This paper examines the availability of basic public services such as water supply and sanitation in the cities and towns of developing countries, using data drawn from the Demographic and Health Surveys. Inadequate provision of public services can compromise health, hinder economic growth, and stymie efforts to reduce poverty. We find that wide rural-urban gaps remain in service delivery, and that smaller cities-where about half of urban residents live-are notably under-served by comparison with larger cities.
Hewett, Paul C. and Mark R. Montgomery. 2001. "Poverty and public services in developing-country cities," Policy Research Division Working Paper no. 154. New York: Population Council.