Across the globe, girls are systematically excluded from participation in social, economic, and political life. The absence of girls in these arenas has implications not only for the young women themselves but also for society as a whole, exacerbating poverty and perpetuating disparities in health, education, and economic achievement. Internationally, this marginalization makes it difficult or impossible for some countries to achieve society-wide goals, such as the Millennium Development Goals identified by the United Nations as benchmarks to reduce poverty. For a number of years, the Population Council has been studying the causes and effects of girls’ social exclusion in developing countries, with projects in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. This brief examines which girls are most excluded, girls’ social exclusion as a barrier to development, promising strategies for including adolescent girls, and research gaps.
Hallman, Kelly and Eva Roca. 2007. "Reducing the social exclusion of girls," Promoting Healthy, Safe, and Productive Transitions to Adulthood Brief no. 27. New York: Population Council.
The Social Context of HIV: The Addressing the Balance of Burden in AIDS (ABBA) Project