The Population Council’s Poverty, Gender, and Youth program seeks to understand and address the disparities in opportunity that arise during adolescence, the critical requirements for reaching a successful, productive adulthood, the causes and consequences of gender inequality, and the social dimensions of poverty in developing countries.

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Submissions from 2015

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Understanding factors influencing adverse sex ratios at birth in Bangladesh, Md. Noorunnabi Talukder, Ubaidur Rob, Md. Irfan Hossain, and Forhana Rahman Noor

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Unveiling the consensus: Putting people first in Pakistan's development agenda, Government of Pakistan, UNFPA, and Population Council

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Urban adolescents needs assessment survey in Bangladesh, Sajeda Amin

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Urban Adolescents' Needs Assessment Survey in Bangladesh: Summary, BIED, BRACU, and Population Council

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Urban health in low- and middle-income countries, Mark R. Montgomery

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Use of health services: Baseline findings, Population Council

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Women and HIV: Risk of HIV infection and how to prevent [Arabic], Population Council

Submissions from 2014

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Accessing adolescent friendly health clinics in India: The perspectives of adolescents and youth, K.G. Santhya, Ravi Prakash, Shireen J. Jejeebhoy, and Santosh Kumar Singh

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Adolescent Girls Empowerment Programme: Research and evaluation baseline technical report, Paul C. Hewett, Karen Austrian, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Jere R. Behrman, Christine A. Kelly, Dela Kusi-Appouh, Fiammetta Bozzani, Barbara Mensch, and Minyoi Maimbolwa

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Adolescents in Rajasthan 2012: Changing situation and needs, Shireen J. Jejeebhoy and Rajib Acharya

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Adolescents' perceptions of health from disadvantaged urban communities: Findings from the WAVE study, Kristin Mmari, Robert W. Blum, Freya Sonenstein, Beth Marshall, Heena Brahmbhatt, Emily Venables, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe, Chaohua Lou, Gao Ersheng, Rajib Acharya, Shireen J. Jejeebhoy, and Adesola Sangowawa

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BALIKA fact sheet: Highlight on gender and rights, Population Council

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BALIKA fact sheet: Highlight on girls' social lives, Population Council

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BALIKA fact sheet: Highlight on livelihoods, Population Council

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BALIKA fact sheet: Highlight on marriage, Population Council

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BALIKA fact sheet: Highlight on married adolescents, Population Council

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BALIKA fact sheet: Highlight on schooling, Population Council

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Behavior change pathways to voluntary medical male circumcision: Narrative interviews with circumcision clients in Zambia, Jessica Price, Lyson Phiri, Drosin Mulenga, Paul C. Hewett, Stephanie M. Topp, Nicholas Shiliya, and Karin Hatzold

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Building evidence on effective programs to delay marriage and support married girls in Africa, Population Council

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Building the Assets to Thrive: Addressing the HIV-related Vulnerabilities of Adolescent Girls in Ethiopia, Annabel Erulkar

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Building the assets to thrive: Addressing the HIV-related vulnerabilities of adolescent girls in Ethiopia—Policy Brief, Population Council

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Can economic assets increase girls' risk of sexual harassment? Evaluation results from a social, health and economic asset-building intervention for vulnerable adolescent girls in Uganda, Karen Austrian and Eunice N. Muthengi

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Challenges in measuring the sequencing of life events among adolescents in Malawi: A cautionary note, Barbara Mensch, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Christine A. Kelly, Paul C. Hewett, and Monica J. Grant

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Community-level correlates of physical violence against unmarried female adolescents in Bangladesh, Kristin VanderEnde, Sajeda Amin, and Ruchira Tabassum Naved

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Enhancing livelihood opportunities for young women in rural Upper Egypt: The Neqdar Nesharek Program, Nada Ramadan, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Khaled El Sayed, and Rania Roushdy

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Evaluation of a reproductive health program to support married adolescent girls in rural Ethiopia, Annabel Erulkar and Tigest Tamrat

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Evaluation of health and education impacts of a girls’ safe spaces program in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Annabel Erulkar and Girmay Medhin

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Excess risk of maternal mortality in adolescent mothers, Ann K. Blanc

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From evidence to action: Results from the 2013 baseline survey for the BALIKA project, Sajeda Amin, Sigma Ainul, Farhana Akter, Mohammad Masudul Alam, Md. Irfan Hossain, Johana Ahmed, and Ubaidur Rob

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Health + Equality + School Engagement: Scenarios USA reinvents sex education, Rafael Mazin and Andrea Lynch

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Highlights from the UNICEF Adolescent Development and Participation baseline study, Sajeda Amin, Ashish Bajracharya, Michelle Chau, and Mahesh Puri

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HIV risk perceptions, the transition to marriage, and divorce in southern Malawi, Monica J. Grant and Erica Soler-Hampejsek

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How adolescents perceive their communities: A qualitative study that explored the relationship between health and the physical environment, Kristin Mmari, Hannah Lantos, Heena Brahmbhatt, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe, Chaohua Lou, Rajib Acharya, and Adesola Sangowawa

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Kalkidan (‘Promise’) preventing marital transmission of HIV in urban Ethiopia, Annabel Erulkar and Hanan Nourhussein

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Non-consensual sex within pre-marital relationships: Experiences of young women in India, K.G. Santhya and A.J. Francis Zavier

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Nutrition education curriculum for the Adolescent Girls Empowerment Program (AGEP), Population Council

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Population and Reproductive Health in India: An Assessment of the Current Situation and Future Needs, Shireen J. Jejeebhoy, P.M. Kulkarni, K.G. Santhya, and Firoza Mehrotra

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Prevalence and health impact of intimate partner violence and non-partner sexual violence among female adolescents aged 15–19 years in vulnerable urban environments: A multi-country study, Michele R. Decker, Sarah M. Peitzmeier, Adesola Olumide, Rajib Acharya, Oladosu Ojengbede, Laura Covarrubias, Gao Ersheng, Yan Cheng, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe, and Heena Brahmbhatt

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Promoting parent-child interaction and communication for healthy development of adolescents: Lessons from a pilot project in rural Bihar, Shireen J. Jejeebhoy, A.J. Francis Zavier, K.G. Santhya, Santosh Kumar Singh, Rajib Acharya, Aparajita Gogoi, and Vinita Nathani

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Provision of adolescent reproductive and sexual health services in India: Provider perspectives, Shireen J. Jejeebhoy, K.G. Santhya, Santosh Kumar Singh, Shilpi Rampal, and Komal Saxena

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Respondent-driven sampling for an adolescent health study in vulnerable urban settings: A multi-country study, Michele R. Decker, Beth Marshall, Mark R. Emerson, Amanda Kalamar, Laura Covarrubias, Nan Marie Astone, Ziliang Wang, Gao Ersheng, Lawrence Mashimbye, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe, Rajib Acharya, Adesola Olumide, Oladosu Ojengbede, Robert W. Blum, and Freya Sonenstein

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Social capital and vulnerable urban youth in five global cities, Beth Marshall, Nan Marie Astone, Robert W. Blum, Shireen J. Jejeebhoy, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe, Heena Brahmbhatt, Adesola Olumide, and Ziliang Wang

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Supporting girls in their transition to secondary education: An exploratory study of the family, school and community environments of adolescent girls in Gujarat, K.G. Santhya, Shireen J. Jejeebhoy, A.J. Francis Zavier, Rajib Acharya, and Neeta Shah

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The association between social support and mental health among vulnerable adolescents in five cities: Findings from the study of the well-being of adolescents in vulnerable environments, Yan Cheng, XianChen Li, Chaohua Lou, Freya Sonenstein, Amanda Kalamar, Shireen J. Jejeebhoy, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe, Heena Brahmbhatt, Adesola Olumide, and Oladosu Ojengbede

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The impact of family planning programs on unmet need and demand for contraception, John Bongaarts

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Trafficking of minor girls for commercial sexual exploitation in India: A synthesis of available evidence, K.G. Santhya, Shireen J. Jejeebhoy, and Sharmistha Basu

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Trends in causes of death in low-mortality countries: Implications for mortality projections, John Bongaarts

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UNICEF Nepal Adolescent Development and Participation (ADAP) baseline study: Final report, Sajeda Amin, Ashish Bajracharya, Michelle Chau, and Mahesh Puri

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Using biomarkers to assess the validity of sexual behavior reporting across interview modes among young women in Kampala, Uganda, Christine A. Kelly, Paul C. Hewett, Barbara Mensch, Johanna Rankin, Samuel L. Nsobya, Sam Kalibala, and Pamela N. Kakande

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Violence against women in South Asia: The need for the active engagement of the health sector, Shireen J. Jejeebhoy, K.G. Santhya, and Rajib Acharya

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Water on an urban planet: Urbanization and the reach of urban water infrastructure, Robert I. McDonald, Katherine Weber, Julie Padowski, Martina Florke, Christof Schneider, Pamela Green, Thomas Gleeson, Stephanie Eckman, Bernhard Lehner, Deborah Balk, Timothy Boucher, Gunther Grill, and Mark R. Montgomery

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Women's autonomy and experience of physical violence within marriage in rural India, Shagun Sabarwal, K.G. Santhya, and Shireen J. Jejeebhoy

Submissions from 2013

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Adolescence lost: The realities of child marriage, Annabel Erulkar

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Breaking the silence: Learning about youth sexual and reproductive health in Egypt, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Sally Saher, and Nora El Nawawi

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Breaking the silence: Learning about youth sexual and reproductive health in Egypt [Arabic], Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Sally Saher, and Nora El Nawawi

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Capturing the Demographic Dividend in Pakistan, Zeba Sathar, Rabbi Royan, and John Bongaarts

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Commentary: Explicit attention to age and gender disparities is key to understanding adolescent experiences and outcomes, Ann K. Blanc and Judith Bruce

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Comprendre la vie des adolescentes avant et après la migration: Enquête réalisée sur les sites d'origine auprès d'anciennes filles migrantes employées comme aide-ménagères, Gisele Kaboré

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Conception, mise en oeuvre et évaluation d'une intervention factuelle ciblée au profit d'un sous-groupe de filles vulnérables : Étude de cas du programme pilote Filles éveillées pour adolescentes migrantes employées de maison au Burkina Faso urbain, Sarah Engebretsen

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Designing, implementing, and evaluating a targeted, evidence-based intervention for a vulnerable subgroup of girls: A case study of the Filles Éveillées ("Girls Awakened") pilot program for migrant adolescent girls in domestic service in urban Burkina Faso, Sarah Engebretsen

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Determinants of marital violence: Findings from a prospective study of rural women in India, Shagun Sabarwal, K.G. Santhya, and Shireen J. Jejeebhoy

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Early marriage, marital relations and intimate partner violence in Ethiopia, Annabel Erulkar

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Étude de suivi des adolescentes migrantes employées de maison ayant participé à la première cohorte du programme Filles éveillées, Sarah Engebretsen

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Évaluation de Filles éveillées : Programme pilote pour adolescentes migrantes employées de maison, Sarah Engebretsen

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Evaluation of Filles Eveillees ("Girls Awakened"): A pilot program for migrant adolescent girls in domestic service, Sarah Engebretsen

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Financial education curriculum for the Adolescent Girls Empowerment Program (AGEP), Population Council

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Financial inclusion of female garment workers, Sigma Ainul, Md. Irfan Hossain, Sajeda Amin, and Ubaidur Rob

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Follow-up study of migrant adolescent girls in domestic service who participated in the first cohort of the Filles Éveillées ("Girls Awakened") program, Sarah Engebretsen

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Girls on the Move: Adolescent Girls & Migration in the Developing World, Miriam Temin, Mark R. Montgomery, Sarah Engebretsen, and Kathryn M. Barker

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Growing up in rural India: An exploration into the lives of younger and older adolescents in Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, K.G. Santhya, Shireen J. Jejeebhoy, Iram Saeed, and Archana Sarkar

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Health and life skills curriculum for the Adolescent Girls Empowerment Program (AGEP), Population Council

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Herpes simplex virus type 2 cross-sectional seroprevalence and the estimated rate of neonatal infections among a cohort of rural Malawian female adolescents, Christopher R. Sudfeld, Paul C. Hewett, Nadia N. Abuelezam, Satvika Chalasani, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Christine A. Kelly, and Barbara Mensch

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Integrating gender and rights into sexuality education: Field reports on using It's All One, Deborah Rogow, Nicole Haberland, Angel del Valle, Nicole Lee, Grace Osakue, Zhihong Sa, and Michelle Skaer

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Kalkidan ('Promise'): Addressing marital transmission of HIV in Ethiopia, Banchiamlack Dessalegn and Annabel Erulkar

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Marriage-related decision-making and young women's marital relations and agency, Shireen J. Jejeebhoy, K.G. Santhya, Rajib Acharya, and Ravi Prakash

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Meeting the commitments of the ICPD Programme of Action to young people, Shireen J. Jejeebhoy, A.J. Francis Zavier, and K.G. Santhya

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Menstruation and school absenteeism: Evidence from rural Malawi, Monica J. Grant, Cynthia B. Lloyd, and Barbara Mensch

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Microcredit and domestic violence in Bangladesh: An exploration of selection bias influences, Ashish Bajracharya and Sajeda Amin

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New findings for maternal mortality age patterns: Aggregated results for 38 countries, Ann K. Blanc, William Winfrey, and John A. Ross

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Policy brief: Adolescent girls and migration in the developing world, Population Council

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Safe and smart savings products for vulnerable adolescent girls in Kenya and Uganda: Evaluation report, Karen Austrian and Eunice N. Muthengi

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Social desirability bias in sexual behavior reporting: Evidence from an interview mode experiment in rural Malawi, Christine A. Kelly, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Barbara Mensch, and Paul C. Hewett

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The adolescent experience in-depth: Using data to identify and reach the most vulnerable young people—Rwanda 2010, Population Council

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The Adolescent Girls Empowerment Program: Lessons learned from the pilot test program, Karen Austrian, Natalie Jackson Hachonda, and Paul C. Hewett

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The adolescent girls vulnerability index: Guiding strategic investment in Uganda, Sajeda Amin, Karen Austrian, Michelle Chau, Kimberly Glazer, Eric P. Green, David Stewart, and Marie Stoner

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The contracting world of girls at puberty: Violence and gender-divergent access to the public sphere among adolescents in South Africa, Kelly Hallman, Nora Kenworthy, Judith A. Diers, Nick Swan, and Bashi Devnarain

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The effect of school status and academic skills on the reporting of premarital sexual behavior: Evidence from a longitudinal study in rural Malawi, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Monica J. Grant, Barbara Mensch, Paul C. Hewett, and Johanna Rankin

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The implementation of preferences for male offspring, John Bongaarts

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The Ishraq Program for out-of-school girls: From pilot to scale-up, Mona Selim, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Khaled El Sayed, Asmaa Elbadawy, and Heba El Kalaawy

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The Ishraq Program for out-of-school girls: From pilot to scale-up [Arabic], Mona Selim, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Khaled El Sayed, Asmaa Elbadawy, and Heba El Kalaawy

Submissions from 2012

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Addis Birhan Wendoch ('New Light Boys'): Working with boys and young men to create healthier futures, Woldemariam Girma, Diane Rubino, Annabel Erulkar, Worku Ambelu, and Ayenechew Kerie

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A life course perspective on social protection among the working poor of Egypt, Maia Sieverding

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Baseline and endline findings of Filles Eveillées ('Girls awakened'): A pilot program for migrant adolescent girls in domestic service. Cohort 1 (2011–2012), Bobo-Dioulasso, Sarah Engebretsen

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Belize coverage exercise study: Assessing the status to build a portfolio of targeted interventions for vulnerable girls, Joint UN Programme of Adolescent Girls

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Berhane Hewan ('Light for Eve'): Increasing opportunities to delay marriage and promote schooling, Annabel Erulkar and Eunice N. Muthengi

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Challenges facing the Egyptian education system: Access, quality, and inequality, Caroline Krafft

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Challenges facing the Egyptian education system: Access, quality, and inequality [Arabic], Caroline Krafft

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De la recherche à la conception programmatique et à la mise en oeuvre : Programmation à l'intention des filles des milieux ruraux d'Éthiopie—Boîte à outils du praticien, Annabel Erulkar

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Évaluation de processus : Programme Filles eveillées pour adolescentes migrantes employées de maison au Burkina Faso urbain 2012, Leah Jarvis and Gisele Kaboré

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Experiences of unmarried young abortion-seekers in Bihar and Jharkhand, India, Shveta Kalyanwala, Shireen J. Jejeebhoy, A.J. Francis Zavier, and Rajesh Kumar