Women’s empowerment and uptake of sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine for intermittent preventive treatment of malaria during pregnancy: Results from a cross-sectional baseline survey in the Lake endemic region, Kenya
Background: Malaria in pregnancy remains a major public health problem in endemic areas of the sub-Saharan African (SSA) region. However, there is limited understanding of the association between women’s empowerment and the uptake of sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine for intermittent preventive treatment of malaria during pregnancy (IPTp-SP) in Kenya. This study examines the association between women’s empowerment indicators (decision-making power, control of assets, education, and employment status) and the uptake of three or more doses of IPTp-SP in the Lake endemic region of Kenya. Methods: The analysis utilized a dataset from a cross-sectional baseline survey of 3129 women aged 15–49 years in Kisumu and Migori Counties who had a live birth within the last 2 years preceding the study. Data were collected between June to August 2021. A descriptive analysis was conducted to show the distribution of respondents by key background characteristics, and bivariate and multivariate logistic regression to examine statistically significant associations between women’s empowerment measures and the uptake of 3+ doses of IPTp-SP. Results: Among the 3129 women surveyed, 1978 (65.7%) received 3+ doses of IPTp-SP during their most recent pregnancy. Controlling for individual characteristics and the number of ANC visits, the odds of taking 3+ doses of IPTp-SP increased among women who had high decision-making autonomy (AOR = 2.33; CI = 1.81–3.01; P < 0.001); and tertiary level of educational attainment (AOR = 1.51; CI = 1.10–2.06). However, the association between control of assets and uptake of IPTp-SP was positive but not statistically significant. Conclusion: Women’s decision-making autonomy and educational attainment were positively associated with the uptake of IPTp-SP. As a result, maternal health interventions should focus on less empowered women, specifically those with less decision-making autonomy and no/low formal education, as they are less likely to achieve optimal uptake of IPTp-SP during pregnancy.
Odwe, George, Dennis Matanda, Tchaiwe Zulu, Stephen Kizito, Oscar Okoth, and Beth Kangwana. 2023. "Women’s empowerment and uptake of sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine for intermittent preventive treatment of malaria during pregnancy: Results from a cross-sectional baseline survey in the Lake endemic region, Kenya," Malaria Journal 22(1): 241.
Revive IPTp-SP: Revitalization of Intermittent Preventive Treatment of Malaria in Pregnancy