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Submissions from 2021

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Socioeconomic inequality in exclusive breastfeeding behavior and ideation factors for social behavioral change in three north-western Nigerian states: A cross-sectional study, Dele Abegunde, Paul Hutchinson, Udochisom Anaba, Foyeke Oyedokun-Adebagbo, Emily White Johansson, Bamikale J. Feyisetan, and Emma Mtiro

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Incentive preferences for community health volunteers in Kenya: Findings from a discrete choice experiment, Timothy Abuya, Daniel Mwanga, Melvin Obadha, Charity Ndwiga, George Odwe, Daniel Kavoo, John Wanyugu, Charlotte E. Warren, and Smisha Agarwal

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Optimizing maternal, newborn, and child health outcomes through use of multidisciplinary 'IMPROVE' teams in Lesotho: Costing component, Adebiyi Adesina, Rachael Linder, and Lori Bollinger

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Understanding community health worker incentive preferences in Uganda using a discrete choice experiment, Smisha Agarwal, Timothy Abuya, Richard Kintu, Daniel Mwanga, Melvin Obadha, Shivani Pandya, and Charlotte E. Warren

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The knowledge of danger signs of obstetric complications among women in rural India: Evaluating an integrated microfinance and health literacy program, Danish Ahmad, Itismita Mohanty, Avishek Hazra, and Theo Niyonsenga

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Editorial: Advancing community health measurement, policy, and practice, Benjamin Bellows and Charlotte E. Warren

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Diet diversity among pregnant women and young children—Insights for improving malaria, family planning, and maternal and child health outcomes in northwestern Nigeria through social and behavior change programming, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing care seeking for children with fever among women in Kebbi State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing care seeking for children with fever among women in Sokoto State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing care seeking for children with fever among women in Zamfara State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Karfafa neman maganin zazzabi da kulawa ga yara a tsakanin matan jihar Kebbi, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Karfafa neman maganin zazzabi da kulawa ga yara a tsakanin matan jihar Sokoto, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Karfafa neman maganin zazzabi da kulawa ga yara a tsakanin matan jihar Zamfara, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Strengthening social and behavior change measurement in the RISE II Program, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Advancements in postpartum hemorrhage care (APPHC): Overview of portfolio development and research studies in Madagascar, Breakthrough RESEARCH and USAID's Health Evaluation and Applied Research Development

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Advancements in postpartum hemorrhage care (APPHC): Overview of portfolio development and research studies in Malawi, Breakthrough RESEARCH and USAID's Health Evaluation and Applied Research Development

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Advancing postpartum hemorrhage care (APPHC): Partnership approach and portfolio overview, Breakthrough RESEARCH and USAID's Health Evaluation and Applied Research Development

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Chipatala cha pa Foni, Malawi's 'Health Center by Phone,' improving information given about pregnancy-related symptoms, Breakthrough RESEARCH and VillageReach

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Association of delayed treatment of chlamydial infection and gonorrhea in pregnancy and preterm birth, Emily R. Burdette, Marisa R. Young, Carolynn M. Dude, Kristin M. Wall, and Lisa Haddad

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Improving primary health care delivery in Bihar, India: Learning from piloting and statewide scale-up of Ananya, Gary L. Darmstadt, Kevin T. Pepper, Victoria C. Ward, Sridhar Srikantiah, Tanmay Mahapatra, Usha Kiran Tarigopula, Debarshi Bhattacharya, Laili Irani, Janine Schooley, Indrajit Chaudhuri, Priyanka Dutt, Padmapriya Sastry, Radharani Mitra, Sara Chamberlain, Sophia Monaghan, Priya Nanda, Yamini Atmavilas, Niranjan Saggurti, Evan Borkum, Anu Rangarajan, Kala M. Mehta, Safa Abdalla, Jess Wilhelm, Yingjie Weng, Suzan L. Carmichael, Hina Raheel, Jason Bentley, Wolfgang Munar, Andreea A. Creanga, Shamik Trehan, Dilys Walker, and Hemant Shah

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Pathways to service access for pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in rural Bangladesh: Exploring women's care-seeking, Amy Dempsey, Pooja Sripad, Kanij Sultana, Karen Kirk, Sharif M.I. Hossain, and Charlotte E. Warren

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The role of unintended pregnancy in internalized stigma among women living with HIV in Kenya, Sara Chace Dwyer, Aparna Jain, Wilson Liambila, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Barriers inhibiting effective detection and management of postpartum hemorrhage during facility-based births in Madagascar: Findings from a qualitative study using a behavioral science lens, Sara V. Flanagan, Tina Razafinamanana, Charlotte E. Warren, and Jana Smith

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Exploring community health worker roles, support, and experiences in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in Kenya, Frontline Health Project

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Health data reporting challenges in Mopti, Mali: Results and implications from a mixed-methods study, Frontline Health Project

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Preferred incentives for improving Ugandan community health worker job satisfaction and retention, Frontline Health Project

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Using evidence to advocate for the professional growth of community health workers in Bangladesh, Frontline Health Project

Webinar: Community health measurement, learning, policy and practice, Frontline Health Project

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Assessing the performance of community health workers in Haiti: Key findings from a mixed-methods study, Frontline Health Project and Zanmi Lasante

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Évaluation de la performance des agents de santé communautaires en Haïti: principales conclusions d’une étude à méthodologie mixte, Frontline Health Project and Zanmi Lasante

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Exploring community health worker roles, support, and experiences in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in Haiti, Frontline Health Project and Zanmi Lasante

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Development and validation of a multi-dimensional scale to assess community health worker motivation, Ann Gottert, Tracy McClair, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Sina Pascal Dakouo, Timothy Abuya, Karen Kirk, Benjamin Bellows, Smisha Agarwal, Sarah Kennedy, Charlotte E. Warren, and Pooja Sripad

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Acceptability and potential effectiveness of eHealth tools for training primary health workers From Nigeria at scale: Mixed methods, uncontrolled before-and-after study, Joseph Paul Hicks, Matthew John Allsop, Godwin O. Akaba, Ramsey M. Yalma, Osasuyi Dirisu, Babasola Okusanya, Jamilu Tukur, Kehinde Okunade, David Akeju, Adegbenga Ajepe, Okey Okuzu, Tolib Mirzoev, and Bassey Ebenso

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Measuring quality of care at the community level using the contraceptive method information index plus and client reported experience metrics in Bangladesh, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Pooja Sripad, Brady Zieman, Shongkour Roy, Sarah Kennedy, Md. Irfan Hossain, and Benjamin Bellows

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Prevalence and determinants of chronic kidney disease in women with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy in Nigeria: A cohort study, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Timothy Olusegun Olanrewaju, Joyce L. Browne, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Gbenga A. Kayode, Arie Franx, Diederick E. Grobbee, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Persistent hypertension up to one year postpartum among women with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy in a low-resource setting: A prospective cohort study, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Jamilu Tukur, Innocent Agbo, Gbenga A. Kayode, Lamaran M. Dattijo, Lawal Oyeneyin, Charlotte E. Warren, Olorunfemi O. Owa, Hanifah D. Abubakar, Karima Tunau, Patience O. Odusolu, Abdulkarim Musa, Azubuike K. Onyebuchi, Baffah M. Aminu, Arie Franx, Diederick E. Grobbee, and Joyce L. Browne

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Metabolic syndrome following hypertensive disorders in pregnancy in a low-resource setting: A cohort study, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Karima Tunau, Oboirien A. Khadijat, Innocent Agbo, Lawal Oyeneyin, Jamilu Tukur, Joyce L. Browne, Gbenga A. Kayode, Azubuike K. Onyebuchi, Lamaran M. Dattijo, Baffah M. Aminu, Olorunfemi O. Owa, Patience O. Odusolu, Charlotte E. Warren, Hanifah D. Abubakar, Abdulkarim Musa, Arie Franx, and Diederick E. Grobbee

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Introduction of digital reporting platform to integrate community-level data into health information systems is feasible and acceptable among various community health stakeholders: A mixed-methods pilot study in Mopti, Mali, Karen Kirk, Tracy McClair, Sina Pascal Dakouo, Timothy Abuya, and Pooja Sripad

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Changes in community knowledge and attitudes related to female genital fistula following the implementation of a multi-component intervention in Nigeria and Uganda, Karen Kirk, Pooja Sripad, Charity Ndwiga, Emmanuel Nwala, George Odwe, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Vulnerability of agriculture to climate change increases the risk of child malnutrition: Evidence from a large-scale observational study in India, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Monika Walia, Chitiprolu Anantha Rama Rao, Bellapukonda Murali Krishna Raju, and Niranjan Saggurti

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The Client Empowerment in Community Health Systems Scale: Development and validation in three countries, Tracy McClair, Pooja Sripad, Alain Casseus, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Timothy Abuya, and Ann Gottert

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Patterns of financial incentives in primary healthcare settings in Nigeria: Implications for the productivity of frontline health workers, Ekechi Okereke, George I. Eluwa, Akinwumi Akinola, Ibrahim Suleiman, Godwin Unumeri, and Sylvia Adebajo

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Adherence to guidelines in postpartum management of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy in tertiary health facilities in Nigeria: A multi-centre study, Lawal Oyeneyin, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Azubuike K. Onyebuchi, Innocent Agbo, Lamaran M. Dattijo, Baffah M. Aminu, Gbenga A. Kayode, Olorunfemi O. Owa, Patience O. Odusolu, Karima Tunau, Jamilu Tukur, Charlotte E. Warren, Hanifah D. Abubakar, Abdulkarim Musa, Arie Franx, Diederick E. Grobbee, and Joyce L. Browne

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Are the poor catching up with the rich in utilising maternal health care services? Evidence from India, Sohini Paul

Webinar—Applying Global Goods: Community Health Guidelines, Measurement and Planning Tools, Population Council and Frontline Health Project

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Socio-economic inequality in anthropometric failure among children aged under 5 years in India: Evidence from the Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey 2016–18, Akash Porwal, Rajib Acharya, Sana Ashraf, Praween Kumar Agrawal, Sowmya Ramesh, Nizamuddin Khan, Avina Sarna, and Robert Johnston

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Measuring barriers to fistula care: Investigating composite measures for targeted fistula programming in Nigeria and Uganda, Pooja Sripad, Elly Arnoff, Charlotte E. Warren, and Vandana Tripathi

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"Eternally restarting" or "a branch line of continuity"? Exploring consequences of external shocks on community health systems in Haiti, Pooja Sripad, Alain Casseus, Sarah Kennedy, Benito Isaac, Kenia Vissieres, Charlotte E. Warren, and Ralph Ternier

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Measuring client trust in community health workers: A multi-country validation study, Pooja Sripad, Tracy McClair, Alain Casseus, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Timothy Abuya, and Ann Gottert

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Optimizing maternal and child health outcomes through use of multidisciplinary 'IMPROVE' teams in Lesotho, Appolinaire Tiam, Vincent Tukei, Lauren Greenberg, Shannon Viana, Heather Hoffman, Laura Guay, Ramatlapeng Thabelo, Tsietso Mots'oane, and Matsepeli Nchephe

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Community-based postnatal care services for women and newborns in Kenya: An opportunity to improve quality and access?, Brady Zieman, Timothy Abuya, Daniel Mwanga, John Wanyungu, Charlotte E. Warren, and Pooja Sripad

Submissions from 2020

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Trends in maternal health services in Bangladesh before, during and after COVID-19 lockdowns: Evidence from national routine service data, Sigma Ainul, Md. Saddam Hossain, Md. Irfan Hossain, Md. Kamruzzaman Bhuiyan, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Ubaidur Rob, and Ashish Bajracharya

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Breastfeeding: Insights for improving malaria, family planning, and maternal and child health outcomes in northwestern Nigeria through social and behavior change research, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Care-seeking and treatment for sick children—Insights for improving malaria, family planning, and maternal and child health outcomes in northwestern Nigeria through social and behavior change programming, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing use of antenatal care services among women in Kebbi State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing use of antenatal care services among women in Sokoto State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Increasing use of antenatal care services among women in Zamfara State, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Ƙaruwar amfani da ayyukan awon-ciki tsakanin mata a jihar Kebbi, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Karuwar amfani da ayyukan awon-ciki tsakanin mata a jihar Sokoto, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Ƙaruwar amfani da ayyukan awon-ciki tsakanin mata a jihar Zamfara, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Malaria: Insights for improving malaria, family planning, and maternal and child health outcomes in northwestern Nigeria through social and behavior change programming, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Obstacles limitant la détection et la prise en charge de l’HPP par les prestataires de soins de santé à Madagascar, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Perceptions and use of non-pneumatic anti-shock garments for management of postpartum hemorrhage in Malawi, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Piloting respectful maternity care solutions: Research findings from a study in Zambia, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Pregnancy and childbirth: Insights for improving malaria, family planning, and maternal and child health outcomes in northwestern Nigeria through social and behavior change programming, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Prestation de soins de maternels respectueux: conclusions d'une evaluation à petite echelle à Chipata en Zambie, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Provider provision of respectful maternity care: Findings from a small scale evaluation in Chipata, Zambia, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Routine childhood immunization—Insights for improving malaria, family planning, and maternal and child health outcomes in northwestern Nigeria through social and behavior change programming, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Test pilote de solutions pour des soins maternels respectueux: conclusions de recherches d'une etude menee en Zambie, Breakthrough RESEARCH

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Barriers inhibiting detection and management of postpartum hemorrhage by providers in Madagascar, Breakthrough RESEARCH and USAID's Health Evaluation and Applied Research Development

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Looking at the bigger picture: Effect of performance-based contracting of district health services on equity of access to maternal health services in Zambia, Collins Chansa, Mulenga Mukanu, Chitalu Miriam Chama-Chiliba, Mpuma Kamanga, Nicholas Chikwenya, Benjamin Bellows, and Naasegnibe Kuunibe

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Examining user fee reductions in public primary healthcare facilities in Kenya, 1997–2012: Effects on the use and content of antenatal care, Mardieh Dennis, Lenka Benova, Catherine Goodman, Edwine Barasa, Timothy Abuya, and Oona M.R. Campbell

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"I think this is the only challenge… the stigma” Stakeholder perceptions about barriers to antenatal care (ANC) and prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) uptake in Kano state, Nigeria, Osasuyi Dirisu, George I. Eluwa, Eseoghene Adams, Kwasi Torpey, Oladapo Shittu, and Sylvia Adebajo

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Frontline Health: Harmonizing metrics, advancing evidence, accelerating policy—Project overview brief, Frontline Health Project

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Scales to measure motivation among community health workers, and trust and empowerment among their clients: A guide, Frontline Health Project

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The community health system in Bangladesh: An overview, Frontline Health Project

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The community health system in Haiti: An overview, Frontline Health Project

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The community health system in Mali: An overview, Frontline Health Project

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The community health system in the DRC: An overview, Frontline Health Project

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Proximal and contextual correlates of childhood stunting in India: A geo-spatial analysis, Ashish Kumar Gupta and K.G. Santhya

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Promoting respectful maternity care for adolescents in Ghana: A quasi-experimental study protocol, Helen H. Habib, Kwasi Torpey, Ernest Tei Maya, and Augustine Ankomah

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Behavioral Sentinel Surveillance Survey in Nigeria, Emily White Johansson, Paul Hutchinson, Elizabeth Omoluabi, Akanni Akinyemi, Andrea Smith, J. Clint Welty, Udochisom Anaba, Dominique Meekers, Alejandra Leyton, Dele Abegunde, and Paul C. Hewett

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Upholding rights under COVID-19: The Respectful Maternity Care Charter, R. Rima Jolivet, Charlotte E. Warren, Pooja Sripad, Elena Ateva, Jewel Gausman, Kate Mitchell, Hagar Palgi Hacker, Emma Sacks, and Ana Langer

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Determinants of low birth weight in India: An investigation from the National Family Health Survey, Nizamuddin Khan, Arupendra Mozumdar, and Supreet Kaur

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High Impact Practices—Task sharing for hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: Improving early detection and management of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, Karen Kirk

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“What’s in a name?”: Exploring inconsistent and contradictory definitions and clinical guidelines for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy from published literature from Nigeria and Bangladesh, Karen Kirk and Charlotte E. Warren

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Preprint—Family and provider perceptions of quality of care in the management of sick young infants in primary health care settings in four counties of Kenya, Samuel Mbugua, Jesse Gitaka, Tabither Gitau, George Odwe, Peter Mwaura, Wilson Liambila, Charity Ndwiga, Kezia K'Oduol, Charlotte E. Warren, and Timothy Abuya

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Validating women's reports of antenatal and postnatal care received in Bangladesh, Cambodia and Kenya, Katharine McCarthy, Ann K. Blanc, Charlotte E. Warren, Ashish Bajracharya, and Benjamin Bellows

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High Impact Practices—Encouraging empowerment and self-care through participatory women’s groups and group antenatal care: Supporting women to be at the center of their own care as active participants, Tracy McClair

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Clinical presentation and outcomes of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia at a national hospital, Kenya: A retrospective cohort study, Charity Ndwiga, George Odwe, Pooja Sripad, Omondi Ogutu, Alfred Osoti, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Exploring communities’ perceptions of the etiology of illnesses in newborns and young infants 0–59 days old in 4 counties in Kenya, George Odwe, Charity Ndwiga, Chantalle Okondo, Pooja Sripad, Timothy Abuya, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Female clients' gender preferences for frontline health workers who provide maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) services at primary health care level in Nigeria, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Akinwumi Akinola, George I. Eluwa, and Sylvia Adebajo

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Inequality in the utilisation of maternal healthcare services: Evidence from Indian states, Sohini Paul

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Overview of High Impact Practices for Improved Prevention, Detection, and Management of Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy, Population Council

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Progesterone vaginal ring as a new contraceptive option for lactating mothers: Evidence from a multicenter non-randomized comparative clinical trial in India, Malabika Roy, Avishek Hazra, Ruth Merkatz, Marlena Gehret Plagianos, Mohcine Alami, L.N. Gaur, Kumudha Aruldas, Heather Sussman, Bruce Variano, and Régine Sitruk-Ware

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Knowledge of pharmacy workers on antihypertensive and anticonvulsant drugs for managing pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in Bangladesh, Shongkour Roy, Kanij Sultana, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Protecting newborn infants during the COVID-19 pandemic should be based on evidence and equity, Emma Sacks, Pooja Sripad, Charity Ndwiga, Peter Waiswa, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Association between modern contraceptive use and child mortality in India: A calendar data analysis of the National Family Health Survey (2015–16), Ankita Shukla, Abhishek Kumar, Arupendra Mozumdar, Kumudha Aruldas, Rajib Acharya, F. Ram, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Barriers to provision of respectful maternity care in Zambia: Results from a qualitative study through the lens of behavioral science, Jana Smith, Rachel Banay, Emily Zimmerman, Vivien Caetano, Maurice Musheke, and Ameck Kamanga

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Reducing barriers to accessing fistula repair in Nigeria and Uganda: An implementation research study, Pooja Sripad, Elly Arnoff, Charity Ndwiga, George Odwe, and Emmanuel Nwala