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Submissions from 2021

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Optimizing maternal, newborn, and child health outcomes through use of multidisciplinary 'IMPROVE' teams in Lesotho: Costing component, Adebiyi Adesina, Rachael Linder, and Lori Bollinger

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Understanding community health worker incentive preferences in Uganda using a discrete choice experiment, Smisha Agarwal, Timothy Abuya, Richard Kintu, Daniel Mwanga, Melvin Obadha, Shivani Pandya, and Charlotte E. Warren

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The knowledge of danger signs of obstetric complications among women in rural India: Evaluating an integrated microfinance and health literacy program, Danish Ahmad, Itismita Mohanty, Avishek Hazra, and Theo Niyonsenga

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Editorial: Advancing community health measurement, policy, and practice, Benjamin Bellows and Charlotte E. Warren

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Improving primary health care delivery in Bihar, India: Learning from piloting and statewide scale-up of Ananya, Gary L. Darmstadt, Kevin T. Pepper, Victoria C. Ward, Sridhar Srikantiah, Tanmay Mahapatra, Usha Kiran Tarigopula, Debarshi Bhattacharya, Laili Irani, Janine Schooley, Indrajit Chaudhuri, Priyanka Dutt, Padmapriya Sastry, Radharani Mitra, Sara Chamberlain, Sophia Monaghan, Priya Nanda, Yamini Atmavilas, Niranjan Saggurti, Evan Borkum, Anu Rangarajan, Kala M. Mehta, Safa Abdalla, Jess Wilhelm, Yingjie Weng, Suzan L. Carmichael, Hina Raheel, Jason Bentley, Wolfgang Munar, Andreea A. Creanga, Shamik Trehan, Dilys Walker, and Hemant Shah

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Pathways to service access for pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in rural Bangladesh: Exploring women's care-seeking, Amy Dempsey, Pooja Sripad, Kanij Sultana, Karen Kirk, Sharif M.I. Hossain, and Charlotte E. Warren

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The role of unintended pregnancy in internalized stigma among women living with HIV in Kenya, Sara Chace Dwyer, Aparna Jain, Wilson Liambila, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Preferred incentives for improving Ugandan community health worker job satisfaction and retention, Frontline Health Project

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Using evidence to advocate for the professional growth of community health workers in Bangladesh, Frontline Health Project

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Assessing the performance of community health workers in Haiti: Key findings from a mixed-methods study, Frontline Health Project and Zanmi Lasante

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Évaluation de la performance des agents de santé communautaires en Haïti: principales conclusions d’une étude à méthodologie mixte, Frontline Health Project and Zanmi Lasante

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Development and validation of a multi-dimensional scale to assess community health worker motivation, Ann Gottert and Tracy McClair

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Measuring quality of care at the community level using the contraceptive method information index plus and client reported experience metrics in Bangladesh, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Pooja Sripad, Brady Zieman, Shongkour Roy, Sarah Kennedy, Md. Irfan Hossain, and Benjamin Bellows

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Introduction of digital reporting platform to integrate community-level data into health information systems is feasible and acceptable among various community health stakeholders: A mixed-methods pilot study in Mopti, Mali, Karen Kirk, Tracy McClair, Sina Pascal Dakouo, Timothy Abuya, and Pooja Sripad

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The Client Empowerment in Community Health Systems Scale: Development and validation in three countries, Tracy McClair, Pooja Sripad, Alain Casseus, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Timothy Abuya, and Ann Gottert

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Reducing barriers to accessing fistula repair in Nigeria and Uganda: An implementation research study, Pooja Sripad, Elly Arnoff, Charity Ndwiga, George Odwe, and Emmanuel Nwala

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"Eternally restarting" or "a branch line of continuity"? Exploring consequences of external shocks on community health systems in Haiti, Pooja Sripad, Alain Casseus, Sarah Kennedy, Benito Isaac, Kenia Vissieres, Charlotte E. Warren, and Ralph Ternier

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Measuring client trust in community health workers: A multi-country validation study, Pooja Sripad, Tracy McClair, Alain Casseus, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Timothy Abuya, and Ann Gottert

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Optimizing maternal and child health outcomes through use of multidisciplinary 'IMPROVE' teams in Lesotho, Appolinaire Tiam, Vincent Tukei, Lauren Greenberg, Shannon Viana, Heather Hoffman, Laura Guay, Ramatlapeng Thabelo, Tsietso Mots'oane, and Matsepeli Nchephe

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Community-based postnatal care services for women and newborns in Kenya: An opportunity to improve quality and access?, Brady Zieman, Timothy Abuya, Daniel Mwanga, John Wanyungu, Charlotte E. Warren, and Pooja Sripad

Submissions from 2020

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Trends in maternal health services in Bangladesh before, during and after COVID-19 lockdowns: Evidence from national routine service data, Sigma Ainul, Md. Saddam Hossain, Md. Irfan Hossain, Md. Kamruzzaman Bhuiyan, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Ubaidur Rob, and Ashish Bajracharya

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Looking at the bigger picture: Effect of performance-based contracting of district health services on equity of access to maternal health services in Zambia, Collins Chansa, Mulenga Mukanu, Chitalu Miriam Chama-Chiliba, Mpuma Kamanga, Nicholas Chikwenya, Benjamin Bellows, and Naasegnibe Kuunibe

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Examining user fee reductions in public primary healthcare facilities in Kenya, 1997–2012: Effects on the use and content of antenatal care, Mardieh Dennis, Lenka Benova, Catherine Goodman, Edwine Barasa, Timothy Abuya, and Oona M.R. Campbell

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"I think this is the only challenge… the stigma” Stakeholder perceptions about barriers to antenatal care (ANC) and prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) uptake in Kano state, Nigeria, Osasuyi Dirisu, George I. Eluwa, Eseoghene Adams, Kwasi Torpey, Oladapo Shittu, and Sylvia Adebajo

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Frontline Health: Harmonizing metrics, advancing evidence, accelerating policy—Project overview brief, Frontline Health Project

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Scales to measure motivation among community health workers, and trust and empowerment among their clients: A guide, Frontline Health Project

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The community health system in Bangladesh: An overview, Frontline Health Project

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The community health system in Haiti: An overview, Frontline Health Project

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The community health system in Mali: An overview, Frontline Health Project

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The community health system in the DRC: An overview, Frontline Health Project

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Proximal and contextual correlates of childhood stunting in India: A geo-spatial analysis, Ashish Kumar Gupta and K.G. Santhya

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Promoting respectful maternity care for adolescents in Ghana: A quasi-experimental study protocol, Helen H. Habib, Kwasi Torpey, Ernest Tei Maya, and Augustine Ankomah

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Upholding rights under COVID-19: The Respectful Maternity Care Charter, R. Rima Jolivet, Charlotte E. Warren, Pooja Sripad, Elena Ateva, Jewel Gausman, Kate Mitchell, Hagar Palgi Hacker, Emma Sacks, and Ana Langer

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Determinants of low birth weight in India: An investigation from the National Family Health Survey, Nizamuddin Khan, Arupendra Mozumdar, and Supreet Kaur

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High Impact Practices—Task sharing for hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: Improving early detection and management of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, Karen Kirk

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“What’s in a name?”: Exploring inconsistent and contradictory definitions and clinical guidelines for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy from published literature from Nigeria and Bangladesh, Karen Kirk and Charlotte E. Warren

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Preprint—Family and provider perceptions of quality of care in the management of sick young infants in primary health care settings in four counties of Kenya, Samuel Mbugua, Jesse Gitaka, Tabither Gitau, George Odwe, Peter Mwaura, Wilson Liambila, Charity Ndwiga, Kezia K'Oduol, Charlotte E. Warren, and Timothy Abuya

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Validating women's reports of antenatal and postnatal care received in Bangladesh, Cambodia and Kenya, Katharine McCarthy, Ann K. Blanc, Charlotte E. Warren, Ashish Bajracharya, and Benjamin Bellows

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High Impact Practices—Encouraging empowerment and self-care through participatory women’s groups and group antenatal care: Supporting women to be at the center of their own care as active participants, Tracy McClair

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Clinical presentation and outcomes of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia at a national hospital, Kenya: A retrospective cohort study, Charity Ndwiga, George Odwe, Pooja Sripad, Omondi Ogutu, Alfred Osoti, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Exploring communities’ perceptions of the etiology of illnesses in newborns and young infants 0–59 days old in 4 counties in Kenya, George Odwe, Charity Ndwiga, Chantalle Okondo, Pooja Sripad, Timothy Abuya, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Female clients' gender preferences for frontline health workers who provide maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) services at primary health care level in Nigeria, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Akinwumi Akinola, George I. Eluwa, and Sylvia Adebajo

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Overview of High Impact Practices for Improved Prevention, Detection, and Management of Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy, Population Council

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Progesterone vaginal ring as a new contraceptive option for lactating mothers: Evidence from a multicenter non-randomized comparative clinical trial in India, Malabika Roy, Avishek Hazra, Ruth Merkatz, Marlena Gehret Plagianos, Mohcine Alami, L.N. Gaur, Kumudha Aruldas, Heather Sussman, Bruce Variano, and Régine Sitruk-Ware

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Knowledge of pharmacy workers on antihypertensive and anticonvulsant drugs for managing pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in Bangladesh, Shongkour Roy, Kanij Sultana, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Protecting newborn infants during the COVID-19 pandemic should be based on evidence and equity, Emma Sacks, Pooja Sripad, Charity Ndwiga, Peter Waiswa, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Association between modern contraceptive use and child mortality in India: A calendar data analysis of the National Family Health Survey (2015–16), Ankita Shukla, Abhishek Kumar, Arupendra Mozumdar, Kumudha Aruldas, Rajib Acharya, F. Ram, and Niranjan Saggurti

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Barriers to provision of respectful maternity care in Zambia: Results from a qualitative study through the lens of behavioral science, Jana Smith, Rachel Banay, Emily Zimmerman, Vivien Caetano, Maurice Musheke, and Ameck Kamanga

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Removing barriers to fistula care: Applying appreciative inquiry to improve access to screening and treatment in Nigeria and Uganda, Vandana Tripathi, Elly Arnoff, and Pooja Sripad

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Effect of sharing health messages on antenatal care behavior among women involved in microfinance-based self-help groups in Bihar India, Monika Walia, Laili Irani, Indrajit Chaudhuri, Yamini Atmavilas, and Niranjan Saggurti

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High Impact Practices—Detecting and managing hypertension in the extended postnatal period: Preventing postnatal pre-eclampsia and eclampsia, Charlotte E. Warren

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A primary health care model for managing pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in low- and middle- income countries, Charlotte E. Warren, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Deborah Armbruster, and Emily Hillman

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High blood pressure: Pregnant and postpartum women face hidden danger, Charlotte E. Warren and Pooja Sripad

Submissions from 2019

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Understanding incentive preferences of community health workers using discrete choice experiments: A multicountry protocol for Kenya, Uganda, Bangladesh and Haiti, Smisha Agarwal, Udochisom Anaba, Timothy Abuya, Richard Kintu, Alain Casseus, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Melvin Obad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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A conceptual framework for measuring community health workforce performance within primary health care systems, Smisha Agarwal, Pooja Sripad, Caroline Johnson, Karen Kirk, Benjamin Bellows, Joseph Ana, Vince Blaser, Meghan Bruce Kumar, Kathleen Buchholz, Alain Casseus, Nan Chen, Hannah Sarah Faich Dini, Rachel Hoy Deussom, David Jacobstein, Richard Kintu, Nazo Kureshy, Lory Meoli, Lilian Otiso, Neil Pakenham-Walsh, Jérôme Pfaffmann Zambruni, Mallika Raghavan, Ryan Schwarz, John Townsend, Brittney Varpilah, William Weiss, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Reducing barriers to accessing fistula repair: Implementation research in Uganda, Justus Barageine, Charity Ndwiga, Hassan Kanakulya, and Pooja Sripad

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Dataset: Validating indicators of family planning, maternal and newborn care—Cambodia, Bangladesh and Kenya, Ann K. Blanc

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Cost and cost-effectiveness of health behavior change interventions implemented with self-help groups in Bihar, India, S. Chandrashekar, S. Saha, B. Varghese, L. Mohan, G. Shetty, Akash Porwal, Avishek Hazra, Subrato Mondal, and Rajshree Das

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Initiation and continuity of maternal healthcare: Examining the role of vouchers and user-fee removal on maternal health service use in Kenya, Mardieh Dennis, Lenka Benova, Timothy Abuya, Matteo Quartagno, Benjamin Bellows, and Oona M.R. Campbell

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An assessment of human resources for health hiring, deployment and retention, procedures and practices in Cross river and Bauchi states, Nigeria, Osasuyi Dirisu, Akinwumi Akinola, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, Aisha Jibril, and George I. Eluwa

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Medical and non-medical reasons for cesarean section delivery in Egypt: A hospital-based retrospective study, Shatha El-Nakib, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Doaa Oraby, and Nevine Hassanein

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Effects of health behaviour change intervention through women's self-help groups on maternal and newborn health practices and related inequalities in rural India: A quasi-experimental study, Avishek Hazra, Yamini Atmavilas, Katherine Hay, Niranjan Saggurti, Raj Kumar Verma, Jaleel Ahmad, Sampath Kumar, P.S. Mohanan, Dileep V. Mavalankar, and Laili Irani

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Assessing the effect of a primary health care intervention for improving pre-eclampsia and eclampsia knowledge and practice in Bangladesh, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Shongkour Roy, Kanij Sultana, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Implementing components of the primary health care pre-eclampsia/eclampsia model in Bangladesh: A cost analysis, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Pooja Sripad, and Sara Chace Dwyer

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Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: Assessing postnatal quality of care and outcomes for women and their infants in Bangladesh, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Kanij Sultana, Salma Rouf, Rabeya Akter, Shongkour Roy, Sumaiya Anwar, Karen Kirk, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Assessing the feasibility of primary health care provider prescription of anti-hypertensive medication to pregnant women in Bangladesh, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Kanij Sultana, Shongkour Roy, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Dataset: Layering a health, nutrition and sanitation program through community mobilizers within microfinance groups: An assessment from Bihar, Laili Irani

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Assessing quality of care and outcomes for women and their Infants in Nigeria after pregnancies complicated by hypertensive disorders, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Gloria Adoyi, Innocent Agbo, Karen Kirk, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Post-intervention analysis of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in three Nigerian states, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Emmanuel Nwala, Gloria Adoyi, Charles Nwigwe, Solomon Kongyamba, Udochisom Anaba, Caroline Johnson, Karen Kirk, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Is there a relationship between female genital mutilation/cutting and fistula? A statistical analysis using cross-sectional data from Demographic and Health Surveys in 10 sub-Saharan Africa countries, Dennis Matanda, Pooja Sripad, and Charity Ndwiga

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Les pharmacies privées dans l’offre de services de planification familiale au Sénégal : Une étude pilote, Fatou Mbow, Dela Nai, Sara Chace Dwyer, Aparna Jain, and Babacar Mane

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Evidence for causal links between education and maternal and child health: Systematic review, Barbara Mensch, Erica Chuang, Andrea J. Melnikas, and Stephanie Psaki

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Implementing components of the PHC for PE/E Model in Pakistan: A cost analysis, Ali M. Mir, Mumraiz Khan, Pooja Sripad, and Sara Chace Dwyer

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Expanding services to detect, manage, and prevent pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in Tando Allahyar District of Sindh Province, Pakistan, Ali M. Mir, Irfan Masood, Mumraiz Khan, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Tracy McClair, Pooja Sripad, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Maternal mortality due to eclampsia in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: Identifying underlying risk factors, and care-seeking behaviours, Ali M. Mir, Stephen Pearson, Saleem Shaikh, Mumraiz Khan, Irfan Masood, and Sabahat Hussain

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Feasibility and acceptability of community health extension workers to identify and treat hypertension associated with pregnancy: Implementation research report, Emmanuel Nwala, Udochisom Anaba, Pooja Sripad, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Strengthening Bauchi State College of Nursing and Midwifery by updating its training curricula, procedure manuals and student handbooks, Ekechi Okereke, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Strengthening Cross River state schools of nursing and midwifery by updating their training curricula, procedure manuals and student handbooks, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, and Aisha Jibril

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Collaboration with the University of Calabar for human resources for health management training for Bauchi and Cross River states, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Population Council's support for Nigeria's third national Human Resources for Health conference and efforts to institutionalize HRH conferences in Nigeria, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Strengthening in-service training and continuing education (IST/CE) for frontline health workers for Bauchi and Cross River states, Ekechi Okereke, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Assessment of in-service training and continuing education (IST/CE) for frontline health workers in Bauchi and Cross River states, Nigeria, Ekechi Okereke, Iliyasu Zubairu, Udoh Nsekpong, Godwin Unumeri, Ibrahim Suleiman, and Aisha Jibril

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Spatio-temporal patterns of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in relation to drinking water salinity at the district level in Bangladesh from 2016 to 2018, Jessie Pinchoff, Mohammad Shamsudduha, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Abdullah Al Mahmud, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Antihypertensive drugs, Population Council

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Effect of behavioral change intervention around new-born care practices among most marginalized women in self-help groups in rural India: Analyses of three cross-sectional surveys between 2013 and 2016, Niranjan Saggurti, Akash Porwal, Yamini Atmavilas, Monika Walia, Rajshree Das, and Laili Irani

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Detecting and managing hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: A cross-sectional analysis of the quality of antenatal care in Nigeria, Angela Salomon, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, Karen Kirk, and Charlotte E. Warren

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The prevalence and determinants of depression among HIV-positive perinatal women receiving antiretroviral therapy in India, Avina Sarna, Roopal Jyoti Singh, Mona Duggal, Prabha S. Chandra, and Nancy Reynolds

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Utilization of maternal health services and its determinants: A cross-sectional study among women in rural Uttar Pradesh, India, Ranjana Singh, Sutapa B. Neogi, Avishek Hazra, Laili Irani, Jenny Ruducha, Danish Ahmad, Sampath Kumar, Neelakshi Mann, and Dileep V. Mavalankar

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Implementing components of the PHC for PE/E model in Nigeria: A cost analysis, Pooja Sripad, Sara Chace Dwyer, and Gloria Adoyi

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Mise en œuvre des composantes du modèle ssp pour la PE / E au Nigéria : une analyse des coûts, Pooja Sripad, Sara Chace Dwyer, and Gloria Adoyi

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Autonomy, intimate partner violence, and maternal health-seeking behavior: Findings from mixed-methods analysis in Bangladesh, Pooja Sripad, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Charity Ndwiga, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Exploring survivor perceptions of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in Nigeria through the health belief model, Pooja Sripad, Karen Kirk, Gloria Adoyi, Amy Dempsey, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Autonomy, intimate partner violence, and maternal health-seeking behavior: Findings from mixed-methods analysis in Nigeria, Pooja Sripad, Charity Ndwiga, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Engaging community women’s groups to improve maternal health care delivery in Cross River: Implementation research report, Pooja Sripad, Emmanuel Nwala, Tracy McClair, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku, and Charlotte E. Warren

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Assessing the role of women’s autonomy and acceptability of intimate-partner violence in maternal health-care utilization in 63 low- and middle-income countries, Pooja Sripad, Charlotte E. Warren, Michelle J. Hindin, and Mahesh Karra

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Adding it up: Costs and benefits of meeting the contraceptive and maternal and newborn health needs of women in Pakistan, Aparna Sundaram, Rubina Hussain, Zeba Sathar, Sabahat Hussain, Emma Pliskin, and Eva Weissman

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Autonomy, intimate partner violence, and maternal health-seeking behavior: Findings from mixed-methods analysis in Ethiopia, Charlotte E. Warren, Pooja Sripad, and Charity Ndwiga

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Autonomy, intimate partner violence, and maternal health-seeking behavior: Findings from mixed-methods analysis in Kenya, Charlotte E. Warren, Pooja Sripad, and Charity Ndwiga

Submissions from 2018

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Cesarean section deliveries in Egypt: Trends, practices, perceptions, and cost, Nahla G. Abdel-Tawab, Doaa Oraby, Nevine Hassanein, and Shatha El-Nakib

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Dataset: Evaluation of the impact of removal of user fees for maternal health services on universal health coverage in Kenya, Timothy Abuya, Dennis Matanda, Francis Obare, and Benjamin Bellows