The Population Council's HIV and AIDS program is devoted to understanding and slowing the spread of the HIV epidemic. Through biomedical and behavioral research, the Council expands access to innovative and effective products and services, with a focus on the hardest-to-reach, most marginalized populations.

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Submissions from 2005

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Programming for HIV prevention in South African schools: A report on program implementation, Priscilla Reddy, Shegs James, and Ann P. McCauley

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Psychosocial support for children, Alison Clarke, Sherry Hutchinson, and Ellen Weiss

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Reducing the transmission of HIV and sexually transmitted infections in a mining community: Findings from the Carletonville Mothusimpilo intervention project: 1998 to 2001, Lewis Ndhlovu, Catherine Searle, Johannes van Dam, Yodwa Mzaidume, Bareng Rasego, and Solly Moema

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Reproductive intentions and choices among HIV-infected individuals in Cape Town, South Africa: Lessons for reproductive policy and service provision from a qualitative study, Diane Cooper, Hillary J. Bracken, Landon Myer, Virginia Zweigenthal, Jane Harries, Phyllis Orner, Nontuthuzelo Manjezi, and Pumeza Ngubane

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Understanding the HIV/STI risks and prevention needs of men who have sex with men in Nairobi, Kenya, Washington Onyango-Ouma, Harriet Birungi, and Scott Geibel

Submissions from 2004

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Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy in Adults: A Guide for Trainers, Horizons Program, International Centre for Reproductive Health, and Mombasa Coast Province General Hospital

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A rapid situation analysis of the access to care project in Northern Thailand, Ratana Panpanich

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Attracting youth to voluntary counseling and testing services in Uganda, Ann P. McCauley, Milka Juma, Edward Kirumira, Nelson Kakande, Scott Geibel, C. Hitimana-Lukanika, Daniel Lukenge, and Edith Mukisa

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Challenges faced by households in caring for orphans and vulnerable children, Population Council

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Combinando estrategias comunitarias y política gubernamental para prevenir la infección del VIH en la República Dominicana, Deanna Kerrigan, Luis Moreno, Santo Rosario, Bayardo Gomez, Hector Jerez, Ellen Weiss, Johannes van Dam, Eva Roca, Clare Barrington, and Michael D. Sweat

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Combining community approaches and government policy to reduce HIV risk in the Dominican Republic, Deanna Kerrigan, Luis Moreno, Bayardo Gomez, Hector Jerez, Ellen Weiss, Johannes van Dam, Eva Roca, Clare Barrington, and Michael D. Sweat

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Community approaches and government policy reduce HIV risk in the Dominican Republic, Deanna Kerrigan, Luis Moreno, Bayardo Gomez, Hector Jerez, Ellen Weiss, Johannes van Dam, Eva Roca, Clare Barrington, and Michael D. Sweat

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Equitable access to HIV counseling and testing for youth in developing countries: A review of current practice, Ann P. McCauley

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Expanding care and support in South India: Scaling up YRG CARE's patient-centered approach, YRG CARE, Horizons Program, and International HIV/AIDS Alliance

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Expanding the care continuum for HIV/AIDS: Bringing carers into focus, Jessica Ogden, Simel Esim, and Caren Grown

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Exploring the association between HIV and violence: Young people's experiences with infidelity, violence and forced sex in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, Heidi Lary, Suzanne Maman, Maligo Katebalila, Ann P. McCauley, and Jessie K. Mbwambo

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Homosexual activity among rural Indian men: Implications for HIV interventions, Ravi K. Verma and Martine Collumbien

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Intervenciones comunitarias y política gubernamental reducen el riesgo del VIH en la República Dominicana, Deanna Kerrigan, Luis Moreno, Bayardo Gomez, Hector Jerez, Ellen Weiss, Johannes van Dam, Eva Roca, Clare Barrington, and Michael D. Sweat

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Involving young people in the care and support of people living with HIV/AIDS in Zambia, Eka Esu-Williams, Katie D. Schenk, Joseph Motsepe, Scott Geibel, and Anderson Zulu

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Maximizing resources to meet client needs: Evaluation of a comprehensive HIV/AIDS care and support model in India, YRG CARE, Horizons Program, and International HIV/AIDS Alliance

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Microbicide trials for preventing HIV/AIDS in South Africa: Phase II trial participants' experiences and psychological needs, Annalie Pistorius, Janneke van de Wijgert, Mohlatlego H. Sebola, Barbara Friedland, Evelyn Nagel, Cathleen Bokaba, and Anwar Hoosen

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Paving the Path: Preparing for Microbicide Introduction—Report of a Qualitative Study in South Africa, Julie Becker, Rasha Dabash, C. Elizabeth McGrory, Diane Cooper, Jane Harries, Margaret Hoffman, Jennifer Moodley, Phyllis Orner, and Hillary J. Bracken

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Paving the Path: Preparing for Microbicide Introduction—Report of a Qualitative Study in South Africa [Executive Summary], Julie Becker, Rasha Dabash, C. Elizabeth McGrory, Diane Cooper, Jane Harries, Margaret Hoffman, Jennifer Moodley, Phyllis Orner, and Hillary J. Bracken

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Protection and participation: An interactive programme introducing the female condom to migrant sex workers in Cambodia, Joanna Busza and Simon Baker

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Review of field experiences: Integration of family planning and PMTCT services, Naomi Rutenberg and Carolyn Baek

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Strengthening STI treatment and HIV/AIDS prevention services in Carletonville, South Africa, Lewis Ndhlovu, Catherine Searle, and Johannes van Dam

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Succession planning in Uganda: Early outreach for AIDS-affected children and their families, Horizons Program, Makerere University Department of Sociology, and Plan Uganda

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The role of incentives in encouraging workplace HIV/AIDS policies and programs, Simon Baker, Srisuman Sartsara, Patchara Rumakom, Philip Guest, Katie D. Schenk, Anthony Pramualratana, Suparat Suksakulwat, Surachai Panakitsuwan, and Sikarat Moonmeung

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Transitions to adulthood in the context of AIDS in South Africa: The impact of exposure to life skills education on adolescent knowledge, skills, and behavior, The Transitions to Adulthood Study Team

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Understanding perceptions of HIV risk among adolescents in KwaZulu-Natal, Kate Macintyre, Naomi Rutenberg, Lisanne Brown, and Ali Mehyrar Karim

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Using incentives to encourage AIDS programs and policies in the workplace: A study of feasibility and impact in Thailand, Simon Baker, Srisuman Sartsara, Patchara Rumakom, Philip Guest, Katie D. Schenk, Anthony Pramualratana, Suparat Suksakulwat, Surachai Panakitsuwan, and Sikarat Moonmeung

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Vulnerability and intervention opportunities: Research findings on youth and HIV/AIDS in South Africa, Population Council

Submissions from 2003

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Empowering communities to respond to HIV/AIDS: Ndola Demonstration Project on Maternal and Child Health: Operations research final report, Hope Humana, LINKAGES, National Food and Nutrition Commission, Ndola District Health Management Team, Horizons Program, and Zambia Integrated Health Project

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Evaluation of United Nations-supported pilot projects for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV: Overview of findings, Naomi Rutenberg, Carolyn Baek, Sam Kalibala, and James Rosen

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Expanding workplace HIV/AIDS prevention activities for a highly mobile population: Construction workers in Ho Chi Minh City, Vu Ngoc Bao, Philip Guest, Julie Pulerwitz, Le Thuy Lan Thao, Duong Xuan Dinh, Tran Thi Kim Xuyen, and Ann Levin

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Expanding workplace HIV prevention programs for a highly mobile population in Ho Chi Minh City, Vu Ngoc Bao, Philip Guest, Julie Pulerwitz, Le Thuy Lan Thao, Duong Xuan Dinh, Tran Thi Kim Xuyen, and Ann Levin

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Family planning and PMTCT services: Examining interrelationships, strengthening linkages, Naomi Rutenberg, Carolyn Baek, Chipepo Kankasa, Ruth Nduati, Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha, Margaret Siwale, Scott Geibel, and Louis Apicella

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HIV voluntary counseling and testing: An essential component in preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV, Naomi Rutenberg, Chipepo Kankasa, Ruth Nduati, Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha, Margaret Siwale, Scott Geibel, and Louis Apicella

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Infant feeding counseling within Kenyan and Zambian PMTCT services: How well does it promote good feeding practices?, Naomi Rutenberg, Chipepo Kankasa, Ruth Nduati, Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha, Margaret Siwale, and Scott Geibel

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Involving youth in the care and support of people affected by HIV and AIDS, Eka Esu-Williams, Scott Geibel, Joseph Motsepe, Katie D. Schenk, Moses Zulu, and Petronella Bweupe

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Microfinance and households coping with HIV/AIDS in Zimbabwe: An exploratory study, Carolyn Barnes, Erica Keogh, Nontokozo Nemarundwe, Loveness Nyikahadzoi, and Ellen Weiss

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Participation accrue des personnes vivant avec le VIH/SIDA aux activités des ONG de Lutte Contre le SIDA, Population Council

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Programme recommendations for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV: A practical guide for managers, Naomi Rutenberg, Sam Kalibala, Carolyn Baek, and James Rosen

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Programming for HIV prevention among college students in Thailand, Simon Baker, Patchara Rumakom, Usasinee Rewthong, Srisuman Sartsara, Ann P. McCauley, and Jessica Greene

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Programming for HIV prevention in Mexican schools, Ann P. McCauley, Martha Givaudan, Susan Pick, and Jessica Greene

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Programming for HIV prevention in South African schools, Priscilla Reddy, Shegs James, Ann P. McCauley, and Jessica Greene

Rapid Needs Assessment Tool for Condom Programming, Robert A. Miller, Nancy L. Sloan, Eugene Weiss, and Bernard Pobiak

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Reproductive health services in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa: A situation analysis study focusing on HIV/AIDS services, Lewis Ndhlovu, Catherine Searle, Robert A. Miller, Andrew A. Fisher, Ester Snyman, and Nancy L. Sloan

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Succession planning in Uganda: Early outreach for AIDS-affected children and their families, Population Council

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The ABCs and beyond: Developing an operations research agenda on comprehensive behavior change approaches for HIV prevention: Report from a technical meeting, Julie Pulerwitz, Johannes van Dam, and Natalie Phillips-Hamblett

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The impact of life skills education on adolescent sexual risk behaviors, Robert Magnani, Kate Macintyre, Ali Mehyrar Karim, Lisanne Brown, and Paul Hutchinson

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The impact of life skills education on adolescent sexual risk behaviors [Arabic], Robert Magnani, Kate Macintyre, Ali Mehyrar Karim, Lisanne Brown, and Paul Hutchinson

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The PLHA-friendly achievement checklist: A self-assessment tool for hospitals and other medical institutions caring for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA), Horizons Program and SHARAN

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YRG CARE base model report: Integrated prevention, care, and support services, Christopher Castle

Submissions from 2002

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Access to treatment for HIV/AIDS: Report of a meeting of international experts, Johannes van Dam and Sherry Hutchinson

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Cost of care and support services for PLHA: Implications for the financial sustainability of nongovernmental organizations, Horizons Program

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Designing HIV/AIDS Intervention Studies: An Operations Research Handbook, Andrew A. Fisher, James R. Foreit, John E. Laing, John E. Stoeckel, and John Townsend

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Estimating the cost and effectiveness of different STI management strategies for sex workers in Madagascar, Horizons Program

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Greater involvement of PLHA In NGO service delivery: Findings from a four-country study, Horizons Program

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HIV/AIDS Prevention Guidance for Reproductive Health Professionals in Developing-Country Settings, Helen Epstein, Daniel Whelan, Janneke van de Wijgert, Purnima Mane, and Suman Mehta

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HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination: A conceptual framework and an agenda for action, Richard Parker, Peter Aggleton, Kathy Attawell, Julie Pulerwitz, and Lisanne Brown

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Integrating HIV prevention and care into maternal and child health care settings: Lessons learned from Horizons studies, Naomi Rutenberg, Sam Kalibala, Charles Mwai, and James Rosen

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Meeting the sexual health needs of men who have sex with men in Senegal, Horizons Program

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Meeting the sexual health needs of men who have sex with men in Senegal, Cheikh Ibrahima Niang, Moustapha Diagne, Youssoupha Niang, Amadou Moreau, Dominique Gomis, Maye Diouf, Karim Seck, Abdoulaye Sidibe Wade, Placide Tapsoba, and Christopher Castle

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Microfinance and households coping with HIV/AIDS in Zimbabwe: An exploratory study, Horizons Program

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Ndola Demonstration Project: A midterm analysis of lessons learned, Horizons Program

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Satisfaire aux besoins de santé des hommes qui ont des rapports sexuels avec d’autres hommes au Sénégal, Cheikh Ibrahima Niang, Moustapha Diagne, Youssoupha Niang, Amadou Moreau, Dominique Gomis, Maye Diouf, Karim Seck, Abdoulaye Sidibe Wade, Placide Tapsoba, and Christopher Castle

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Satisfaire les besoins de santé des hommes qui ont des rapports sexuels avec d'Autres hommes au Sénégal, Horizons Program

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The female condom: Dynamics of use in urban Zimbabwe, Horizons Program

Submissions from 2001

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Acceptability of the female condom after a social marketing campaign in Campinas, Brazil, Horizons Program

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A question of scale? The challenge of expanding the impact of non-governmental organisations' HIV/AIDS efforts in developing countries, Jocelyn DeJong

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Community involvement in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV: Insights and recommendations, Naomi Rutenberg, Mary Lyn Field-Nguer, and Laura Nyblade

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Evidence for the importance of community involvement: Implications for initiatives to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV, Ann Leonard, Purnima Mane, and Naomi Rutenberg

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HIV and partner violence: Implications for HIV voluntary counseling and testing, Horizons Program

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HIV and partner violence: Implications for HIV voluntary counseling and testing programs in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, Suzanne Maman, Jessie K. Mbwambo, Margaret Hogan, Gad P. Kilonzo, Michael D. Sweat, and Ellen Weiss

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HIV and partner violence: What are the implications for voluntary counseling and testing?, Carolyn Knapp

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HIV voluntary counseling and testing among youth ages 14 to 21: Results from an exploratory study in Nairobi, Kenya, and Kampala and Masaka, Uganda, Horizons Program, Kenya Project Partners, and Uganda Project Partners

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Interventions to reduce HIV/AIDS stigma: What have we learned?, Lisanne Brown, Lea Trujillo, and Kate Macintyre

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Making a difference for children affected by AIDS: Baseline findings from operations research in Uganda, Laelia Gilborn, Rebecca Nyonyintono, Robert Kabumbuli, and Gabriel Jagwe-Wadda

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Prevention of trafficking and the care and support of trafficked persons in the context of an emerging HIV/AIDS epidemic in Nepal, Celine Daly

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Reducing HIV infection among youth: What can schools do? Key baseline findings from Mexico, South Africa, and Thailand, Holley Stewart, Ann P. McCauley, Simon Baker, Martha Givaudan, Shegs James, Iwin Leenen, Susan Pick, Priscilla Reddy, Usasinee Rewthong, Patchara Rumakom, and Dilys Walker

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The case for microbicides: A global priority, Kathy Attawell

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Trafficking and human rights in Nepal: Community perceptions and policy and program responses, Celine Daly, Vaishali Sharma Mahendra, Pankaja Bhattarai, Nick Langton, Jyoti Sanghera, Catrin Evans, Ratna Kapur, Dill Ram Dahal, and Siobhan Crowley

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Transitions to adulthood in the context of AIDS in South Africa: Report of Wave I, Naomi Rutenberg, Cathrien Kehus-Alons, Lisanne Brown, Kate Macintyre, Anthea Dallimore, and Carol E. Kaufman

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Women, communities, and the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV: Issues and findings from community research in Botswana and Zambia, Laura Nyblade and Mary Lyn Field-Nguer

Submissions from 2000

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Male circumcision and HIV prevention: Directions for future research, Johannes van Dam and Marie Christine Anastasi

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Measuring relationship power in HIV/STD research, Julie Pulerwitz, L. Steven Gortmaker, and William Dejong

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Peer education and HIV/AIDS: Past experience, future directions, Deanna Kerrigan and Ellen Weiss

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The female condom: Dynamics of use in urban Zimbabwe, Deanna Kerrigan, Steve Mobley, Naomi Rutenberg, Andrew A. Fisher, and Ellen Weiss

Submissions from 1999

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Informing Research on HIV Prevention: A Consultation, Sharon Fonn and C. Elizabeth McGrory

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Literature review: Challenging HIV-related stigma and discrimination in Southeast Asia: Past successes and future priorities, Joanna Busza

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The female condom in Zimbabwe: The interplay of research, advocacy, and government action, Population Council

Submissions from 1998

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Community-based AIDS Prevention and Care in Africa: Results of four action-research interventions in East and Southern Africa, Ann Leonard and Esther Muia

Submissions from 1995

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Community-based AIDS prevention and care in Africa—Dissemination of Phase I findings: Report of five national workshops, Population Council

Submissions from 1994

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Community-based AIDS prevention and care in Africa: Case studies from five African countries, Ann Leonard

Submissions from 1993

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Community-based AIDS prevention and care in Africa: Workshop report, Andrea Eschen

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The development of microbicides: A new method of HIV prevention for women, Christopher J. Elias and Lori L. Heise