Male–female concordance in reported involvement of women in contraceptive decision-making and its association with modern contraceptive use among couples in rural Maharashtra, India
Objective: Women’s involvement in contraceptive decision-making increases contraceptive use and reduces unmet need, but study of this has been limited to women’s self-reports. Less research is available examining couple concordance and women’s involvement in contraceptive decision-making as reported by both men and women. Study design: We carried out a cross-sectional study using data from rural India (N = 961 young married couples). Using multivariable regression we examined the association between concordance or discordance in spousal reports of wife’s involvement in contraceptive decision-making and modern contraceptive use, adjusting for demographics, intimate partner violence, and contraceptive use discussion. Results: More than one third (38.3%) of women reported current modern contraceptive use. Report of women’s involvement in contraceptive decision-making showed 70.3% of couples agreed that women were involved, jointly or alone (categorized as Concordant 1), 4.2% agreed women were not involved (categorized at Concordant 2), 13.2% had women report involvement but men report women were uninvolved (categorized as Discordant 1), and 12.2% had women report uninvolvement but men report that women were involved (categorized as Discordant 2). Discordant 2 couples had lower odds of modern contraceptive use relative to Concordant 1 couples (adjusted RR = 0.61, 95% CI 0.45–0.83). No other significant differences between Concordant 1 couples and other categories were observed. Conclusion: One in four couples indicated discordance on women’s involvement in contraceptive decision making, with Discordant 2 category having lower odds of contraceptive use. Couples’ concordance in women’s involvement in contraceptive decision-making offers a target for family planning research and interventions to better meet their needs.
Dixit, Anvita, Nicole E. Johns, Mohan Ghule, Madhusudana Battala, Shahina Begum, Jennifer Yore, Niranjan Saggurti, Jay G. Silverman, Elizabeth Reed, Tarik Benmarhnia, Sarah Averbach, and Anita Raj. 2021. "Male–female concordance in reported involvement of women in contraceptive decision-making and its association with modern contraceptive use among couples in rural Maharashtra, India," Reproductive Health 18: 139.