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This report offers an assessment of the current situation and needs for the future with regard to training population professionals. As the concerns of population scientists become more diverse and as institutions look beyond the limitations of their own programs, collaborative training programs are increasingly seen as an effective means of maximizing the training experience of students while potentially lowering overall costs. While it is clear that the most desirable situation is one in which population experts are trained primarily in high-quality institutions located in their own countries or regions, it is equally clear that this scenario is not likely to be achieved in the near future. Moreover, until career opportunities for trained population scientists improve in the developing world, many of those trained outside their own country may not return after their training is complete. The report includes recommendations focusing on graduate-level education and support for highly trained population professionals, directed toward three of the primary actors in the training of population scientists: 1) universities providing graduate training in population, 2) professional associations of population scientists, and 3) donors supporting population scientists in developing countries.