During the 30+ years that the Population Council has been operating in Egypt, Council researchers have examined many facets of young people’s lives, including conducting nationally representative surveys in 1997, 2009, and 2014. This research has documented the marginalization of Egyptian women in the public sphere, including the labor market, as well as gender inequities in mobility and access to schooling. Neqdar Nesharek is a social and economic empowerment program that evolved in response to this research and from the Council’s experience over the last few years working closely with out-of-school girls in Upper Egypt via the Ishraq program. The Neqdar program also builds on the knowledge the Council has gained from implementing adolescent livelihood programs in many countries. This report documents the origins of the Neqdar program, its design and implementation, and its achievements in terms of numbers reached by the program and numbers who were able to start businesses or find jobs. The findings in this report reinforce the importance of an integrated, multisectoral approach, a hallmark of the Council’s approach to programming for adolescent girls and young women.
Ramadan, Nada, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Khaled El Sayed, and Rania Roushdy. 2014. "Enhancing livelihood opportunities for young women in rural Upper Egypt: The Neqdar Nesharek Program," Final report. Cairo: Population Council.