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In India, policies and programs have increasingly recognized the need to actively engage parents in enabling adolescents to make safe and healthy transitions to adulthood. The design of appropriate strategies to engage parents is, however, hampered by the paucity of evidence available. Little is known about the socialization of daughters and sons, the extent to which socialization practices differ for daughters and sons, and the extent to and ways in which parents communicate sensitive matters to their adolescent children. Similarly, research is limited that sheds light on the role of socialization patterns and parental interaction in influencing young people’s schooling outcomes, decision-making ability, self-efficacy, gender-role attitudes, civic participation, or ability to exercise informed and safe choices in sexual and reproductive matters. For the first time, data are available at the state level that shed light on socialization and parent–youth interaction patterns from both the perspectives of young men and women and of parents. This brief describes the relationships reported by youth and parents, and underscores the extent to which socialization patterns and the nature of interaction with parents play a key role in influencing young people’s lives.






Youth in India: Situation and Needs Study