Progesterone receptor modulator CDB-2914 induces extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer in cultured human uterine leiomyoma cells

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Article (peer-reviewed)

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Effects of progesterone receptor modulator CDB-2914 on the expression of the extracellular matrix (ECM) components were examined in cultured human uterine leiomyoma and myometrial cells. ECM metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN), matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), tissue inhibitors of MMP (TIMPs) and collagen levels were assessed by Western blot analysis, MMP activity assay and real-time RT-PCR. RNA interference (RNAi) of EMMPRIN was performed using small interfering mRNA. In cultured leiomyoma cells, CDB-2914 treatment at concentrations greater than or equal to 10-8 M significantly increased EMMPRIN, MMP-1 and MMP-8 protein contents and MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3 and MMP-9 mRNA levels, and activity of MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3 and MMP-9 in the medium. TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 were significantly decreased at mRNA and protein levels by CDB-2914 treatment at concentrations ≥10-7 M in these cells. CDB-2914 treatment decreased types I and III collagen protein contents. However, CDB-2914 treatment did not affect the ECM component expression in cultured myometrial cells. RNAi of EMMPRIN abrogated CDB-2914-mediated both induction of MMPs and reduction of TIMPs and collagens in cultured leiomyoma cells. These results suggest that CDB-2914 modulates the expression of EMMPRIN, MMPs, TIMPs and collagens in cultured leiomyoma cells without comparable effects on myometrial cells.