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While all adolescents in India face a rapidly changing economic environment, girls’ life choices are very different from boys’. Girls are much less likely to be engaged in economic activities, and when young women do participate in income-generating activities, it is often in unremunerated home-based work. Even when young women are paid for their labor, they may not retain control of their income. The Population Council and its partners are promoting a “livelihoods approach” that aims to expand the decision-making power of young women by building social networks and developing financial and income-generating capacities. This approach attempts to provide technical and life skills and to transform the ways girls view themselves and are perceived by the community. In 2001, the Council teamed with CARE-India to develop a pilot project for adolescent girls in the urban slums of Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh. The pilot integrated livelihoods activities for adolescent girls into CARE’s reproductive health program for slum dwellers. Promoting Healthy, Safe, and Productive Transitions to Adulthood Brief No. 2 details baseline survey results of this project.