This technical brief was written as an addendum to the trends presented in the “State of-Art-Synthesis of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: What Do We Know Now?” published in October 2016. This brief describes important sources of reliable data that have been generated in recent years, to provide accurate information on FGM/C practices and attitudes. The majority of these data are derived from cross-sectional survey research, and the brief notes the strengths and limitations of this research approach which should be borne in mind when using and interpreting these data. Table 1 summarizes nationally representative data on FGM/C available from a number of population-based surveys. Table 2 provides a summary of the key findings reviewed in the original document, and assesses the degree of confidence we have in these findings based on the available data and methodological issues outlined in this addendum.
Shell-Duncan, Bettina. 2016. "Considerations on the use and interpretation of survey data on FGM/C," Technical brief, Evidence to End FGM/C: Research to Help Women Thrive. New York: Population Council.
A Research Agenda to End Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) in a Generation; Evidence to End FGM/C: Research to Help Girls and Women Thrive
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