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This report documents the study “Investigating the Low Patterns of Modern Contraceptive Use in Pakistan” conducted by the Population Council Pakistan in 2014 as part of an extensive research project to determine why use of modern contraceptives in the country remains so low despite large unmet need. The family planning (FP) scenario in Pakistan has changed significantly in recent years, and it is now recognized that the reasons most often cited for unmet need require reappraisal, with qualitative research required for a deeper understanding of the attributes, experiences, reservations, and preferences that women, men, and service providers associate with specific contraceptive methods. Through this qualitative research, in addition to other methodologies, it will be possible to identify and address the real barriers to sustained and increased adoption of modern FP methods in Pakistan. The research comprises four component studies, including: review of relevant academic, program, and policy literature; qualitative study of the perspective of men, women, and service providers on FP; situation analysis of contraceptive quality, supply, and access at health facilities; and examination of contraceptive availability. This report presents the findings of the second component.