The Population Council's Reproductive Health program strives to improve sexual and reproductive health, especially for vulnerable people in developing countries. We help individuals to achieve their family planning and reproductive health goals through improvements in technologies and services. We work to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity and to improve equity and quality in the delivery of care.

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Submissions from 2019

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A new approach to assess the capability of health facilities to provide clinical care for sexual violence against women: A pilot study, Mardieh Dennis, Onikepe Owolabi, Jenny A. Cresswell, Nachela Chelwa, Manuela Colombini, Bellington Vwalika, Michael Mbizvo, and Oona M.R. Campbell

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Antihypertensive drugs, Population Council

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Are interventions focused on gender-norms effective in preventing domestic violence against women in low and lower-middle income countries? A systematic review and meta-analysis, Agumasie Semahegn, Kwasi Torpey, Abubakar Manu, Nega Assefa, Gezahegn Tesfaye, and Augustine Ankomah

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A spatial analysis of the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting among 0–14-year-old girls in Kenya, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Chibuzor Christopher Nnanatu, Glory Atilola, Paul Komba, Lubanzadio Mavatikua, Zhuzhi Moore, Gerry Mackie, and Bettina Shell-Duncan

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Assessing quality of care and outcomes for women and their Infants in Nigeria after pregnancies complicated by hypertensive disorders, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Gloria Adoyi, Innocent Agbo, Karen Kirk, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Assessing the effect of a primary health care intervention for improving pre-eclampsia and eclampsia knowledge and practice in Bangladesh, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Shongkour Roy, Kanij Sultana, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Assessing the feasibility of primary health care provider prescription of anti-hypertensive medication to pregnant women in Bangladesh, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Kanij Sultana, Shongkour Roy, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Assessing the role of women’s autonomy and acceptability of intimate-partner violence in maternal health-care utilization in 63 low- and middle-income countries, Pooja Sripad, Charlotte E. Warren, Michelle J. Hindin, and Mahesh Karra

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Assessment of in-service training and continuing education (IST/CE) for frontline health workers in Bauchi and Cross River states, Nigeria, Ekechi Okereke, Iliyasu Zubairu, Udoh Nsekpong, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Associations between female genital mutilation/cutting and HIV: A review of the evidence, Yetunde A. Noah Pinheiro

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Associations between FGM/C and HIV in Ethiopia, the Gambia, Kenya, and Sierra Leone: A limited analysis of Demographic and Health Survey data, Yetunde A. Noah Pinheiro, Zhuzhi Moore, and David Gathara

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Autonomy, intimate partner violence, and maternal health-seeking behavior: Findings from mixed-methods analysis in Bangladesh, Pooja Sripad, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Charity Ndwiga, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Autonomy, intimate partner violence, and maternal health-seeking behavior: Findings from mixed-methods analysis in Ethiopia, Charlotte E. Warren, Pooja Sripad, and Charity Ndwiga

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Autonomy, intimate partner violence, and maternal health-seeking behavior: Findings from mixed-methods analysis in Kenya, Charlotte E. Warren, Pooja Sripad, and Charity Ndwiga

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Autonomy, intimate partner violence, and maternal health-seeking behavior: Findings from mixed-methods analysis in Nigeria, Pooja Sripad, Charity Ndwiga, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Child marriage in Ghana: Evidence from a multi-method study, Babatunde A.O. Ahonsi, Kamil Fuseini, Dela Nai, Erika Goldson, Selina Owusu, Ismail Ndifuna, Icilda Humes, and Placide Tapsoba

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Choice of contraceptive methods in public and private facilities in rural India, Arupendra Mozumdar, Vandana Gautam, Abhishek Gautam, Arnab Dey, U Uttamacharya, Ruhi Saith, Pranita Achyut, Abhishek Kumar, Kumudha Aruldas, Amit Chakraverty, Dinesh Agarwal, Ravi K. Verma, Priya Nanda, Suneeta Krishnan, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Collaboration with the University of Calabar for human resources for health management training for Bauchi and Cross River states, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Comprehensive sexuality education for adolescents in Zambia via the mobile-optimized website TuneMe: A content analysis, Erin Rogers, Kshipra Hemal, Zangose Tembo, Mulenga Mukanu, Michael Mbizvo, and Benjamin Bellows

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Contraception and public health ethics, Saumya RamaRao and John Townsend

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Cost and cost-effectiveness of health behavior change interventions implemented with self-help groups in Bihar, India, S. Chandrashekar, S. Saha, B. Varghese, L. Mohan, G. Shetty, Akash Porwal, Avishek Hazra, Subrato Mondal, and Rajshree Das

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Dataset: Layering a health, nutrition and sanitation program through community mobilizers within microfinance groups: An assessment from Bihar, Laili Irani

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Dataset: Validating indicators of family planning, maternal and newborn care—Cambodia, Bangladesh and Kenya, Ann K. Blanc

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Decision-making in the practice of female genital mutilation or cutting in Sudan: A cross-sectional study, Majdi Sabahelzain, Ahmed Gamal Eldin, Suad Babiker, Caroline W. Kabiru, and Muna Eltayeb

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Detecting and managing hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: A cross-sectional analysis of the quality of antenatal care in Nigeria, Angela Salomon, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Karen Kirk, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Dietary adequacy among young children in India: Improvement or stagnation? An investigation from the National Family Health Survey, Nizamuddin Khan, Arupendra Mozumdar, and Supreet Kaur

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Do Indian women receive adequate information about contraception?, Md. Juel Rana and Anrudh K. Jain

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Effect of behavioral change intervention around new-born care practices among most marginalized women in self-help groups in rural India: Analyses of three cross-sectional surveys between 2013 and 2016, Niranjan Saggurti, Akash Porwal, Yamini Atmavilas, Monika Walia, Rajshree Das, and Laili Irani

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Effects of health behaviour change intervention through women's self-help groups on maternal and newborn health practices and related inequalities in rural India: A quasi-experimental study, Avishek Hazra, Yamini Atmavilas, Katherine Hay, Niranjan Saggurti, Raj Kumar Verma, Jaleel Ahmad, Sampath Kumar, P.S. Mohanan, Dileep V. Mavalankar, and Laili Irani

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Engaging community women’s groups to improve maternal health care delivery in Cross River: Implementation research report, Pooja Sripad, Emmanuel Nwala, Tracy McClair, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Enhancing customer satisfaction for health services, Deepa Rajamani and Saumya RamaRao

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Evaluating quality of contraceptive counseling: An analysis of the Method Information Index, Karen T. Chang, Mulenga Mukanu, Benjamin Bellows, Waqas Hameed, Amanda Kalamar, Karen A. Grépin, Xaher Gul, and Nirali M. Chakraborty

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Expanding services to detect, manage, and prevent pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in Tando Allahyar District of Sindh Province, Pakistan, Ali M. Mir, Irfan Masood, Mumraiz Khan, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Tracy McClair, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Extent of inappropriate prescription of artemisinin and anti-malarial injections to febrile outpatients, a cross-sectional analytic survey in the Greater Accra region, Ghana, Harriet Affran Bonful, Adolf Kofi Awua, Martin Adjuik, Doris Tsekpetse, Richard M. Adanu, Pricillia Awo Nortey, Augustine Ankomah, and Kwadwo Ansah Koram

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Factors influencing satisfaction with oral contraceptive pills and injectables among past users in Kenya, George Odwe, Joyce Mumah, Francis Obare, Marylene Wamukoya, Kazuyo Machiyama, John C. Cleland, and John B. Casterline

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Feasibility and acceptability of community health extension workers to identify and treat hypertension associated with pregnancy: Implementation research report, Emmanuel Nwala, Udochisom Anaba, Pooja Sripad, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, and Charlotte E. Warren

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FGM/C and ECM: Drawing lessons from research, Jacinta Muteshi-Strachan

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Gender and Power Metrics database, Population Council

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Health care providers’ and mothers’ perceptions about the medicalization of female genital mutilation or cutting in Egypt: A cross-sectional qualitative study, Omaima El-Gibaly, Mirette Aziz, and Salma Abou Hussein

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Health financing and family planning in the context of Universal Health Care: Connecting the discourse, Gabrielle Appleford and Saumya RamaRao

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Health financing and family planning in the context of universal health care: Connecting the discourse in Kenya, Gabrielle Appleford and Saumya RamaRao

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Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: Assessing postnatal quality of care and outcomes for women and their infants in Bangladesh, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Kanij Sultana, Salma Rouf, Rabeya Akter, Shongkour Roy, Sumaiya Anwar, Karen Kirk, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Implementing components of the PHC for PE/E model in Nigeria: A cost analysis, Pooja Sripad, Sara Chace Dwyer, and Gloria Adoyi

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Implementing components of the PHC for PE/E Model in Pakistan: A cost analysis, Ali M. Mir, Mumraiz Khan, Pooja Sripad, and Sara Chace Dwyer

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Implementing components of the primary health care pre-eclampsia/eclampsia model in Bangladesh: A cost analysis, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Pooja Sripad, and Sara Chace Dwyer

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India's family planning market and opportunities for the private sector: An analysis using the total market approach, Arupendra Mozumdar, Rajib Acharya, Subrato Mondal, Amit Arun Shah, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Initiation and continuity of maternal healthcare: Examining the role of vouchers and user-fee removal on maternal health service use in Kenya, Mardieh Dennis, Lenka Benova, Timothy Abuya, Matteo Quartagno, Benjamin Bellows, and Oona M.R. Campbell

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Integration of HIV testing services into family planning services: A systematic review, Manjulaa Narasimhan, Ping Teresa Yeh, Sabina A. Haberlen, Charlotte E. Warren, and Caitlin E. Kennedy

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Is economic inequality in family planning in India associated with the private sector?, Abhishek Kumar, Anrudh K. Jain, Kumudha Aruldas, Arupendra Mozumdar, Ankita Shukla, Rajib Acharya, Faujdar Ram, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Is there a relationship between female genital mutilation/cutting and fistula? A statistical analysis using cross-sectional data from Demographic and Health Surveys in 10 sub-Saharan Africa countries, Dennis Matanda, Pooja Sripad, and Charity Ndwiga

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Les pharmacies privées dans l’offre de services de planification familiale au Sénégal : Une étude pilote, Fatou Mbow, Dela Nai, Sara Chace Dwyer, Aparna Jain, and Babacar Mane

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Maternal mortality due to eclampsia in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: Identifying underlying risk factors, and care-seeking behaviours, Ali M. Mir, Stephen Pearson, Saleem Shaikh, Mumraiz Khan, Irfan Masood, and Sabahat Hussain

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Measurement of the sexual health and wellbeing of women who have undergone female genital mutilation/cutting: A scoping review, Tammary Esho, Samuel K. Muniu, Mohamed Yussuf, Chantalle Okondo, and Caroline W. Kabiru

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Medical and non-medical reasons for cesarean section delivery in Egypt: A hospital-based retrospective study, Shatha El-Nakib, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Doaa Oraby, and Nevine Hassanein

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Meeting report of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region's Regional Training Facility: Working with the police sector to meet the needs of sexual violence survivors in the Great Lakes Region, Nathan Byamukama, Chi-Chi Undie, Sharon Asiimwe, George Odwe, Nachela Chelwa, Harriet Birungi, and Michael Mbizvo

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Mise en œuvre des composantes du modèle ssp pour la PE / E au Nigéria : une analyse des coûts, Pooja Sripad, Sara Chace Dwyer, and Gloria Adoyi

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"No to circumcision": The road to effective social marketing campaigns in Egypt, Salma Abou Hussein and Sarah Ghattass

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Nutrition, family planning and health components of the Guatemalan program of primary health care (SINAPS), Aaron Lechtig, John Townsend, Francisco Pineda, Juan Jose Arroyo, Robert E. Klein, and Romeo de Leon

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Patterns of hysterectomy in India: A national and state‐level analysis of the Fourth National Family Health Survey (2015–2016), Sapna Desai, Ankita Shukla, Devaki Nambiar, and Rajani Ved

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Population Council's support for Nigeria's third national Human Resources for Health conference and efforts to institutionalize HRH conferences in Nigeria, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Positioning family planning quality within health financing for UHC: Connecting the discourse, Gabrielle Appleford, Saumya RamaRao, Benjamin Bellows, and Leah Jarvis

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Post-intervention analysis of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in three Nigerian states, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Emmanuel Nwala, Gloria Adoyi, Charles Nwigwe, Solomon Kongyamba, Udochisom Anaba, Caroline Johnson, Karen Kirk, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Practice-based learning: Integrating SGBV screening into health facilities in refugee contexts, Chi-Chi Undie, Josephine Ngebeh, Joanina Karugaba, Harriet Birungi, and Michael Mbizvo

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Practice-based learning: Observations on One-Stop Centers in refugee settings, Chi-Chi Undie, Josephine Ngebeh, Jane Harriet Namwebya, and Joanina Karugaba

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Prévention du mariage d’enfants dans la région de l’Est, Burkina Faso, Gisele Kaboré, Julien Ouedraogo, Annabel Erulkar, and Sara Chace Dwyer

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Reducing barriers to accessing fistula repair: Implementation research in Uganda, Justus Barageine, Charity Ndwiga, Hassan Kanakulya, and Pooja Sripad

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Reference guide: Factorial focus group analysis methods for studying social norm change, Bettina Shell-Duncan, Amadou Moreau, Katherine Wander, and Sarah Smith

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Reference guide for data collection: Qualitative social network interviews, Bettina Shell-Duncan, Amadou Moreau, Sarah Smith, and Holly B. Shakya

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SAUTI/VOICE Project: First UNHCR-Population Council regional workshop, Josephine Ngebeh, Chi-Chi Undie, Joanina Karugaba, George Odwe, Nachela Chelwa, Harriet Birungi, and Michael Mbizvo

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School re-entry and retention policies in Kenya: Homa Bay County Head Teachers Dialogue, Chi-Chi Undie, Harriet Birungi, George Odwe, and Francis Obare

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Setting the global research agenda for community health systems: Literature and consultative review, Smisha Agarwal, Karen Kirk, Pooja Sripad, Benjamin Bellows, Timothy Abuya, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Shifts in FGM/C practice in Sudan: Communities’ perspectives and drivers, Nafisa Bedri, Huda Sherfi, Ghada Rudwan, Sara Elhadi, Caroline W. Kabiru, and Wafaa Amin

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Situation analysis of reproductive health of adolescents and youth in Pakistan, Iram Kamran, Rehan M. Niazi, Kiren Khan, and Faisal Abbas

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Spousal violence against women in India: A social–ecological analysis using data from the National Family Health Survey 2015 to 2016, Jaleel Ahmad, Nizamuddin Khan, and Arupendra Mozumdar

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Stigma as a barrier to family planning use among married youth in Ethiopia, Aparna Jain, Hussein Ismail, Elizabeth Tobey, and Annabel Erulkar

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Storytelling and policy change in Africa's Great Lakes Region, Chi-Chi Undie, Nathan Byamukama, George Odwe, Nachela Chelwa, Harriet Birungi, and Michael Mbizvo

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Strengthening Bauchi State College of Nursing and Midwifery by updating its training curricula, procedure manuals and student handbooks, Ekechi Okereke, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Strengthening Cross River state schools of nursing and midwifery by updating their training curricula, procedure manuals and student handbooks, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, and Aisha Jibril

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Strengthening in-service training and continuing education (IST/CE) for frontline health workers for Bauchi and Cross River states, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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The effect of job aids on knowledge retention among Patent and Proprietary Medicine Vendors trained to administer injectable contraceptives: Longitudinal results from implementation science in Nigeria, Sara Chace Dwyer, Aparna Jain, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Faizah Okunade, Chiamaka Uzomba, Adedamola Adebayo, and Elizabeth Tobey

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The extent to which performance-based financing programs' operations manuals reflect rights-based principles: Implications for family planning services, Marie S. Cole, Victoria Boydell, Karen Hardee, and Benjamin Bellows

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The Global Compact on Refugees: How the Sauti/VOICE Project fits, Josephine Ngebeh, Chi-Chi Undie, and Joanina Karugaba

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The medicalisation of female genital mutilation/cutting in Kenya: Perspectives of families and health care providers, Population Council

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Tracing change in female genital mutilation/cutting: Shifting norms and practices among communities in Narok and Kisii counties, Kenya—Brief, Dennis Matanda, Chantalle Okondo, Caroline W. Kabiru, and Bettina Shell-Duncan

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Understanding incentive preferences of community health workers using discrete choice experiments: A multicountry protocol for Kenya, Uganda, Bangladesh and Haiti, Smisha Agarwal, Udochisom Anaba, Timothy Abuya, Richard Kintu, Alain Casseus, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Melvin Obad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Using Demographic and Health Surveys in the campaign to end FGM/C: A Kenyan example, Dennis Matanda and Caroline W. Kabiru

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Utilization of maternal health services and its determinants: A cross-sectional study among women in rural Uttar Pradesh, India, Ranjana Singh, Sutapa B. Neogi, Avishek Hazra, Laili Irani, Jenny Ruducha, Danish Ahmad, Sampath Kumar, Neelakshi Mann, and Dileep V. Mavalankar

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Validation of two quality of care measures: Results from a longitudinal study of reversible contraceptive users in India, Aparna Jain, Kumudha Aruldas, Arupendra Mozumdar, Elizabeth Tobey, and Rajib Acharya

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Who pays and how much? A cross-sectional study of out-of-pocket payment for modern contraception in Kenya, Emma Radovich, Mardieh Dennis, Edwine Barasa, Francesca L. Cavallaro, Kerry LM Wong, Josephine Borghi, Caroline A. Lynch, Mark Lyons-Amos, Timothy Abuya, and Lenka Benova

Submissions from 2018

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Accelerate progress—Sexual and reproductive health and rights for all: Report of the Guttmacher–Lancet Commission, Ann M. Starrs, Alex C. Ezeh, Gary Barker, Alaka Malwade Basu, Jane T. Bertrand, Robert W. Blum, Awa M. Coll-Seck, Anand Grover, Laura Laski, Monica Roa, Zeba Sathar, Lale Say, Gamal I. Serour, Susheela Singh, Karin Stenberg, Marleen Temmerman, Ann E. Biddlecom, Anna Popinchalk, Cynthia Summers, and Lori S. Ashford

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Accelerating uptake of voluntary, rights-based family planning in developing countries, Kazuyo Machiyama, Francis Obare, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Doris Chou, Mario Festin, Rajat Khosla, James Kiarie, Lale Say, and Nandita Thatte

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Accélérer l’adoption de la planification familiale volontaire et fondée sur les droits dans les pays en développement, Kazuyo Machiyama, Francis Obare, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Doris Chou, Mario Festin, Rajat Khosla, James Kiarie, Lale Say, and Nandita Thatte

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Addressing barriers to quality of underutilized commodities and services for prevention and management of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in Kenya, Charity Ndwiga, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Ambivalence in pregnancy intentions: The effect of quality of care and context among a cohort of women attending family planning clinics in Kenya, Eliud Wekesa, Ian Askew, and Timothy Abuya

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A new composite index to measure national-level quality of family planning programs, Anrudh K. Jain

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Assessing the community-level impact of a decade of user fee policy shifts on health facility deliveries in Kenya, 2003-2014, Francis Obare, Timothy Abuya, Dennis Matanda, and Benjamin Bellows

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Assessing the feasibility and acceptability of community health extension workers to treat hypertension associated with pregnancy: An analysis of post-intervention findings, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku

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Attitudes towards help-seeking for sexual and gender-based violence in humanitarian settings: The case of Rwamwanja refugee settlement scheme in Uganda, George Odwe, Chi-Chi Undie, and Francis Obare

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Balancing paid work and child care in a slum of Nairobi, Kenya: The case for centre-based child care, Shelley Clark, Midanna De Almada, Caroline W. Kabiru, Stella Muthuri, and Milka Wanjohi

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Baseline evaluation of Project Mesha in Bihar: Factsheet results 2017-2018, Population Council