The Population Council's Reproductive Health program strives to improve sexual and reproductive health, especially for vulnerable people in developing countries. We help individuals to achieve their family planning and reproductive health goals through improvements in technologies and services. We work to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity and to improve equity and quality in the delivery of care.

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Submissions from 2020

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The community health system in the DRC: An overview, Frontline Health Project

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The inclusion of sexual and reproductive health services within universal health care through intentional design, Gabrielle Appleford, Saumya RamaRao, and Benjamin Bellows

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The relationship between attitudes towards pregnancy and contraceptive continuation: Results from a longitudinal study of married women in India, Elizabeth Tobey, Aparna Jain, and Arupendra Mozumdar

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The use of case advocates to manage child survivors of sexual violence in public health facilities in Kenya: A qualitative study exploring the perceptions of child survivors, care givers and health care providers, Lina Digolo, Carol Ajema, Millicent Kiruki, Maryline Mireku, Ronald Kotut, and Chi-Chi Undie

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Tracing change in female genital mutilation/cutting through social networks: An intersectional analysis of the influence of gender, generation, status, and structural inequality, Amadou Moreau and Bettina Shell-Duncan

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Trends in family planning services in Bangladesh before, during and after COVID-19 lockdowns: Evidence from national routine service data, Md. Irfan Hossain, Md. Saddam Hossain, Sigma Ainul, Md. Kamruzzaman Bhuiyan, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Ubaidur Rob, and Ashish Bajracharya

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Trends in maternal health services in Bangladesh before, during and after COVID-19 lockdowns: Evidence from national routine service data, Sigma Ainul, Md. Saddam Hossain, Md. Irfan Hossain, Md. Kamruzzaman Bhuiyan, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Ubaidur Rob, and Ashish Bajracharya

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Two implementation models of workers' health education programs in Egypt: What works? What doesn't work?, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Norhan Bader, Elizabeth Tobey, and Aparna Jain

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Understanding barriers to clinical management of rape (CMR) services among survivors of rape in crisis settings in Borno state, Osasuyi Dirisu

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Understanding female genital mutilation/cutting abandonment in Egypt, Nada Wahba, Hania El Banhawi, and Amira El Ayouti

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Understanding local variation in how female genital mutilation/cutting declines, changes, or persists: Analysis of household survey data for Kenya, Nigeria, and Senegal, Population Reference Bureau

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Upholding rights under COVID-19: The Respectful Maternity Care Charter, R. Rima Jolivet, Charlotte E. Warren, Pooja Sripad, Elena Ateva, Jewel Gausman, Kate Mitchell, Hagar Palgi Hacker, Emma Sacks, and Ana Langer

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Using research to understand and accelerate abandonment of FGM/C, Bettina Shell-Duncan, Jacinta Muteshi-Strachan, Agnes K. Meroka-Mutua, Samuel Kimani, and Flavia Mwangovya

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Validating women's reports of antenatal and postnatal care received in Bangladesh, Cambodia and Kenya, Katharine McCarthy, Ann K. Blanc, Charlotte E. Warren, Ashish Bajracharya, and Benjamin Bellows

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Validation of the Interpersonal Quality of Family Planning Scale in a rural Indian setting, Nicole E. Johns, Anvita Dixit, Mohan Ghule, Shahina Begum, Madhusudana Battala, Gennifer Kully, Jay G. Silverman, Christine Dehlendorf, Anita Raj, and Sarah Averbach

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“What’s in a name?”: Exploring inconsistent and contradictory definitions and clinical guidelines for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy from published literature from Nigeria and Bangladesh, Karen Kirk and Charlotte E. Warren

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When and how does law effectively reduce the practice of female genital mutilation/cutting?, Josephine Wouango, Susan L. Ostermann, and Daniel Mwanga

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When and how the law is effective in reducing the practice of FGM/C: A cross-border study in Burkina Faso and Mali, Josephine Wouango, Susan L. Ostermann, and Daniel Mwanga

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Which contraceptive side effects matter most? Evidence from current and past users of injectables and implants in Western Kenya, George Odwe, Francis Obare, Kazuyo Machiyama, and John C. Cleland

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Women’s and girls’ experiences of reproductive coercion and opportunities for intervention in family planning clinics in Nairobi, Kenya: A qualitative study, Sabrina Boyce, Jasmine Uysal, Stephanie M. DeLong, Nicole Carter, Chi-Chi Undie, Wilson Liambila, Seri Wendoh, and Jay G. Silverman

Submissions from 2019

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Abortion among married young women: Findings from a community-based study in Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, India, A.J. Francis Zavier, K.G. Santhya, and Shireen J. Jejeebhoy

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A conceptual framework for measuring community health workforce performance within primary health care systems, Smisha Agarwal, Pooja Sripad, Caroline Johnson, Karen Kirk, Benjamin Bellows, Joseph Ana, Vince Blaser, Meghan Bruce Kumar, Kathleen Buchholz, Alain Casseus, Nan Chen, Hannah Sarah Faich Dini, Rachel Hoy Deussom, David Jacobstein, Richard Kintu, Nazo Kureshy, Lory Meoli, Lilian Otiso, Neil Pakenham-Walsh, Jérôme Pfaffmann Zambruni, Mallika Raghavan, Ryan Schwarz, John Townsend, Brittney Varpilah, William Weiss, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Adapted tool for the assessment of domestic violence against women in a low-income country setting: A reliability analysis, Agumasie Semahegn, Kwasi Torpey, Abubakar Manu, Nega Assefa, and Augustine Ankomah

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Adding a question about method switching to the Method Information Index is a better predictor of contraceptive continuation, Aparna Jain, Kumudha Aruldas, Elizabeth Tobey, Arupendra Mozumdar, and Rajib Acharya

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Adding it up: Costs and benefits of meeting the contraceptive and maternal and newborn health needs of women in Pakistan, Aparna Sundaram, Rubina Hussain, Zeba Sathar, Sabahat Hussain, Emma Pliskin, and Eva Weissman

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A gender synchronized family planning intervention for married couples in rural India: Study protocol for the CHARM2 cluster randomized controlled trial evaluation, Anvita Dixit, Sarah Averbach, Jennifer Yore, Gennifer Kully, Mohan Ghule, Madhusudana Battala, Shahina Begum, Nicole E. Johns, Florin Vaida, Prashant Bharadwaj, Natalie Wyss, Niranjan Saggurti, Jay G. Silverman, and Anita Raj

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An assessment of human resources for health hiring, deployment and retention, procedures and practices in Cross river and Bauchi states, Nigeria, Osasuyi Dirisu, Akinwumi Akinola, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, Aisha Jibril, and George I. Eluwa

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A new approach to assess the capability of health facilities to provide clinical care for sexual violence against women: A pilot study, Mardieh Dennis, Onikepe Owolabi, Jenny A. Cresswell, Nachela Chelwa, Manuela Colombini, Bellington Vwalika, Michael Mbizvo, and Oona M.R. Campbell

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Antihypertensive drugs, Population Council

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Are interventions focused on gender-norms effective in preventing domestic violence against women in low and lower-middle income countries? A systematic review and meta-analysis, Agumasie Semahegn, Kwasi Torpey, Abubakar Manu, Nega Assefa, Gezahegn Tesfaye, and Augustine Ankomah

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A spatial analysis of the prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting among 0–14-year-old girls in Kenya, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Chibuzor Christopher Nnanatu, Glory Atilola, Paul Komba, Lubanzadio Mavatikua, Zhuzhi Moore, Gerry Mackie, and Bettina Shell-Duncan

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Assessing quality of care and outcomes for women and their Infants in Nigeria after pregnancies complicated by hypertensive disorders, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Gloria Adoyi, Innocent Agbo, Karen Kirk, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Assessing the effect of a primary health care intervention for improving pre-eclampsia and eclampsia knowledge and practice in Bangladesh, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Shongkour Roy, Kanij Sultana, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Assessing the feasibility of primary health care provider prescription of anti-hypertensive medication to pregnant women in Bangladesh, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Kanij Sultana, Shongkour Roy, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Assessing the role of women’s autonomy and acceptability of intimate-partner violence in maternal health-care utilization in 63 low- and middle-income countries, Pooja Sripad, Charlotte E. Warren, Michelle J. Hindin, and Mahesh Karra

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Assessment of in-service training and continuing education (IST/CE) for frontline health workers in Bauchi and Cross River states, Nigeria, Ekechi Okereke, Iliyasu Zubairu, Udoh Nsekpong, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Associations between female genital mutilation/cutting and HIV: A review of the evidence, Yetunde A. Noah Pinheiro

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Associations between FGM/C and HIV in Ethiopia, the Gambia, Kenya, and Sierra Leone: A limited analysis of Demographic and Health Survey data, Yetunde A. Noah Pinheiro, Zhuzhi Moore, and David Gathara

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Autonomy, intimate partner violence, and maternal health-seeking behavior: Findings from mixed-methods analysis in Bangladesh, Pooja Sripad, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Charity Ndwiga, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Autonomy, intimate partner violence, and maternal health-seeking behavior: Findings from mixed-methods analysis in Ethiopia, Charlotte E. Warren, Pooja Sripad, and Charity Ndwiga

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Autonomy, intimate partner violence, and maternal health-seeking behavior: Findings from mixed-methods analysis in Kenya, Charlotte E. Warren, Pooja Sripad, and Charity Ndwiga

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Autonomy, intimate partner violence, and maternal health-seeking behavior: Findings from mixed-methods analysis in Nigeria, Pooja Sripad, Charity Ndwiga, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Child marriage in Ghana: Evidence from a multi-method study, Babatunde A.O. Ahonsi, Kamil Fuseini, Dela Nai, Erika Goldson, Selina Owusu, Ismail Ndifuna, Icilda Humes, and Placide Tapsoba

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Choice of contraceptive methods in public and private facilities in rural India, Arupendra Mozumdar, Vandana Gautam, Abhishek Gautam, Arnab Dey, U Uttamacharya, Ruhi Saith, Pranita Achyut, Abhishek Kumar, Kumudha Aruldas, Amit Chakraverty, Dinesh Agarwal, Ravi K. Verma, Priya Nanda, Suneeta Krishnan, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Collaboration with the University of Calabar for human resources for health management training for Bauchi and Cross River states, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Comprehensive sexuality education for adolescents in Zambia via the mobile-optimized website TuneMe: A content analysis, Erin Rogers, Kshipra Hemal, Zangose Tembo, Mulenga Mukanu, Michael Mbizvo, and Benjamin Bellows

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Contraception and public health ethics, Saumya RamaRao and John Townsend

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Cost and cost-effectiveness of health behavior change interventions implemented with self-help groups in Bihar, India, S. Chandrashekar, S. Saha, B. Varghese, L. Mohan, G. Shetty, Akash Porwal, Avishek Hazra, Subrato Mondal, and Rajshree Das

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Dataset: Layering a health, nutrition and sanitation program through community mobilizers within microfinance groups: An assessment from Bihar, Laili Irani

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Dataset: Validating indicators of family planning, maternal and newborn care—Cambodia, Bangladesh and Kenya, Ann K. Blanc

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Decision-making in the practice of female genital mutilation or cutting in Sudan: A cross-sectional study, Majdi Sabahelzain, Ahmed Gamal Eldin, Suad Babiker, Caroline W. Kabiru, and Muna Eltayeb

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Detecting and managing hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: A cross-sectional analysis of the quality of antenatal care in Nigeria, Angela Salomon, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Karen Kirk, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Dietary adequacy among young children in India: Improvement or stagnation? An investigation from the National Family Health Survey, Nizamuddin Khan, Arupendra Mozumdar, and Supreet Kaur

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Do Indian women receive adequate information about contraception?, Md. Juel Rana and Anrudh K. Jain

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Effect of behavioral change intervention around new-born care practices among most marginalized women in self-help groups in rural India: Analyses of three cross-sectional surveys between 2013 and 2016, Niranjan Saggurti, Akash Porwal, Yamini Atmavilas, Monika Walia, Rajshree Das, and Laili Irani

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Effects of health behaviour change intervention through women's self-help groups on maternal and newborn health practices and related inequalities in rural India: A quasi-experimental study, Avishek Hazra, Yamini Atmavilas, Katherine Hay, Niranjan Saggurti, Raj Kumar Verma, Jaleel Ahmad, Sampath Kumar, P.S. Mohanan, Dileep V. Mavalankar, and Laili Irani

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Engaging community women’s groups to improve maternal health care delivery in Cross River: Implementation research report, Pooja Sripad, Emmanuel Nwala, Tracy McClair, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Enhancing customer satisfaction for health services, Deepa Rajamani and Saumya RamaRao

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Evaluating quality of contraceptive counseling: An analysis of the Method Information Index, Karen T. Chang, Mulenga Mukanu, Benjamin Bellows, Waqas Hameed, Amanda Kalamar, Karen A. Grépin, Xaher Gul, and Nirali M. Chakraborty

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Expanding services to detect, manage, and prevent pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in Tando Allahyar District of Sindh Province, Pakistan, Ali M. Mir, Irfan Masood, Mumraiz Khan, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Tracy McClair, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Extent of inappropriate prescription of artemisinin and anti-malarial injections to febrile outpatients, a cross-sectional analytic survey in the Greater Accra region, Ghana, Harriet Affran Bonful, Adolf Kofi Awua, Martin Adjuik, Doris Tsekpetse, Richard M. Adanu, Pricillia Awo Nortey, Augustine Ankomah, and Kwadwo Ansah Koram

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Factors influencing satisfaction with oral contraceptive pills and injectables among past users in Kenya, George Odwe, Joyce Mumah, Francis Obare, Marylene Wamukoya, Kazuyo Machiyama, John C. Cleland, and John B. Casterline

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Feasibility and acceptability of community health extension workers to identify and treat hypertension associated with pregnancy: Implementation research report, Emmanuel Nwala, Udochisom Anaba, Pooja Sripad, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, and Charlotte E. Warren

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FGM/C and ECM: Drawing lessons from research, Jacinta Muteshi-Strachan

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Gender and Power Metrics database, Population Council

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Health care providers’ and mothers’ perceptions about the medicalization of female genital mutilation or cutting in Egypt: A cross-sectional qualitative study, Omaima El-Gibaly, Mirette Aziz, and Salma Abou Hussein

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Health care providers’ perspectives on delivering gender equity focused family planning program for young married couples in a cluster randomized controlled trial in rural Maharashtra, India, Saritha Nair, Anvita Dixit, Mohan Ghule, Madhusudana Battala, Gajanan Velhal, Anindita Dasgupta, Shahina Begum, Sarah Averbach, Balaiah Donta, Jay G. Silverman, Niranjan Saggurti, and Anita Raj

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Health financing and family planning in the context of Universal Health Care: Connecting the discourse, Gabrielle Appleford and Saumya RamaRao

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Health financing and family planning in the context of universal health care: Connecting the discourse in Kenya, Gabrielle Appleford and Saumya RamaRao

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Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: Assessing postnatal quality of care and outcomes for women and their infants in Bangladesh, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Kanij Sultana, Salma Rouf, Rabeya Akter, Shongkour Roy, Sumaiya Anwar, Karen Kirk, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Implementing components of the PHC for PE/E model in Nigeria: A cost analysis, Pooja Sripad, Sara Chace Dwyer, and Gloria Adoyi

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Implementing components of the PHC for PE/E Model in Pakistan: A cost analysis, Ali M. Mir, Mumraiz Khan, Pooja Sripad, and Sara Chace Dwyer

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Implementing components of the primary health care pre-eclampsia/eclampsia model in Bangladesh: A cost analysis, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Pooja Sripad, and Sara Chace Dwyer

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India's family planning market and opportunities for the private sector: An analysis using the total market approach, Arupendra Mozumdar, Rajib Acharya, Subrato Mondal, Amit Arun Shah, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Initiation and continuity of maternal healthcare: Examining the role of vouchers and user-fee removal on maternal health service use in Kenya, Mardieh Dennis, Lenka Benova, Timothy Abuya, Matteo Quartagno, Benjamin Bellows, and Oona M.R. Campbell

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Integration of HIV testing services into family planning services: A systematic review, Manjulaa Narasimhan, Ping Teresa Yeh, Sabina A. Haberlen, Charlotte E. Warren, and Caitlin E. Kennedy

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Is economic inequality in family planning in India associated with the private sector?, Abhishek Kumar, Anrudh K. Jain, Kumudha Aruldas, Arupendra Mozumdar, Ankita Shukla, Rajib Acharya, Faujdar Ram, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Is there a relationship between female genital mutilation/cutting and fistula? A statistical analysis using cross-sectional data from Demographic and Health Surveys in 10 sub-Saharan Africa countries, Dennis Matanda, Pooja Sripad, and Charity Ndwiga

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Les pharmacies privées dans l’offre de services de planification familiale au Sénégal : Une étude pilote, Fatou Mbow, Dela Nai, Sara Chace Dwyer, Aparna Jain, and Babacar Mane

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Maternal mortality due to eclampsia in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: Identifying underlying risk factors, and care-seeking behaviours, Ali M. Mir, Stephen Pearson, Saleem Shaikh, Mumraiz Khan, Irfan Masood, and Sabahat Hussain

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Measurement of the sexual health and wellbeing of women who have undergone female genital mutilation/cutting: A scoping review, Tammary Esho, Samuel K. Muniu, Mohamed Yussuf, Chantalle Okondo, and Caroline W. Kabiru

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Medical and non-medical reasons for cesarean section delivery in Egypt: A hospital-based retrospective study, Shatha El-Nakib, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Doaa Oraby, and Nevine Hassanein

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Meeting report of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region's Regional Training Facility: Working with the police sector to meet the needs of sexual violence survivors in the Great Lakes Region, Nathan Byamukama, Chi-Chi Undie, Sharon Asiimwe, George Odwe, Nachela Chelwa, Harriet Birungi, and Michael Mbizvo

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Mise en œuvre des composantes du modèle ssp pour la PE / E au Nigéria : une analyse des coûts, Pooja Sripad, Sara Chace Dwyer, and Gloria Adoyi

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"No to circumcision": The road to effective social marketing campaigns in Egypt, Salma Abou Hussein and Sarah Ghattass

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Nutrition, family planning and health components of the Guatemalan program of primary health care (SINAPS), Aaron Lechtig, John Townsend, Francisco Pineda, Juan Jose Arroyo, Robert E. Klein, and Romeo de Leon

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Patterns of hysterectomy in India: A national and state‐level analysis of the Fourth National Family Health Survey (2015–2016), Sapna Desai, Ankita Shukla, Devaki Nambiar, and Rajani Ved

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Population Council's support for Nigeria's third national Human Resources for Health conference and efforts to institutionalize HRH conferences in Nigeria, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Positioning family planning quality within health financing for UHC: Connecting the discourse, Gabrielle Appleford, Saumya RamaRao, Benjamin Bellows, and Leah Jarvis

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Post-intervention analysis of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in three Nigerian states, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Emmanuel Nwala, Gloria Adoyi, Charles Nwigwe, Solomon Kongyamba, Udochisom Anaba, Caroline Johnson, Karen Kirk, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Practice-based learning: Integrating SGBV screening into health facilities in refugee contexts, Chi-Chi Undie, Josephine Ngebeh, Joanina Karugaba, Harriet Birungi, and Michael Mbizvo

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Practice-based learning: Observations on One-Stop Centers in refugee settings, Chi-Chi Undie, Josephine Ngebeh, Jane Harriet Namwebya, and Joanina Karugaba

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Prévention du mariage d’enfants dans la région de l’Est, Burkina Faso, Gisele Kaboré, Julien Ouedraogo, Annabel Erulkar, and Sara Chace Dwyer

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Reducing barriers to accessing fistula repair: Implementation research in Uganda, Justus Barageine, Charity Ndwiga, Hassan Kanakulya, and Pooja Sripad

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Reference guide: Factorial focus group analysis methods for studying social norm change, Bettina Shell-Duncan, Amadou Moreau, Katherine Wander, and Sarah Smith

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Reference guide for data collection: Qualitative social network interviews, Bettina Shell-Duncan, Amadou Moreau, Sarah Smith, and Holly B. Shakya

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SAUTI/VOICE Project: First UNHCR-Population Council regional workshop, Josephine Ngebeh, Chi-Chi Undie, Joanina Karugaba, George Odwe, Nachela Chelwa, Harriet Birungi, and Michael Mbizvo

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School re-entry and retention policies in Kenya: Homa Bay County Head Teachers Dialogue, Chi-Chi Undie, Harriet Birungi, George Odwe, and Francis Obare

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Setting the global research agenda for community health systems: Literature and consultative review, Smisha Agarwal, Karen Kirk, Pooja Sripad, Benjamin Bellows, Timothy Abuya, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Shifts in FGM/C practice in Sudan: Communities’ perspectives and drivers, Nafisa Bedri, Huda Sherfi, Ghada Rudwan, Sara Elhadi, Caroline W. Kabiru, and Wafaa Amin