The purpose of this brief is to provide evidence that can be used to strengthen the family planning program in India, particularly for community-based and facility-based distribution of oral contraceptive pills (OCPs), use of which remains low despite their availability. Understanding women’s interactions with frontline health workers while obtaining the method and during follow-up counseling can help the Government of India improve its National Family Planning Program. Based on its findings, the report recommends that all providers, especially frontline health workers, receive training focusing on four domains of quality of care: 1) respectful care, 2) counseling to enable appropriate method selection, 3) counseling on effective use of method chosen, 4) and information on continuation of contraceptive use and care. In addition, it is important to engage husbands of recent adopters of contraception and equip them to encourage their wives to explore other methods as long as their desire to prevent pregnancy remains.
The Evidence Project. 2018. “Dynamics of oral contraceptive pill use in India: Quality of care received and interim results three months after initial visit,” research brief. Washington, DC: Population Council, The Evidence Project.
The Evidence Project