The Population Council tackles intersecting inequalities that undermine rights and access to contraception, HIV and STI prevention, maternal and newborn health, safe abortion, prevention and treatment of infertility, and sexuality education, among other sexual and reproductive health needs. Our research and partnerships ensure high quality, evidence-based, voluntary, and rights-based comprehensive care for sexual and reproductive health.

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Submissions from 2004

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Vulnerability and intervention opportunities: Research findings on youth and HIV/AIDS in South Africa, Population Council

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Willingness to Pay Surveys for Setting Prices for Reproductive Health Products and Services: A User's Manual, Karen G. Fleischman Foreit and James R. Foreit

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Youth behavioral risks and psychosocial resources in Peru's alternative-development zones, Federico R. Leon and Mary L. Claux

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Zyxin, axin, and Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein are adaptors that link the cadherin/catenin protein complex to the cytoskeleton at adherens junctions in the seminiferous epithelium of the rat testis, Nikki P.Y. Lee, Dolores D. Mruk, Anne M. Conway, and C. Yan Cheng

Submissions from 2003

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Abortion law in South Africa: Passage of a progressive law and challenges for implementation, Kelly Blanchard, Sharon Fonn, and Mankhosasana Xaba

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Aborto inseguro en América Latina y el Caribe: Definición del problema y su prevención, Henry Espinoza and Lizbeth Lopez-Carrillo

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Aborto médico: Alternativas terapéuticas actuales, Raffaela Schiavon

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A clinical trial of 7α-methyl-19-nortestosterone implants for possible use as a long-acting contraceptive for men, Sigrid von Eckardstein, Gabriela Noe, Vivian Brache, Eberhard Nieschlag, Horacio B. Croxatto, Francisco Alvarez-Sanchez, Alfred J. Moo-Young, Irving Sivin, Narender Kumar, Margaret Small, and Kalyan Sundaram

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Actions that protect: Promoting sexual and reproductive health and choice among young people in India, Shireen J. Jejeebhoy and Mary Philip Sebastian

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Adaptation of kangaroo mother care for community-based application, Iftekhar Quasem, Nancy L. Sloan, Anita Chowdhury, Salahuddin Ahmed, Beverly Winikoff, and A.M.R. Chowdhury

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Adherens junction dynamics in the testis and spermatogenesis, Wing-Yee Lui, Dolores D. Mruk, Will M. Lee, and C. Yan Cheng

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Adhering junction dynamics in the testis are regulated by an interplay of β1-integrin and focal adhesion complex-associated proteins, Michelle K.Y. Siu, Dolores D. Mruk, Will M. Lee, and C. Yan Cheng

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Adolescent and Youth Sexual and Reproductive Health: Charting Directions for a Second Generation of Programming, Population Council

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Adolescents in Vietnam: Looking beyond reproductive health, Barbara Mensch, Wesley H. Clark, and Dang Nguyen Anh

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An assessment of trends in the use of the IUD in Ghana, John Gyapong, Gifty Addico, Ivy Osei, Mercy Abbey, Dominic Atweam Kobinah, Henrietta Odoi-Agyarko, Gloria Quansah Asare, Harriet Birungi, and Ian Askew

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An observation checklist for facility-based normal labor and delivery practices: The Galaa study, Hania Sholkamy, Nevine Hassanein, Mohamed Cherine, Amr Elnoury, Miral Breebaart, and Karima Khalil

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An observation checklist for facility-based normal labor and delivery practices: The Galaa study [Arabic], Hania Sholkamy, Nevine Hassanein, Mohamed Cherine, Amr Elnoury, Miral Breebaart, and Karima Khalil

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A role for kit receptor signaling in Leydig cell steroidogenesis, Gerson Rothschild, Chantal M. Sottas, Holger Kissel, Valter Agosti, Katia Manova, Matthew P. Hardy, and Peter Besmer

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Assessment of pilot health project outcome indicators: West Bank/Gaza, Laila Nawar, Dale Huntington, Ibrahim Kharboush, Nancy Ali, and Mahmoud Shaheen

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Availability and acceptability of IUDs in Guatemala, Carlos Brambila and Berta Taracena

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Bangladesh: Link adolescent reproductive health resources to increase access, Frontiers in Reproductive Health

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Beliefs concerning sexual health problems and treatment seeking among men in an Indian slum community, Ravi K. Verma, Sumitra Sharma, Rajendar Singh, Gurumurthy Rangaiyan, and Pertti J. Pelto

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Bringing emergency contraception over the counter: Experiences of nonprescription users in France, Norway, Sweden and Portugal, Erin Gainer, Jennifer Blum, Else-Lydia Toverud, Nuno Portugal, Tanja Tyden, Britt-Ingjerd Nesheim, Margareta Larsson, Duarte Vilar, Pernille Nymoen, Gunilla Aneblom, Arielle Lutwick, and Beverly Winikoff

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Cameroon: Peer education and youth-friendly media reduce risky sexual behavior, Frontiers in Reproductive Health

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Carrageenan formulation prevents macrophage trafficking from vagina: Implications for microbicide development, Maria-Elisa Perotti, Alessia Pirovano, and David M. Phillips

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Changing family planning scenario in India: An overview of recent evidence, K.G. Santhya

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Changing patterns of knowledge, reported behaviour and sexually transmitted infections in a South African gold mining community, Brian G. Williams, Dirk Taljaard, Catherine Campbell, Eleanor Gouws, Lewis Ndhlovu, Johannes van Dam, Michel Carael, and Bertran Auvert

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Completing the fertility transition in the developing world: The role of educational differences and fertility preferences, John Bongaarts

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Completing the fertility transition in the developing world: The role of educational differences and fertility preferences, John Bongaarts

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Completing the fertility transition in the developing world: The role of educational differences and fertility preferences [Arabic], John Bongaarts

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Conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas de los médicos mexicanos sobre el aborto: Resultados de una encuesta nacional, Sandra G. Garcia, Diana K. Lara, and Lisa Goldman

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Consistency in the reporting of sexual behavior among adolescent girls in Kenya: A comparison of interviewing methods, Paul C. Hewett, Barbara Mensch, and Annabel Erulkar

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Creation of a unified management information system for three NGOs in the West Bank and Gaza, Health, Development, Information and Policy Institute

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Cultural norms and behavior regarding vaginal lubrication during sex: Implications for the acceptability of vaginal microbicides for the prevention of HIV/STIs, Sarah Braunstein and Janneke van de Wijgert

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Dendritic cells as a conduit to improve HIV vaccines, Melissa Robbiani

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Diagnosis and treatment of presumed STIs at Mexican pharmacies: Survey results from a random sample of Mexico City pharmacy attendants, Abigail Norris Turner, Charlotte Ellertson, Sarah L. Thomas, and Sandra G. García

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Effects of insulin-like growth factor I on steroidogenic enzyme expression levels in mouse Leydig cells, Gui-Min Wang, Peter J. O'Shaughnessy, Curtis Chubb, Bernard Robaire, and Matthew P. Hardy

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Effects of levonorgestrel-releasing intra-uterine system on the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor and adrenomedullin in the endometrium in adenomyosis, Jovelle B. Laoag-Fernandez, Takeshi Maruo, Paivi Pakarinen, Irving M. Spitz, and Elof D.B. Johansson

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El acceso al aborto legal de las mujeres embarazadas por violación en la ciudad de México, Diana K. Lara, Sandra G. Garcia, Jennifer Strickler, Hugo Martinez, and Luis Villanueva

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Embarazo no deseado y el aborto inseguro: su impacto sobre la salud en México, Ana Langer

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Empowering communities to respond to HIV/AIDS: Ndola Demonstration Project on Maternal and Child Health: Operations research final report, Hope Humana, LINKAGES, National Food and Nutrition Commission, Ndola District Health Management Team, Horizons Program, and Zambia Integrated Health Project

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Enhancing quality for clients: The balanced counseling strategy, Federico R. Leon, Alex Rios, Adriana Zumaran, Marisela de la Cruz, Carlos Brambila, and John H. Bratt

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Entry inhibitors SCH-C, RANTES, and T-20 block HIV type 1 replication in multiple cell types, Thomas J. Ketas, Per Johan Klasse, Catherine Spenlehauer, Mirjana Nesin, Ines Frank, Melissa Robbiani, Julie M. Strizki, Gregory R. Reyes, Bahige M. Baroudy, and John P. Moore

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Environmental-structural factors significantly associated with consistent condom use among female sex workers in the Dominican Republic, Deanna Kerrigan, Jonathan M. Ellen, Luis Moreno, Santo Rosario, Joanne Katz, David D. Celentano, and Michael D. Sweat

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Estradiol-progesterone interaction during the preparation of vaginal rings, Saleh I. Saleh, Sayed H. Khidr, Sayed M. Ahmed, Theodore M. Jackanicz, and Harold A. Nash

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Estradiol/progesterone-releasing vaginal rings for hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women, Anna Lissa Hamada, Takeshi Maruo, Takashi Samoto, Shigeki Yoshida, Harold A. Nash, Irving M. Spitz, and Elof D.B. Johansson

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Estrogen receptor-α gene deficiency enhances androgen biosynthesis in the mouse Leydig cell, Benson T. Akingbemi, Renshan Ge, Cheryl S. Rosenfeld, Leslie G. Newton, Dianne O. Hardy, James F. Catterall, Dennis B. Lubahn, Kenneth S. Korach, and Matthew P. Hardy

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Evaluating operations research utilization: Guidelines for assessing process and impact, M. Celeste Marin and Jane T. Bertrand

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Evaluation of United Nations-supported pilot projects for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV: Overview of findings, Naomi Rutenberg, Carolyn Baek, Sam Kalibala, and James Rosen

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Evidence-based development of health and family planning programs in Bangladesh and Ghana, James F. Phillips, Tanya C. Jones, Frank K. Nyonator, and Shruti Ravikumar

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Evidence-based treatment guidelines for sexually transmitted infections developed with and for female sex workers, Frieda M.T.F. Behets, Justin Ranjalahy Rasolofomanana, Kathleen van Damme, Georgine Vaovola, Jocelyne Andriamiadana, Adeline Ranaivo, Kristi McClamroch, Gina Dallabetta, Johannes van Dam, Desire Rasamilalao, and Andry Rasamindra

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Evidence for tissue selectivity of the synthetic androgen 7α-methyl-19-nortestosterone in hypogonadal men, Richard A. Anderson, A. Michael Wallace, Naveed Sattar, Narendar Kumar, and Kalyan Sundaram

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"Ex Africa semper aliquid novi", ECAfrique

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Expanding workplace HIV/AIDS prevention activities for a highly mobile population: Construction workers in Ho Chi Minh City, Vu Ngoc Bao, Philip Guest, Julie Pulerwitz, Le Thuy Lan Thao, Duong Xuan Dinh, Tran Thi Kim Xuyen, and Ann Levin

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Expanding workplace HIV prevention programs for a highly mobile population in Ho Chi Minh City, Vu Ngoc Bao, Philip Guest, Julie Pulerwitz, Le Thuy Lan Thao, Duong Xuan Dinh, Tran Thi Kim Xuyen, and Ann Levin

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Experiencia salvadoreña con la interrupción farmacológica del embarazo ectópico, Emilia Hernández and Henry Espinoza

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Family planning and PMTCT services: Examining interrelationships, strengthening linkages, Naomi Rutenberg, Carolyn Baek, Chipepo Kankasa, Ruth Nduati, Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha, Margaret Siwale, Scott Geibel, and Louis Apicella

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Female circumcision in Indonesia. Extent, implications and possible interventions to uphold women's health rights, Meiwita P. Budiharsana, Lila Amaliah, and Budi Utomo

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Fer kinase/FerT and adherens junction dynamics in the testis: An in vitro and in vivo study, Yong-Mei Chen, Nikki P.Y. Lee, Dolores D. Mruk, Will M. Lee, and C. Yan Cheng

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Filipinas: Los 'Campeones' promueven la elaboración de políticas basadas en investigación, Frontiers in Reproductive Health

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Gestational exposure to ethane dimethanesulfonate permanently alters reproductive competence in the CD-1 mouse, Dana K. Tarka-Leeds, Juan D. Suarez, Naomi L. Roberts, John M. Rogers, Matthew P. Hardy, and Gary R. Klinefelter

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Ghana and Guatemala: Clients and providers need better support and guidance on IUDs, Frontiers in Reproductive Health

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Ghana y Guatemala: Clientas y proveedores requieren de apoyo y orientación sobre DIU, Frontiers in Reproductive Health

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High rates and positive outcomes of HIV-serostatus disclosure to sexual partners: Reasons for cautious optimism from a voluntary counseling and testing clinic in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, Suzanne Maman, Jessie K. Mbwambo, Nora M. Hogan, Ellen Weiss, Gad P. Kilonzo, and Michael D. Sweat

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HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination: A conceptual framework and implications for action, Richard Parker and Peter Aggleton

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HIV voluntary counseling and testing: An essential component in preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV, Naomi Rutenberg, Chipepo Kankasa, Ruth Nduati, Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha, Margaret Siwale, Scott Geibel, and Louis Apicella

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Human genital epithelial cells capture cell-free human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and transmit the virus to CD4+ cells: Implications for mechanisms of sexual transmission, Zhiwei Wu, Zhiwei Chen, and David M. Phillips

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Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 attachment, coreceptor, and fusion inhibitors are active against both direct and trans infection of primary cells, Thomas J. Ketas, Ines Frank, Per Johan Klasse, Brian M. Sullivan, Jason P. Gardner, Catherine Spenlehauer, Mirjana Nesin, William C. Olson, John P. Moore, and Melissa Robbiani

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Immunodeficiency virus exploitation of dendritic cells in the early steps of infection, Natalia Teleshova, Ines Frank, and Melissa Robbiani

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Improving postpartum care among low parity mothers in Palestine, Center for Development in Primary Health Care (CDPHC)

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Improving quality of care and use of contraceptives in Senegal, Diouratie Sanogo, Saumya Ramarao, Heidi E. Jones, Penda N'diaye, Bineta M'bow, and Cheikh Bamba Diop

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Improving quality of care for family planning services in Uganda, Joel Okullo, Quinto Okello, Harriet Birungi, Ian Askew, Barbara Janowitz, Carmen Cuthbertson, and Florence Ebanyat

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Improving the quality of reproductive health care for young people, Liz C. Creel and Rebecca J. Perry

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Improving the quality of reproductive health care: How much does it cost?, Laura Raney, Stephanie Joyce, and John Townsend

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Increasing patient participation in reproductive health consultations: An evaluation of "Smart Patient" coaching in Indonesia, Young-Mi Kim, Fitri Putjuk, Endang Basuki, and Adrienne Kols

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Infant feeding counseling within Kenyan and Zambian PMTCT services: How well does it promote good feeding practices?, Naomi Rutenberg, Chipepo Kankasa, Ruth Nduati, Dorothy Mbori-Ngacha, Margaret Siwale, and Scott Geibel

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Integration of post-abortion care: The role of township medical officers and midwives in Myanmar, Thein Thein Htay, Josephine Sauvarin, and Saba Khan

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Integration of reproductive health service for men in health and family welfare centers in Bangladesh, Ahmed Al-Sabir, Mohammed Ahsanul Alam, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Ubaidur Rob, and M.E. Khan

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Interventions to reduce HIV/AIDS stigma: What have we learned?, Lisanne Brown, Kate Macintyre, and Lea Trujillo

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Introducing DMPA injectable contraceptives to private medical practitioners in urban Gujarat, Frontiers in Reproductive Health

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Involving youth in the care and support of people affected by HIV and AIDS, Eka Esu-Williams, Scott Geibel, Joseph Motsepe, Katie D. Schenk, Moses Zulu, and Petronella Bweupe

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Is the cadherin/catenin complex a functional unit of cell-cell actin-based adherens junctions in the rat testis?, Nikki P.Y. Lee, Dolores D. Mruk, Will M. Lee, and C. Yan Cheng

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'It's raining stones': Stigma, violence and HIV vulnerability among men who have sex with men in Dakar, Senegal, Cheikh Ibrahima Niang, Placide Tapsoba, Ellen Weiss, Moustapha Diagne, Youssoupha Niang, Amadou Moreau, Dominique Gomis, Adoulaye Sidibe Wade, Karim Seck, and Christopher Castle

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Kenya: Communities support adolescent reproductive health education, Frontiers in Reproductive Health

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Knowledge, attitude, and experience of marriage and sexuality among newly-married women in Gujarat, India: An exploratory study, M.E. Khan, Sandhya Barge, Hemlata Sadhwani, and Giteshwari Kale

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Legal but not always safe: Three decades of liberal abortion policy in India, Bela Ganatra and Batya Elul

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Mechanisms of glucocorticoid-induced Leydig cell apoptosis, Hui-Bao Gao, Ming-Han Tong, Yan-Qin Hu, Hai-Yan You, Qiang-Su Guo, Renshan Ge, and Matthew P. Hardy

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México: La educación en salud reproductiva del adolescente debe fortalecerse, Frontiers in Reproductive Health

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Mexico: Strengthen education on adolescent reproductive health, Frontiers in Reproductive Health

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Microfinance and households coping with HIV/AIDS in Zimbabwe: An exploratory study, Carolyn Barnes, Erica Keogh, Nontokozo Nemarundwe, Loveness Nyikahadzoi, and Ellen Weiss

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Misoprostol and teratogenicity: Reviewing the evidence, Neena Philip, Caitlin S. Shannon, and Beverly Winikoff

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« Mon père pensait autrement » : des garçons nigérians réfléchissent à l'égalité entre les sexes, Françoise Girard

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Moving from research to program: The Egyptian postabortion care initiative, Dale Huntington and Laila Nawar

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Muertes maternas por aborto y por violencia en México: narración de una experiencia en la formulación de una metodología de investigación, Henry Espinoza, Bernardo Hernandez, Lourdes Campero, Dilys Walker, Sofia Reynoso, and Ana Langer

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My father didn't think this way': Nigerian boys contemplate gender equality, Françoise Girard

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Nestorone®: Clinical applications for contraception and HRT, Régine Sitruk-Ware, Margaret Small, Narender Kumar, Yun-yen Tsong, Kalyan Sundaram, and Theodore M. Jackanicz

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Non-consensual sexual experiences of young people: A review of the evidence from developing countries, Shireen J. Jejeebhoy and Sarah Bott

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Normal reproductive function in InhBP/p120-deficient mice, Daniel J. Bernard, Kathleen H. Burns, Bisong Haupt, Martin M. Matzuk, and Teresa K. Woodruff

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One-year client impacts of quality of care improvements achieved in Peru, Federico R. Leon, Santiago Roca, Alex Rios, Adriana Zumaran, and Ana Rosa Feijoo

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Participation accrue des personnes vivant avec le VIH/SIDA aux activités des ONG de Lutte Contre le SIDA, Population Council