The Population Council's Reproductive Health program strives to improve sexual and reproductive health, especially for vulnerable people in developing countries. We help individuals to achieve their family planning and reproductive health goals through improvements in technologies and services. We work to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity and to improve equity and quality in the delivery of care.

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Submissions from 2019

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Situation analysis of reproductive health of adolescents and youth in Pakistan, Iram Kamran, Rehan M. Niazi, Kiren Khan, and Faisal Abbas

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Spousal violence against women in India: A social–ecological analysis using data from the National Family Health Survey 2015 to 2016, Jaleel Ahmad, Nizamuddin Khan, and Arupendra Mozumdar

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Stigma as a barrier to family planning use among married youth in Ethiopia, Aparna Jain, Hussein Ismail, Elizabeth Tobey, and Annabel Erulkar

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Storytelling and policy change in Africa's Great Lakes Region, Chi-Chi Undie, Nathan Byamukama, George Odwe, Nachela Chelwa, Harriet Birungi, and Michael Mbizvo

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Strengthening Bauchi State College of Nursing and Midwifery by updating its training curricula, procedure manuals and student handbooks, Ekechi Okereke, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Strengthening Cross River state schools of nursing and midwifery by updating their training curricula, procedure manuals and student handbooks, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, and Aisha Jibril

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Strengthening in-service training and continuing education (IST/CE) for frontline health workers for Bauchi and Cross River states, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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The effect of job aids on knowledge retention among Patent and Proprietary Medicine Vendors trained to administer injectable contraceptives: Longitudinal results from implementation science in Nigeria, Sara Chace Dwyer, Aparna Jain, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Faizah Okunade, Chiamaka Uzomba, Adedamola Adebayo, and Elizabeth Tobey

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The extent to which performance-based financing programs' operations manuals reflect rights-based principles: Implications for family planning services, Marie S. Cole, Victoria Boydell, Karen Hardee, and Benjamin Bellows

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The Global Compact on Refugees: How the Sauti/VOICE Project fits, Josephine Ngebeh, Chi-Chi Undie, and Joanina Karugaba

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The medicalisation of female genital mutilation/cutting in Kenya: Perspectives of families and health care providers, Population Council

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Tracing change in female genital mutilation/cutting: Shifting norms and practices among communities in Narok and Kisii counties, Kenya—Brief, Dennis Matanda, Chantalle Okondo, Caroline W. Kabiru, and Bettina Shell-Duncan

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Understanding incentive preferences of community health workers using discrete choice experiments: A multicountry protocol for Kenya, Uganda, Bangladesh and Haiti, Smisha Agarwal, Udochisom Anaba, Timothy Abuya, Richard Kintu, Alain Casseus, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Melvin Obad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Using Demographic and Health Surveys in the campaign to end FGM/C: A Kenyan example, Dennis Matanda and Caroline W. Kabiru

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Utilization of maternal health services and its determinants: A cross-sectional study among women in rural Uttar Pradesh, India, Ranjana Singh, Sutapa B. Neogi, Avishek Hazra, Laili Irani, Jenny Ruducha, Danish Ahmad, Sampath Kumar, Neelakshi Mann, and Dileep V. Mavalankar

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Validation of two quality of care measures: Results from a longitudinal study of reversible contraceptive users in India, Aparna Jain, Kumudha Aruldas, Arupendra Mozumdar, Elizabeth Tobey, and Rajib Acharya

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Who pays and how much? A cross-sectional study of out-of-pocket payment for modern contraception in Kenya, Emma Radovich, Mardieh Dennis, Edwine Barasa, Francesca L. Cavallaro, Kerry LM Wong, Josephine Borghi, Caroline A. Lynch, Mark Lyons-Amos, Timothy Abuya, and Lenka Benova

Submissions from 2018

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Accelerate progress—Sexual and reproductive health and rights for all: Report of the Guttmacher–Lancet Commission, Ann M. Starrs, Alex C. Ezeh, Gary Barker, Alaka Malwade Basu, Jane T. Bertrand, Robert W. Blum, Awa M. Coll-Seck, Anand Grover, Laura Laski, Monica Roa, Zeba Sathar, Lale Say, Gamal I. Serour, Susheela Singh, Karin Stenberg, Marleen Temmerman, Ann E. Biddlecom, Anna Popinchalk, Cynthia Summers, and Lori S. Ashford

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Accelerating uptake of voluntary, rights-based family planning in developing countries, Kazuyo Machiyama, Francis Obare, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Doris Chou, Mario Festin, Rajat Khosla, James Kiarie, Lale Say, and Nandita Thatte

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Accélérer l’adoption de la planification familiale volontaire et fondée sur les droits dans les pays en développement, Kazuyo Machiyama, Francis Obare, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Doris Chou, Mario Festin, Rajat Khosla, James Kiarie, Lale Say, and Nandita Thatte

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Addressing barriers to quality of underutilized commodities and services for prevention and management of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in Kenya, Charity Ndwiga, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Ambivalence in pregnancy intentions: The effect of quality of care and context among a cohort of women attending family planning clinics in Kenya, Eliud Wekesa, Ian Askew, and Timothy Abuya

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A new composite index to measure national-level quality of family planning programs, Anrudh K. Jain

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Assessing the community-level impact of a decade of user fee policy shifts on health facility deliveries in Kenya, 2003-2014, Francis Obare, Timothy Abuya, Dennis Matanda, and Benjamin Bellows

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Assessing the feasibility and acceptability of community health extension workers to treat hypertension associated with pregnancy: An analysis of post-intervention findings, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku

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Attitudes towards help-seeking for sexual and gender-based violence in humanitarian settings: The case of Rwamwanja refugee settlement scheme in Uganda, George Odwe, Chi-Chi Undie, and Francis Obare

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Balancing paid work and child care in a slum of Nairobi, Kenya: The case for centre-based child care, Shelley Clark, Midanna De Almada, Caroline W. Kabiru, Stella Muthuri, and Milka Wanjohi

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Baseline evaluation of Project Mesha in Bihar: Factsheet results 2017-2018, Population Council

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Can a gender equity and family planning intervention for men change their gender ideology? Results from the CHARM intervention in rural India, Paul Fleming, Jay G. Silverman, Mohan Ghule, Julie Ritter, Madhusudana Battala, Gajanan Velhal, Saritha Nair, Anindita Dasgupta, Balaiah Donta, Niranjan Saggurti, and Anita Raj

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Cesarean section deliveries in Egypt: Trends, practices, perceptions, and cost, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Doaa Oraby, Nevine Hassanein, and Shatha El-Nakib

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Changes in FGM/C in Somaliland: Medical narrative driving shift in types of cutting, Richard A. Powell and Mohamed Yussuf

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Changes in household well being and resilience: The role of population, family planning and reproductive health in the Tuungane Project, Kristen P. Patterson

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Closing the gap between people and programs: Lessons from implementation of social accountability for family planning and reproductive health in Uganda, Victoria Boydell, Stella Neema, Kelsey Wright, and Karen Hardee

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Collaborative work with Somaliland stakeholders to increase evidence based decision making in FGM/C, Chantalle Okondo

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Condom use at last sex by young men in Ethiopia: The effect of descriptive and injunctive norms, Aparna Jain, Elizabeth Tobey, Hussein Ismail, and Annabel Erulkar

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Dataset: Evaluating the impact of the Parivartan project in improving maternal and child health behaviors among women in self-help groups in Bihar, Niranjan Saggurti and Laili Irani

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Dataset: Evaluating the impact of the Uttar Pradesh Community Mobilization Project in improving maternal and child health behaviors in self-help groups in Uttar Pradesh, India, Laili Irani

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Dataset: Evaluation of the impact of removal of user fees for maternal health services on universal health coverage in Kenya, Timothy Abuya, Dennis Matanda, Francis Obare, and Benjamin Bellows

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Dataset: Time use patterns of women in rural Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, Laili Irani

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Developing strategies to address contraceptive needs of adolescents: Exploring patterns of use among sexually active adolescents in 46 low- and middle-income countries, Amanda Kalamar, Özge Tunçalp, and Michelle J. Hindin

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Does supportive legislation guarantee access to pregnancy termination and postabortion care services? Findings from a facility census in Central Province, Zambia, Jenny A. Cresswell, Onikepe Owolabi, Nachela Chelwa, Mardieh Dennis, Sabine Gabrysch, Bellington Vwalika, Michael Mbizvo, Veronique Filippi, and Oona M.R. Campbell

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Do women find the progesterone vaginal ring acceptable? Findings from Kenya, Nigeria, and Senegal, Saumya RamaRao, Francis Obare, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Babacar Mane, Heather Clark, Wilson Liambila, Godwin Unumeri, Harriet Birungi, Nafissatou Diop, Deepa Rajamani, and John Townsend

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Dynamics of injectable contraceptive use in India, The Evidence Project

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Dynamics of interval IUD use in India, The Evidence Project

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Dynamics of oral contraceptive pill use in India, The Evidence Project

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Dynamics of postpartum IUD use in India, The Evidence Project

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Effect of health intervention integration within women's self-help groups on collectivization and healthy practices around reproductive, maternal, neonatal and child health in rural India, Niranjan Saggurti, Yamini Atmavilas, Akash Porwal, Janine Schooley, Rajshree Das, Narender Kande, Laili Irani, and Katherine Hay

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Élargissement du choix des contraceptifs, Heather Clark, Saumya RamaRao, Catherine Unthank, Kazuyo Machiyama, and Nandita Thatte

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Ending Eclampsia: PHC PH/E_plus Model, Charlotte E. Warren

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Engaging community women's groups for improved uptake of antenatal care services in Cross River State, Nigeria: An analysis of post-intervention findings, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku

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Ensuring adequate financing of family planning commodities and services, Moazzam Ali and Benjamin Bellows

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Evaluating the impact of a maternal health voucher programme on service use before and after the introduction of free maternity services in Kenya: A quasi-experimental study, Mardieh Dennis, Timothy Abuya, Oona M.R. Campbell, Lenka Benova, Angela Baschieri, Matteo Quartagno, and Benjamin Bellows

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Expanding access to family planning for married adolescent girls in the urban slums of Dhaka, Fauzia Akhter Huda and Nancy Termini LaChance

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Expanding contraceptive choice, Heather Clark, Saumya RamaRao, Catherine Unthank, Kazuyo Machiyama, and Nandita Thatte

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Expanding the evidence base and networks for sexual violence response in East and Southern Africa—Completion report for the period May 2014–February 2018, Population Council

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Exploring barriers and opportunities for pre-eclampsia and eclampsia prevention and management in Ethiopia, Pooja Sripad, Hussein Ismail, Amy Dempsey, Karen Kirk, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Exploring meaning and types of trust in maternity care in peri-urban Kenya: A qualitative cross-perspective analysis, Pooja Sripad, Sachiko Ozawa, Maria W. Merritt, Larissa Jennings, Deanna Kerrigan, Charity Ndwiga, Timothy Abuya, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Exploring the Nigerian health system's response to female genital mutilation/cutting, Otibho Obianwu

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Family planning and resilience: Associations found in a Population, Health, and Environment (PHE) project in Western Tanzania, Karen Hardee, Kristen P. Patterson, Anika Schenck-Fontaine, Sebastiaan Hess, Craig Leisher, Clive Mutunga, Cheryl Margoluis, and Cara Honzak

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Feasibility of patent and proprietary medicine vendor provision of injectable contraceptives: Preliminary results from implementation science research in Oyo and Nasarawa, Nigeria, Sara Chace Dwyer, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Faizah Okunade, Laura Reichenbach, and Aparna Jain

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Fertility regulation as identity maintenance: Understanding the social aspects of birth control, Cicely Marston, Alicia Renedo, and Gertrude Nyaaba

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FGM/C decision-making process and the role of gender power relations in Sudan, Ahmed Gamal Eldin, Suad Babiker, Majdi Sabahelzain, and Muna Eltayeb

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Financement de la planification familiale, Moazzam Ali and Benjamin Bellows

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Findings from post-intervention analysis of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia in Cross River State, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku

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Findings from post-intervention analysis of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia in Ebonyi State, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku

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Findings from post-intervention analysis of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia in Kogi State, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku

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Gender, power, and violence: A systematic review of measures and their association with male perpetration of IPV, Katharine McCarthy, Ruchi Mehta, and Nicole Haberland

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Harmonizing national abortion and pregnancy prevention laws and policies for sexual violence survivors with the Maputo Protocol: Proceedings of a 2016 regional technical meeting in sub-Saharan Africa, Jill Thompson, Chi-Chi Undie, Avni Amin, Brooke R. Johnson, Rajat Khosla, Leopold Ouedraogo, Triphonie Nkurunziza, Sara Rich, Elizabeth Westley, Melissa Garcia, Harriet Birungi, and Ian Askew

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Health sector inadequacies in attending to child survivors of sexual abuse in Kenya: An operations research, Carol Ajema, Chi-Chi Undie, Charity Mbugua, Jordan Kyongo, and Lina Digolo

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How are educated women in Ghana regulating fertility without high levels of modern contraceptive use?, Kazuyo Machiyama, Cicely Marston, Nancy Termini LaChance, Terence Adda-Balinia, and Placide Tapsoba

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Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: ISSHP classification, diagnosis, and management recommendations for international practice, Mark A. Brown, Laura A. Magee, Louise C. Kenny, S. Ananth Karumanchi, Fergus P. McCarthy, Shigeru Saito, David R. Hall, Charlotte E. Warren, Gloria Adoyi, and Salisu Mohammed Ishaku

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Improving access to delivery care and reducing the equity gap through voucher program in Bangladesh: Evidence from difference-in-differences analysis, Kaji Tamanna Keya, Benjamin Bellows, Ubaidur Rob, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Increasing knowledge of home based maternal and newborn care using self-help groups: Evidence from rural Uttar Pradesh, India, Arupendra Mozumdar, M.E. Khan, Subrato Mondal, and P.S. Mohanan

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Integration of HIV and reproductive health services in public sector facilities: Analysis of client flow data over time in Kenya, Isolde Birdthistle, Justin Fenty, Martine Collumbien, Charlotte E. Warren, James Kelly Kimani, Charity Ndwiga, Susannah H. Mayhew, and Integra Initiative

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Intensity of contact with frontline workers and its influence on maternal and newborn health behaviors: Cross-sectional survey in rural Uttar Pradesh, India, Tanica Lyngdoh, Sutapa B. Neogi, Danish Ahmad, Srinivasan Soundararajan, and Dileep V. Mavalankar

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Introducing the progesterone vaginal ring (PVR) as a new option for postpartum family planning in sub-Saharan Africa: Insights from engagements with stakeholders, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Nafissatou Diop, Babacar Mane, Wilson Liambila, Saumya RamaRao, Heather Clark, Harriet Birungi, Godwin Unumeri, and Francis Obare

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Introduction of subcutaneous depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA-SC) injectable contraception at facility and community levels: Pilot results from 4 districts of Uganda, George Odwe, Kate Gray, Annet Kyarimpa, Francis Obare, and Grace Nagendi

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Legal but limited? Abortion service availability and readiness assessment in Nepal, Suzanne O. Bell, Linnea Zimmerman, Yoonjoung Choi, and Michelle J. Hindin

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Making free public healthcare attractive: Optimizing health equity funds in Cambodia, Bart Jacobs, Ashish Bajracharya, Jyotirmoy Saha, Chhea Chhorvann, Benjamin Bellows, Steffen Flessa, and Adélio Fernandes Antunes

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Making sense of marriage: Gender and the transition to adulthood in Nairobi, Kenya, Isabel Pike, Sanyu A. Mojola, and Caroline W. Kabiru

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Measuring mistreatment of women throughout the birthing process: Implications for quality of care assessments, Timothy Abuya, Pooja Sripad, Julie Ritter, Charity Ndwiga, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Medical abortion provision by pharmacies and drug sellers in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review, Katharine Footman, Katherine Keenan, Kate Reiss, Barbara Reichwein, Pritha Biswas, and Kathryn Church

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Medicalisation of female genital mutilation/cutting in Sudan: Shift in types and providers, Nafisa Bedri, Huda Sherfi, Ghada Rudwan, Sara Elhadi, and Wafa Elamin

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Medicalized female genital mutilation/cutting: Contentious practices and persistent debates, Samuel Kimani and Bettina Shell-Duncan

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Method‐specific attributes that influence choice of future contraception among married women in Nairobi's informal settlements, Joyce Mumah, John B. Casterline, Kazuyo Machiyama, Marylene Wamukoya, Caroline W. Kabiru, and John C. Cleland

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Mifepristone–misoprostol for menstrual regulation in public sector facilities in Bangladesh, Anadil Alam, Tatyana Lotarevich, Tapash Ranjan Das, Laura Reichenbach, and Hillary J. Bracken

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Mobile phone messaging to husbands to improve maternal and child health behavior in India, Avishek Hazra, M.E. Khan, and Subrato Mondal

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Obstetric complications and delays in seeking emergency care in poor settings of northern India, Nizamuddin Khan

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Perceived social networks and newborn health: Evidence from self-help group communities in northern India, Jenny Ruducha, Xinran Huang, James Potter, Divya Hariharan, Danish Ahmad, Sampath Kumar, P.S. Mohanan, and Avishek Hazra

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"Poverty is the big thing": Exploring financial, transportation, and opportunity costs associated with fistula management and repair in Nigeria and Uganda, Kaji Tamanna Keya, Pooja Sripad, Emmanuel Nwala, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Proposed metrics to measure quality: Overview, Anrudh K. Jain, John Townsend, and Saumya RamaRao

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Reducing barriers to accessing fistula repair: Implementation research in Ebonyi, Pooja Sripad, Emmanuel Nwala, and Vandana Tripathi

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Reducing barriers to accessing fistula repair: Implementation research in Katsina, Pooja Sripad, Emmanuel Nwala, and Vandana Tripathi

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Reducing early and unintended pregnancies among adolescents, Francis Obare, Caroline W. Kabiru, and Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli

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Réduction des grossesses précoces et involontaires chez les adolescents, Francis Obare, Caroline W. Kabiru, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, and Matti Parry

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Registered or unregistered? Levels and differentials in registration and certification of births in Ghana, Fidelia A.A. Dake and Kamil Fuseini

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Retrospective cohort study: Clinical presentation and outcomes of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya, Charity Ndwiga, Alfred Osoti, Pooja Sripad, George Odwe, Omondi Ogutu, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Revising the FP quality of care framework in the context of rights‐based family planning, Anrudh K. Jain and Karen Hardee

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Setting the research agenda for induced abortion in Africa and Asia, Rachel H. Scott, Veronique Filippi, Ann M. Moore, Rajib Acharya, Akinrinola Bankole, Clara Calvert, Kathryn Church, Jenny A. Cresswell, Katharine Footman, Joanne Gleason, Kazuyo Machiyama, Cicely Marston, Michael Mbizvo, Maurice Musheke, Onikepe Owolabi, Jennifer Palmer, Christopher Smith, Katerini Storeng, and Felicia Yeung

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Shifts in female genital mutilation/cutting in Kenya: Perspectives of families and health care providers, Samuel Kimani and Caroline W. Kabiru