The Population Council's Reproductive Health program strives to improve sexual and reproductive health, especially for vulnerable people in developing countries. We help individuals to achieve their family planning and reproductive health goals through improvements in technologies and services. We work to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity and to improve equity and quality in the delivery of care.

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Submissions from 2018

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Financement de la planification familiale, Moazzam Ali and Benjamin Bellows

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Findings from post-intervention analysis of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia in Cross River State, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku

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Findings from post-intervention analysis of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia in Ebonyi State, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku

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Findings from post-intervention analysis of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia in Kogi State, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku

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Gender, power, and violence: A systematic review of measures and their association with male perpetration of IPV, Katharine McCarthy, Ruchi Mehta, and Nicole Haberland

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Harmonizing national abortion and pregnancy prevention laws and policies for sexual violence survivors with the Maputo Protocol: Proceedings of a 2016 regional technical meeting in sub-Saharan Africa, Jill Thompson, Chi-Chi Undie, Avni Amin, Brooke R. Johnson, Rajat Khosla, Leopold Ouedraogo, Triphonie Nkurunziza, Sara Rich, Elizabeth Westley, Melissa Garcia, Harriet Birungi, and Ian Askew

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Health sector inadequacies in attending to child survivors of sexual abuse in Kenya: An operations research, Carol Ajema, Chi-Chi Undie, Charity Mbugua, Jordan Kyongo, and Lina Digolo

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How are educated women in Ghana regulating fertility without high levels of modern contraceptive use?, Kazuyo Machiyama, Cicely Marston, Nancy Termini LaChance, Terence Adda-Balinia, and Placide Tapsoba

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Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: ISSHP classification, diagnosis, and management recommendations for international practice, Mark A. Brown, Laura A. Magee, Louise C. Kenny, S. Ananth Karumanchi, Fergus P. McCarthy, Shigeru Saito, David R. Hall, Charlotte E. Warren, Gloria Adoyi, and Salisu Mohammed Ishaku

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Improving access to delivery care and reducing the equity gap through voucher program in Bangladesh: Evidence from difference-in-differences analysis, Kaji Tamanna Keya, Benjamin Bellows, Ubaidur Rob, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Increasing knowledge of home based maternal and newborn care using self-help groups: Evidence from rural Uttar Pradesh, India, Arupendra Mozumdar, M.E. Khan, Subrato Mondal, and P.S. Mohanan

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Integration of HIV and reproductive health services in public sector facilities: Analysis of client flow data over time in Kenya, Isolde Birdthistle, Justin Fenty, Martine Collumbien, Charlotte E. Warren, James Kelly Kimani, Charity Ndwiga, Susannah H. Mayhew, and Integra Initiative

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Intensity of contact with frontline workers and its influence on maternal and newborn health behaviors: Cross-sectional survey in rural Uttar Pradesh, India, Tanica Lyngdoh, Sutapa B. Neogi, Danish Ahmad, Srinivasan Soundararajan, and Dileep V. Mavalankar

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Introducing the progesterone vaginal ring (PVR) as a new option for postpartum family planning in sub-Saharan Africa: Insights from engagements with stakeholders, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Nafissatou Diop, Babacar Mane, Wilson Liambila, Saumya RamaRao, Heather Clark, Harriet Birungi, Godwin Unumeri, and Francis Obare

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Introduction of subcutaneous depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA-SC) injectable contraception at facility and community levels: Pilot results from 4 districts of Uganda, George Odwe, Kate Gray, Annet Kyarimpa, Francis Obare, and Grace Nagendi

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Legal but limited? Abortion service availability and readiness assessment in Nepal, Suzanne O. Bell, Linnea Zimmerman, Yoonjoung Choi, and Michelle J. Hindin

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Making free public healthcare attractive: Optimizing health equity funds in Cambodia, Bart Jacobs, Ashish Bajracharya, Jyotirmoy Saha, Chhea Chhorvann, Benjamin Bellows, Steffen Flessa, and Adélio Fernandes Antunes

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Making sense of marriage: Gender and the transition to adulthood in Nairobi, Kenya, Isabel Pike, Sanyu A. Mojola, and Caroline W. Kabiru

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Measuring mistreatment of women throughout the birthing process: Implications for quality of care assessments, Timothy Abuya, Pooja Sripad, Julie Ritter, Charity Ndwiga, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Medical abortion provision by pharmacies and drug sellers in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review, Katharine Footman, Katherine Keenan, Kate Reiss, Barbara Reichwein, Pritha Biswas, and Kathryn Church

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Medicalisation of female genital mutilation/cutting in Sudan: Shift in types and providers, Nafisa Bedri, Huda Sherfi, Ghada Rudwan, Sara Elhadi, and Wafa Elamin

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Medicalized female genital mutilation/cutting: Contentious practices and persistent debates, Samuel Kimani and Bettina Shell-Duncan

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Method‐specific attributes that influence choice of future contraception among married women in Nairobi's informal settlements, Joyce Mumah, John B. Casterline, Kazuyo Machiyama, Marylene Wamukoya, Caroline W. Kabiru, and John C. Cleland

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Mifepristone–misoprostol for menstrual regulation in public sector facilities in Bangladesh, Anadil Alam, Tatyana Lotarevich, Tapash Ranjan Das, Laura Reichenbach, and Hillary J. Bracken

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Mobile phone messaging to husbands to improve maternal and child health behavior in India, Avishek Hazra, M.E. Khan, and Subrato Mondal

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Obstetric complications and delays in seeking emergency care in poor settings of northern India, Nizamuddin Khan

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Perceived social networks and newborn health: Evidence from self-help group communities in northern India, Jenny Ruducha, Xinran Huang, James Potter, Divya Hariharan, Danish Ahmad, Sampath Kumar, P.S. Mohanan, and Avishek Hazra

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"Poverty is the big thing": Exploring financial, transportation, and opportunity costs associated with fistula management and repair in Nigeria and Uganda, Kaji Tamanna Keya, Pooja Sripad, Emmanuel Nwala, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Proposed metrics to measure quality: Overview, Anrudh K. Jain, John Townsend, and Saumya RamaRao

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Reducing barriers to accessing fistula repair: Implementation research in Ebonyi, Pooja Sripad, Emmanuel Nwala, and Vandana Tripathi

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Reducing barriers to accessing fistula repair: Implementation research in Katsina, Pooja Sripad, Emmanuel Nwala, and Vandana Tripathi

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Reducing early and unintended pregnancies among adolescents, Francis Obare, Caroline W. Kabiru, and Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli

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Réduction des grossesses précoces et involontaires chez les adolescents, Francis Obare, Caroline W. Kabiru, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, and Matti Parry

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Registered or unregistered? Levels and differentials in registration and certification of births in Ghana, Fidelia A.A. Dake and Kamil Fuseini

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Retrospective cohort study: Clinical presentation and outcomes of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya, Charity Ndwiga, Alfred Osoti, Pooja Sripad, George Odwe, Omondi Ogutu, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Revising the FP quality of care framework in the context of rights‐based family planning, Anrudh K. Jain and Karen Hardee

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Setting the research agenda for induced abortion in Africa and Asia, Rachel H. Scott, Veronique Filippi, Ann M. Moore, Rajib Acharya, Akinrinola Bankole, Clara Calvert, Kathryn Church, Jenny A. Cresswell, Katharine Footman, Joanne Gleason, Kazuyo Machiyama, Cicely Marston, Michael Mbizvo, Maurice Musheke, Onikepe Owolabi, Jennifer Palmer, Christopher Smith, Katerini Storeng, and Felicia Yeung

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Shifts in female genital mutilation/cutting in Kenya: Perspectives of families and health care providers, Samuel Kimani and Caroline W. Kabiru

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“Sickness of shame”: Investigating challenges and resilience among women living with obstetric fistula in Kenya, Charlotte E. Warren, Pooja Sripad, Annie Mwangi, Charity Ndwiga, Wilson Liambila, and Benjamin Bellows

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Stakeholder perspectives regarding transfer of free maternity services to National Health Insurance Fund in Kenya: Implications for universal health coverage, Timothy Abuya, Francis Obare, Dennis Matanda, Mardieh Dennis, and Benjamin Bellows

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Strengthening the integration of family planning and HIV services at the community level in Kenya, Wilson Liambila, Sara Chace Dwyer, Brian Mdawida, Charlotte E. Warren, Melsa Lutomia, Jane Koech, Elizabeth Washika, and Aparna Jain

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The incidence of abortion and unintended pregnancy in India, 2015, Susheela Singh, Chander Shekhar, Rajib Acharya, Ann M. Moore, Melissa Stillman, Manas R. Pradhan, Jennifer J. Frost, Harihar Sahoo, Manoj Alagarajan, Rubina Hussain, Aparna Sundaram, Michael Vlassoff, Shveta Kalyanwala, and Alyssa Browne

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The perspectives of men in Mexico City about vasectomy, Isabel Vieitez Martínez and Adriana Ramos

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The perspectives of men in Mexico City about vasectomy—Brief, Isabel Vieitez Martínez and Adriana Ramos

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The rationale and relevance of existing cadres of frontline health workers and potential for new mid-level cadres, Oladimeji Oladepo, Ekechi Okereke, and Akinwumi Akinola

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The role of older women in contesting norms associated with female genital mutilation/cutting in Senegambia: A factorial focus group analysis, Bettina Shell-Duncan, Amadou Moreau, Katherine Wander, and Sarah Smith

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Timing of abortion among adolescent and young women presenting for post-abortion care in Kenya: A cross-sectional analysis of nationally-representative data, Boniface A. Ushie, Chimaraoke O. Izugbara, Michael Mutua, and Caroline W. Kabiru

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Tracing change in female genital mutilation/cutting: Shifting norms and practices among communities in Narok and Kisii counties, Kenya, Dennis Matanda, Chantalle Okondo, Caroline W. Kabiru, and Bettina Shell-Duncan

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Trends in medicalisation of female genital mutilation/cutting: What do the data reveal?, Bettina Shell-Duncan, Carolyne Njue, and Zhuzhi Moore

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Understanding HIV risks among adolescent girls and young women in informal settlements of Nairobi, Kenya: Lessons for DREAMS, Abdhalah Kasiira Ziraba, Benedict Orindi, Sheru Muuo, Sian Floyd, Isolde Birdthistle, Joyce Mumah, Jane Osindo, Pauline Njoroge, and Caroline W. Kabiru

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Understanding medicalisation of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C): A qualitative study of parents and health workers in Nigeria, Otibho Obianwu, Adetayo Adetunji, and Osasuyi Dirisu

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Understanding the key elements for designing and implementing social marketing campaigns to inform the development of creative approaches for FGM/C abandonment in Sudan, Widad Ali A/Rahman, Samia Al Nagar, Randa H. Gindeel, and Arwa Salah

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Understanding the use of India's National Health Insurance Scheme for family planning and reproductive health services in Uttar Pradesh, Arupendra Mozumdar, Kumudha Aruldas, Aparna Jain, and Laura Reichenbach

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Using evidence to improve quality of pharmacy-delivered medical abortion, Katharine Footman and Nancy Termini LaChance

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Women’s attitudes and beliefs towards specific contraceptive methods in Bangladesh and Kenya, Kazuyo Machiyama, Fauzia Akhter Huda, Faisal Ahmmed, George Odwe, Francis Obare, Joyce Mumah, Marylene Wamukoya, John B. Casterline, and John C. Cleland

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Women’s recall of maternal and newborn interventions received in the postnatal period: A validity study in Kenya and Swaziland, Katharine McCarthy, Ann K. Blanc, Charlotte E. Warren, and Brian Mdawida

Submissions from 2017

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Access to reproductive health and HIV services among young mothers in Tanzania, Francis Obare, Annette Almeida, George Odwe, Jamilla Mwanga, Chi-Chi Undie, Maurice Hiza, and Feddy Mwanga

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Addressing pregnancy prevention needs of adolescents in East and Southern Africa through education and health sector partnerships, Harriet Birungi, Chi-Chi Undie, Esther Lwanga Walgwe, Francis Obare, Caroline W. Kabiru, and Joyce Mumah

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Adolescent Friendly Health Corners (AFHCs) in selected government health facilities in Bangladesh: An early qualitative assessment, Sigma Ainul, Iqbal Ehsan, Tasmiah Tanjeen, and Laura Reichenbach

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Adolescent pregnancy in Zambia, Population Council

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Adolescents in Bangladesh: A situation analysis of programmatic approaches to sexual and reproductive health education and services, Sigma Ainul, Ashish Bajracharya, Laura Reichenbach, and Kate Gilles

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Advocating corporate policy change on women's health and family planning: Lessons from the environmental movement, Matthew McFall, Carolyn Rodehau, and David Wofford

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Amélioration de la prestation de services de planification familiale pendant les crises humanitaires, Chi-Chi Undie, Rajat Khosla, and Karl Blanchet

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Are men well served by family planning programs?, Karen Hardee, Melanie Croce-Galis, and Jill Gay

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Assessing community midwives' knowledge of PE/E management in Sindh, Pakistan, Population Council

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Assessment of the implementation and achievements of the 3D Approach in Senegal’s National Family Planning Action Plan—Part 2: Summary Report, Fatou Mbow, Leslie Dubent, Nafissatou Diop, Fatou Ndiaye Turpin, Bocar Mamadou Daff, and Babacar Mane

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Assessment of the implementation and the achievements of the 3D approach within Senegal’s National Family Planning Action Plan (NFPAP), Fatou Mbow and Nafissatou Diop

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Association of antenatal care and place of delivery with newborn care practices: Evidence from a cross-sectional survey in rural Uttar Pradesh, India, Niveditha Devasenapathy, Sutapa B. Neogi, Srinivasan Soundararajan, Danish Ahmad, Avishek Hazra, Jaleel Ahmad, Neelakshi Mann, and Dileep V. Mavalankar

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Associations between mistreatment by a provider during childbirth and maternal health complications in Uttar Pradesh, India, Anita Raj, Arnab Dey, Sabrina Boyce, Aparna Seth, Siddhartha Bora, Dharmendra Chandurkar, Katherine Hay, Kultar Singh, Arup Das, Amit Chakraverty, Aparajita Ramakrishnan, Mrunal Shetye, Niranjan Saggurti, and Jay G. Silverman

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Assurer la sécurité des contraceptifs par des chaînes d’approvisionnement efficacies, Moazzam Ali

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A systematic review of the treatment and management of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in Bangladesh, Karen Kirk and Amy Dempsey

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Bangladesh: Using strong evidence and strategic collaboration to increase access to menstrual regulation with medication, Nancy Termini LaChance and Sharif M.I. Hossain

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Barriers to obstetric fistula treatment in low-income countries: A systematic review, Zoe Baker, Benjamin Bellows, Rachel Bach, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Care-seeking behaviors for maternal and newborn illnesses among self-help group households in Uttar Pradesh, India, Kumudha Aruldas, Aastha Kant, and P.S. Mohanan

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Charity: A health volunteer success story, Amy Dempsey

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Child marriage in Zambia, Population Council

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Community engagement in SGBV prevention and response: A compendium of interventions in the East and Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes region, Zahra Mirghani, Joanina Karugaba, Nicholas Martin-Achard, Chi-Chi Undie, and Harriet Birungi

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Contraceptive practices among married women of reproductive age in Bangladesh: A review of the evidence, Fauzia Akhter Huda, Yolande Robertson, Sabiha Chowdhuri, Bidhan Krishna Sarker, Laura Reichenbach, and Ratana Somrongthong

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Contribution of contraceptive discontinuation to unintended births in 36 developing countries, Anrudh K. Jain and William Winfrey

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Contribution of contraceptive discontinuation to unintended births in 36 developing countries, Population Council

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Creating a culture of evidence use: Using an innovative knowledge translation platform to inform HIV/AIDS programming for women and girls, Jill Gay, Melanie Croce-Galis, Karen Hardee, and Amelia Peltz

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Differential effects of community health worker visits across social and economic groups in Uttar Pradesh, India: A link between social inequities and health disparities, Aparna Seth, Shweta Tomar, Kultar Singh, Dharmendra Chandurkar, Amit Chakraverty, Arnab Dey, Arup Das, Katherine Hay, Niranjan Saggurti, Sabrina Boyce, Anita Raj, and Jay G. Silverman

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Enhancing access to post-rape care for child survivors in the context of police and health services in Zambia: A feasibility assessment of a police response model, Nachela Chelwa, Kshipra Hemal, George Msipu Phiri, Michael Mbizvo, and Chi-Chi Undie

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Enhancing frontline health workers' abilities to improve MNCH services in Bauchi State through task shifting/sharing, Sylvia Adebajo, Ekechi Okereke, and Friday Joseph

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Enhancing frontline health workers' abilities to improve MNCH services in Cross River State through task shifting/sharing, Sylvia Adebajo, Ekechi Okereke, and Friday Joseph

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Ensuring contraceptive security through effective supply chains, Moazzam Ali

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Evaluation of the effectiveness of the HERhealth model for improving sexual and reproductive health and rights knowledge and access of female garment factory workers in Bangladesh, Md. Irfan Hossain, Abdullah Al Mahmud, Ashish Bajracharya, Ubaidur Rob, and Laura Reichenbach

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Evaluation of the HERhealth Intervention in Bangladesh: Baseline findings from an implementation research study, Md. Irfan Hossain, Abdullah Al Mahmud, Ashish Bajracharya, Ubaidur Rob, and Laura Reichenbach

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Expanding access to integrated family planning intervention packages for married adolescent girls in urban slums of Dhaka, Bangladesh, Fauzia Akhter Huda, Hassan Rushekh Mahmood, Sadia Afrin, Anisuddin Ahmed, Nafis Al Haque, and Bidhan Krishna Sarker

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Exploring provider perspectives on respectful maternity care in Kenya: “Work with what you have”, Charity Ndwiga, Charlotte E. Warren, Julie Ritter, Pooja Sripad, and Timothy Abuya

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Exploring the association between FGM/C and early/child marriage: A review of the evidence, Jamlick Karumbi, David Gathara, and Jacinta Muteshi-Strachan

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Exploring the association between FGM/C and fistula: A review of the evidence, Pooja Sripad, Charity Ndwiga, and Kaji Tamanna Keya

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Female genital cutting in Somaliland: Baseline assessment, Katy Newell-Jones

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Female genital mutilation/cutting in Kenya: Is change taking place? Descriptive statistics from four waves of Demographic and Health Surveys, Bettina Shell-Duncan, David Gathara, and Zhuzhi Moore

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Female genital mutilation/cutting in Nigeria: A scoping review, Blessing U. Mberu

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Fertility differential of women in Bangladesh demographic and health survey 2014, Shongkour Roy and Sharif M.I. Hossain

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Fertility intentions and contraceptive practices among clinic-users living with HIV in Kenya: A mixed methods study, Susannah H. Mayhew, Manuela Colombini, James Kelly Kimani, Keith Tomlin, Charlotte E. Warren, Integra Initiative, and Richard Mutemwa

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Fertility transitions in Ghana and Kenya: Trends, determinants, and implications for policy and programs, Ian Askew, Baker Ndugga Maggwa, and Francis Obare

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Florence: A midwife success story, Amy Dempsey

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Garment sector health interventions in Cambodia: A comprehensive review, Molyaneth Heng and Ashish Bajracharya