The effect of women's status on infant and child mortality in four rural areas of Bangladesh
In South Asia women are often the primary decision-makers regarding child health care, family health and nutrition. This paper examines the proposition that constraints on women's status adversely affect the survival of their children. Survey data are used to construct indices of women's household autonomy and authority, which are then linked to longitudinal data on survival of their children. Proportional hazard models indicate that enhanced autonomy significantly decreases post-neonatal mortality. Enhanced household authority significantly decreases child mortality. A simulation based on estimated effects of eliminating gender inequality suggests that achieving complete gender equality could reduce child mortality by nearly fifty per cent and post-neonatal mortality by one-third.
Hossain, Mian Bazle, James F. Phillips, and Brian Wells Pence. 2007. "The effect of women's status on infant and child mortality in four rural areas of Bangladesh," Journal of Biosocial Science 39(3): 355–366.