Alcohol use, HIV stigma and quality of life among alcohol consuming men living with HIV in India: A mediation analysis

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Article (peer-reviewed)

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This study examined the hypothesis that HIV-related stigma mediates the effect of alcohol use on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among alcohol consuming Indian men living with HIV (PLWH). The study used baseline data from a randomized controlled clinical trial entitled ‘Alcohol and ART adherence: Assessment, Intervention, and Modeling in India. Participants completed surveys assessing demographic characteristics, alcohol use, HIV-related stigma, HRQoL. Mediation analysis was conducted to establish the mediation effect of HIV-related stigma on the relationship between alcohol use and HRQoL. The final mediation model showed that the effect of alcohol use on HRQoL were partially mediated by overall HIV-related stigma. Specially, 27.1% of the effects of alcohol use on HRQoL was mediated through overall HIV stigma. In the HIV stigma subdomain analyses, negative self-image mediated 14% and concerns with public attitudes (anticipated stigma) mediated 17.3% of the effect of alcohol use on HRQoL respectively. The findings suggest that efforts to reduce the negative impact of alcohol use on HRQoL and improve HRQoL among PLWH should include interventions addressing both alcohol use and specific forms of HIV-related stigma.