Biruh Tesfa (“Bright Future)” is the name of a program designed in the mid-2000s to address the disadvantage of out-of-school girls in urban Ethiopia. The program was originally designed to address social isolation by bringing girls together in safe spaces groups with adult female mentors and providing them with skills-building activities, including life skills, reproductive health, HIV education, nonformal education and referrals, and training. This evaluation examines various aspects of the Biruh Tesfa for All Program: characteristics of beneficiaries, including domestic workers; patterns of attendance, absenteeism, and dropout; indicators of mental health such as self-reported anxiety, sadness, and depression; and acquisition of literacy and numeracy skills. Where data allow, we compare the prevalence of factors at both baseline and endline, testing for significant differences between survey rounds. We use logistic regression to model the odds of experiencing selected outcomes, such as self-reported mental health measures and aspects of literacy and numeracy acquisition. Based on the results of this evaluation, we highlight the key lessons learned and recommendations for future programs for highly marginalized girls in poor urban settings.
Erulkar, Annabel, Eyasu Hailu, Henock Markos, Getnet Demissie, Tsegahun Tessema, and Hana Hailu. 2023. “Evaluation of Biruh Tesfa (Bright Future) for All: A program for out-of-school girls, migrants, and domestic workers in low-income Ethiopian cities.” New York: Population Council.
Biruh Tesfa (“Bright Future”); GIRL Center