This report provides details of a literature review that is intended to inform partners in the Population Council–coordinated regional network that aims to develop a multisectoral and comprehensive response to sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) in Eastern, Central, and Southern Africa. The first section defines the terminology used throughout the review, and discusses the prevalence and consequences of SGBV, considers the implications of the disproportionate programmatic focus on adult women survivors, and explores approaches to managing child and male survivors of sexual violence. The second section presents regional policies and programming relating to the medical and psychosocial management of survivors. The third section discusses the forensic, referral, and judicial requirements of successful prosecutions. And the fourth section considers the role that community and institutional linkages play in the prevention of SGBV, and examines the extent to which violence is addressed through messages communicated during prevention strategies, and through routine screening.
Sexual and gender based violence in Africa: Literature review. Nairobi: Population Council, 2008.
Expanding the Evidence Base on Comprehensive Care for Survivors of Sexual Violence in East and Southern Africa