Regional variations in fertility in Bangladesh

Document Type

Article (peer-reviewed)

Publication Date



Bangladesh is divided into six administrative regions. The results of the recent national level surveys indicate marked variations in fertility among the regions. This article analyses the pattern of variations in fertility across the regions and seeks explanations for such variations. The results indicate that although the age at first marriage and first birth is lowest in Khulna and Rajshahi regions, the low fertility levels in these two regions is mainly due to higher rate of use of family planning methods, low level of desired fertility and longer non-first birth interval. For further reduction in overall fertility level in Bangladesh, programme managers and policy makers should take into consideration the lessons learned from Khulna division in future programme planning and implementation.