The Population Council's Reproductive Health program strives to improve sexual and reproductive health, especially for vulnerable people in developing countries. We help individuals to achieve their family planning and reproductive health goals through improvements in technologies and services. We work to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity and to improve equity and quality in the delivery of care.

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Submissions from 2020

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Prevalence and correlates of perceived infertility in Ghana, Chelsea B. Polis, Easmon Otupiri, Michelle J. Hindin, Doris W. Chiu, Sarah C. Keogh, Cara Aidoo, Roderick Larsen-Reindorf, and Suzanne O. Bell

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Promoting respectful maternity care for adolescents in Ghana: A quasi-experimental study protocol, Helen H. Habib, Kwasi Torpey, Ernest Tei Maya, and Augustine Ankomah

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Proposal for the development and addition of a cybersecurity assessment section into technology involving global public health, Stanley J. Mierzwa, Saumya RamaRao, Jung Ah Yun, and Bok Gyo Jeong

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Protecting newborn infants during the COVID-19 pandemic should be based on evidence and equity, Emma Sacks, Pooja Sripad, Charity Ndwiga, Peter Waiswa, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Protocol for a matched-pair cluster control trial of ARCHES (Addressing Reproductive Coercion in Health Settings) among women and girls seeking contraceptive services from community-based clinics in Nairobi, Kenya, Jasmine Uysal, Nicole Carter, Nicole Johns, Sabrina Boyce, Wilson Liambila, Chi-Chi Undie, Esther Muketo, Jill Adhiambo, Kate Gray, Seri Wendoh, and Jay G. Silverman

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Psychotropic medication non-adherence and its associated factors among patients with major psychiatric disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Agumasie Semahegn, Kwasi Torpey, Adom Manu, Nega Assefa, Gezahegn Tesfaye, and Augustine Ankomah

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Quality of care in sterilization services at the public health facilities in India: A multilevel analysis, Vinod Joseph K.J., Arupendra Mozumdar, Hemkhothang Lhungdim, and Rajib Acharya

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Quality of care received for family planning from community pharmacists and patent and proprietary medicine vendors in Lagos and Kaduna, Nigeria: The IntegratE project, Population Council

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Quand et comment la loi est-elle efficace pour réduire la pratique des MGF/E: une étude transfrontalière au Burkina Faso et au Mali, Josephine Wouango, Susan L. Ostermann, and Daniel Mwanga

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Quick take: Corona crisis in Bangladesh, Ubaidur Rob

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Rationale and design of a complex intervention measuring the impact and processes of social accountability applied to contraceptive programming: CaPSAI Project, Petrus S. Steyn, Victoria Boydell, Joanna Paula Cordero, Ndema Habib, Thi My Huong Nguyen, Dela Nai, Donat Shamba, James Kiarie, and CaPSAI Project Team

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Reflections from Five Years of Research on FGM/C, Lori S. Ashford, Reshma Naik, and Charlotte Greenbaum

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Removing barriers to fistula care: Applying appreciative inquiry to improve access to screening and treatment in Nigeria and Uganda, Vandana Tripathi, Elly Arnoff, and Pooja Sripad

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Replication data for: The relationship between attitudes towards pregnancy and contraceptive continuation: Results from a longitudinal study of married women in India, Elizabeth Tobey, Aparna Jain, and Arupendra Mozumdar

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Reproductive health care in the time of COVID-19: Perspectives of poor women and service providers from Rahim Yar Khan, Punjab, Iram Kamran, Tahira Parveen, Rehan M. Niazi, and Irfan Masood

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Scales to measure motivation among community health workers, and trust and empowerment among their clients: A guide, Frontline Health Project

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Services for women's sexual and reproductive health in India: An analysis of treatment-seeking for symptoms of reproductive tract infections in a nationally representative survey, Shikha Bhasin, Ankita Shukla, and Sapna Desai

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Sexual and reproductive health knowledge, attitudes and service uptake barriers among Zambian in-school adolescents: A mixed methods study, Edith S. Namukonda, Joseph G. Rosen, Melody N. Simataa, Mwelwa Chibuye, Michael Mbizvo, and Chabu Kangale

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Share of current unmet need for modern contraceptive methods attributed to past users of these methods in India, Ankita Shukla, Anrudh K. Jain, Rajib Acharya, Faujdar Ram, Arupendra Mozumdar, Abhishek Kumar, Subrato Mondal, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Shughuli za UNHCR na Washirikiza Ulinzi kwa Jamii baina ya Sekta katika Maeneo ya Masharik na, Pembe ya Afrika na Maziwa Makuu, Charles Mballa, Josephine Ngebeh, Machtelt De Vriese, Katie Drew, Abigayil Parr, and Chi-Chi Undie

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Socioeconomic inequality trends in childhood vaccination coverage in India: Findings from multiple rounds of National Family Health Survey, Nizamuddin Khan and Niranjan Saggurti

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Sustainability of barefoot nurse (BFN) project—Screening NCD and ensuring livelihood: A randomized control trial, Biswamitra Sahu, Sathyanarayana Tn, and Avishek Hazra

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The benefits and limitations of donating new contraceptive technology: The case of the International Contraceptive Access (ICA) Foundation and the LNG IUS Program in Brazil, Laura Miranda, John Townsend, Anibal Faundes, and Luis Bahamondes

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The community health system in Bangladesh: An overview, Frontline Health Project

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The community health system in Haiti: An overview, Frontline Health Project

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The community health system in Mali: An overview, Frontline Health Project

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The community health system in the DRC: An overview, Frontline Health Project

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The effects of a family planning training on community pharmacists and patent and proprietary medicine vendors’ knowledge in Nigeria: Preliminary pre and posttest results, the IntegratE Project, Population Council

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The inclusion of sexual and reproductive health services within universal health care through intentional design, Gabrielle Appleford, Saumya RamaRao, and Benjamin Bellows

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The relationship between attitudes towards pregnancy and contraceptive continuation: Results from a longitudinal study of married women in India, Elizabeth Tobey, Aparna Jain, and Arupendra Mozumdar

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The use of case advocates to manage child survivors of sexual violence in public health facilities in Kenya: A qualitative study exploring the perceptions of child survivors, care givers and health care providers, Lina Digolo, Carol Ajema, Millicent Kiruki, Maryline Mireku, Ronald Kotut, and Chi-Chi Undie

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The use of segmented regression for evaluation of an interrupted time series study involving complex intervention: The CaPSAI project experience, Ndema Habib, Petrus S. Steyn, Victoria Boydell, Joanna Paula Cordero, My Huong Nguyen, Soe Soe Thwin, Dela Nai, Donat Shamba, James Kiarie, and CaPSAI Project Team

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Tracing change in female genital mutilation/cutting through social networks: An intersectional analysis of the influence of gender, generation, status, and structural inequality, Amadou Moreau and Bettina Shell-Duncan

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Trends in family planning services in Bangladesh before, during and after COVID-19 lockdowns: Evidence from national routine service data, Md. Irfan Hossain, Md. Saddam Hossain, Sigma Ainul, Md. Kamruzzaman Bhuiyan, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Ubaidur Rob, and Ashish Bajracharya

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Trends in maternal health services in Bangladesh before, during and after COVID-19 lockdowns: Evidence from national routine service data, Sigma Ainul, Md. Saddam Hossain, Md. Irfan Hossain, Md. Kamruzzaman Bhuiyan, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Ubaidur Rob, and Ashish Bajracharya

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Two implementation models of workers' health education programs in Egypt: What works? What doesn't work?, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Norhan Bader, Elizabeth Tobey, and Aparna Jain

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Understanding barriers to clinical management of rape (CMR) services among survivors of rape in crisis settings in Borno state, Osasuyi Dirisu

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Understanding female genital mutilation/cutting abandonment in Egypt, Nada Wahba, Hania El Banhawi, and Amira El Ayouti

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Understanding local variation in how female genital mutilation/cutting declines, changes, or persists: Analysis of household survey data for Kenya, Nigeria, and Senegal, Population Reference Bureau

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UNHCR and partner practices of community-based protection across sectors in the East and Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes Region, Charles Mballa, Josephine Ngebeh, Machtelt De Vriese, Katie Drew, Abigayil Parr, and Chi-Chi Undie

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UNHCR and partner practices of community-based protection across sectors in the East and Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes Region [Arabic], Charles Mballa, Josephine Ngebeh, Machtelt De Vriese, Katie Drew, Abigayil Parr, and Chi-Chi Undie

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Upholding rights under COVID-19: The Respectful Maternity Care Charter, R. Rima Jolivet, Charlotte E. Warren, Pooja Sripad, Elena Ateva, Jewel Gausman, Kate Mitchell, Hagar Palgi Hacker, Emma Sacks, and Ana Langer

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Using research to understand and accelerate abandonment of FGM/C, Bettina Shell-Duncan, Jacinta Muteshi-Strachan, Agnes K. Meroka-Mutua, Samuel Kimani, and Flavia Mwangovya

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Validating women's reports of antenatal and postnatal care received in Bangladesh, Cambodia and Kenya, Katharine McCarthy, Ann K. Blanc, Charlotte E. Warren, Ashish Bajracharya, and Benjamin Bellows

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Validation of the Interpersonal Quality of Family Planning Scale in a rural Indian setting, Nicole E. Johns, Anvita Dixit, Mohan Ghule, Shahina Begum, Madhusudana Battala, Gennifer Kully, Jay G. Silverman, Christine Dehlendorf, Anita Raj, and Sarah Averbach

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“What’s in a name?”: Exploring inconsistent and contradictory definitions and clinical guidelines for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy from published literature from Nigeria and Bangladesh, Karen Kirk and Charlotte E. Warren

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When and how does law effectively reduce the practice of female genital mutilation/cutting?, Josephine Wouango, Susan L. Ostermann, and Daniel Mwanga

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When and how the law is effective in reducing the practice of FGM/C: A cross-border study in Burkina Faso and Mali, Josephine Wouango, Susan L. Ostermann, and Daniel Mwanga

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Which contraceptive side effects matter most? Evidence from current and past users of injectables and implants in Western Kenya, George Odwe, Francis Obare, Kazuyo Machiyama, and John C. Cleland

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Women’s and girls’ experiences of reproductive coercion and opportunities for intervention in family planning clinics in Nairobi, Kenya: A qualitative study, Sabrina Boyce, Jasmine Uysal, Stephanie M. DeLong, Nicole Carter, Chi-Chi Undie, Wilson Liambila, Seri Wendoh, and Jay G. Silverman

Submissions from 2019

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Abortion among married young women: Findings from a community-based study in Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, India, A.J. Francis Zavier, K.G. Santhya, and Shireen J. Jejeebhoy

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A conceptual framework for measuring community health workforce performance within primary health care systems, Smisha Agarwal, Pooja Sripad, Caroline Johnson, Karen Kirk, Benjamin Bellows, Joseph Ana, Vince Blaser, Meghan Bruce Kumar, Kathleen Buchholz, Alain Casseus, Nan Chen, Hannah Sarah Faich Dini, Rachel Hoy Deussom, David Jacobstein, Richard Kintu, Nazo Kureshy, Lory Meoli, Lilian Otiso, Neil Pakenham-Walsh, Jérôme Pfaffmann Zambruni, Mallika Raghavan, Ryan Schwarz, John Townsend, Brittney Varpilah, William Weiss, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Adapted tool for the assessment of domestic violence against women in a low-income country setting: A reliability analysis, Agumasie Semahegn, Kwasi Torpey, Abubakar Manu, Nega Assefa, and Augustine Ankomah

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Adding a question about method switching to the Method Information Index is a better predictor of contraceptive continuation, Aparna Jain, Kumudha Aruldas, Elizabeth Tobey, Arupendra Mozumdar, and Rajib Acharya

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Adding it up: Costs and benefits of meeting the contraceptive and maternal and newborn health needs of women in Pakistan, Aparna Sundaram, Rubina Hussain, Zeba Sathar, Sabahat Hussain, Emma Pliskin, and Eva Weissman

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A gender synchronized family planning intervention for married couples in rural India: Study protocol for the CHARM2 cluster randomized controlled trial evaluation, Anvita Dixit, Sarah Averbach, Jennifer Yore, Gennifer Kully, Mohan Ghule, Madhusudana Battala, Shahina Begum, Nicole E. Johns, Florin Vaida, Prashant Bharadwaj, Natalie Wyss, Niranjan Saggurti, Jay G. Silverman, and Anita Raj

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An assessment of human resources for health hiring, deployment and retention, procedures and practices in Cross river and Bauchi states, Nigeria, Osasuyi Dirisu, Akinwumi Akinola, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, Aisha Jibril, and George I. Eluwa

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A new approach to assess the capability of health facilities to provide clinical care for sexual violence against women: A pilot study, Mardieh Dennis, Onikepe Owolabi, Jenny A. Cresswell, Nachela Chelwa, Manuela Colombini, Bellington Vwalika, Michael Mbizvo, and Oona M.R. Campbell

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Antihypertensive drugs, Population Council

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Are interventions focused on gender-norms effective in preventing domestic violence against women in low and lower-middle income countries? A systematic review and meta-analysis, Agumasie Semahegn, Kwasi Torpey, Abubakar Manu, Nega Assefa, Gezahegn Tesfaye, and Augustine Ankomah

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A spatial analysis of the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting among 0–14-year-old girls in Kenya, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Chibuzor Christopher Nnanatu, Glory Atilola, Paul Komba, Lubanzadio Mavatikua, Zhuzhi Moore, Gerry Mackie, and Bettina Shell-Duncan

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Assessing quality of care and outcomes for women and their Infants in Nigeria after pregnancies complicated by hypertensive disorders, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Gloria Adoyi, Innocent Agbo, Karen Kirk, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Assessing the effect of a primary health care intervention for improving pre-eclampsia and eclampsia knowledge and practice in Bangladesh, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Shongkour Roy, Kanij Sultana, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Assessing the feasibility of primary health care provider prescription of anti-hypertensive medication to pregnant women in Bangladesh, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Kanij Sultana, Shongkour Roy, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Assessing the role of women’s autonomy and acceptability of intimate-partner violence in maternal health-care utilization in 63 low- and middle-income countries, Pooja Sripad, Charlotte E. Warren, Michelle J. Hindin, and Mahesh Karra

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Assessment of in-service training and continuing education (IST/CE) for frontline health workers in Bauchi and Cross River states, Nigeria, Ekechi Okereke, Iliyasu Zubairu, Udoh Nsekpong, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Associations between female genital mutilation/cutting and HIV: A review of the evidence, Yetunde A. Noah Pinheiro

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Associations between FGM/C and HIV in Ethiopia, the Gambia, Kenya, and Sierra Leone: A limited analysis of Demographic and Health Survey data, Yetunde A. Noah Pinheiro, Zhuzhi Moore, and David Gathara

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Autonomy, intimate partner violence, and maternal health-seeking behavior: Findings from mixed-methods analysis in Bangladesh, Pooja Sripad, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Charity Ndwiga, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Autonomy, intimate partner violence, and maternal health-seeking behavior: Findings from mixed-methods analysis in Ethiopia, Charlotte E. Warren, Pooja Sripad, and Charity Ndwiga

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Autonomy, intimate partner violence, and maternal health-seeking behavior: Findings from mixed-methods analysis in Kenya, Charlotte E. Warren, Pooja Sripad, and Charity Ndwiga

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Autonomy, intimate partner violence, and maternal health-seeking behavior: Findings from mixed-methods analysis in Nigeria, Pooja Sripad, Charity Ndwiga, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Child marriage in Ghana: Evidence from a multi-method study, Babatunde A.O. Ahonsi, Kamil Fuseini, Dela Nai, Erika Goldson, Selina Owusu, Ismail Ndifuna, Icilda Humes, and Placide Tapsoba

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Choice of contraceptive methods in public and private facilities in rural India, Arupendra Mozumdar, Vandana Gautam, Abhishek Gautam, Arnab Dey, U Uttamacharya, Ruhi Saith, Pranita Achyut, Abhishek Kumar, Kumudha Aruldas, Amit Chakraverty, Dinesh Agarwal, Ravi K. Verma, Priya Nanda, Suneeta Krishnan, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Collaboration with the University of Calabar for human resources for health management training for Bauchi and Cross River states, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Comprehensive sexuality education for adolescents in Zambia via the mobile-optimized website TuneMe: A content analysis, Erin Rogers, Kshipra Hemal, Zangose Tembo, Mulenga Mukanu, Michael Mbizvo, and Benjamin Bellows

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Contraception and public health ethics, Saumya RamaRao and John Townsend

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Cost and cost-effectiveness of health behavior change interventions implemented with self-help groups in Bihar, India, S. Chandrashekar, S. Saha, B. Varghese, L. Mohan, G. Shetty, Akash Porwal, Avishek Hazra, Subrato Mondal, and Rajshree Das

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Dataset: Layering a health, nutrition and sanitation program through community mobilizers within microfinance groups: An assessment from Bihar, Laili Irani

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Dataset: Validating indicators of family planning, maternal and newborn care—Cambodia, Bangladesh and Kenya, Ann K. Blanc

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Decision-making in the practice of female genital mutilation or cutting in Sudan: A cross-sectional study, Majdi Sabahelzain, Ahmed Gamal Eldin, Suad Babiker, Caroline W. Kabiru, and Muna Eltayeb

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Detecting and managing hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: A cross-sectional analysis of the quality of antenatal care in Nigeria, Angela Salomon, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Karen Kirk, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Dietary adequacy among young children in India: Improvement or stagnation? An investigation from the National Family Health Survey, Nizamuddin Khan, Arupendra Mozumdar, and Supreet Kaur

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Do Indian women receive adequate information about contraception?, Md. Juel Rana and Anrudh K. Jain

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Effect of behavioral change intervention around new-born care practices among most marginalized women in self-help groups in rural India: Analyses of three cross-sectional surveys between 2013 and 2016, Niranjan Saggurti, Akash Porwal, Yamini Atmavilas, Monika Walia, Rajshree Das, and Laili Irani

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Effects of health behaviour change intervention through women's self-help groups on maternal and newborn health practices and related inequalities in rural India: A quasi-experimental study, Avishek Hazra, Yamini Atmavilas, Katherine Hay, Niranjan Saggurti, Raj Kumar Verma, Jaleel Ahmad, Sampath Kumar, P.S. Mohanan, Dileep V. Mavalankar, and Laili Irani

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Engaging community women’s groups to improve maternal health care delivery in Cross River: Implementation research report, Pooja Sripad, Emmanuel Nwala, Tracy McClair, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Enhancing customer satisfaction for health services, Deepa Rajamani and Saumya RamaRao

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Evaluating quality of contraceptive counseling: An analysis of the Method Information Index, Karen T. Chang, Mulenga Mukanu, Benjamin Bellows, Waqas Hameed, Amanda Kalamar, Karen A. Grépin, Xaher Gul, and Nirali M. Chakraborty

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Expanding services to detect, manage, and prevent pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in Tando Allahyar District of Sindh Province, Pakistan, Ali M. Mir, Irfan Masood, Mumraiz Khan, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Tracy McClair, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Exploring survivor perceptions of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in Nigeria through the health belief model, Pooja Sripad, Karen Kirk, Gloria Adoyi, Amy Dempsey, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Extent of inappropriate prescription of artemisinin and anti-malarial injections to febrile outpatients, a cross-sectional analytic survey in the Greater Accra region, Ghana, Harriet Affran Bonful, Adolf Kofi Awua, Martin Adjuik, Doris Tsekpetse, Richard M. Adanu, Pricillia Awo Nortey, Augustine Ankomah, and Kwadwo Ansah Koram

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Factors influencing satisfaction with oral contraceptive pills and injectables among past users in Kenya, George Odwe, Joyce Mumah, Francis Obare, Marylene Wamukoya, Kazuyo Machiyama, John C. Cleland, and John B. Casterline

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Feasibility and acceptability of community health extension workers to identify and treat hypertension associated with pregnancy: Implementation research report, Emmanuel Nwala, Udochisom Anaba, Pooja Sripad, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, and Charlotte E. Warren

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FGM/C and ECM: Drawing lessons from research, Jacinta Muteshi-Strachan

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Gender and Power Metrics database, Population Council

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Health care providers’ and mothers’ perceptions about the medicalization of female genital mutilation or cutting in Egypt: A cross-sectional qualitative study, Omaima El-Gibaly, Mirette Aziz, and Salma Abou Hussein

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Health care providers’ perspectives on delivering gender equity focused family planning program for young married couples in a cluster randomized controlled trial in rural Maharashtra, India, Saritha Nair, Anvita Dixit, Mohan Ghule, Madhusudana Battala, Gajanan Velhal, Anindita Dasgupta, Shahina Begum, Sarah Averbach, Balaiah Donta, Jay G. Silverman, Niranjan Saggurti, and Anita Raj

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Health financing and family planning in the context of Universal Health Care: Connecting the discourse, Gabrielle Appleford and Saumya RamaRao

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Health financing and family planning in the context of universal health care: Connecting the discourse in Kenya, Gabrielle Appleford and Saumya RamaRao