This paper addresses gender equity in parents’ educational investments in children in a context of rising school attendance in rural Bangladesh. Using data from the nationally representative 2005 Bangladesh Adolescent Survey, we analyze correlates of time spent in school, studying outside school, and work, using a data set on time-use patterns of schoolgoing children and adolescents. We find that time spent in work varies inversely with the amount of time spent studying at home, while time at school shows no such association. We find support for two hypotheses regarding household influences on education: that time spent in school is insensitive to factors such as poverty and gender; and that time spent studying outside school is strongly influenced by household decisions that favor boys, who appear to have about 30 minutes more discretionary study time than girls.
Amin, Sajeda and S. Chandrasekhar. 2009. "Looking beyond universal primary education: Gender differences in time use among children in rural Bangladesh," Poverty, Gender, and Youth Working Paper no. 17. New York: Population Council.