Document Type

Working Paper

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This study evaluates the difference between male and female job search behavior in the Egyptian labor market and the changes in this behavior between 1998 and 2006, in order to examine the effect of transition toward a market-oriented economy on job search activity. The paper also investigates the determinants of women’s job search behavior. The results reveal three alarming facts that raise worries about women’s labor force participation and their future labor market outcomes: women were less active job searchers than men, the gender gap in job search has widened, and this gap is even wider when excluding registration in government employment offices from the set of job search methods used. Hence, transforming to a market economy has not been accompanied with the necessary transformation in labor market institutions. In a labor market dominated by the private sector, on-the-job search plays a significant role in determining and enhancing labor market outcomes