Rates of urbanization in Ethiopia are increasing, and based on available data, HIV prevalence among urban girls who are in-migrants is significantly higher than among girls who are native to the area. Likewise, a significant number of out-of-school girls who migrate end up in low-status, exploitative, or risky professions, such as domestic work and sex work. This study of out-of-school girls in six regions of Ethiopia aimed to explore patterns of migration, transitions into different work roles, and situations that may put out-of-school migrant girls at increased risk of HIV infection or be protective and beneficial. Based on the study’s findings, researchers recommend expanding programs for domestic workers and other migrating girls, particularly targeted at the time of school-leaving or migration which will support particular points of vulnerability for girls. Strategies to channel out-of-school girls into productive and safe livelihoods should be further explored.
Erulkar, Annabel, Girmay Medhin, and Lemi Negeri. 2017. "The journey of out-of-school girls in Ethiopia: Examining migration, livelihoods, and HIV." Addis Ababa: Population Council.