The Population Council’s Poverty, Gender, and Youth program seeks to understand and address the disparities in opportunity that arise during adolescence, the critical requirements for reaching a successful, productive adulthood, the causes and consequences of gender inequality, and the social dimensions of poverty in developing countries.

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Submissions from 2021

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Action for adolescent girls and COVID-19: Implications for safe space programming in the Sahel, Population Council

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Adolescent girls and COVID-19: Mapping the evidence on interventions, Sarah Blake, Miriam Temin, Tara Abularrage, and Nihal Said

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Adolescent girls’ and young women’s economic empowerment programs: Emerging insights from a review of reviews, Nicole Haberland, Thomas de Hoop, Sapna Desai, Sarah Engebretsen, and Thoai Ngo

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Advancing girls' education in light of COVID-19 in East Africa: A synthesis report, Population Council, Regional Education Learning Initiative, and Mannion Daniels

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Application of the Breakthrough RESEARCH social and behavior change costing guidelines to the RISE II Project in Niger, Nicole M. Bellows, Lori Bollinger, and Rudolph Chandler

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Assessing the level and determinants of COVID-19 vaccine confidence in Kenya, Stacey Orangi, Jessie Pinchoff, Daniel Mwanga, Timothy Abuya, Mainga Hamaluba, George Warimwe, Karen Austrian, and Edwine Barasa

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“Burnt by the scorching sun”: Climate-induced livelihood transformations, reproductive health, and fertility trajectories in drought-affected communities of Zambia, Joseph G. Rosen, Drosin Mulenga, Lyson Phiri, Natasha Okpara, Caila Brander, Nachela Chelwa, and Michael Mbizvo

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Conceptual framework of the drivers of child marriage: A tool to guide programs and policies, Stephanie Psaki, Andrea J. Melnikas, Eashita Haque, Grace Saul, Christina Misunas, Sangram Kishor Patel, Thoai Ngô, and Sajeda Amin

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Conducting Research in Humanitarian Settings: A Learning Session, Thoai Ngô, Judith Bruce, Pooja Sripad, Rima Mourtada, Myriam Narcisse, Neha S. Singh, Hannah Tappis, Chi-Chi Undie, and Ashish Bajracharya

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COVID-19 knowledge, attitudes, and practices among young people in Port Said and Souhag, Egypt: A gender perspective, Monica Maher, Mohamed Ramy, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Elizabeth Tobey, and Aparna Jain

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Crezcamos felices: Manual sobre prevención de la violencia para mentoras del programa Abriendo Oportunidades, Population Council

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Delivering on the promise of gender equity in India: Lessons from the UDAYA Study, Nidhi Khurana

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Drivers of marriage and health outcomes among adolescent girls and young women: Evidence from sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, Fatima Zahra, Karen Austrian, Mukta Gundi, Stephanie Psaki, and Thoai Ngô

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Early effects of the COVID-19 lockdown on children in rural Bangladesh, Momoe Makino, Abu S. Shonchoy, and Zaki Wahhaj

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Education, child marriage, and work outcomes among young people in rural Malawi, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Beth Kangwana, Karen Austrian, Sajeda Amin, and Stephanie Psaki

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Effects of an e-reader intervention on literacy, numeracy and non-verbal reasoning among adolescent girls in Zambia: Evidence from a randomised controlled trial, Barbara Mensch, Nicole Haberland, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Jean Digitale, Natalie Jackson Hachonda, Nachela Chelwa, Pamela Nyirenda, Erica Chuang, Lisa Polen, Stephanie Psaki, Nkomba Kayeyi, and Michael Mbizvo

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Effects of sanitary pad distribution and reproductive health education on upper primary school attendance and reproductive health knowledge and attitudes in Kenya: A cluster randomized controlled trial, Karen Austrian, Beth Kangwana, Eunice N. Muthengi, and Erica Soler-Hampejsek

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Empowering women in conservative settings: Evidence from an intervention in rural Egypt, Ahmed Elsayed, Soiliou Daw Namoro, and Rania Roushdy

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Endline Results Brief: What works to improve outcomes for Kenya's adolescent girls?, Population Council

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Esperanza del Programa Abriendo Oportunidades, Population Council

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Esperanza y la gran historia de nuestro camino: Guía para mentoras de Abriendo Oportunidades, Population Council

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Evidence-informed planning and action in Central Asia: Learnings from the Tajikistan Adolescent Wellbeing and Health Pilot Project, Population Council

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Evidence on educational strategies to address child labour in India and Bangladesh: Scoping paper summaries, Ellina Samantroy, AKM Masud Ali, Davuluri Venkateswarlu, Sajeda Amin, Renu Singh, and Jyotsna Jha

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Factors associated with depression among young female migrants and commercial sex workers in Ethiopia, Annabel Erulkar and Girmay Medhin

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Factors determining paid and unpaid work in young adults: Evidence from a cohort study in Bihar, India, Ishita Pal, Balhasan Ali, Preeti Dhillon, and Neelanjana Pandey

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Female labour force participation and dowries in Pakistan, Momoe Makino

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Findings from the violence outcomes in COVID-19 era study (VoCes-19): Baseline results, Silvana Larrea-Schiavon, Lina López-Lalinde, Isabel Vieitez Martínez, Ricardo Regules, Juan Pablo Gutiérrez, René Nevárez, Cristina MacGregor, Pablo López, Nicole Haberland, and Thoai Ngô

From Data to Action: Partnering with Governments on Evidence to Support Adolescents During the COVID-19 Pandemic, Karen Austrian, Beth Kangwana, Julie Mwabe, Guillermo Santiago, and Isabel Vieitez Martínez

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Gendered economic, social and health effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and mitigation policies in Kenya: Evidence from a prospective cohort survey in Nairobi informal settlements, Jessie Pinchoff, Karen Austrian, Nandita Rajshekhar, Timothy Abuya, Beth Kangwana, Rhoune Ochako, James B. Tidwell, Daniel Mwanga, Eva Muluve, Faith Mbushi, Mercy Nzioki, and Thoai Ngo

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Gender equitable attitudes among adolescents: A validation study and associations with sexual health behaviors, Amber L. Hill, Elizabeth Miller, Galen E. Switzer, Kaleab Z. Abebe, Judy C. Chang, Julie Pulerwitz, Lisa D. Brush, and Ashley V. Hill

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Gender inequities in treatment-seeking for sexual and reproductive health amongst adolescents: Findings from a cross-sectional survey in India, Sapna Desai, Neelanjana Pandey, Roopal Jyoti Singh, and Shikha Bhasin

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Girls' Education Roadmap: 2021 Report, Stephanie Psaki, Nicole Haberland, Meredith L. Kozak, and Lauren Woyczynski

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Girls' Education Roadmap: 2021 Report Summary, Stephanie Psaki, Nicole Haberland, Meredith L. Kozak, and Lauren Woyczynski

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Guía de Esperanza del Programa Abriendo Oportunidades, Population Council

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Harnessing data to end child marriage: Summarizing learnings to-date, Stephanie Psaki, Momoe Makino, Christina Misunas, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, and Fatima Zahra

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Heterogeneous impacts of interventions aiming to delay girls' marriage and pregnancy across girls' backgrounds and social contexts, Momoe Makino, Thoai Ngô, Stephanie Psaki, Sajeda Amin, and Karen Austrian

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How does the sex composition of children affect men's higher ideal family size preference relative to women and contraceptive use patterns among couples? A cross-sectional analysis of dyadic couple's data in India, Arnab Dey, Rajib Acharya, Shweta Tomar, Jay G. Silverman, and Anita Raj

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How has COVID-19-related income loss and household stress affected adolescent mental health in Kenya?, Jessie Pinchoff, Elizabeth Layard Friesen, Beth Kangwana, Faith Mbushi, Eva Ireri Muluve, Thoai Ngô, and Karen Austrian

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Impact of community-based girl groups, Miriam Temin and Craig Heck

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Impacts of two-year multisectoral cash plus programs on young adolescent girls' education, health and economic outcomes: Adolescent Girls Initiative-Kenya (AGI-K) randomized trial, Karen Austrian, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Beth Kangwana, Yohannes Dibaba Wado, Benta Abuya, and John A. Maluccio

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Inclusive HIV prevention in South Africa: Reaching foreign migrant adolescent girls, Miriam Temin, Cecilia Milford, Mags Beksinska, Debbie Van Zyl, and Jonathan Cockburn

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India's resurgence of COVID-19: Urgent actions needed, Yamini Aiyar, Vijay Chandru, Mirai Chatterjee, Sapna Desai, Armida Fernandez, Atul Gupta, Gagandeep Kang, Tarun Khanna, Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw, Nachiket Mor, Arnab Mukherji, Poonam Muttreja, Thelma Narayan, Bhushan Patwardhan, K. Sujatha Rao, Sharad Sharma, Devi Shetty, S.V. Subramanian, Leila Caleb-Varkey, Sandhya Venkateswaran, and Vikram Patel

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Insights Collection: Natural disasters and humanitarian settings, Nannette Beckley, Anne-Caroline Midy, Danielle Richard, and Lauren R. Rutherford

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Intentional Design: Reaching the Most Excluded Girls in the Poorest Communities—A Guide for Practitioners and Advocates, Judith Bruce and Sophie Soares

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Learning loss among adolescent girls during the COVID-19 pandemic in rural Bangladesh, Sajeda Amin, Md. Irfan Hossain, and Sigma Ainul

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Leçons sur l'alphabetisation des adolescentes: reflexions pour les espaces sûrs du SWEDD, Population Council

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Le Guide des normes minimales pour des espaces sûrs : la conception, la mise en oeuvre, et le suivi, l’évaluation et l’apprentissage, Population Council

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Lessons on literacy training for adolescent girls: Considerations for SWEDD safe spaces, Population Council

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Listen Up! How can social and behavior change programming improve reproductive health and family planning behaviors of out-of-school youth in the Philippines?, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Measuring gender-based household maltreatment in urban slums of Mumbai, India, Julie Ritter, Anindita Dasgupta, Anita Raj, Michele R. Decker, Saritha Nair, Amruta Trivedi, Dattaram Naik, Balaiah Donta, Niranjan Saggurti, and Jay G. Silverman

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Meeting the moment: The gender and education community's response to COVID-19, Evidence for Gender & Education Resource (EGER)

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Mobility patterns during COVID-19 travel restrictions in Nairobi urban informal settlements: Who is leaving home and why, Jessie Pinchoff, Cara Kraus-Perrotta, Karen Austrian, James B. Tidwell, Timothy Abuya, Daniel Mwanga, Beth Kangwana, Rhoune Ochako, Eva Muluve, Faith Mbushi, Mercy Nzioki, and Thoai Ngo

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More Than Brides Alliance: Endline evaluation report, Andrea J. Melnikas, Grace Saul, Michelle Chau, Neelanjana Pandey, James Mkandawire, Mouhamadou Gueye, Aissa Diarra, and Sajeda Amin

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More Than Brides Alliance—Marriage: No child’s play, Endline evaluation brief, Population Council

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More than Brides Alliance (MTBA) : Rapport d’évaluation finale, Andrea J. Melnikas, Grace Saul, Michelle Chau, Neelanjana Pandey, James Mkandawire, Mouhamadou Gueye, Aissa Diarra, and Sajeda Amin

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Mujeres migrantes en Tapachula, Mexico: barreras y facilitadores para el acceso a la salud sexual y reproductiva en 2020—Resumen de la investigación, Lucía Vázquez Quesada, Silvana Larrea-Schiavon, Tania T. Marin, Graciela B. Muñoz García, Esperanza Basurto-Alcalde, Beatriz Ochoa, Betzaide Cortés-Maruris, Vanessa Sosa, Enrique Martínez, Nancy Lombardini, Chiara Santoro, Mauricio Guillermo, Karla Berdichevsky, and Isabel Vieitez Martínez

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Perceptions of minimum age at marriage laws and their enforcement: Qualitative evidence from Malawi, Andrea J. Melnikas, Nancy Mulauzi, James Mkandawire, and Sajeda Amin

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Positioning community-based girl group programs for success: Lessons learned from the Population Council's technical assistance partnership with UNFPA-Mozambique's Rapariga Biz, Miriam Temin, Arune Estavela, Craig Heck, Natalie Jackson, and Joana Mendes

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Preprint—Assessing the level and determinants of COVID-19 vaccine confidence in Kenya, Stacey Orangi, Jessie Pinchoff, Daniel Mwanga, Timothy Abuya, Mainga Hamaluba, George Warimwe, Karen Austrian, and Edwine Barasa

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Prise de mesures pour les adolescentes en periode de la COVID-19: implications pour la programmation des espaces sûrs au Sahel, Population Council

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Promises to Keep: Impact of COVID-19 on Adolescents in Kenya, Presidential Policy and Strategy Unit (Kenya) and Population Council

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Reducing the prevalence of child domestic servitude in Addis Ababa: Stakeholder and expert scoping study, The Freedom Fund and Population Council

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Remember the fundamentals as we build back better in girls’ education, Stephanie Psaki and Karen Austrian

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Resultados del estudio sobre violencia en la era COVID-19 (VoCes-19): Línea base reporte, Silvana Larrea-Schiavon, Lina López-Lalinde, Isabel Vieitez Martínez, Ricardo Regules, Juan Pablo Gutiérrez, René Nevárez, Cristina MacGregor, Pablo López, Nicole Haberland, and Thoai Ngô

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Sajeda Amin: Women's empowerment in Bangladesh, Sajeda Amin

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Smarter investments in girls today to prepare them to thrive tomorrow, Miriam Temin, Christina Misunas, and Erika Martin

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Social norms, agency, and marriage aspirations in Malawi, Fatima Zahra, Rachel Kidman, and Hans-Peter Kohler

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Spatiotemporal prediction of COVID-19 cases using inter- and intra-county proxies of human interactions, Behzad Vahedi, Morteza Karimzadeh, and Hamidreza Zoraghein

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Supporting Native American girls during the COVID-19 pandemic, Lisa Polen, Kelly Hallman, Stephanie Martinez, and Kassel Franco Garibay

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Tackling the U.S. Coronavirus Data Catastrophe: Recommendations for the Biden-Harris COVID-19 response national strategy, Thoai Ngo, Charlotte Brasseux, Saleh Abbas, and Mingqi Song

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The Adolescent Girls Initiative-Kenya—Executive Summary: Two-year follow up results, Population Council

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The association between agricultural conditions and multiple dimensions of undernutrition in children 6–23 months of age in Burkina Faso, Jessie Pinchoff, William Turner, and Kathryn Grace

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The business case for social and behavior change for malaria with applications for Côte d’Ivoire and Tanzania, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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The Child Marriage Learning Partners Consortium: Connecting data and evidence for action, Yvette Efevbera, Suzanne Petroni, Mary Beth Hastings, Claudia Cappa, Karen Austrian, Stephanie Psaki, Thoai Ngô, Christina Misunas, Momoe Makino, Fatima Zahra, Arwyn Finnie, Fraidy Reiss, Anita Raj, Nicole Johns, Benjamin Leo, and Marissa Block

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The impact of natural disasters and epidemics on sexual and reproductive health in low- and middle-income countries: A narrative synthesis, Samantha Loewen, Jessie Pinchoff, Thoai Ngô, and Michelle J. Hindin

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Tracking COVID-19 data reporting and analysis in the United States: Findings from December, August, and May 2020, Charlotte Brasseux, Saleh Abbas, Mingqi Song, and Thoai Ngo

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Uniting for adolescents in covid-19 and beyond, Helen Clark, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Anne-Birgitte Albrectsen, Jorge Alcocer, Errol Alden, et al., and Annabel Erulkar

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Use of effective lids reduces presence of mosquito larvae in household water storage containers in urban and peri-urban Zika risk areas of Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador, Jessie Pinchoff, Martha Silva, Kathryn Spielman, and Paul Hutchinson

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Vamos a replicar la vida: Manual de huertos familiares para mentoras del programa Abriendo Oportunidades, Population Council

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Vamos a replicar la vida: Manual de huertos familiares para niñas del programa Abriendo Oportunidades, Population Council

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Vamos a replicar la vida: Mediación del manual de huertos familiares para mentoras del programa Abriendo Oportunidades, Population Council

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Voice without choice? Investigating adolescent girls’ agency in marital decision-making in Niger, Grace Saul, Aissa Diarra, Andrea J. Melnikas, and Sajeda Amin

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Vulnerability of agriculture to climate change increases the risk of child malnutrition: Evidence from a large-scale observational study in India, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Monika Walia, Chitiprolu Anantha Rama Rao, Bellapukonda Murali Krishna Raju, and Niranjan Saggurti

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What are the drivers of child marriage? A conceptual framework to guide policies and programs, Stephanie Psaki, Andrea J. Melnikas, Eashita Haque, Grace Saul, Christina Misunas, Sangram Kishor Patel, Thoai Ngô, and Sajeda Amin

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What influences girls' age at marriage in Burkina Faso and Tanzania? Exploring the contribution of individual, household, and community level factors, Christina Misunas, Annabel Erulkar, Louis Apicella, Thoai Ngô, and Stephanie Psaki

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What predicts the early sexual debut among unmarried adolescents (10–19 years)? Evidence from UDAYA survey, 2015–16, T. Muhammad, Shobhit Srivastava, Pradeep Kumar, and Sangram Kishor Patel

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What shapes gender attitudes among adolescent girls and boys? Evidence from the UDAYA Longitudinal Study in India, Sangram Kishor Patel, K.G. Santhya, and Nicole Haberland

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What the COVID-19 pandemic is showing us about the global learning crisis, Nicole Haberland and Timothy Abuya

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Women's groups and COVID-19: An evidence review on savings groups in Africa, Olayinka Adegbite, Leigh Anderson, Sybil Chidiac, Osasuyi Dirisu, Jenna Grzeslo, Julia Hakspiel, Chinmaya Holla, Emily Janoch, Krishna Jafa, Shubha Jayaram, Grace Majara, Tabitha Mulyampiti, Eve Namisango, Eva Noble, Bukola Onyisha, David Panetta, Garima Siwach, Munshi Sulaiman, Rebecca Walcott, Sapna Desai, and Thomas de Hoop

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Working with women's groups to improve nutrition in India, Kalyani Raghunathan and Sapna Desai

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Youth relationships in the era of COVID-19: A mixed-methods study among adolescent girls and young women in Kenya, Celia Karp, Caroline Moreau, Grace Sheehy, Selena Anjur-Dietrich, Faith Mbushi, Eva Ireri Muluve, Daniel Mwanga, Mercy Nzioki, Jessie Pinchoff, and Karen Austrian

Submissions from 2020

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Abortion knowledge and experiences among young women and men in Accra, Ghana, Sarah T. Reiger, Phyllis Dako-Gyeke, Thoai Ngo, Gillian Eva, Leonard Gobah, Kelly Blanchard, Sruthi Chandrasekaran, and Kate Grindlay

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Abriendo Futuros: A program for rural indigenous girls in Yucatan, Mexico, Fabiola Romero, Ludivine Cicolella, Silvana Larrea, A. Fallone, and Isabel Vieitez Martínez

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Adapting the Asset Exercise for humanitarian contexts, Women's Refugee Commission and Population Council

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Adolescent Girls Initiative–Kenya: Endline evaluation report, Karen Austrian, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Beth Kangwana, Nicole Maddox, Yohannes Dibaba Wado, Benta Abuya, Valsa Shah, and John A. Maluccio

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Adolescent girls’ migration and its impact on early marriage: Qualitative findings in Mali, Sarah Engebretsen, Mouhamadou Gueye, Andrea J. Melnikas, Sékou Fofana, Bourama Fané, and Sajeda Amin

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Are more people adopting COVID-19 prevention measures?, UNICEF and Population Council Institute

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A review of disasters in Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh region in India, Sangram Kishor Patel, Ankit Nanda, Govind Singh, and Sunita Patel

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A spatial population downscaling model for integrated human-environment analysis in the United States, Hamidreza Zoraghein and Brian C. O'Neill

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Assessment of an adolescent-girl-focused nutritional educational intervention within a girls’ empowerment programme: A cluster randomised evaluation in Zambia, Paul C. Hewett, Amanda L. Willig, Jean Digitale, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Jere R. Behrman, and Karen Austrian