The Population Council's Reproductive Health program strives to improve sexual and reproductive health, especially for vulnerable people in developing countries. We help individuals to achieve their family planning and reproductive health goals through improvements in technologies and services. We work to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity and to improve equity and quality in the delivery of care.

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Submissions from 2014

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Demand for contraception to delay first pregnancy among young married women in India, Shireen J. Jejeebhoy, K.G. Santhya, and A.J. Francis Zavier

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Determinants of health insurance ownership among women in Kenya: Evidence from the 2008–09 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, James Kelly Kimani, Remare Ettarh, Charlotte E. Warren, and Benjamin Bellows

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Distance, transportation cost, and mode of transport in the utilization of facility-based maternity services: Evidence from rural Bangladesh, Kaji Tamanna Keya, Ubaidur Rob, Md. Moshiur Rahman, Ashish Bajracharya, and Benjamin Bellows

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Education sector response to early and unintended pregnancy (EUP): A review of country experiences in East and Southern Africa, Harriet Birungi, Chi-Chi Undie, and Francis Onyango

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Effect of HIV status on fertility intention and contraceptive use among women in nine sub-Saharan African countries: Evidence from Demographic and Health Surveys, Joyce Mumah, Abdhalah Kasiira Ziraba, and Estelle M. Sidze

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Effects of maternal pregnancy intention, depressive symptoms and social support on risk of low birth weight: A prospective study from southwestern Ethiopia, Yohannes Dibaba Wado, Mesganaw Fantahun Afework, and Michelle J. Hindin

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Evaluation of the impact of the voucher program for improving maternal health behavior and status in Bangladesh, Md. Noorunnabi Talukder, Ubaidur Rob, Syed Abu Jafar Md. Musa, Ashish Bajracharya, Kaji Tamanna Keya, Forhana Rahman Noor, Eshita Jahan, Md. Irfan Hossain, Jyotirmoy Saha, and Benjamin Bellows

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Expanding the evidence base on comprehensive care for survivors of sexual violence in sub-Saharan Africa, Population Council

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Exploring experiences in peer mentoring as a strategy for capacity building in sexual reproductive health and HIV service integration in Kenya, Charity Ndwiga, Timothy Abuya, Richard Mutemwa, James Kelly Kimani, Manuela Colombini, Susannah H. Mayhew, Averie Baird, Ruth Wayua Muia, Jackline Kivunaga, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Facilitator's guide for training on monitoring and evaluation of social and behavior change communication health programs, Praween Kumar Agrawal, Kumudha Aruldas, M.E. Khan, and Subrato Mondal

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Facteurs associés aux longs intervalles intergénésiques au Sénégal. Analyse approfondie de l’EDS-MICS 2010-2011, Nafissatou Diop and Ibrahima Diagne

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Family planning counselling and use among clients seeking abortion services in private health facilities in Kenya, Francis Obare, Wilson Liambila, and Harriet Birungi

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High parental monitoring prevents adolescents from engaging in risky sexual practices in Harar, Ethiopia, Yadeta Dessie, Yemane Berhane, and Alemayehu Worku

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"If you do vasectomy and come back here weak, I will divorce you": A qualitative study of community perceptions about vasectomy in southern Ghana, Philip Baba Adongo, Placide Tapsoba, James F. Phillips, Philip Teg-Nefaah Tabong, Allison Stone, Emmanuel Kuffour, Selina F. Esantsi, and Patricia Akweongo

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Improving family planning services in public health facilities to reach more women, Caroline W. Kabiru, Jessica Brinton, Joyce Mumah, Carol Mukiira, and Chimaraoke O. Izugbara

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Increasing access to family planning in Ghana through policy change: Task-sharing to enable auxiliary nurses to provide contraceptive implant services, Population Council

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Increasing choice of and access to family planning services via outreach in Rajasthan, India, Kumudha Aruldas, M.E. Khan, Jaleel Ahmad, and Anvita Dixit

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Induced abortions and unintended pregnancies in Pakistan, 2012, Population Council

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International seminar on promoting postpartum and post-abortion family planning: Challenges and opportunities, IUSSP Scientific Panel on Reproductive Health

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Kenya country profile: A status check on unintended pregnancy in Kenya, Joyce Mumah, Jessica Brinton, Caroline W. Kabiru, Carol Mukiira, and Chimaraoke O. Izugbara

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Knowledge and provision practices of misoprostol among pharmacies in Senegal, Ramatoulaye Ndao, Babacar Mane, Eva Burke, Nafissatou Diop, Kate Reiss, Thoai Ngo, Katharine Footman, and Maaike Van Min

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La planification familiale postpartum au Burkina Faso - résumé en français, STEP UP Research Programme Consortium

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Lessons from sexual and reproductive health voucher program design and function: A comprehensive review, Corinne G. Grainger, Anna C. Gorter, Jerry Okal, and Benjamin Bellows

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Life table analysis of a small sample of Santal population living in a rural locality of West Bengal, India, Arupendra Mozumdar, Bhubon Mohan Das, and Subrata Kumar Roy

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Maternal and newborn health behaviors in rural Uttar Pradesh: Findings from learning phase baseline survey 2013, M.E. Khan, Praween Kumar Agrawal, Avishek Hazra, Anvita Dixit, Isha Bhatnagar, Jaleel Ahmad, and D.N. Ahmad

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Maternal health commodity landscaping exercise: A snapshot of the Bangladesh program, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Saumya RamaRao, Ismat Ara Hena, and Ubaidur Rob

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Measuring the impact of contraceptive use on unintended pregnancy and other health outcomes, STEP UP Research Programme Consortium

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Medical barriers to emergency contraception: A cross-sectional survey of doctors in North India, M.E. Khan, Anvita Dixit, Isha Bhatnagar, and Martha Brady

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Operationalizing a proposed national protocol for the prevention and management of severe pre-eclampsia and eclampsia using a loading dose of magnesium sulphate at community health facilities in Bangladesh, Population Council

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Performance-based incentive for improving quality of maternal health services in Bangladesh, Ubaidur Rob and Mohammad Masudul Alam

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Population and health dynamics in Nairobi's informal settlements: Report of the Nairobi Cross-sectional Slums Survey (NCSS 2012), African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC)

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Postpartum contraception utilization among low-income women seeking immunization for infants in Mumbai, India, Sheila Mody, Saritha Nair, Anindita Dasgupta, Anita Raj, Balaiah Donta, Niranjan Saggurti, Dattaram D. Naik, and Jay G. Silverman

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Postpartum family planning in Burkina Faso, Marina Daniele

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Prevalence of unintended pregnancy and needs for family planning among married adolescent girls living in urban slums of Dhaka, Bangladesh, Fauzia Akhter Huda, Sabiha Chowdhuri, Bidhan Krishna Sarker, Noushin Islam, and Anisuddin Ahmed

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Prioritizing family planning for achieving provincial maternal child health and development goals, Zeba Sathar, Muhammad Asif Wazir, and Maqsood Sadiq

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Promoting Respectful Maternity Care: A training guide for community-based workshops—Community facilitator's guide, Charity Ndwiga, Charlotte E. Warren, Timothy Abuya, Lucy Kanya, Alice Maranga, Christine Ochieng, Mary Wanjala, Beatrice Chelang'at, Anne Njeru, Annie Gituto, George Odhiambo, Faith Mbehero, Lucia Maina, and Jeremiah Maina

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Promoting Respectful Maternity Care: A training guide for facility-based workshops—Participant's guide, Charity Ndwiga, Charlotte E. Warren, Timothy Abuya, Lucy Kanya, Alice Maranga, Christine Ochieng, Mary Wanjala, Beatrice Chelang'at, Anne Njeru, Annie Gituto, George Odhiambo, Faith Mbehero, Lucia Maina, and Jeremiah Maina

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Promoting Respectful Maternity Care (RMC) at birth: Orientation for community-based workshops, Population Council

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Promoting Respectful Maternity Care (RMC) at birth: Orientation for facility-based workshops, Population Council

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Reaching the unreached through community mobilization in an innovative and sustainable way, Arupendra Mozumdar, M.E. Khan, and Subrato Mondal

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Reduce contraception discontinuation in Bangladesh by improving counseling on side effects, Fauzia Akhter Huda and Sabiha Chowdhuri

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Reducing unmet need and unwanted childbearing: Evidence from a panel survey in Pakistan, Anrudh K. Jain, Arshad Mahmood, Zeba Sathar, and Irfan Masood

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Reducing unsafe menstrual regulation through medication in Bangladesh, Ubaidur Rob, Ismat Ara Hena, Nargis Sultana, Md. Irfan Hossain, Reena Yasmin, Tapash Ranjan Das, and Farid Uddin Ahmed

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Research gaps in scale up of family planning and reproductive health programming, The Evidence Project, E2A, HPP, and MEASURE Evaluation

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Safe motherhood voucher programme coverage of health facility deliveries among poor women in South-western Uganda, Lucy Kanya, Francis Obare, Charlotte E. Warren, Timothy Abuya, Ian Askew, and Benjamin Bellows

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Second consultation on developing standards for identifying evidence-based practices in reproductive health, STEP UP Research Programme Consortium

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Sexual and reproductive health of women living with HIV in Egypt: Unmet needs and unfulfilled dreams, Doaa Oraby and Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab

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Sexuality, Gender Roles, and Domestic Violence in South Asia, M.E. Khan, John Townsend, and Pertti J. Pelto

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Social accountability: What are the lessons for improving family planning and reproductive health programs?, Victoria Boydell and Jill Keesbury

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Strengthening the enabling environment for women and girls: What is the evidence in social and structural approaches in the HIV response?, Karen Hardee, Jill Gay, Melanie Croce-Galis, and Amelia Peltz

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Strengthening the evidence base on social accountability for improving family planning and reproductive health programs, Victoria Boydell, Jill Keesbury, and Kelsey Wright

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Summarizing bodies of evidence on the implementation and effectiveness of FP/RH interventions, Ian Askew

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The free perinatal/postpartum contraceptive services project for migrant women in Shanghai: Effects on the incidence of unintended pregnancy, Yong-mei Huang, Ruth Merkatz, Hao-ping Zhu, Kevin Roberts, Régine Sitruk-Ware, Li-nan Cheng, and The Perinatal/Postpartum Contraceptive Services Project for Migrant Women Study Group

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The impact of HIV/SRH service integration on workload: Analysis from the Integra Initiative in two African settings, Sedona Sweeney, Carol Dayo Obure, Fern Terris-Prestholt, Vanessa Darsamo, Christine Michaels-Igbokwe, Esther Muketo, Zelda Nhlabatsi, Charlotte E. Warren, Susannah H. Mayhew, Charlotte Watts, Anna Vassall, and The Integra Research Team

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The management of unwanted pregnancy among women in Nairobi, Kenya, Chimaraoke O. Izugbara and Carolyne Egesa

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Training manual on basic monitoring and evaluation of social and behavior change communication health programs, Praween Kumar Agrawal, Kumudha Aruldas, and M.E. Khan

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Understanding unintended pregnancy in Senegal: Country profile report, Kaila Clarke, Mohamadou Sall, Babacar Mane, Nafissatou Diop, and Bocar Mamadou Daff

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Unintended pregnancies among young women living in urban slums: Evidence from a prospective study in Nairobi City, Kenya, Donatien Beguy, Joyce Mumah, and Lindsey Gottschalk

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Unintended pregnancies in Kenya: A country profile, Joyce Mumah, Caroline W. Kabiru, Carol Mukiira, Jessica Brinton, Michael Mutua, Chimaraoke O. Izugbara, Harriet Birungi, and Ian Askew

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Unintended pregnancy and abortion in India: Country profile report, Mary Philip Sebastian, M.E. Khan, and Daliya Sebastian

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Unintended pregnancy and subsequent use of modern contraceptive among slum and non-slum women in Nairobi, Kenya, Jean-Christophe Fotso, Chimaraoke O. Izugbara, Teresa Saliku, and Rhoune Ochako

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Unintended pregnancy by the numbers: A look at Kenya, Carol Mukiira, Joyce Mumah, Caroline W. Kabiru, and Chimaraoke O. Izugbara

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Use of emergency contraceptive pills among female sex workers in Swaziland, Eileen Yam, Zandile Mnisi, S. Maziya, Caitlin E. Kennedy, and Stefan Baral

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Validating indicators of the quality of maternal health care: Final report, Kenya, Charlotte E. Warren, James Kelly Kimani, Jackline Kivunaga, Brian Mdawida, Charity Ndwiga, Katharine McCarthy, and Ann K. Blanc

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Validating indicators of the quality of maternal health care: Final report, Mexico, Karla Berdichevsky, Claudia Diaz, Katharine McCarthy, and Ann K. Blanc

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Voluntary, human rights-based family planning: A conceptual framework, Karen Hardee, Jan Kumar, Karen Newman, Lynn Bakamjian, Shannon Harris, Mariela Rodriguez, and Win Brown

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Women's education, family planning, or both? Application of multistate demographic projections in India, Leiwen Jiang and Karen Hardee

Submissions from 2013

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Access to emergency contraception and safe abortion services for survivors of rape and defilement in sub-Saharan Africa: A regional overview, Jill Thompson, Chi-Chi Undie, and Ian Askew

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Adapting the WHO tool on sexual and reproductive health and human rights: Experiences in four countries, Ian Askew, Kaila Clarke, Fauzia Akhter Huda, Joyce Mumah, and Mary Philip Sebastian

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Analyse des besoins non satisfaits au Sénégal, Kazuyo Machiyama and John C. Cleland

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An assessment of opportunities and challenges for public sector involvement in the maternal health voucher program in Uganda, Jerry Okal, Lucy Kanya, Francis Obare, Rebecca Njuki, Timothy Abuya, Teresah Bange, Charlotte E. Warren, Ian Askew, and Benjamin Bellows

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Approaches that will yield greater success when implementing self-administered electronic data capture ICT systems in the developing world with an illiterate or semi-literate population, Stanley J. Mierzwa, Samir Souidi, Irene Friedland, Sarah A. Littlefield, Lauren L. Katzen, Craig Savel, Deborah Boccio, and Saumya RamaRao

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Assessing retention and motivation of public health-care providers (particularly female providers) in rural Pakistan, Ali M. Mir, Gul Rashinda Shaikh, Saleem Shaikh, Neha Mankani, Anushe Hassan, and Maqsood Sadiq

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Assessment of the availability and use of maternal health supplies in the primary health care system in Amhara Region, Ethiopia, Sarah Raifman, Sisay Mellese, Kelemua Hailemariam, Ian Askew, and Annabel Erulkar

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A taxonomy and results from a comprehensive review of 28 maternal health voucher programmes, Benjamin Bellows, Claudia M. Conlon, Elizabeth S. Higgs, John Townsend, Matta G. Nahed, Karen Cavanaugh, Corinne G. Grainger, Jerry Okal, and Anna C. Gorter

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Availability, use and quality of care for medical abortion services—Preliminary results of two components: KIIs and the Pharmacy Study, Wilson Liambila, Harriet Birungi, Francis Onyango, Brian Mdawida, Vitalis Akora, Thoai Ngo, and Kate Reiss

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Challenges in impact evaluation, Anrudh K. Jain

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Community experiences and perceptions of reproductive health vouchers in Kenya, Rebecca Njuki, Francis Obare, Charlotte E. Warren, Timothy Abuya, Jerry Okal, Wilson Mukuna, Lucy Kanya, Ian Askew, Piet Bracke, and Benjamin Bellows

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Community-level impact of the reproductive health vouchers programme on service utilization in Kenya, Francis Obare, Charlotte E. Warren, Rebecca Njuki, Timothy Abuya, Joseph Sunday, Ian Askew, and Benjamin Bellows

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Comprendre les grossesses non désirées au Sénégal: Rapport du Profil Pays, Kaila Clarke, Mohamadou Sall, Babacar Mane, Nafissatou Diop, and Bocar Mamadou Daff

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Cost estimation for scale-up of voucher services in Kenya, Shubhra Kumar, Smita Sanghrajka, and Benjamin Bellows

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Day of dialogue: Expanding opportunities for increased access to emergency contraception (EC) in Nigeria, Population Council

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Day of dialogue: Mainstreaming emergency contraception in the National Family Welfare Program, Population Council

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Demographic dividend, a window of opportunity for development: Implications for South-South cooperation, Selina F. Esantsi

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Distance travelled and cost of transport for use of facility-based maternity services in rural Bangladesh: A cross-sectional survey, Kaji Tamanna Keya, Md. Moshiur Rahman, Ubaidur Rob, and Benjamin Bellows

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Do public health services in Egypt help women exercise their reproductive rights?, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab

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Effectiveness of a comprehensive sexual and gender-based violence prevention project for in-school girls in Swaziland, Swaziland Action Group Against Abuse (SWAGAA)

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Effect of a maternal health voucher scheme on out-of-pocket expenditure and use of delivery care services in rural Bangladesh: A prospective controlled study, Forhana Rahman Noor, Md. Noorunnabi Talukder, and Ubaidur Rob

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Entry into motherhood among adolescent girls in two informal settlements in Nairobi, Kenya, Donatien Beguy, Robert Ndugwa, and Caroline W. Kabiru

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Evaluation of a voucher programme in reducing inequities in maternal health utilization in Cambodia: A quasi-experimental study, Ashish Bajracharya, Benjamin Bellows, and Antonia Dingle

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Feasibility of routine screening for intimate partner violence in public health care settings in Kenya, Chi-Chi Undie, Catherine Maternowska, Margaret Mak'anyengo, and Ian Askew

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Financial incentives and maternal health: Where do we go from here?, Lindsay Morgan, Mary Ellen Stanton, Elizabeth S. Higgs, Robert L. Balster, Benjamin Bellows, Neal Brandes, Alison B. Comfort, Rena Eichler, Amanda Glassman, Laurel Hatt, Claudia M. Conlon, and Marge Koblinsky

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FP2020: A research roadmap, Population Council

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Gender-based violence: A qualitative exploration of norms, experiences and positive deviance, Shireen J. Jejeebhoy, K.G. Santhya, and Shagun Sabarwal

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Increase in facility-based deliveries associated with a maternal health voucher programme in informal settlements in Nairobi, Kenya, Benjamin Bellows, Catherine Kyobutungi, Martin Kavao Mutua, Charlotte E. Warren, and Alex C. Ezeh

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Infographic: Vouchers are Transforming Reproductive Health Access Worldwide, Population Council

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Insights into unmet need in Ghana, Kazuyo Machiyama and John C. Cleland

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Insights into unmet need in Kenya, Kazuyo Machiyama and John C. Cleland

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Insights into unmet need in Senegal, Kazuyo Machiyama and John C. Cleland

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International seminar on "Is access enough? Understanding and addressing unmet need for family planning", IUSSP Scientific Panel on Reproductive Health