The Population Council's Reproductive Health program strives to improve sexual and reproductive health, especially for vulnerable people in developing countries. We help individuals to achieve their family planning and reproductive health goals through improvements in technologies and services. We work to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity and to improve equity and quality in the delivery of care.

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Submissions from 2020

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Investir dans le changement social et comportemental est rentable pour augmenter l'utilisation de la contraception moderne au Togo, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Ƙaruwar amfani da ayyukan awon-ciki tsakanin mata a jihar Kebbi, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Karuwar amfani da ayyukan awon-ciki tsakanin mata a jihar Sokoto, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Ƙaruwar amfani da ayyukan awon-ciki tsakanin mata a jihar Zamfara, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Knowledge of pharmacy workers on antihypertensive and anticonvulsant drugs for managing pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in Bangladesh, Shongkour Roy, Kanij Sultana, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Lessons from a five-year research programme on FGM/C and their relevance for policy and programmes in Kenya, Dennis Matanda, Agnes K. Meroka-Mutua, and Samuel Kimani

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Looking at the bigger picture: Effect of performance-based contracting of district health services on equity of access to maternal health services in Zambia, Collins Chansa, Mulenga Mukanu, Chitalu Miriam Chama-Chiliba, Mpuma Kamanga, Nicholas Chikwenya, Benjamin Bellows, and Naasegnibe Kuunibe

Looking Back, Looking Forward: Using Evidence to Inform Sexual and Reproductive Health Responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic—Webinar, Saumya RamaRao, Kristin Bietsch, Julia N. White, Johannes van Dam, and Ann K. Blanc

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Malaria: Insights for improving malaria, family planning, and maternal and child health outcomes in northwestern Nigeria through social and behavior change programming, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Male reproductive function and fecundity, Michael Mbizvo and Tendai M. Chiware

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Masculine gender ideologies, intimate partner violence, and alcohol use increase risk for genital tract infections among men, Kiyomi Tsuyuki, Balaiah Donta, Anindita Dasgupta, Paul Fleming, Mohan Ghule, Madhusudana Battala, Saritha Nair, Jay G. Silverman, Niranjan Saggurti, and Anita Raj

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Measurement of female genital mutilation/cutting status: Perspectives from healthcare providers, policymakers, programme implementers, and researchers, Dennis Matanda

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Measurement that matters: Understanding quality of care from clients’ perspectives, Leah Jarvis, Katey Peck, Sara Chace Dwyer, Erika Martin, and Aparna Jain

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Measuring service quality and assessing its relationship to contraceptive discontinuation: A prospective cohort study in Pakistan and Uganda, Karen T. Chang, Nirali M. Chakraborty, Amanda Kalamar, Waqas Hameed, Benjamin Bellows, Karen A. Grépin, Xaher Gul, Sarah E.K. Bradley, Lynn M. Atuyambe, and Dominic Montagu

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Men’s needs and women’s fears: Gender-related power dynamics in contraceptive use and coping with consequences in a rural setting in Kenya, Francis Obare, George Odwe, and John C. Cleland

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Migration and family planning in the state with highest total fertility rate in India, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Niranjan Saggurti, Raman Mishra, Monika Walia, and Saradiya Mukherjee

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Modelling and mapping of regional disparities associated with female genital mutilation/cutting prevalence among girls aged 0–14 Years in Senegal: Evidence from Senegal (SDHS) Surveys 2005–2017, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Paul Komba, Chibuzor Christopher Nnanatu, Glory Atilola, Lubanzadio Mavatikua, Zhuzhi Moore, and Dennis Matanda

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Modelling and mapping of state disparities associated with female genital mutilation/cutting prevalence among girls aged 0–14 years in Nigeria: Evidence from DHS and MICS 2003–2017, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Paul Komba, Chibuzor Christopher Nnanatu, Glory Atilola, Lubanzadio Mavatikua, Zhuzhi Moore, and Dennis Matanda

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National guidelines for school re-entry in early learning and basic education, Ministry of Education

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No to circumcision’: The road to effective social marketing campaigns in Egypt [Arabic], Salma Abou Hussein and Sarah Ghattass

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Obstacles limitant la détection et la prise en charge de l’HPP par les prestataires de soins de santé à Madagascar, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Opportunities and challenges of delivering postabortion care and postpartum family planning during the COVID-19 pandemic, Anne Pfitzer, Eva Lathrop, Alison Bodenheimer, Saumya RamaRao, Megan Christofield, Patricia MacDonald, Bethany Arnold, Neeta Bhatnagar, Erin Mielke, and Meridith Mikulich

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Opportunities for SGBV data collection in the time of COVID-19: The value of implementation science, Chi-Chi Undie, Sanyukta Mathur, Nicole Haberland, Isabel Vieitez Martínez, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Overview of High Impact Practices for Improved Prevention, Detection, and Management of Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy, Population Council

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Pattern and correlates of out-of-pocket payment (OOP) on female sterilization in India, 1990–2014, Sanjay Kumar Mohanty, Suyash Mishra, Sayantani Chatterjee, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Perceptions and use of non-pneumatic anti-shock garments for management of postpartum hemorrhage in Malawi, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Piloting respectful maternity care solutions: Research findings from a study in Zambia, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Policy brief: Fertility preferences and behaviors among younger cohorts in Egypt: Recent trends, correlates, and prospects for change [Arabic], Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Shadia Attia, Nourhan Bader, Rania Roushdy, Shatha El-Nakib, and Doaa Oraby

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Poor women's reproductive health and family planning challenges and needs during the COVID-19 pandemic, Population Council

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Practice-based learning: Establishing simple monitoring systems to support SGBV programming in refugee settings, Chi-Chi Undie, Josephine Ngebeh, Jane Harriet Namwebya, Michael Gaitho, George Odwe, Nachela Chelwa, Harriet Birungi, and Michael Mbizvo

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Practice-based learning: Medico-legal evidence collection as part of post-rape care in refugee contexts, Michael Gaitho, Ronald Kotut, Anne Ngunjiri, Jane T. Thiomi, Josephine Ngebeh, and Chi-Chi Undie

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Pratiques du HCR et de ses partenaires en matière de protection communautaire dans les secteurs dans la région de l’Afrique de l’Est, de la Corne de l’Afrique et des Grands Lacs, Charles Mballa, Josephine Ngebeh, Machtelt De Vriese, Katie Drew, Abigayil Parr, and Chi-Chi Undie

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Pregnancy and childbirth: Insights for improving malaria, family planning, and maternal and child health outcomes in northwestern Nigeria through social and behavior change programming, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Preprint—Family and provider perceptions of quality of care in the management of sick young infants in primary health care settings in four counties of Kenya, Samuel Mbugua, Jesse Gitaka, Tabither Gitau, George Odwe, Peter Mwaura, Wilson Liambila, Charity Ndwiga, Kezia K'Oduol, Charlotte E. Warren, and Timothy Abuya

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Preprint—Intraindividual coexistence of anthropometric undernutrition and "metabolic obesity" in Indian children: A paradox that needs action, Harshpal Singh Sachdev, Akash Porwal, Avina Sarna, Rajib Acharya, Sowmya Ramesh, Umesh Kapil, and Anura V. Kurpad

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Prestation de soins de maternels respectueux: conclusions d'une evaluation à petite echelle à Chipata en Zambie, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Prevalence and correlates of perceived infertility in Ghana, Chelsea B. Polis, Easmon Otupiri, Michelle J. Hindin, Doris W. Chiu, Sarah C. Keogh, Cara Aidoo, Roderick Larsen-Reindorf, and Suzanne O. Bell

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Promoting respectful maternity care for adolescents in Ghana: A quasi-experimental study protocol, Helen H. Habib, Kwasi Torpey, Ernest Tei Maya, and Augustine Ankomah

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Proposal for the development and addition of a cybersecurity assessment section into technology involving global public health, Stanley J. Mierzwa, Saumya RamaRao, Jung Ah Yun, and Bok Gyo Jeong

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Protecting newborn infants during the COVID-19 pandemic should be based on evidence and equity, Emma Sacks, Pooja Sripad, Charity Ndwiga, Peter Waiswa, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Protocol for a matched-pair cluster control trial of ARCHES (Addressing Reproductive Coercion in Health Settings) among women and girls seeking contraceptive services from community-based clinics in Nairobi, Kenya, Jasmine Uysal, Nicole Carter, Nicole Johns, Sabrina Boyce, Wilson Liambila, Chi-Chi Undie, Esther Muketo, Jill Adhiambo, Kate Gray, Seri Wendoh, and Jay G. Silverman

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Provider behavior change approaches to improve family planning services in the Ouagadougou partnership countries: A landscaping review, Kathryn Spielman, Elizabeth Tobey, Martha Silva, and Leanne Dougherty

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Provider provision of respectful maternity care: Findings from a small scale evaluation in Chipata, Zambia, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Provision of clinical management of rape (CMR) in crisis settings: Analysis of factors affecting delays in accessing services in Borno state, Nigeria, Osasuyi Dirisu, Mayokun Adediran, Akinwumi Akinola, and Solomon Kongyamba

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Psychotropic medication non-adherence and its associated factors among patients with major psychiatric disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Agumasie Semahegn, Kwasi Torpey, Adom Manu, Nega Assefa, Gezahegn Tesfaye, and Augustine Ankomah

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Quality of care in sterilization services at the public health facilities in India: A multilevel analysis, Vinod Joseph K.J., Arupendra Mozumdar, Hemkhothang Lhungdim, and Rajib Acharya

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Quality of care received for family planning from community pharmacists and patent and proprietary medicine vendors in Lagos and Kaduna, Nigeria: The IntegratE project, Population Council

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Quand et comment la loi est-elle efficace pour réduire la pratique des MGF/E: une étude transfrontalière au Burkina Faso et au Mali, Josephine Wouango, Susan L. Ostermann, and Daniel Mwanga

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Quick take: Corona crisis in Bangladesh, Ubaidur Rob

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Rationale and design of a complex intervention measuring the impact and processes of social accountability applied to contraceptive programming: CaPSAI Project, Petrus S. Steyn, Victoria Boydell, Joanna Paula Cordero, Ndema Habib, Thi My Huong Nguyen, Dela Nai, Donat Shamba, James Kiarie, and CaPSAI Project Team

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Recherche formative exhaustive sur les croyances, les pratiques et les comportements en matière de santé au Mali, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Reducing barriers to accessing fistula repair in Nigeria and Uganda: An implementation research study, Pooja Sripad, Elly Arnoff, Charity Ndwiga, George Odwe, and Emmanuel Nwala

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Reflections from Five Years of Research on FGM/C, Lori S. Ashford, Reshma Naik, and Charlotte Greenbaum

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Removing barriers to fistula care: Applying appreciative inquiry to improve access to screening and treatment in Nigeria and Uganda, Vandana Tripathi, Elly Arnoff, and Pooja Sripad

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Renforcement du suivi et de l'evaluation des changements sociaux et comportementaux pour le planning familial en Afrique de l'Ouest francophone, Leanne Dougherty, Martha Silva, and Kathryn Spielman

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Replication data for: The relationship between attitudes towards pregnancy and contraceptive continuation: Results from a longitudinal study of married women in India, Elizabeth Tobey, Aparna Jain, and Arupendra Mozumdar

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Reproductive health care in the time of COVID-19: Perspectives of poor women and service providers from Rahim Yar Khan, Punjab, Iram Kamran, Tahira Parveen, Rehan M. Niazi, and Irfan Masood

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Routine childhood immunization—Insights for improving malaria, family planning, and maternal and child health outcomes in northwestern Nigeria through social and behavior change programming, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Scales to measure motivation among community health workers, and trust and empowerment among their clients: A guide, Frontline Health Project

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Services for women's sexual and reproductive health in India: An analysis of treatment-seeking for symptoms of reproductive tract infections in a nationally representative survey, Shikha Bhasin, Ankita Shukla, and Sapna Desai

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Sexual and reproductive health knowledge, attitudes and service uptake barriers among Zambian in-school adolescents: A mixed methods study, Edith S. Namukonda, Joseph G. Rosen, Melody N. Simataa, Mwelwa Chibuye, Michael Mbizvo, and Chabu Kangale

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Share of current unmet need for modern contraceptive methods attributed to past users of these methods in India, Ankita Shukla, Anrudh K. Jain, Rajib Acharya, Faujdar Ram, Arupendra Mozumdar, Abhishek Kumar, Subrato Mondal, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Shughuli za UNHCR na Washirikiza Ulinzi kwa Jamii baina ya Sekta katika Maeneo ya Masharik na, Pembe ya Afrika na Maziwa Makuu, Charles Mballa, Josephine Ngebeh, Machtelt De Vriese, Katie Drew, Abigayil Parr, and Chi-Chi Undie

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Social and behavior change programming landscape for out-of-school adolescent and youth reproductive health programs in the Philippines: A scoping review, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Socioeconomic inequality trends in childhood vaccination coverage in India: Findings from multiple rounds of National Family Health Survey, Nizamuddin Khan and Niranjan Saggurti

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Strengthening social and behavior change monitoring and evaluation for family planning in francophone West Africa, Leanne Dougherty, Martha Silva, and Kathryn Spielman

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Strengthening social and behavior change monitoring and evaluation for family planning in Francophone West Africa, Leanne Dougherty, Martha Silva, and Kathryn Spielman

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Sustainability of barefoot nurse (BFN) project—Screening NCD and ensuring livelihood: A randomized control trial, Biswamitra Sahu, Sathyanarayana Tn, and Avishek Hazra

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Test pilote de solutions pour des soins maternels respectueux: conclusions de recherches d'une etude menee en Zambie, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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The benefits and limitations of donating new contraceptive technology: The case of the International Contraceptive Access (ICA) Foundation and the LNG IUS Program in Brazil, Laura Miranda, John Townsend, Anibal Faundes, and Luis Bahamondes

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The community health system in Bangladesh: An overview, Frontline Health Project

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The community health system in Haiti: An overview, Frontline Health Project

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The community health system in Mali: An overview, Frontline Health Project

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The community health system in the DRC: An overview, Frontline Health Project

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The effects of a family planning training on community pharmacists and patent and proprietary medicine vendors’ knowledge in Nigeria: Preliminary pre and posttest results, the IntegratE Project, Population Council

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The inclusion of sexual and reproductive health services within universal health care through intentional design, Gabrielle Appleford, Saumya RamaRao, and Benjamin Bellows

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The relationship between attitudes towards pregnancy and contraceptive continuation: Results from a longitudinal study of married women in India, Elizabeth Tobey, Aparna Jain, and Arupendra Mozumdar

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The use of case advocates to manage child survivors of sexual violence in public health facilities in Kenya: A qualitative study exploring the perceptions of child survivors, care givers and health care providers, Lina Digolo, Carol Ajema, Millicent Kiruki, Maryline Mireku, Ronald Kotut, and Chi-Chi Undie

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The use of segmented regression for evaluation of an interrupted time series study involving complex intervention: The CaPSAI project experience, Ndema Habib, Petrus S. Steyn, Victoria Boydell, Joanna Paula Cordero, My Huong Nguyen, Soe Soe Thwin, Dela Nai, Donat Shamba, James Kiarie, and CaPSAI Project Team

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Tracing change in female genital mutilation/cutting through social networks: An intersectional analysis of the influence of gender, generation, status, and structural inequality, Amadou Moreau and Bettina Shell-Duncan

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Trends in family planning services in Bangladesh before, during and after COVID-19 lockdowns: Evidence from national routine service data, Md. Irfan Hossain, Md. Saddam Hossain, Sigma Ainul, Md. Kamruzzaman Bhuiyan, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Ubaidur Rob, and Ashish Bajracharya

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Trends in maternal health services in Bangladesh before, during and after COVID-19 lockdowns: Evidence from national routine service data, Sigma Ainul, Md. Saddam Hossain, Md. Irfan Hossain, Md. Kamruzzaman Bhuiyan, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Ubaidur Rob, and Ashish Bajracharya

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Twelve recommended social and behavior change indicators for family planning, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Two implementation models of workers' health education programs in Egypt: What works? What doesn't work?, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Norhan Bader, Elizabeth Tobey, and Aparna Jain

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Understanding barriers to clinical management of rape (CMR) services among survivors of rape in crisis settings in Borno state, Osasuyi Dirisu

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Understanding female genital mutilation/cutting abandonment in Egypt, Nada Wahba, Hania El Banhawi, and Amira El Ayouti

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Understanding local variation in how female genital mutilation/cutting declines, changes, or persists: Analysis of household survey data for Kenya, Nigeria, and Senegal, Population Reference Bureau

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Understanding provider and parent experiences in caring for hospitalized young children: Summary findings from a formative study in Kenya, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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UNHCR and partner practices of community-based protection across sectors in the East and Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes Region, Charles Mballa, Josephine Ngebeh, Machtelt De Vriese, Katie Drew, Abigayil Parr, and Chi-Chi Undie

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UNHCR and partner practices of community-based protection across sectors in the East and Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes Region [Arabic], Charles Mballa, Josephine Ngebeh, Machtelt De Vriese, Katie Drew, Abigayil Parr, and Chi-Chi Undie

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Upholding rights under COVID-19: The Respectful Maternity Care Charter, R. Rima Jolivet, Charlotte E. Warren, Pooja Sripad, Elena Ateva, Jewel Gausman, Kate Mitchell, Hagar Palgi Hacker, Emma Sacks, and Ana Langer

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Validating women's reports of antenatal and postnatal care received in Bangladesh, Cambodia and Kenya, Katharine McCarthy, Ann K. Blanc, Charlotte E. Warren, Ashish Bajracharya, and Benjamin Bellows

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Validation of the Interpersonal Quality of Family Planning Scale in a rural Indian setting, Nicole E. Johns, Anvita Dixit, Mohan Ghule, Shahina Begum, Madhusudana Battala, Gennifer Kully, Jay G. Silverman, Christine Dehlendorf, Anita Raj, and Sarah Averbach

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“What’s in a name?”: Exploring inconsistent and contradictory definitions and clinical guidelines for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy from published literature from Nigeria and Bangladesh, Karen Kirk and Charlotte E. Warren

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When and how does law effectively reduce the practice of female genital mutilation/cutting?, Josephine Wouango, Susan L. Ostermann, and Daniel Mwanga

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When and how the law is effective in reducing the practice of FGM/C: A cross-border study in Burkina Faso and Mali, Josephine Wouango, Susan L. Ostermann, and Daniel Mwanga

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Which contraceptive side effects matter most? Evidence from current and past users of injectables and implants in Western Kenya, George Odwe, Francis Obare, Kazuyo Machiyama, and John C. Cleland

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Women’s and girls’ experiences of reproductive coercion and opportunities for intervention in family planning clinics in Nairobi, Kenya: A qualitative study, Sabrina Boyce, Jasmine Uysal, Stephanie M. DeLong, Nicole Carter, Chi-Chi Undie, Wilson Liambila, Seri Wendoh, and Jay G. Silverman

Submissions from 2019

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Abortion among married young women: Findings from a community-based study in Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, India, A.J. Francis Zavier, K.G. Santhya, and Shireen J. Jejeebhoy

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A conceptual framework for measuring community health workforce performance within primary health care systems, Smisha Agarwal, Pooja Sripad, Caroline Johnson, Karen Kirk, Benjamin Bellows, Joseph Ana, Vince Blaser, Meghan Bruce Kumar, Kathleen Buchholz, Alain Casseus, Nan Chen, Hannah Sarah Faich Dini, Rachel Hoy Deussom, David Jacobstein, Richard Kintu, Nazo Kureshy, Lory Meoli, Lilian Otiso, Neil Pakenham-Walsh, Jérôme Pfaffmann Zambruni, Mallika Raghavan, Ryan Schwarz, John Townsend, Brittney Varpilah, William Weiss, and Charlotte E. Warren