The Population Council's Reproductive Health program strives to improve sexual and reproductive health, especially for vulnerable people in developing countries. We help individuals to achieve their family planning and reproductive health goals through improvements in technologies and services. We work to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity and to improve equity and quality in the delivery of care.

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Submissions from 2021

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Meeting family planning needs of factory workers in Port Said: Lessons from pilot testing an intervention in eight garment factories [Arabic], Maryam Essam, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Elizabeth Tobey, and Aparna Jain

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Meeting the family planning and reproductive health needs of factory workers, Evidence Project

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Metabolic syndrome following hypertensive disorders in pregnancy in a low-resource setting: A cohort study, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Karima Tunau, Oboirien A. Khadijat, Innocent Agbo, Lawal Oyeneyin, Jamilu Tukur, Joyce L. Browne, Gbenga A. Kayode, Azubuike K. Onyebuchi, Lamaran M. Dattijo, Baffah M. Aminu, Olorunfemi O. Owa, Patience O. Odusolu, Charlotte E. Warren, Hanifah D. Abubakar, Abdulkarim Musa, Arie Franx, and Diederick E. Grobbee

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Method-specific beliefs and subsequent contraceptive method choice: Results from a longitudinal study in urban and rural Kenya, George Odwe, Yohannes Dibaba Wado, Francis Obare Onyango, Kazuyo Machiyama, and John C. Cleland

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Muslim men's perceptions and attitudes on family planning: A qualitative study in Wajir and Lamu counties in Kenya, Batula Abdi, Jerry Okal, Gamal I. Serour, and Marleen Temmerman

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Not all women who experience side effects discontinue their contraceptive method: Insights from a longitudinal study in India, Aparna Jain, Sara Chace Dwyer, Arupendra Mozumdar, and Elizabeth Tobey

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Operationalized indicators: Integrating community health worker and client views to assess community health systems, Frontline Health Project

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Pathways to service access for pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in rural Bangladesh: Exploring women's care-seeking, Amy Dempsey, Pooja Sripad, Kanij Sultana, Karen Kirk, Sharif M.I. Hossain, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Patterns of financial incentives in primary healthcare settings in Nigeria: Implications for the productivity of frontline health workers, Ekechi Okereke, George I. Eluwa, Akinwumi Akinola, Ibrahim Suleiman, Godwin Unumeri, and Sylvia Adebajo

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Perceptions of community pharmacists, patent and proprietary medicine vendors, and their clients regarding quality of family planning services: The IntegratE Project, The IntegratE Project

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Perceptions of Ghanaian traditional health practitioners, primary health care workers, service users and caregivers regarding collaboration for mental health care, Solomon Nyame, Edward Adiibokah, Yasmin Mohammed, Victor C. Doku, Caleb Othieno, Benjamin Harris, Oye Gureje, Seedat Soraya, and John Appiah-Poku

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Persistent hypertension up to one year postpartum among women with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy in a low-resource setting: A prospective cohort study, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Jamilu Tukur, Innocent Agbo, Gbenga A. Kayode, Lamaran M. Dattijo, Lawal Oyeneyin, Charlotte E. Warren, Olorunfemi O. Owa, Hanifah D. Abubakar, Karima Tunau, Patience O. Odusolu, Abdulkarim Musa, Azubuike K. Onyebuchi, Baffah M. Aminu, Arie Franx, Diederick E. Grobbee, and Joyce L. Browne

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Plurality of beliefs about female genital mutilation amidst decades of intervention programming in Narok and Kisii Counties, Kenya, Dennis Matanda, Caroline W. Kabiru, Chantalle Okondo, and Bettina Shell-Duncan

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Potential of organizing unmarried adolescent girls and young women into self-help groups for a better transition to adulthood: Findings from a cross-sectional study in India, Jaleel Ahmad, Avishek Hazra, Kumudha Aruldas, Arima Singh, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Preferred incentives for improving community health worker satisfaction and retention in Bangladesh, Frontline Health Project and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

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Preferred incentives for improving Ugandan community health worker job satisfaction and retention, Frontline Health Project

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Prevalence and determinants of chronic kidney disease in women with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy in Nigeria: A cohort study, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Timothy Olusegun Olanrewaju, Joyce L. Browne, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Gbenga A. Kayode, Arie Franx, Diederick E. Grobbee, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Prevalence of low serum zinc concentrations in Indian children and adolescents: Findings from the Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey 2016–18, Raghu Pullakhandam, Praween Kumar Agrawal, Rajini Peter, Santu Ghosh, G. Bhanuprakash Reddy, Bharati Kulkarni, Tinku Thomas, Anura V. Kurpad, Harshpal Singh Sachdev, Akash Porwal, Nizamuddin Khan, Sowmya Ramesh, Rajib Acharya, Avina Sarna, Umesh Kapil, Hemalatha Rajkumar, Arjan De Wagt, Sila Deb, and Robert Johnston

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Providing family planning and reproductive health services in factory settings: Lessons from Port Said, Egypt, Nesrine Salama, Maryam Essam, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, and Elizabeth Tobey

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Putting data at the centre to end FGM: Ruminations during the 16 Days of Activism, Tamsin Bradley, Chi-Chi Undie, Esther Lwanga Walgwe, and Jane Meme

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Reaching women at work with health programming in Bangladesh: Results of difference-in-differences analysis among female factory workers, Sara Chace Dwyer, Md. Irfan Hossain, Ashish Bajracharya, and Aparna Jain

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Research in forced displacement: Guidance for a feminist and decolonial approach, Neha S. Singh, Michelle Lokot, Chi-Chi Undie, Monica A. Onyango, Rosemary Morgan, Anne Harmer, Jane Freedman, and Shirin Heidari

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Research within international non-governmental organisation programmes in low and middle-income countries: Challenges amid opportunities, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Maria van der Harst, Charlotte E. Warren, Arie Franx, Gbenga A. Kayode, Diederick E. Grobbee, and Joyce L. Browne

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Sexual and reproductive healthcare for migrant women: A mapping of civil society actors in Mexico, Silvana Larrea-Schiavon, Lucía Vázquez Quesada, Esperanza Basurto-Alcalde, Natalia Polgovsky, Isabel Vieitez Martínez, and Pooja Sripad

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Socio-economic inequality in anthropometric failure among children aged under 5 years in India: Evidence from the Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey 2016–18, Akash Porwal, Rajib Acharya, Sana Ashraf, Praween Kumar Agrawal, Sowmya Ramesh, Nizamuddin Khan, Avina Sarna, and Robert Johnston

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Socioeconomic inequality in exclusive breastfeeding behavior and ideation factors for social behavioral change in three north-western Nigerian states: A cross-sectional study, Dele Abegunde, Paul Hutchinson, Udochisom Anaba, Foyeke Oyedokun-Adebagbo, Emily White Johansson, Bamikale J. Feyisetan, and Emma Mtiro

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Spatial heterogeneity in discontinuation of modern spacing method in districts of India, Soumya Ranjan Nayak, Sanjay Kumar Mohanty, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, and Umakanta Sahoo

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Strengthening social and behavior change measurement in the RISE II Program, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Strength in diversity: Integrating community in primary health care to advance universal health coverage, Charlotte E. Warren, Benjamin Bellows, Rachel Marcus, Jordan Downey, Sarah Kennedy, and Nazo Kureshy

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The Client Empowerment in Community Health Systems Scale: Development and validation in three countries, Tracy McClair, Pooja Sripad, Alain Casseus, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Timothy Abuya, and Ann Gottert

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The effects of a single freeze-thaw cycle on concentrations of nutritional, noncommunicable disease, and inflammatory biomarkers in serum samples, Ransi Abraham, Garima Rana, Praween Kumar Agrawal, Robert Johnston, Avina Sarna, Sowmya Ramesh, Rajib Acharya, Nizamuddin Khan, Akash Porwal, Sucheta Banerjee Kurundkar, Arvind Pandey, Raghu Pullakhandam, K. Madhavan Nair, Geeta Trilok Kumar, Harshpal Singh Sachdev, Umesh Kapil, Sila Deb, Arjan De Wagt, Ajay Khera, and Lakshmy Ramakrishnan

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The knowledge of danger signs of obstetric complications among women in rural India: Evaluating an integrated microfinance and health literacy program, Danish Ahmad, Itismita Mohanty, Avishek Hazra, and Theo Niyonsenga

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The role of unintended pregnancy in internalized stigma among women living with HIV in Kenya, Sara Chace Dwyer, Aparna Jain, Wilson Liambila, and Charlotte E. Warren

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The validity of women's reports of family planning service quality in Cambodia and Kenya, Ann K. Blanc, Katharine McCarthy, Charlotte E. Warren, Ashish Bajracharya, and Benjamin Bellows

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Treading the thin line: Pharmacy workers' perspectives on medication abortion provision in Lusaka, Zambia, Katharine Footman, Nachela Chelwa, Megan Douthwaite, James Mdala, Drosin Mulenga, Caila Brander, and Kathryn Church

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Understanding community health volunteer incentive preferences in Kenya, Frontline Health Project and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

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Understanding community health worker incentive preferences in Uganda using a discrete choice experiment, Smisha Agarwal, Timothy Abuya, Richard Kintu, Daniel Mwanga, Melvin Obadha, Shivani Pandya, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Understanding family planning outcomes in northwestern Nigeria: Analysis and modeling of social and behavior change factors, Paul Hutchinson, Udochisom Anaba, Dele Abegunde, Mathew Okoh, Paul C. Hewett, and Emily White Johansson

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Using evidence to advocate for the professional growth of community health workers in Bangladesh, Frontline Health Project

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Using social listening to inform integrated social and behavior change programs in Burkina Faso, Nrupa Jani, Leanne Dougherty, and Martha Silva

Using the Gender and Power Metrics Database—A Research Skills Workshop, Leah Jarvis, Katey Peck, and Elizabeth Tobey

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Waist Circumference, Waist-to-Height Ratio and BMI percentiles in children aged 5 to 19 years in India: A population-based study, Avina Sarna, Akash Porwal, Rajib Acharya, Sana Ashraf, Sowmya Ramesh, Nizamuddin Khan, Sikha Sinha, and Harshpal Singh Sachdev

Webinar—Applying Global Goods: Community Health Guidelines, Measurement and Planning Tools, Population Council and Frontline Health Project

Webinar: Community health measurement, learning, policy and practice, Frontline Health Project

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Why women do not use contraceptives: Exploring the role of male out-migration, Saradiya Mukherjee, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Women's perceptions on the effects of COVID-19 on access and use of private sector family planning services in Nigeria: The IntegratE Project, The IntegratE Project

Workplace health program intervention in Port Said, Egypt, The Evidence Project

Submissions from 2020

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Abortion service provision in South Asia: A comparative study of four countries, Susheela Singh, Aparna Sundaram, Altaf Hossain, Mahesh Puri, Zeba Sathar, Chander Shekhar, Marjorie Crowell, and Ann M. Moore

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Adaptation and validation of social accountability measures in the context of contraceptive services in Ghana and Tanzania, Victoria Boydell, Petrus S. Steyn, Joanna Paula Cordero, Ndema Habib, My Huong Nguyen, Dela Nai, and Donat Shamba

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A diagnostic assessment of the health system’s response to female genital mutilation/cutting management and prevention in Kenya, Samuel Kimani and Chantalle Okondo

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A diagnostic assessment of the health system's response to female genital mutilation/cutting management and prevention in Kenya: A case study of West Pokot County, Samuel Kimani

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A diagnostic assessment of the health system's response to FGM/C management and prevention in Nigeria, Osasuyi Dirisu, Adetayo Adetunji, Mayokun Adediran, and Otibho Obianwu

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A diagnostic assessment of the health system's response to FGM/C management and prevention in Nigeria—Brief, Osasuyi Dirisu, Adetayo Adetunji, Mayokun Adediran, and Otibho Obianwu

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Adolescent fertility Is lower than expected in rural areas: Results from 10 African HDSS, Clementine Rossier, Bruno Schoumaker, Valérie Delaunay, Donatien Beguy, Aparna Jain, Martin Bangha, Alemseged Aregay, Baptiste Beck, Karim Derra, Modeste Millogo, Albert Dube, Kone Siaka, Marylene Wamukoya, and Pascal Zabre

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Appendices—Female genital mutilation/cutting: A review of laws and policies in Kenya and Nigeria, Samuel Kimani and Otibho Obianwu

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A primary health care model for managing pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in low- and middle- income countries, Charlotte E. Warren, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Deborah Armbruster, and Emily Hillman

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Asking and telling: An assessment of the feasibility of screening children for sexual violence in Kenyan school and health facility contexts, Chi-Chi Undie and Margaret Mak'anyengo

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Assessing community capacity strengthening to sustain integrated social behavior change programming in northwestern Nigeria, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Assessing the role of law in reducing the practise of FGM/C in Kenya, Agnes K. Meroka-Mutua, Daniel Mwanga, and Charles Owuor Olungah

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Association between modern contraceptive use and child mortality in India: A calendar data analysis of the National Family Health Survey (2015–16), Ankita Shukla, Abhishek Kumar, Arupendra Mozumdar, Kumudha Aruldas, Rajib Acharya, F. Ram, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Associations between female genital mutilation/cutting and early/child marriage: A multi-country DHS/MICS analysis, Jamlick Karumbi and David Gathara

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Availability, practices and acceptance of postabortion contraceptive services in health facilities: A study in six states of India, Harihar Sahoo, Melissa Stillman, Jennifer J. Frost, Rajib Acharya, and Rubina Hussain

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Barriers inhibiting detection and management of postpartum hemorrhage by providers in Madagascar, Breakthrough RESEARCH and USAID's Health Evaluation and Applied Research Development

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Barriers to provision of respectful maternity care in Zambia: Results from a qualitative study through the lens of behavioral science, Jana Smith, Rachel Banay, Emily Zimmerman, Vivien Caetano, Maurice Musheke, and Ameck Kamanga

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Best Bets: Additional Funding for Family Planning—International evidence on financing of family planning, Zeba Sathar

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Best Bets for Accelerating Family Planning in Pakistan: Inducting men, sharing responsibility, Kiren Khan and Zeba Sathar

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Best Bets for Accelerating Family Planning in Pakistan: Invest in community health workers, Ali M. Mir and Kiren Khan

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Best Bets for Accelerating Family Planning in Pakistan: The case for engaging family physicians and the for-profit private sector, Ashfaq Rehman and Anam Malkani

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Best Bets: Vouchers for Rights-based, Voluntary Family Planning—International evidence on financing of family planning, Benjamin Bellows, Moazzam Ali, and Ali M. Mir

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Beyond wifehood: Harnessing local gender ideologies to inform public health interventions in Africa, Chi-Chi Undie and Chimaraoke O. Izugbara

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Breastfeeding: Insights for improving malaria, family planning, and maternal and child health outcomes in northwestern Nigeria through social and behavior change research, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Care-seeking and treatment for sick children—Insights for improving malaria, family planning, and maternal and child health outcomes in northwestern Nigeria through social and behavior change programming, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Challenges and opportunities for effective contraceptive counselling in a low-resource setting: Insights from a qualitative study in western Kenya, Francis Obare, George Odwe, and John C. Cleland

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Challenges and prospects for implementation of community health volunteers’ digital health solutions in Kenya: A qualitative study, Pauline Bakibinga, Eva Kamande, Lyagamula Kisia, Milka Omuya, Dennis Matanda, and Catherine Kyobutungi

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Challenges experienced by clients undergoing assisted reproductive technology in Ghana: An exploratory descriptive study, Josephine M. Kyei, Abubakar Manu, Agnes M. Kotoh, Salima Meherali, and Augustine Ankomah

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Characterisation of the types of anaemia prevalent among children and adolescents aged 1–19 years in India: A population-based study, Avina Sarna, Akash Porwal, Sowmya Ramesh, Praween Kumar Agrawal, Rajib Acharya, Robert Johnston, Nizamuddin Khan, Harshpal Singh Sachdev, K. Madhavan Nair, Lakshmy Ramakrishnan, Ransi Abraham, Sila Deb, Ajay Khera, and Renu Saxena

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Choosing and using the progesterone vaginal ring: Women’s lived experiences in three African cities, Chi-Chi Undie, Saumya RamaRao, and Fatou Mbow

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Classroom, club or collective? Three types of community-based group intervention and why they matter for health, Lu Gram, Sapna Desai, and Audrey Prost

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Client-provider interaction: Understanding client experience with family planning service providers through the mystery client approach in India, Ankita Shukla, Rajib Acharya, Abhishek Kumar, Arupendra Mozumdar, Kumudha Aruldas, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Clinical presentation and outcomes of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia at a national hospital, Kenya: A retrospective cohort study, Charity Ndwiga, George Odwe, Pooja Sripad, Omondi Ogutu, Alfred Osoti, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Commentary on research to improve contraceptive and multipurpose prevention technologies, J. Joseph Speidel, John Townsend, Elspeth Williams, Jamie Quam, and Kirsten M.J. Thompson

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Commentary: Using law more effectively towards abandonment of FGM/C in Kenya, Agnes K. Meroka-Mutua

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Community interventions with women’s groups to improve women’s and children’s health in India: A mixed-methods systematic review of effects, enablers and barriers, Sapna Desai, Madhavi Misra, Aikantika Das, Roopal Jyoti Singh, Mrignyani Sehgal, Lu Gram, Neha Kumar, and Audrey Prost

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Comprehensive formative research on health beliefs, practices, and behaviors in Mali, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Considerations for collecting and documenting FGM/C data by health care providers, Dennis Matanda

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Contraceptive technologies for global health: Ethically getting to safe, effective and acceptable options for women and men, John Townsend, Régine Sitruk-Ware, Saumya RamaRao, and James Sailer

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Contraceptive use and its effect on Indian women's empowerment: Evidence from the National Family Health Survey-4, Biplab Dhak, Niranjan Saggurti, and Faujdar Ram

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Contraceptive use dynamics in India: A prospective cohort study of modern reversible contraceptive users, Arupendra Mozumdar, Elizabeth Tobey, Kumudha Aruldas, Rajib Acharya, and Aparna Jain

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Data collection and COVID-19: What’s gender got to do with it?, Chi-Chi Undie, Nicole Haberland, Sanyukta Mathur, Isabel Vieitez Martínez, and Julie Pulerwitz

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Des données probantes pour façonner le changement social et comportemental en matière de planification familiale en Afrique de l’Ouest francophone, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Des mesures nouvelles et améliorées pour le suivi de la qualité des soins en planning familial, Evidence Project

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Determinants of low birth weight in India: An investigation from the National Family Health Survey, Nizamuddin Khan, Arupendra Mozumdar, and Supreet Kaur

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Developing an SMS text message intervention on sexual and reproductive health with adolescents and youth in Peru, Fiorella Guerrero, Nora Lucar, Mijail Garvich Claux, Marina Chiappe, Jose Perez-Lu, Michelle J. Hindin, Lianne Gonsalves, and Angela M. Bayer

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Development and validation of the Sexual and Reproductive Empowerment Scale for Adolescents and Young Adults, Ushma D. Upadhyay, Phoebe Y. Danza, Torsten B. Neilands, Jessica D. Gipson, Claire D. Brindis, Michelle J. Hindin, Diana Greene Foster, and Shari L. Dworkin

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Documenting lessons from an integrated social and behavior change program linked to integrated health services in Zambia, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Do Indian women receive adequate information about contraception?, Md. Juel Rana and Anrudh K. Jain

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Effect of sharing health messages on antenatal care behavior among women involved in microfinance-based self-help groups in Bihar India, Monika Walia, Laili Irani, Indrajit Chaudhuri, Yamini Atmavilas, and Niranjan Saggurti

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End of Programme Webinar Series: Using research to understand and accelerate abandonment of FGM/C, Bettina Shell-Duncan, Jacinta Muteshi-Strachan, Agnes K. Meroka-Mutua, Samuel Kimani, and Flavia Mwangovya

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Estimation of district level TFR of eight EAG states and Assam from NFHS-4, 2015-16, Evidence Project

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Evaluating the inclusion of family planning within the National Health Insurance benefits package in Ghana, Kamil Fuseini and Augustine Ankomah