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In 1994, the International Conference on Population and Development affirmed that sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) are human rights. The Government of the Republic of Zambia has fully committed to fulfilling the SRHR of all people by ratifying 11 international instruments of law. This brief is Part 3 of a three-part series entitled “Status of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in Zambia,” reporting on progress, gaps, and existing challenges in SRHR. Using a human rights–based approach, the Government of Zambia and collaborators, with technical facilitation by the Population Council, conducted an assessment of the status of SRHR in the country to determine: 1) whether national SRH indicators show that Zambia is meeting the sexual and reproductive rights of all of its people; and 2) whether the country’s existing laws, policies, financing mechanisms, budgetary allocations, implementation measures, monitoring and evaluation, and remedial and redress mechanisms respect, protect, and uphold SRHR in Zambia. The assessment finds that Zambia is making progress, but makes recommendations for addressing the remaining gaps and challenges.