Domestic work is characterized by excessive working hours, extremely low pay or no pay at all, and conditions that make the profession exploitive in many cases. Evidence is emerging that domestic work is a feeder profession for sex work. One study of more than 2,000 commercial sex workers in Ethiopia found that 42 percent were former domestic workers. However, little is known about transitions to commercial sex work or commercial sexual exploitation in Tanzania. The objective of the research detailed in this brief was to expand the understanding of child domestic workers and commercial sex workers/girls who are commercially sexually exploited. It is anticipated that research results will bring greater programmatic attention to the rights and protection of domestic workers and commercial sex workers, enforcement of minimum basic standards related to domestic work, and improved programs to help girls and young women transition into safer and more productive forms of work. This study took place in two districts each of Dar es Salaam and Mwanza, two of the largest cities in Tanzania.
Matheka, James K., Elizabeth Shayo, and Annabel Erulkar. 2020. "Domestic work, sexual abuse, and exploitation in Tanzania," brief. New York: Population Council.