The Population Council tackles intersecting inequalities that undermine rights and access to contraception, HIV and STI prevention, maternal and newborn health, safe abortion, prevention and treatment of infertility, and sexuality education, among other sexual and reproductive health needs. Our research and partnerships ensure high quality, evidence-based, voluntary, and rights-based comprehensive care for sexual and reproductive health.

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Submissions from 2017

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Youth engagement in developing an implementation science research agenda on adolescent HIV testing and care linkages in sub-Saharan Africa, Julie Denison, Audrey Pettifor, Lynne Mofenson, Susan Kasedde, Rebecca Marcus, Katongo J. Konayuma, Katlego Koboto, Mmangaliso Luyanda Ngcobo, Julie Pulerwitz, and Deanna Kerrigan

Submissions from 2016

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A call to action on women’s health: Putting corporate CSR standards for workplace health on the global health agenda, David Wofford, Shawn MacDonald, and Carolyn Rodehau

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Acceptability and feasibility of introducing strengthened school-based sexual and reproductive health information and services in Accra, Ghana, Terence Adda-Balinia, Philip Teg-Nefaah Tabong, Maya Teye, Philip Baba Adongo, Placide Tapsoba, and Harriet Birungi

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Access to money and relation to women’s use of family planning methods among young married women in rural India, Elizabeth Reed, Balaiah Donta, Anindita Dasgupta, Mohan Ghule, Madhusudana Battala, Saritha Nair, Jay G. Silverman, Arun Jadhav, Prajakta Palaye, Niranjan Saggurti, and Anita Raj

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Adapting a health systems strengthening model to improve access to health services in a factory: A pilot project in Haiti, Carolyn Rodehau, David Wofford, and Suzanne Brockman

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Addressing intimate partner violence and power in relationships in HIV testing services: Results of an intervention piloted in Nairobi, Kenya, Nicole Haberland, Charity Ndwiga, Katharine McCarthy, Margaret Makanyengo, Rose Kosgei, Cecilia Choi, Julie Pulerwitz, and Sam Kalibala

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Addressing supply side factors to improve family planning and reproductive health services in the Indian National Health Insurance Scheme in Uttar Pradesh, Arupendra Mozumdar, Kumudha Aruldas, Aparna Jain, Laura Reichenbach, Robin Keeley, and M.E. Khan

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Adolescent sexual and reproductive health situation: Insights from the 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, Francis Obare, George Odwe, and Harriet Birungi

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Adolescents in Bangladesh: Programmatic approaches to sexual and reproductive health education and services, Sigma Ainul, Ashish Bajracharya, and Laura Reichenbach

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A model for providing 24-hour normal delivery services at Union Health and Family Welfare Centers in Bangladesh, Md. Noorunnabi Talukder, Ubaidur Rob, A.K.M. Zafar Ullah Khan, Forhana Rahman Noor, and Afsana Fatema Noor

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Analyzing the building blocks of resilience: Findings from a baseline survey of the Tuungane Population, Health, and Environment Project in western Tanzania, Kristin Bietsch, Reshma Naik, Kristen P. Patterson, Cara Honzak, Mustafa Kudrati, Hellen Magige, Cheryl Margoluis, Laura Subramanian, Christopher Hale, Carolyn Lamere, Sebastiaan Hess, and Craig Leisher

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An integrated peer outreach and clinic-based intervention to improve the sexual health of young men who have sex with men in Myanmar: A Link Up evaluation, Population Council

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Annual cost of antiretroviral therapy among three service delivery models in Uganda, Lung Vu, Samuel Waliggo, Brady Zieman, Nrupa Jani, Lydia Buzaalirwa, Stephen Okoboi, Jerry Okal, Nagesh N. Borse, and Sam Kalibala

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Antiretroviral treatment for pregnant women living with HIV: A summary of issues, interventions, and evidence, Jill Gay, Melanie Croce-Galis, Karen Hardee, and Mackenzie Kacmarcik

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A review of 10 years of vasectomy programming and research in low-resource settings, Dominick Shattuck, Brian Perry, Catherine Packer, and Dawn S. Chin-Quee

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Assessing maternal and newborn health commodities in Bangladesh, Population Council

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Assessing the validity of indicators of the quality of maternal and newborn health care in Kenya, Ann K. Blanc, Charlotte E. Warren, Katharine McCarthy, James Kelly Kimani, Charity Ndwiga, and Saumya RamaRao

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Assessment of linkages from HIV testing to enrolment and retention in HIV care in Central Mozambique, Celso Inguane, Stephen S. Gloyd, João Luis Manuel, Charlene Brown, Vincent Wong, Orvalho Augusto, Wisal Mustafa Hassan, Lúcia Viera, Pires Afonso, Mehol Jamnadás, Jama Joy Bernard, James Cowan, Sam Kalibala, and James Pfeiffer

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Association between community collectivization and mental depression among men who have sex with men in Andhra Pradesh, India, Dipak Suryawanshi, Sangram Kishor Patel, V. Sharma, Rajatashuvra Adhikary, and Shalini Bharat

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Association between tribal status and spacing contraceptive use in rural Maharashtra, India, Madhusudana Battala, Anita Raj, Mohan Ghule, Saritha Nair, Jay G. Silverman, Anindita Dasgupta, Balaiah Donta, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Association of medical male circumcision and antiretroviral therapy scale-up with community HIV incidence in Rakai, Uganda, Xiangrong Kong, Godfrey Kigozi, Joseph Ssekasanvu, Fred Nalugoda, Gertrude Nakigozi, Anthony Ndyanabo, Tom Lutalo, Steven J. Reynolds, Robert Ssekubugu, Joseph Kagaayi, Eva Bugos, Larry W. Chang, Nanlesta Pilgrim, Mary Grabowski, Amanda Berman, Thomas C. Quinn, David Serwadda, Maria J. Wawer, and Ronald H. Gray

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A state-of-the-art synthesis on female genital mutilation/cutting: What do we know now?, Bettina Shell-Duncan, Reshma Naik, and Charlotte Feldman-Jacobs

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A systematic review of the treatment and management of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in Nigeria, Karen Kirk and Ishita Chattopadhyay

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A systematic review of the treatment and management of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in Pakistan, Saleem Shaikh and Ali M. Mir

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Barriers to fistula repair in Nigeria: A formative study, Population Council

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Barriers to fistula repair in Uganda: A formative study, Population Council

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Building a national pro-choice alliance in Mexico: Evaluation of the Alliance media campaign to promote access to safe, free, and legal abortion services, Population Council

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Building evidence to guide PrEP introduction for adolescent girls and young women, Nanlesta Pilgrim, Sanyukta Mathur, Ann Gottert, Naomi Rutenberg, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Can surveys of women accurately track indicators of maternal and newborn care? A validity and reliability study in Kenya, Katharine McCarthy, Ann K. Blanc, Charlotte E. Warren, James Kelly Kimani, Brian Mdawida, and Charity Ndwiga

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Changes in optimal childcare practices in Kenya: Insights from the 2003, 2008-9 and 2014 demographic and health surveys, Dennis Matanda, Helga Bjørnøy Urke, and Maurice B. Mittelmark

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CHARM, a gender equity and family planning intervention for men and couples in rural India: Protocol for the cluster randomized controlled trial evaluation, Jennifer Yore, Anindita Dasgupta, Mohan Ghule, Madhusudana Battala, Saritha Nair, Jay G. Silverman, Niranjan Saggurti, Balaiah Donta, and Anita Raj

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Climate change and climate-induced disasters in Odisha, eastern India: Impacts, adaptation and future policy implications, Sangram Kishor Patel

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Cluster randomized controlled trial evaluation of a gender equity and family planning intervention for married men and couples in rural India, Anita Raj, Mohan Ghule, Julie Ritter, Madhusudana Battala, Gajanan Velhal, Saritha Nair, Anindita Dasgupta, Jay G. Silverman, Balaiah Donta, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Comment créer des programmes de vasectomie réussist, Brian Perry, Catherine Packer, Dawn S. Chin-Quee, Trinity Zan, and Dominick Shattuck

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Community collectivization and consistent condom use among female sex workers in southern India: Evidence from two rounds of behavioral tracking surveys, Shanti Vejella, Sangram Kishor Patel, Niranjan Saggurti, and Parimi Prabhakar

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Conditional and unconditional cash transfers to improve use of contraception in low and middle income countries: A systematic review, M.E. Khan, Avishek Hazra, Aastha Kant, and Moazzam Ali

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Condoms, lubricants and rectal cleansing: Practices associated with heterosexual penile-anal intercourse amongst participants in an HIV prevention trial in South Africa, Uganda and Zimbabwe, Zoe Duby, Miriam Hartmann, Elizabeth T. Montgomery, Christopher J. Colvin, Barbara Mensch, and Ariane van der Straten

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Considerations on the use and interpretation of survey data on FGM/C, Bettina Shell-Duncan

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Contraceptive method choice among women in slum and non-slum communities in Nairobi, Kenya, Rhoune Ochako, Chimaraoke O. Izugbara, Jerry Okal, Ian Askew, and Marleen Temmerman

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Contraceptive use dynamics in India: Cohort study of modern spacing contraceptive users, Population Council

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Contribution of a large-scale HIV prevention program on condom use by long-distance truck drivers in India: A decomposition analysis, Damodar Sahu, Niranjan Saggurti, Ram Manohar Mishra, Deepika Ganju, Laxmikant Chavan, and Arvind Pandey

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Corrective equations to self-reported height and weight for obesity estimates among U.S. adults: NHANES 1999–2008, Arupendra Mozumdar and Gary Liguori

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Delivering contraceptive vaginal rings to breastfeeding women, Population Council

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Developing an implementation science research agenda to improve the treatment and care outcomes among adolescents living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, Julie Denison, Audrey Pettifor, Lynne Mofenson, and Deanna Kerrigan

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Development: Slow down population growth, John Bongaarts

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Does integration of HIV and sexual and reproductive health services improve technical efficiency in Kenya and Swaziland? An application of a two-stage semi parametric approach incorporating quality measures, Carol Dayo Obure, Rowena Jacobs, Lorna Guinness, Susannah H. Mayhew, Anna Vassall, and Integra Initiative

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Does mass-media public communication campaign normalize discussion, attitude and behavior about condom use among married men in India?, Dipak Suryawanshi, Sangram Kishor Patel, Rajatashuvra Adhikary, and Shalini Bharat

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Does shifting gender norms on the community level lead to increased HIV services uptake?, Project SOAR

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Editorial: It is time for new male contraceptives!, Christina Wang, Régine Sitruk-Ware, and David Serfaty

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Editorial—Lessons learned and study results from HIVCore: An HIV implementation science initiative, Naomi Rutenberg, Waimar Tun, and Nagesh N. Borse

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Effectiveness of a community-based SGBV prevention model in emergency settings in Uganda: Testing the 'Zero Tolerance Village Alliance' intervention, Chi-Chi Undie, Harriet Birungi, Francis Obare, George Odwe, Jane Harriet Namwebya, Paul Orikushaba, Prosmolly Ayebale, William Onen, Fiona Nicholson, Rachel Chisinga-Francis, Peter Netshabako, Anne Katahoire, David Apollo Kazungu, Darlson Kusasira, Zahra Mirghani, and Joanina Karugaba

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Empowering adolescent girls in sub-Saharan Africa to prevent unintended pregnancy and HIV: A critical research gap, Sharon J. Phillips and Michael Mbizvo

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Ending the medicalization of female genital mutilation/cutting in Egypt, Sarah Ghattass, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, and Salma Abou Hussein

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Ending the medicalization of female genital mutilation/cutting in Egypt [Arabic], Sarah Ghattass, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, and Salma Abou Hussein

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Estimating the costs of providing voluntary medical male circumcision in South Africa, Project SOAR

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Evaluating the impact of integrated microfinance and reproductive (MF/RH) services on household wellbeing and reproductive health behaviors of women in Nigeria, Population Council

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Evaluation de la mise en oeuvre et des réalisations de l’Approche 3D au sein du Plan d’Action National de Planification Familiale (PANPF) au Sénégal—Technical Brief, Population Council

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Evaluation of the impact of strengthening Union Health and Family Welfare Centers for providing 24/7 normal delivery services in Bangladesh, Md. Noorunnabi Talukder, A.K.M. Zafar Ullah Khan, Mohammed Sharif, Forhana Rahman Noor, Surojit Kundu, Shongkour Roy, Afsana Fatema Noor, and Ubaidur Rob

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Evidence to End FGM/C Research Programme: Presentation at the sixtieth session of the UN Commission on the Status of Women, Jacinta Muteshi-Strachan

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Evidence to end FGM/C: Research to help girls and women thrive, Population Council

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Evidence to end FGM/C: Research to help girls and women thrive [Arabic], Population Council

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Examining progress and equity in information received by women using a modern method in 25 developing countries, Anrudh K. Jain

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Experiences in implementation and publication of operations research interventions: Gaps and a way forward, Sam Kalibala, Godfrey Woelk, Stephen S. Gloyd, Nrupa Jani, Lynnette Kay, Avina Sarna, Jerry Okal, Charity Ndwiga, Nicole Haberland, and Irit Sinai

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Factors associated with HIV testing among male injecting drug users: Findings from a cross-sectional behavioural and biological survey in Manipur and Nagaland, India, Deepika Ganju, Sowmya Ramesh, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Factors associated with long-term antiretroviral therapy attrition among adolescents in rural Uganda: A retrospective study, Stephen Okoboi, Livingstone Ssali, Aisha I. Yansaneh, Celestin Bakanda, Josephine Birungi, Sophie Nantume, Joanne Lyavala Okullu, Alana R. Sharp, David M. Moore, and Sam Kalibala

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Factors associated with the likelihood of further movement among mobile female sex workers in India: A multinomial logit approach, Dipak Suryawanshi, Varun Sharma, Niranjan Saggurti, and Shalini Bharat

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Factors contributing to maternal mortality in relatively resource-endowed urban contexts of developing countries: The case of Nairobi, Kenya, Francis Obare, Wilson Liambila, Dan Okoro, Robert Ayisi, and Sam Ochola

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Fact sheet—How does quality of care relate to a rights-based approach to family planning programs?, Jan Kumar

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Fact sheet—Measuring quality of care: A review of methodologies and indicators, Katherine Tumlinson

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Family, community, and health system considerations for reducing the burden of pediatric sickle cell disease in Uganda through newborn screening, Nancy S. Green, Sanyukta Mathur, Sarah Kiguli, Julie Makani, Victoria Fashakan, Philip LaRussa, Magdalena Lyimo, Elaine J. Abrams, Lukia Mulumba, and Ezekiel Mupere

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Family planning vouchers in low and middle income countries: A systematic review, Benjamin Bellows, Carol Bulaya, Sophie Inambwae, Craig L. Lissner, Moazzam Ali, and Ashish Bajracharya

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Family violence and maltreatment of women during the perinatal period: Associations with infant morbidity in Indian slum communities, Jay G. Silverman, Balaiah Donta, Michele R. Decker, Sabrina Boyce, Julie Ritter, Dattaram D. Naik, Saritha Nair, Niranjan Saggurti, and Anita Raj

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Fatherhood, marriage and HIV risk among young men in rural Uganda, Sanyukta Mathur, Jenny A. Higgins, Nityanjali Thummalachetty, Mariko Rasmussen, Laura Kelley, Neema Nakyanjo, Fred Nalugoda, and John S. Santelli

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Findings from landscape analysis in Bangladesh on pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, Population Council

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Findings from landscape analysis in Bauchi on pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, Population Council

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Findings from landscape analysis in Cross River on pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, Population Council

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Findings from landscape analysis in Ebonyi on pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, Population Council

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Findings from landscape analysis in Katsina on pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, Population Council

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Findings from landscape analysis in Kogi on pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, Population Council

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Findings from landscape analysis in Nigeria on pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, Population Council

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Findings from landscape analysis in Ondo on pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, Population Council

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Findings from landscape analysis in Sokoto on pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, Population Council

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Food insufficiency, violence and HIV risk behaviors among female sex workers in India, Sangram Kishor Patel, Madhusudana Battala, and Rajatashuvra Adhikary

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Formative research on assessing barriers to fistula care and treatment in Nigeria, Charlotte E. Warren, Rachel Agbonkhese, and Salisu Mohammed Ishaku

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Formative research on factors influencing access to fistula care and treatment in Uganda, Pooja Sripad and Charlotte E. Warren

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Gender-based violence in rural Uttar Pradesh, India: Prevalence and association with reproductive health behaviors, Jaleel Ahmad, M.E. Khan, Arupendra Mozumdar, and Deepthi S. Varma

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Handbook for Research on the Family Planning Market—Volume 1: Using Data to Inform a Total Market Approach to Family Planning, Dominique Meekers, Sarah C. Haynes, and Kathryn Kampa

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Handbook for Research on the Family Planning Market—Volume 2: Tool and Resources for an In-depth Analysis of the Family Planning Market, Dominique Meekers, Sarah C. Haynes, and Kathryn Kampa

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Health impacts of female genital mutilation/cutting: A synthesis of the evidence, Samuel Kimani, Jacinta Muteshi-Strachan, and Carolyne Njue

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High prevalence of HIV, chlamydia and gonorrhoea among men who have sex with men and transgender women attending trusted community centres in Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria, Babajide Keshinro, Trevor A. Crowell, Rebecca G. Nowak, Sylvia Adebajo, Sheila Peel, Charlotte A. Gaydos, Cristina Rodriguez-Hart, Stefan Baral, Melissa J. Walsh, Ogbonnaya S. Njoku, Sunday Odeyemi, Teclaire Ngo-Ndomb, William A. Blattner, Merlin L. Robb, Manhattan E. Charurat, Julie Ake, and TRUST/RV368 Study Group

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Hormonal contraception and thrombosis, Régine Sitruk-Ware

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How to create successful vasectomy programs, Brian Perry, Catherine Packer, Dawn S. Chin-Quee, Trinity Zan, and Dominick Shattuck

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How to reduce HIV risk among adolescent girls and young women in sub-Saharan Africa? Implementation science around the DREAMS Initiative, Population Council

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Impact of a community-based, HIV intervention on antiretroviral treatment retention and adherence in Tanzania, Project SOAR

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Impact of peer education and on-site clinical services for female sex workers in Bangladesh brothels: A Link Up evaluation study, Population Council

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Impact on hepatic estrogen-sensitive proteins by a 1-year contraceptive vaginal ring delivering Nestorone® and ethinyl estradiol, David F. Archer, M.A. Thomas, Jacqueline Conard, Ruth Merkatz, George W. Creasy, Kevin Roberts, Marlena Gehret Plagianos, Diana Blithe, and Régine Sitruk-Ware

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Implementation science approaches to family planning and reproductive health: Experiential learning and sharing for implementers, policy-makers, researchers, and advocates, Laura Reichenbach, Carolyn Rodehau, Emily Peca, and John Stanback

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Increased coverage of maternal health services among the poor in western Uganda in an output-based aid voucher scheme, Francis Obare, Peter Okwero, Leslie Villegas, Samuel Mills, and Benjamin Bellows

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Increasing access to magnesium sulphate in Nigeria, Population Council

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Increasing uptake of long-acting reversible contraceptives in Cambodia through a voucher program: Evidence from a difference-in-differences analysis, Ashish Bajracharya, Lo Veasnakiry, Tung Rathavy, and Benjamin Bellows