Vartika Sharma, Amita Yadav, Ira Madan, Ibou Thior, and Avina Sarna

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High HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men in Nigeria: Implications for combination prevention, Lung Vu, Sylvia Adebajo, Waimar Tun, Meredith Sheehy, Andrew Karlyn, Jean Njab, Aderemi Azeez, and Babatunde A.O. Ahonsi

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High levels of unprotected anal intercourse and never testing for HIV among men who have sex with men in Nigeria: Evidence from a cross-sectional survey for the need for innovative approaches to HIV prevention, Lung Vu, Katherine Andrinopoulos, Waimar Tun, and Sylvia Adebajo

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High uptake of HIV testing in a cohort of male injection drug users in Delhi, India: Prevalence and correlates of HIV infection, Avina Sarna, Waimar Tun, Vartika Sharma, Mary Philip Sebastian, Ira Madan, Amita Yadav, Meredith Sheehy, Dean Lewis, and Ibou Thior

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HIVCore operations research workshop summary report, Nrupa Jani

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How informed are clients who consent? A mixed-method evaluation of comprehension among clients of male circumcision services in Zambia and Swaziland, Barbara Friedland, Louis Apicella, Katie D. Schenk, Meredith Sheehy, and Paul C. Hewett

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Impact of an HIV prevention intervention on condom use among long distance truckers in India, Sachin Juneja, Vasudha Rao Tirumalasetti, Ram Manohar Mishra, Shekhar Sethu, and Indra Ramayash Singh

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Implementing incentive-based HIV interventions in Zambia: The COMPACT model, Sam Kalibala, Waimar Tun, Chabu Kangale, Jill Keesbury, Ray Handema, and Mwaka Monze

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Lessons from reproductive health to inform multipurpose prevention technologies: Don't reinvent the wheel, Martha Brady and Judy Manning

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Local social support mitigates depression among women contending with spousal violence and husband’s risky drinking in Mumbai slum communities, Anindita Dasgupta, Madhusudana Battala, Niranjan Saggurti, Saritha Nair, Dattaram D. Naik, Jay G. Silverman, Balaiah Donta, and Anita Raj

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Lost in translation: Assessing effectiveness of focus group questioning techniques to develop improved translation of terminology used in HIV prevention clinical trials, Natasha Mack, Catalina B. Ramirez, Barbara Friedland, and Soori Nnko

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Male migrants' non-spousal sexual partnerships in the place of origin: An in-depth investigation in two rural settings of India, Deepika Ganju, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Male sex workers who sell sex to men also engage in anal intercourse with women: Evidence from Mombasa, Kenya, Priya Mannava, Scott Geibel, Nzioki King'ola, Marleen Temmerman, and Stanley Luchters

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Microbicide clinical trial adherence: Insights for introduction, Cynthia Woodsong, Kathleen M. MacQueen, K. Rivet Amico, Barbara Friedland, Mitzy Gafos, Leila Mansoor, Elizabeth E. Tolley, and Sheena McCormack

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Motivations for entering volunteer service and factors affecting productivity: A mixed method survey of STEPS-OVC volunteer HIV caregivers in Zambia, Zambia-led Prevention Initiative

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Population-based prevalence of hepatitis B and C virus, HIV, syphilis, gonorrhoea and chlamydia in male injection drug users in Lagos, Nigeria, Waimar Tun, Lung Vu, Sylvia Adebajo, Lolade Abiodun, Meredith Sheehy, Andrew Karlyn, Jean Njab, Babatunde A.O. Ahonsi, B. Kawu Issa, and Omokhudu Idogho

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Prevalence and correlates of non-disclosure of HIV serostatus to sex partners among HIV-infected female sex workers and HIV-infected male clients of female sex workers in India, Niranjan Saggurti, Anita Raj, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Debbie M. Cheng, Sharon Coleman, Carly Bridden, Madhusudana Battala, Jay G. Silverman, Manoj Pardeshi, and Jeffrey H. Samet

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Prevalence of HIV-1 drug resistance among women screening for HIV prevention trials in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa (MTN-009), Urvi M. Parikh, Photini Kiepiela, Shayhana Ganesh, Kailazarid Gomez, Stephanie Horn, Krista Eskay, Cliff Kelly, Barbara Mensch, Pamina M. Gorbach, Lydia Soto-Torres, Gita Ramjee, John W. Mellors, and IPTc Taskforce

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Prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B and C, and co-infection in a cohort of male injection drug users in Delhi, Lopamudra Saraswati, Mary Philip Sebastian, Avina Sarna, Vartika Sharma, Ira Madan, Dean Lewis, Ibou Thior, and Waimar Tun

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Randomized controlled trial to test the RHANI wives HIV intervention for women in India at risk for HIV from husbands, Anita Raj, Niranjan Saggurti, Madhusudana Battala, Saritha Nair, Anindita Dasgupta, Dattaram D. Naik, Daniela Abramovitz, Jay G. Silverman, and Balaiah Donta

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Reproductive health concerns of women contending with spousal violence and husband's alcohol use in a Mumbai slum community, Saritha Nair, Anita Raj, Niranjan Saggurti, Dattaram D. Naik, Anindita Dasgupta, and Balaiah Donta

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Role of community group exposure in reducing sexually transmitted infection-related risk among female sex workers in India, Diwakar Yadov, Shreena Ramanathan, Prabuddhagopal Goswami, Lakshmi Ramakrishnan, Niranjan Saggurti, Shrabanti Sen, Bitra George, and Ramesh S. Paranjape

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Same-sex sexual behavior of men in Kenya: Implications for HIV prevention, programs, and policy, Scott Geibel

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Self-report of STI symptoms, inconsistent condom use and condom non-use are poor predictors of STI prevalence among men who have sex with men, Karikalan Nagarajan, Sheela Godbole, Lakshmi Ramakrishnan, Mandar Mainkar, Sowmya Ramesh, Deepika Ganju, and Ramesh S. Paranjape

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Sexually transmitted infections and reproductive health morbidity in a cohort of female sex workers screened for a microbicide feasibility study in Nellore, India, Avina Sarna, Barbara Friedland, Aylur K. Srikrishnan, Lauren L. Katzen, Waimar Tun, Sharon Abbott, Ulrike Rawiel, Christine A. Kelly, C.S. Shalini, Suniti Solomon, and Barbara Mensch

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Situation analysis of programs to meet the HIV prevention, care, and treatment needs of persons with disabilities in Ghana, Uganda, and Zambia, Waimar Tun, Jerry Okal, Katie D. Schenk, Meredith Sheehy, Emmanuel Kuffour, Selina F. Esantsi, Hilary Asiah, Grimond Moono, Felix Mutale, Rita Kyeremaa, Edson Ngirabakunzi, and Atwijukire Justus

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Strategies for recruiting injection drug users for HIV prevention services in Delhi, India, Waimar Tun, Mary Philip Sebastian, Vartika Sharma, Ira Madan, Samir Souidi, Dean Lewis, Ibou Thior, and Avina Sarna

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The association between noncommercial partnerships and risk of HIV among female sex workers: Evidences from a cross-sectional behavioral and biological survey in southern India, Renuka Somanatha Pullikalu, Ram Manohar Mishra, Niranjan Saggurti, and Parimi Prabhakar

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The Community Mobilization for Preventive Action (COMPACT) project in Zambia: A midline evaluation, Waimar Tun, Chabu Kangale, Scott Geibel, Meredith Sheehy, Ray Handema, and Mwaka Monze

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Use of dual protection among female sex workers in Swaziland, Eileen Yam, Zandile Mnisi, X. Mabuza, Caitlin E. Kennedy, Deanna Kerrigan, Amy Ong Tsui, and Stefan Baral

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Use of the dye stain assay and ultraviolet light test for assessing vaginal insertion of placebo-filled applicators before and after sex, Marla J. Keller, Niall Buckley, Lauren L. Katzen, Jennifer Walsh, Barbara Friedland, Sarah A. Littlefield, Juan Lin, Xiaonan Xue, Terri Cornelison, Betsy C. Herold, and Mark H. Einstein

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Violence-related coping, help seeking and health care-based intervention preferences among perinatal women in Mumbai, India, Michele R. Decker, Saritha Nair, Niranjan Saggurti, Bushra Sabri, Meghna Jethva, Anita Raj, Balaiah Donta, and Jay G. Silverman

Submissions from 2012

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An assessment of individual and institutional research utilization by policy-makers and programme managers at state and national levels in Nigeria, National Agency for the Control of AIDS

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An ethnographic study of injecting drug users and men who have sex with men in selected states in Nigeria, Enhancing Nigeria's HIV/AIDS Response (ENR) Programme

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Assessing and improving self-reporting of male circumcision in Zambia and Swaziland, Paul C. Hewett, Nicole Haberland, Barbara Mensch, and Louis Apicella

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Getting real with youth-friendly services in Africa: Report of a satellite session at the XIX International AIDS Conference, Population Council

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Household survey to evaluate the Zambia-led Prevention Initiative: Baseline report, Zambia-led Prevention Initiative

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MARPs sensitization: A diversity training guide for health care providers in Nigeria, Enhancing Nigeria's HIV/AIDS Response (ENR) Programme

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Nonclinical development needs and regulatory requirements for multipurpose prevention technologies: A primer, Joseph W. Romano, Martha Brady, and Judy Manning

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Prevalence and correlates of HIV infection in a cohort of male injection drug users in Delhi, Waimar Tun, Vartika Sharma, Mary Philip Sebastian, Ira Madan, Amita Yadav, Meredith Sheehy, Dean Lewis, Ibou Thior, and Avina Sarna

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Shaping the operations research agenda for antiretroviral-based prevention products for women: Gels and rings, Martha Brady and C. Elizabeth McGrory

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The experiences of men engaged in transactional sex with other men in urban Nigeria—A size estimation and qualitative study, Population Council

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Using capture-recapture methodology for enumerating most-at-risk populations (MARPs), Population Council

Submissions from 2011

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Constructing a critical path for product development, commercialization, and access, Martha Brady

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Evaluation of the informed consent process for male circumcision scale-up in Swaziland, Barbara Friedland, Louis Apicella, Katie D. Schenk, Meredith Sheehy, and Paul C. Hewett

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Evaluation of the informed consent process for male circumcision scale-up in Zambia, Barbara Friedland, Louis Apicella, Katie D. Schenk, Meredith Sheehy, and Paul C. Hewett

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Facilitating regulatory approval of multipurpose prevention technologies for sexual and reproductive health, Martha Brady

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HIV integrated biological and behavioural surveillance survey (IBBSS) 2010, Federal Ministry of Health

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HIV transmission among married men and women in districts with high out-migration in India: Study brief, Niranjan Saggurti, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Suvakanta N. Swain, Madhusudana Battala, Umesh Chawla, and Alka Narang

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"Knowing myself first": Feasibility of self-testing among health workers in Kenya, Sam Kalibala, Waimar Tun, William Muraah, Peter Cherutich, Erick Oweya, and Patricia Oluoch

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Migration and HIV in India: Study of select districts, Niranjan Saggurti, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Suvakanta N. Swain, Madhusudana Battala, Alka Narang, and Umesh Chawla

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Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men and injecting drug users and validation of audio computer-assisted self interview (ACASI) technique in Abuja, Lagos, and Ibadan, Nigeria: Report fact sheet, Enhancing Nigeria's HIV/AIDS Response (ENR) Programme

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Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men and injecting drug users and validation of audio computer-assisted self interview (ACASI) technique in Abuja, Lagos, and Ibadan, Nigeria: Technical report, Enhancing Nigeria's HIV/AIDS Response (ENR) Programme

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Situation assessment of the HIV response among young people in Zambia, Sam Kalibala and Drosin Mulenga

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What regulatory guidance exists for multipurpose prevention technologies (MPTs)? A review of key guidance documents and their applicability to MPTs, Martha Brady and Heeyoung Park

Submissions from 2010

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Factors affecting enrolment of PLHIV into ART services in India, Avina Sarna, Damodar Bachani, Mary Philip Sebastian, Ruchi Sogarwal, and Madhusudana Battala

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Looking back, moving forward: Access to antiretroviral therapy for HIV infected adults and children in developing countries: Horizons Studies, 2002 to 2008, Avina Sarna and Scott E. Kellerman

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Looking back, moving forward: Implementing PMTCT programs in resource-constrained settings, Horizons studies 1999 to 2007, Carolyn Baek and Naomi Rutenberg

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Looking back, moving forward: Improving the lives of orphans and other children affected by AIDS, Horizons studies 1998 to 2007, Katie D. Schenk, Annie P. Michaelis, Tobey C. Nelson, Lisanne Brown, and Ellen Weiss

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Looking back, moving forward: Promoting gender equity to fight HIV, Horizons studies 1999 to 2007, Julie Pulerwitz, Annie P. Michaelis, and Ellen Weiss

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Looking back, moving forward: Reducing HIV-related stigma, Horizons studies 2000 to 2007, Julie Pulerwitz, Annie P. Michaelis, Ellen Weiss, Lisanne Brown, and Vaishali Sharma Mahendra

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Looking back, moving forward: Understanding the HIV risk and sexual health needs of men who have sex with men, Horizons studies 2001 to 2008, Scott Geibel, Waimar Tun, Placide Tapsoba, and Scott E. Kellerman

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Monitoring and Evaluation of the Emergency Plan Progress (MEEPP): End-of-project evaluation, Sam Kalibala

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PEPFAR special initiative on sexual and gender-based violence: Baseline report, Lynne Elson and Jill Keesbury

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Prevention with positives: How do we reach them in the community?, Avina Sarna, Jerry Okal, Stanley Luchters, Nzioki King'ola, and Scott Geibel

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Protecting hope: Situation analysis of vulnerable children in Uganda 2009, Sam Kalibala and Lynne Elson

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RAPIDS evaluation final report 2005-2009 key findings, Louis Apicella, Katie D. Schenk, and Hena Khan

Submissions from 2009

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Commercial sex workers in five Ethiopian cities: A baseline survey for USAID Targeted HIV Prevention Program for most-at-risk populations, Woldemariam Girma and Annabel Erulkar

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Evaluation of HIV counseling and testing in ANC settings and adherence to short course antiretroviral prophylaxis for PMTCT in Francistown, Botswana, Carolyn Baek, Tracy Creek, Lee Ann Jones, Louis Apicella, Jennifer Redner, and Naomi Rutenberg

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Family centred approach for HIV services: Pilot study in South Africa, Meredith Sheehy, Nomtandazo Patricia Mini, Tonicah Maphanga, and Scott E. Kellerman

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Final evaluation of the project for expanding the role of networks of people living with HIV/AIDS, Young-Mi Kim, John Lukwago, and Stella Neema

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Formative evaluation: Presidential Initiative on AIDS Strategy for Communication to Youth, Netsayi N. Mudege and Chi-Chi Undie

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Hospice Africa Uganda: End-of-project evaluation of palliative care services, Annette Bongiovanni and Mary Alexis Greenan

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Pilot community-based intervention to address the needs of elderly caregivers in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa, Priscilla Reddy, Shegs James, H. Mutumba Bilay-Boon, Eka Esu-Williams, and Hena Khan

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Technical assistance to the Uganda AIDS Commission for operationallisation of the performance monitoring and management plan, Frederick Makumbi, Roy Mayega, David Kisitu, Juliet Sekandi, Denis A. Bwesigye, Robert Miller, and Sam Kalibala

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The AFFORD Health Marketing Initiative in Uganda: Mid-term evaluation, Oleksandr Rohozynsky, Christie Billingsley, and Annette Bongiovanni

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The overlooked epidemic: Addressing HIV prevention and treatment among men who have sex with men in sub-Saharan Africa, National AIDS Control Council of Kenya and Population Council

Submissions from 2008

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Assessment of risk factors for HIV infection among men who have sex with men in the metropolitan area of Campinas City, Brazil, using respondent-driven sampling, Maeve de Mello, Adriana de Araujo Pinho, Magda Chinaglia, Waimar Tun, Aristides Barbosa Junior, Maria Cristina, F.J. Ilario, Paulo Reis, Regina C.S. Salles, Suzanne Westman, and Juan Diaz

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Assessment of risk factors for HIV infection in female sex workers and men who have sex with men in Ciudad del Este, Paraguay, Magda Chinaglia, Waimar Tun, Maeve Mello, Magdalena Insfran, and Juan Diaz

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Caring for caregivers: An HIV/AIDS workplace intervention for hospital staff in Zambia—Evaluation results, Karusa Kiragu, Mutinta Nyumbu, Thabale J. Ngulube, Panganani Njobvu, Chilufya Mwaba, Arthur Kalimbwe, and Spike Bradford

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Catalyzing personal and social change around gender, sexuality, and HIV: Impact evaluation of Puntos de Encuentro´s communication strategy in Nicaragua, Irela Solorzano, Amy Bank, Rodolfo Pena, Henry Espinoza, Mary Ellsberg, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Consentement éclairé dans les essais de prévention du VIH: Points saillants d'un atelier international, Population Council

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Consentimento informado nos ensaios de prevenção do HIV: Pontos altos dum workshop internacional, Population Council

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Consentimiento informado en ensayos de prevención del VIH: Aspectos destacados de un taller internacional, Population Council

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'Dare to Be Different': Enhancing life skills education for HIV prevention in South African schools, Tobey Nelson Sapiano, Nathi Sohaba, and Eka Esu-Williams

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Engaging communities in supporting HIV prevention and adherence to antiretroviral therapy in Zambia, Fiona Samuels, Joseph Simbaya, Avina Sarna, Scott Geibel, Phillimon Ndubani, and Jolly Kamwanga

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Food on the table: The role of livelihood strategies in maintaining nutritional status among ART patients in Kenya and Zambia, Fiona Samuels, Naomi Rutenberg, Joseph Simbaya, Jerry Okal, Nicodemus Kisengese, Stanley Luchters, Susan Kaai, and Scott Geibel

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Helping youth prevent HIV: An evaluation of the Straight Talk program in Uganda, Susan E. Adamchak, Karusa Kiragu, Cathy Watson, Medard Muhwezi, Tobey Nelson Sapiano, Ann Akia-Fiedler, Richard Kibombo, and Milka Juma

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Idhini fahamishi katika majaribio ya kikliniki ya ukingaji wa virusi vya ukimwi, Population Council

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If you build it, will they come? Kenya healthy start pediatric HIV study: A diagnostic study investigating barriers to HIV treatment and care among children, Karusa Kiragu, Katie D. Schenk, Julie Murugi, and Avina Sarna

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Improving hospital-based quality of care in Vietnam by reducing HIV-related stigma and discrimination, Khuat Thi Hai Oanh, Kim Ashburn, Julie Pulerwitz, Jessica Ogden, and Laura Nyblade