This program brief describes a Population Council initiative in three low-income areas of Ethiopia. Kalkidan (Amharic for “Promise”) is a three-year program designed to increase discussion and information-sharing on HIV and related topics between marital partners; to promote HIV prevention and health service utilization within marriage, including prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV; and to build husbands’ support of their wives, as well as investment in their health and that of their children. Kalkidan recruits and trains community-based mentors to lead parallel discussion groups of husbands and wives, who periodically come together for joint sessions. The Population Council is measuring changes associated with Kalkidan through a pre- and post-intervention survey that will measure the impact of the project on the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs at the population level.
Dessalegn, Banchiamlack and Annabel Erulkar. 2013. "Kalkidan ('Promise'): Addressing marital transmission of HIV in Ethiopia," program brief. Addis Ababa: Population Council.
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