Despite intensified efforts to conduct research globally that informs strategies to address female genital mutilation (FGM), there has been limited rigorous high-quality evidence on interventions that are effective in ending the practice. As we begin the final decade of acceleration toward zero new cases of FGM by 2030, increasing the rigor, relevance, and utility of research for programming, policy development, and resource allocation is critical. This brief highlights key findings from an evidence review that synthesized and assessed the quality and strength of existing evidence on FGM interventions from 2008 to 2020. A number of studies have collated evidence on the effectiveness of interventions to end FGM, either through systematic or nonsystematic reviews. The majority of these reviews have been limited to studies that used experimental and quasi-experimental designs to determine the effectiveness of interventions to end FGM. Due to the limited number of studies that use experimental and quasi-experimental designs in the FGM field, these reviews have in most cases found limited evidence.
Matanda, Dennis, Melanie Croce-Galis, Jill Gay, and Karen Hardee. 2021. "Effectiveness of interventions designed to prevent or respond to female genital mutilation: Evidence brief." Nairobi: UNFPA, UNICEF, WHO, and Population Council Kenya.
The FGM Data Hub: Data and Measurement Support to the Africa-Led Movement to End Female Genital Mutilation