This evidence brief summarizes key findings from a study that sought to understand the shifts in FGM/C including medicalization among several communities Kenya. The study finds that medicalization is increasing because: 1) it is perceived to be safer because the procedure is reportedly performed under sterile conditions by trained health professionals; 2) it is believed to shorten the recovery period; and 3) it is a response to the law prohibiting the practice because it allows FGM/C to be performed in secret. These findings indicate that medicalization is an adaptation to awareness of the health complications associated with FGM/C and the legal banning of the practice. The results underscore the need for anti-FGM/C programs that target healthcare providers.
The medicalisation of female genital mutilation/cutting in Kenya: Perspectives of families and health care providers, Evidence to End FGM/C: Research to Help Girls and Women Thrive. New York: Population Council, 2019.
Evidence to End FGM/C: Research to Help Girls and Women Thrive