Rates of urbanization in Kenya are among the highest in the world and young people form a large proportion of those moving from rural to urban areas of the country. For many young people, the first point of entry into urban areas are the slums. Adolescents and young people make up a significant proportion of the slum-dwelling population, yet little is known about their experiences growing up in these poor urban environments. This population-based study of adolescents took place in the Kibera slum in Nairobi, Kenya, in 2006. The study explores the adolescent experience in one of Africa’s largest slum areas. The study examines the experience of adolescents aged 10–19, with emphasis on understanding how different groups of young people experience life in these settings. The findings presented in this report are meant to build a nuanced picture of adolescence in urban slum areas, and to contribute to context-appropriate programming for these young people.
Erulkar, Annabel and James K. Matheka. 2007. "Adolescence in the Kibera slums of Nairobi, Kenya." Nairobi: Population Council.