The International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo in 1994 was the culmination of months of national and international discussions. The issues had been crafted into a Program of Action, which represented a potential shift in thinking. Delegates left the conference espousing a new paradigm and a broad definition of what people, especially women, should expect from their national health services. Governments were encouraged to recognize that the improved health status of women could only be achieved by a life-cycle approach and that health depended not only on good family planning information and services but on women’s empowerment in all spheres—legal, employment, and education. The course had been set to greatly improve the approach of the family planning and maternal and child health programs. ICPD focused on a holistic approach to health that boosted the dynamic process already underway. This report is mainly based on secondary data collected through extensive review of all policy- and program-related documents published prior to and after ICPD.
Piet-Pelon, Nancy J., Ubaidur Rob, Syeda Nahid Mukith Chowdhury, Abul Barkat, Sushil Ranjan Howlader, Sharif M.I. Hossain, Ismat Bhuiya, and Siraj-us-Saleheen. 1999. "Review of the policy process in Bangladesh following ICPD." Dhaka: Population Council.