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This report’s overarching objective is the examination of key trends in the evidence base of female genital mutilation and cutting (FGM/C) and gaps in knowledge for Nigeria, building on a scoping review of peer-reviewed and "grey" literature along with quantitative analysis of relevant data. What is clear from prevalence levels identified over the last 15 years is how widespread different types of FGM/C are, in Nigeria’s different ethno-geographical zones, and the little change that has taken place over time, despite increased international, and renewed national, political commitment to eradicate the practice. The findings show that much work remains to be conducted on the evaluation of FGM/C abandonment efforts, particularly the need for methodologically rigorous intervention evaluations. This review reveals that we need to collect data to understand FGM/C prevalence over time and identify contributing factors among regional cultures that will be necessary to inform specific future policy and program interventions. The need for strengthening monitoring and of interventions to establish what works and what does not work, together with investments in methodologically robust data collection and analysis will be important parts of the process for generating credible evidence to inform FGM/C policy and action.






Evidence to End FGM/C: Research to Help Girls and Women Thrive; A Research Agenda to End Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) in a Generation