The Population Council's HIV and AIDS program is devoted to understanding and slowing the spread of the HIV epidemic. Through biomedical and behavioral research, the Council expands access to innovative and effective products and services, with a focus on the hardest-to-reach, most marginalized populations.

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Submissions from 2021

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"A man without money getting a sexual partner? It doesn’t exist in our community": Male partners’ perspectives on transactional sexual relationships in Uganda and Eswatini, Julie Pulerwitz, C. Valenzuela, Ann Gottert, Godfrey Siu, Patrick Shabangu, and Sanyukta Mathur

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Assessment of community-based ART service model linking female sex workers to HIV care and treatment in Blantyre and Mangochi, Malawi, Lung Vu, Brady Zieman, Adamson Muula, Vincent Samuel, Lyson Tenthani, David Chilongozi, Simon Sikwese, Grace Kumwenda, and Scott Geibel

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Associations between key psychosocial stressors and viral suppression and retention in care among youth with HIV in rural South Africa, Lindsey M. Filiatreau, Audrey Pettifor, Jessie K. Edwards, Nkosinathi Masilela, Rhian Twine, F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Nicole Haberland, Chodziwadziwa Whiteson Kabudula, Sheri A. Lippman, and Kathleen Kahn

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Characteristics and relationship dynamics of male partners of adolescent girls and young women in Malawi, Project SOAR

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Cost-effectiveness of peer-delivered HIV self-tests for MSM in Uganda, Stephen Okoboi, Barbara Castelnuovo, Jean-Pierre Van Geertruyden, Oucul Lazarus, Lung Vu, Sam Kalibala, Yvonne Kamara, Perez N. Ochanda, Rachel King, and Andrew Mujugira

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Depressive symptoms, HIV-related stigma and ART adherence among caregivers of children in vulnerable households in rural southern Malawi, Kathryn Spielman, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Adamson Muula, Lyson Tenthani, and Paul C. Hewett

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Exploring the regulatory context for HIV self-testing and PrEP market authorisation and use in Nigeria, Osasuyi Dirisu, Oluwafunke Ilesanmi, Akinwumi Akinola, Mayokun Adediran, Waimar Tun, and Rex Mpazanje

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Factors associated with condom failure in a longitudinal cohort of men who have sex with men and transgender women in Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria, Matthew Hamill, Fengming Hu, Afoke Kokogho, Elizabeth Shoyemi, Charles Ekeh, Manhattan E. Charurat, Merlin L. Robb, Sylvia Adebajo, Stefan Baral, Rebecca G. Nowak, Trevor A. Crowell, and TRUST/RV368 Study Group

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Factors influencing HIV care outcomes among adolescents living with HIV in rural South Africa, Lindsey M. Filiatreau, Audrey Pettifor, Jess Edwards, Nkosinathi Masilela, Rhian Twine, F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Nicole Haberland, Chodziwadziwa Whiteson Kabudula, Sheri A. Lippman, and Kathleen Kahn

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Family support for adolescent girls and young women living with HIV in Zambia: Benefits, challenges, and recommendations for intervention development, Sarah Roberts, Patrick Edwards, Drosin Mulenga, Nachela Chelwa, Laura Nyblade, Caila Brander, Maurice Musheke, Michael Mbizvo, and Sujha Subramanian

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Girl-only clubs’ influence on SRH knowledge, HIV risk reduction, and negative SRH outcomes among very young adolescent girls in rural Malawi, Wanangwa Chimwaza Manda, Nanlesta Pilgrim, Mphatso Kamndaya, Sanyukta Mathur, and Yandisa Sikweyiya

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Helping family planning clients self-assess HIV vulnerability: User testing a waiting area chatbot in Zambia, Population Council

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HIV knowledge, service utilization, and exposure to DREAMS among male partners of adolescent girls and young women in Malawi, Project SOAR

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HIV testing and treatment among adults working in the fishing sector, agricultural estates, and as market vendors in rural southern Malawi, Project SOAR

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Improving PMTCT outcomes for mother-infant pairs through community-facility linkage: Results from a mixed methods study in Malawi, Michael Herce, Jess Edwards, Stephanie M. Topp, Michael Eliya, Nicole Carbone, Lauren Zalla, Jennifer Tseka, Maga Chagomerana, Mina C. Hosseinipour, and Innocent Mofolo

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Impulsiveness, depression, sexual behavior, and sexually transmitted infections and HIV-related outcomes among out-of-school adolescent girls and young women in rural southern Malawi, Project SOAR

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Integrated psychosocial, economic strengthening, and clinical service-delivery to improve health and resilience of adolescents living with HIV and their caregivers: Findings from a prospective cohort study in Zambia, Joseph G. Rosen, Lyson Phiri, Mwelwa Chibuye, Edith S. Namukonda, Michael Mbizvo, and Nkomba Kayeyi

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Integrating depression management into HIV care in Lilongwe, Malawi: Feasibility and impact, Brian Wells Pence, Michael Udedi, Kazione Kulisewa, Mina C. Hosseinipour, Steven M. Mphonda, Melissa A. Stockton, and Bradley N. Gaynes

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Leveraging adaptive implementation strategies to achieve universal coverage of antiretroviral therapy in Senegal, Gnilane Turpin, Carrie E. Lyons, Sidy Mokhtar Ndiaye, Nuria Gallego Marquez, Nika Elmi, Nguissali Turpin, Penda Dieng, Daouda Diouf, and Stefan Baral

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Multilevel and multifactorial interventions to reduce alcohol consumption and improve ART adherence and related factors among HIV positive men in Mumbai, India, Stephen L. Schensul, Toan Ha, Jean J. Schensul, James Grady, Joseph A. Burleson, Sushma S. Gaikwad, Kavita Joshi, Rupal Malye, and Avina Sarna

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Optimizing maternal and child health outcomes through use of multidisciplinary 'IMPROVE' teams in Lesotho, Appolinaire Tiam, Vincent Tukei, Lauren Greenberg, Shannon Viana, Heather Hoffman, Laura Guay, Ramatlapeng Thabelo, Tsietso Mots'oane, and Matsepeli Nchephe

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Optimizing maternal, newborn, and child health outcomes through use of multidisciplinary 'IMPROVE' teams in Lesotho: Costing component, Adebiyi Adesina, Rachael Linder, and Lori Bollinger

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Overview: Literature review of linkage, adherence, and retention interventions for seropositive children and young people in Africa, Project SOAR

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Project YES! Youth Engaging for Success: A randomized controlled trial testing a peer mentoring approach among HIV-positive adolescents and young adults in Ndola, Zambia, Julie Denison, Virginia M. Burke, Sam Miti, Bareng A.S. Nonyane, Christiana Frimpong, Katherine G. Merrill, Elizabeth A. Abrams, and Jonathan Kaunda Mwansa

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Relationship dynamics and anticipated stigma: Key considerations for PrEP use among Tanzanian adolescent girls and young women and male partners, Nrupa Jani, Sanyukta Mathur, Catherine Kahabuka, Neema Makyao, and Nanlesta Pilgrim

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The power and process of shifting gender norms: Insights from a randomized controlled trial in South Africa, Nicole Haberland, Julie Pulerwitz, Ann Gottert, Audrey Pettifor, Sheri A. Lippman, Dean Peacock, Lumbwe Chola, Ryan Wagner, Anna M. Leddy, Rebecca West, Mi-Suk Kang Dufour, Jennifer Hove, Rhian Twine, Rhandzekile Mathebula, Dumisani Rebombo, Angelica Pino, F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Chodziwadziwa Whiteson Kabudula, Nkosinathi Masilela, Aimée Julien, Kathryn Spielman, and Kathleen Kahn

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Time to take critical race theory seriously: Moving beyond a colour-blind gender lens in global health, Eileen Yam, Martha Silva, Malini Ranganathan, Jamila White, Tonija M. Hope, and Chandra L. Ford

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We need more than information to address stigma—Podcast interview with Julie Pulerwitz, Julie Pulerwitz and Carmen Logie

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Zambia Family (ZAMFAM) cohort study, Joseph G. Rosen, Lyson Phiri, Mwelwa Chibuye, Edith S. Namukonda, Michael Mbizvo, and Nkomba Kayeyi

Submissions from 2020

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A case-study of OVC Case Management through the Zambia Family (ZAMFAM) project, Lyson Phiri, Drosin Mulenga, Nancy Choka, Caila Brander, Nachela Chelwa, and Nkomba Kayeyi

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A case study of OVC Case Management through the Zambia Family (ZAMFAM) project—Brief, Population Council

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Addressing intimate partner violence and power in intimate relationships in HIV testing services in Nairobi, Kenya, Nicole Haberland, Charity Ndwiga, Katharine McCarthy, Julie Pulerwitz, Rose Kosgei, Margaret Mak'anyengo, Amelia Peltz, Vincent Wong, and Sam Kalibala

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ADVICE: Global landscaping of family planning decision support tools, Benjamin Bellows

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A multilevel intervention to reduce stigma among alcohol consuming men living with HIV receiving antiretroviral therapy: Findings from a randomized control trial in India, Roopal Jyoti Singh, Avina Sarna, Jean J. Schensul, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Toan Ha, and Stephen L. Schensul

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Association of age with healthcare needs and engagement among Nigerian men who have sex with men and transgender women: Cross‐sectional and longitudinal analyses from an observational cohort, Habib O. Ramadhani, Trevor A. Crowell, Rebecca G. Nowak, Nicaise Ndembi, Blessing O. Kayode, Afoke Kokogho, Uchenna Ononaku, Elizabeth Shoyemi, Charles Ekeh, Sylvia Adebajo, Stefan Baral, Manhattan E. Charurat, and TRUST/RV368 Study Group

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Balanced Counseling Strategy Plus (BCS +) in family planning consultations, Charity Ndwiga

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Characterizing the unmet HIV prevention needs and HIV risk vulnerabilities of adolescent girls and young women in Ethiopia, Carly A. Comins, Sheree Schwartz, Stefan Baral, and Andargachew Mulu

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“Children are a blessing from God” – A qualitative study exploring the socio-cultural factors influencing contraceptive use in two Muslim communities in Kenya, Batula Abdi, Jerry Okal, Gamal I. Serour, and Marleen Temmerman

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Community-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) delivery for female sex workers in Tanzania: Intervention model and baseline findings, Lung Vu, Waimar Tun, Louis Apicella, Caterina Casalini, Neema Makyao, Samantha Tsang, Denna Michael, Todd Koppenhaver, and Erick Mlanga

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Community-based HIV treatment service delivery model for female sex workers in Tanzania: Evaluation findings, Lung Vu, Waimar Tun, Louis Apicella, Jeremiah Kidola, Caterina Casalini, Gasper Mbita, Neema Makyao, Todd Koppenhaver, and Erick Mlanga

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Creating HIV risk profiles for men in South Africa: A latent class approach using cross-sectional survey data, Ann Gottert, Julie Pulerwitz, Craig Heck, Cherie Cawood, and Sanyukta Mathur

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Effect of a community-based gender norms program on sexual violence perpetration by adolescent boys and young men: A cluster randomized clinical trial, Elizabeth Miller, Kelley A. Jones, Alison J. Culyba, Taylor Paglisotti, Namita Dwarakanath, Michael Massof, Zoe Feinstein, Katie A. Ports, Dorothy L. Espelage, Julie Pulerwitz, Aapta Garg, Jane Kato-Wallace, and Kaleab Z. Abebe

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Effects of the implementation of the HIV Treat All guidelines on key ART treatment outcomes in Namibia, Lung Vu, Brady Zieman, Lizl Stoman, Minh Luu, Johnface Fedes Mdala, Krista Granger, Steven Forsythe, Abeje Zegeye, and Scott Geibel

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Effects of the implementation of the HIV Treat All guidelines on key ART treatment outcomes in Namibia, Lung Vu, Brady Zieman, Lizl Stoman, Minh Luu, Johnface Fedes Mdala, Krista Granger, Steven Forsythe, Abeje Zegeye, and Scott Geibel

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Estimating the market size for a dual prevention pill: Adding contraception to pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to increase uptake, Lorna Begg, Rebecca Brodsky, Barbara Friedland, Sanyukta Mathur, James Sailer, and George W. Creasy

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Evidence around engaging men in HIV prevention and treatment, Julie Pulerwitz, Ann Gottert, Jerry Okal, and Sanyukta Mathur

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Evidence to support HIV prevention for adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) and their male partners: Results from Malawi Dreams studies with AGYW, male partners of AGYW, men living with HIV, and program implementing partners, Nanlesta Pilgrim, Victor Mwapasa, Effie Chipeta, Wanangwa Chimwaza, Nrupa Jani, Tracy McClair, Lyson Tenthani, and Sanyukta Mathur

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Examining the relationship between physical and sexual violence and psychosocial health in young people living with HIV in rural South Africa, Lindsey M. Filiatreau, Danielle Giovenco, Rhian Twine, F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Kathleen Kahn, Nicole Haberland, and Audrey Pettifor

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Gaining traction: Promising shifts in gender norms and intimate partner violence in the context of a community-based HIV prevention trial in South Africa, Ann Gottert, Julie Pulerwitz, Nicole Haberland, Rhandzekile Mathebula, Dumisani Rebombo, Kathryn Spielman, Rebecca West, Aimée Julien, Rhian Twine, Dean Peacock, Mi-Suk Kang, Dufour F. Xavier, F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Audrey Pettifor, Sheri A. Lippman, and Kathleen Kahn

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HIV status disclosure by Nigerian men who have sex with men and transgender women living with HIV: A cross-sectional analysis at enrollment into an observational cohort, Abdulwasiu B. Tiamiyu, John Lawlor, Fengming Hu, Afoke Kokogho, Manhattan E. Charurat, Charles Ekeh, Merlin L. Robb, Sylvia Adebajo, George I. Eluwa, Julie Ake, Stefan Baral, Rebecca G. Nowak, Trevor A. Crowell, and TRUST/RV368 Study Group

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HIV vulnerability among adolescent girls and young women: A multi-country latent class analysis approach, Sanyukta Mathur, Nanlesta Pilgrim, Sangram Kishor Patel, Jerry Okal, Victor Mwapasa, Effie Chipeta, Maurice Musheke, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Internalized stigma among people living with HIV: Assessing the Internalized AIDS-Related Stigma Scale in four countries, Scott Geibel; Ann Gottert; Barbara Friedland; Jeremiah Kidola; Tracy McClair; Christoforos Mallouris; Stella Kentutsi; Julian Hows; Laurel Sprague; Julie Pulerwitz; and PLHIV Stigma Index 2.0 Study Group in Cambodia, the Dominican Republic and Uganda

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Introduction to the ADVICE project: Advancing integrated FP/HIV counseling with evidence, Eileen Yam

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"I think this is the only challenge… the stigma” Stakeholder perceptions about barriers to antenatal care (ANC) and prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) uptake in Kano state, Nigeria, Osasuyi Dirisu, George I. Eluwa, Eseoghene Adams, Kwasi Torpey, Oladapo Shittu, and Sylvia Adebajo

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"It is always better for a man to know his HIV status" — A qualitative study exploring the context, barriers and facilitators of HIV testing among men in Nairobi, Kenya, Jerry Okal, Daniel Lango, James K. Matheka, Francis Obare, Carol Ngunu-Gituathi, Mary Mugambi, and Avina Sarna

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‘I will welcome this one 101%, I will so embrace it’: A qualitative exploration of the feasibility and acceptability of HIV self-testing among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Lagos, Nigeria, Osasuyi Dirisu, Adekemi Sekoni, Lung Vu, Sylvia Adebajo, Jean Njab, Elizabeth Shoyemi, Sade Ogunsola, and Waimar Tun

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Level of adherence and associated factors among HIV-positive adolescents on antiretroviral therapy in Cameroon, Mbuwir Charlotte Bongfen, Kwasi Torpey, John Ganle, and Augustine Ankomah

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Male adolescents’ gender attitudes and violence: Implications for youth violence prevention, Elizabeth Miller, Alison J. Culyba, Taylor Paglisotti, Michael Massof, Qi Gao, Katie A. Ports, Jane Kato-Wallace, Julie Pulerwitz, Dorothy L. Espelage, Kaleab Z. Abebe, and Kelley A. Jones

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Men and COVID-19: Adding a gender lens, Myra Betron, Ann Gottert, Julie Pulerwitz, Dominick Shattuck, and Natacha Stevanovic-Fenn

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Modeling HIV transmission from sexually active alcohol-consuming men in ART programs to seronegative wives, Kevin D. Dieckhaus, Toan Ha, Stephen L. Schensul, and Avina Sarna

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Multiple HPV infections among men who have sex with men engaged in anal cancer screening in Abuja, Nigeria, Rebecca G. Nowak, Lisa M. Schumaker, Nicholas P. Ambulos, Nicaise Ndembi, Wuese Dauda, Chineda H. Nnaji, Andrew Mitchell, Trevor J. Mathias, Paul Jibrin, Teresa M. Darragh, Oluwole Olaomi, Trevor A. Crowell, Stefan Baral, Manhattan E. Charurat, Søren M. Bentzen, Joel M. Palefsky, Kevin J. Cullen, TRUST/RV368 Study Group, and Elizabeth Shoyemi

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Piloting and evaluating family-centered HIV care in Eswatini, Caspian Chouraya, Nobuble Mthethwa, Lynne Mofenson, Philisiwe Khumalo, Lydia Mpango, Munamato Mirira, Rhoderick Machekano, Leila Katirayi, and Kim Ashburn

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Prevalence and characteristics of HIV drug resistance among antiretroviral treatment (ART) experienced adolescents and young adults living with HIV in Ndola, Zambia, Sam Miti, Ray Handema, Lloyd Mulenga, Jonathan Kaunda Mwansa, Elizabeth A. Abrams, Christiana Frimpong, Virginia M. Burke, Mangani Zulu, Mpanji Siwingwa, David Mwakazanga, Sam Kalibala, and Julie Denison

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Program effects of DREAMS among adolescent girls and young women in Kisumu County, Kenya: Findings from DREAMS implementation science research, Population Council

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Program effects of DREAMS among adolescent girls and young women in Zambia: Findings from DREAMS implementation science research, Population Council

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Project YES! Youth Engaging for Success: A randomized controlled trial assessing the impact of a clinic-based peer mentoring program on viral suppression, adherence and internalized stigma among HIV-positive youth (15–24 years) in Ndola, Zambia, Julie Denison, Virginia M. Burke, Sam Miti, Bareng A.S. Nonyane, Christiana Frimpong, Katherine G. Merrill, Elizabeth A. Abrams, and Jonathan Kaunda Mwansa

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Reaching 90-90-90: Evidence from Project SOAR to strengthen the HIV response, Scott Geibel

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Reducing HIV risk among young women and their partners: Highlights from the DREAMS implementation science research portfolio, Population Council

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Reducing HIV risk for adolescent girls and young women and their male partners: Insights from the DREAMS Partnership, Sanyukta Mathur

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Reducing stigma and discrimination: New evidence and its implications, Janet Seeley and Ann K. Blanc

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Safer conception for female sex workers living with HIV in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: Cross-sectional analysis of needs and opportunities in integrated family planning/HIV services, Eileen Yam, Catherine Kahabuka, Gasper Mbita, Koheleth Winani, Louis Apicella, Caterina Casalini, and Zuhura Mbuguni

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Seizing opportunities for intervention: Changing HIV-related knowledge among men who have sex with men and transgender women attending trusted community centers in Nigeria, Milissa U. Jones, Habib O. Ramadhani, Sylvia Adebajo, Charlotte A. Gaydos, Afoke Kokogho, Stefan Baral, Rebecca G. Nowak, Julie Ake, Hongjie Liu, Manhattan E. Charurat, Merlin L. Robb, Trevor A. Crowell, and TRUST/RV368 Study Group

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Stigma among key populations living with HIV in the Dominican Republic: Experiences of people of Haitian descent, MSM, and female sex workers, Eileen Yam, Julie Pulerwitz, Dulce Almonte, Felipa García, Angel del Valle, Alejandra Colom, Tracy McClair, and Yordana Dolores

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Strengthening capacity for assessment of HIV-related data needs among key populations to inform evidence-based responses, Amrita Rao, Nikita Viswasam, and Stefan Baral

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Support clubs for children and youth in Haiti living with HIV: A case study, Susan Settergren, Robert Philippe, Joanne St. Louis, Nathaniel Segaren, Sylvie Boisson, Tessa Lewis, Olbeg Désinor, and Kesner François

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Sustaining consistent condom use among female sex workers by addressing their vulnerabilities and strengthening community-led organizations in India, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Monika Walia, Sangram Kishor Patel, Madhusudana Battala, Saradiya Mukherjee, Prachi Patel, Balakrishnan Subramanium, Yamini Atmavilas, and Niranjan Saggurti

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The impact of an integrated depression and HIV treatment program on mental health and HIV care outcomes among people newly initiating antiretroviral therapy in Malawi, Melissa A. Stockton, Michael Udedi, Kazione Kulisewa, Mina C. Hosseinipour, Bradley N. Gaynes, Steven M. Mphonda, Joanna Maselko, Audrey Pettifor, Ruth Verhey, Dixon Chibanda, Ilana Lapidos-Salaiz, and Brian Wells Pence

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The People Living with HIV Stigma Index 2.0: Generating critical evidence for change worldwide, Barbara Friedland, Ann Gottert, Julian Hows, Stefan Baral, Laurel Sprague, Laura Nyblade, Tracy McClair, Florence Anam, Scott Geibel, Stella Kentutsi, Ubald Tamoufe, Daouda Diouf, Amenyeiwe Ugo, Christoforos Mallouris, Julie Pulerwitz, and PLHIV Stigma Index 2.0 Study Group

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The short-term effects of the implementation of the "Treat All" guidelines on ART service delivery costs in Namibia, Carl Schutte, Steven Forsythe, Johnface Fedes Mdala, Brady Zieman, Rachael Linder, and Lung Vu

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Viral load outcomes in a cohort of alcohol-consuming people living with HIV receiving antiretroviral therapy in Mumbai, India, Avina Sarna, Roopal Jyoti Singh, Jean J. Schensul, Sushma S. Gaikwad, Kavita Joshi, Rupal Malye, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Toan Ha, and Stephen L. Schensul

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What shapes resilience among people living with HIV? A multi-country analysis of data from the PLHIV Stigma Index 2.0, Ann Gottert; Tracy McClair; Julie Pulerwitz; Barbara Friedland; and PLHIV Stigma Index 2.0 Study Group in Cambodia, the Dominican Republic and Uganda

Submissions from 2019

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A meta-analysis approach for estimating average unit costs for ART using pooled facility-level primary data from African countries, Diego Cerecero-Garcia, Carlos Pineda-Antunez, Lily Alexander, Drew Cameron, Gisela Martinez-Silva, Carol Dayo Obure, Elliot Marseille, Lung Vu, James G. Kahn, Anna Vassall, Gabriela Gomez, Lori Bollinger, Carol Levin, and Sergio Bautista-Arredondo

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Anorectal and urogenital Mycoplasma genitalium in Nigerian men who have sex with men and transgender women: Prevalence, incidence, and association with HIV, Trevor A. Crowell, John Lawlor, Kara Lombardi, Rebecca G. Nowak, Justin Hardick, Sunday Odeyemi, Afoke Kokogho, Jennifer Malia, Catherine Stewart, Merlin L. Robb, Stefan Baral, Sylvia Adebajo, Manhattan E. Charurat, Julie Ake, Sheila Peel, and Charlotte A. Gaydos

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Cell phone counseling improves retention of mothers with HIV infection in care and infant HIV testing in Kisumu, Kenya: A randomized controlled study, Avina Sarna, Lopamudra Saraswati, Jerry Okal, James K. Matheka, Danmark Owuor, Roopal Jyoti Singh, Nancy Reynolds, and Sam Kalibala

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Community-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) delivery for female sex workers in Tanzania: 6-month ART initiation and adherence, Waimar Tun, Louis Apicella, Caterina Casalini, D. Bikaru, G. Mbita, K. Jeremiah, Neema Makyao, Todd Koppenhaver, and Lung Vu

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Dataset: Vulnerable street boys and girls in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Nrupa Jani, Lung Vu, Sam Kalibala, Gebeyehu Mekonnen, and Kay Lynn

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Differential impacts of HIV status on short-term fertility desires among couples in Rakai, Uganda, Xiaoyu Song, Stephanie A. Grilo, Sanyukta Mathur, Tom Lutalo, Robert Ssekubugu, Fred Nalugoda, and John S. Santelli

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Enhancing financial security of female sex workers through a community-led intervention in India: Evidence from a longitudinal survey, Sangram Kishor Patel, Saradiya Mukherjee, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Madhusudana Battala, Matangi Jayaram, Sameer Kumta, Yamini Atmavilas, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Gender-based violence and engagement in biomedical HIV prevention, care and treatment: A scoping review, Anna M. Leddy, Ellen Weiss, Eileen Yam, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Gender norms and HIV testing/treatment uptake: Evidence from a large population-based sample in South Africa, Julie Pulerwitz, Ann Gottert, Kathleen Kahn, Nicole Haberland, Aimee Julien, Suarez A. Selin, Rhian Twine, Dean Peacock, X. Gómez-Olivé, Sheri A. Lippman, and Audrey Pettifor

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HIV testing and counselling couples together for affordable HIV prevention in Africa, Kristin M. Wall, Mubiana Inambao, William Kilembe, Etienne Karita, Bellington Vwalika, Joseph Mulenga, Rachel Parker, Tyronza Sharkey, Divya Sonti, Amanda Tichacek, Eric Hunter, Robert Yohnka, Joseph F. Abdallah, Ibou Thior, Julie Pulerwitz, and Susan Allen

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Implementation science: Helping to accelerate progress toward achieving the 90–90–90 goal, Waimar Tun, Vivian Go, and Aisha I. Yansaneh

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Implementing and scaling-up Stepping Stones in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: Lessons from working in informal settlements, Cecilia Milford, M. Mtshali, Mags Beksinska, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Índice de Estigma en Personas que Viven con VIH: República Dominicana, Red Dominicana de Personas que Viven con VIH/SIDA, Alianza Solidaria para la Lucha Contra el VIH y SIDA, and Population Council

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Índice de Estigma en Personas Viviendo con VIH 2.0: Resultados preliminares para la República Dominicana, Project SOAR

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Individual and sexual network predictors of HIV incidence among men who have sex with men in Nigeria, Rebecca G. Nowak, Andrew Mitchell, Trevor A. Crowell, Hongjie Liu, Sosthenes Ketende, Habib O. Ramadhani, Nicaise Ndembi, Sylvia Adebajo, Julie Ake, William A. Blattner, Stefan Baral, and Manhattan E. Charurat

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Meeting the needs of orphans and other vulnerable children: Learnings from Project SOAR, Project SOAR

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New subtype B containing HIV-1 circulating recombinant of sub-Saharan Africa origin in Nigerian men who have sex with men, Erik Billings, Gustavo H. Kijak, Eric Sanders-Buell, Nicaise Ndembi, Anne Marie O'Sullivan, Sylvia Adebajo, Afoke Kokogho, Mark Milazzo, Kara Lombardi, Stefan Baral, Rebecca G. Nowak, Habib O. Ramadhani, Robert Gramzinski, Merlin L. Robb, Nelson L. Michael, Manhattan E. Charurat, Julie Ake, Trevor A. Crowell, Sodsai Tovanabutra, MHRP Viral Sequencing Core, and TRUST/RV368 Study Group

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Prevalence and determinants of unprotected sex in intimate partnerships of men who inject drugs: Findings from a prospective intervention study, Vartika Sharma, Waimar Tun, Avina Sarna, Lopamudra Saraswati, Minh D. Pham, Ibou Thior, and Stanley Luchters

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Proposing a conceptual framework to address social norms that influence adolescent sexual and reproductive health, Julie Pulerwitz, Robert Blum, Beniamino Cislaghi, Elizabeth Costenbader, Cynthia C. Harper, Lori L. Heise, Anjalee Kohli, and Rebecka Lundgren